2019 Hurricane Names

How Do Hurricanes Get Their Names?

August 28, 2019
Hurricane Florence Sept 2018

Hurricane Florence as seen from the International Space Station on Wednesday, September 12, 2018.

NASA

Hurricane Florence, Hurricane Dorian… Wondering where all these names come from? Here’s how hurricanes get their names, as well as the list of hurricane names for the 2019 season.

2019 Hurricane Season

The lists include storms in both the Atlantic Basin (Gulf and East Coast hurricanes) and Eastern North-Pacific (Pacific Island and West Coast hurricanes).

Hurricane season officially starts on June 1 and ends on November 30. See this year’s Hurricane Season Forecast and Updates here.

Hurricane Names for 2019

Atlantic Tropical (and Subtropical) Storm Names for 2019

Andrea Humberto Olga
Barry Imelda Pablo
Chantal Jerry Rebekah
Dorian Karen Sebasian
Erin Lorenzo Tanya
Fernand Melissa Van
Gabrielle Nestor Wendy

Eastern North-Pacific Tropical (and Subtropical) Storm Names for 2019

Alvin Ivo Raymond
Barbara Juliette Sonia
Cosme Kiko Tico
Dalila Lorena Velma
Erick Mario Wallis
Flossie Narda Xina
Gil Octave York
Henriette Priscilla Zelda

Note: Hurricanes are given names according to a formal system that is managed by the World Meteorological Organization, not The Old Farmer’s Almanac!  We appreciate your requests, however, we have no influence over the names selected. 

How do Hurricanes Get Their Names?

  • Hurricane names are selected by the World Meteorological Organization. There are six lists of names for Atlantic and Pacific storms. Every six years, the lists of names repeat.
  • Each list contains unique names, which are assigned to storms in alphabetical order. If more storms occur in one season than there are names on the list, the newest storms are named after the Greek alphabet (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and so on).
  • Tropical storms are given names when they display a rotating circulation pattern and wind speeds of 39 miles per hour (63 kilometers per hour). A tropical storm develops into a hurricane when wind speeds reach 74 mph (119 kph).
  • The names of especially destructive hurricanes are usually retired. See a list of retired tropical storm and hurricane names here.

The History of Hurricane Names

  • Native Americans called these storms hurakons, after “a great spirit who commanded the east wind.” Spanish explorers adopted the word and then began giving hurricanes the names of patron saints on whose feast days the storms occurred. Later, hurricanes were identified by their longitude and latitude.
  • In 1950, a formal practice for storm naming was first developed by the U.S. National Hurricane Center. At that time, storms were named according to a phonetic alphabet (e.g., Able, Baker, Charlie) and the names used were the same for each hurricane season; in other words, the first hurricane of a season was always named “Able,” the second “Baker,” and so on.
  • In 1953, to avoid the repetitive use of names, the system was revised so that storms would be given female names. This mimicked the habits of old naval meteorologists, who named the storms after their wife or girlfriend, much the way ships at sea were named after women. A weatherman in Australia is credited with being the first person to give a tropical storm a female name.
  • In 1979, the system was revised again to include both female and male names.

Learn More About Hurricanes

For more information on hurricanes, see:

Also check out our series on some of the worst hurricanes to ever hit the US: The Worst Hurricanes in US History (Part I)

Source: 

The 2019 Old Farmer's Almanac

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Reader Comments

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Incorrect spelling.

I have known a few people in my 74 years with the name Aleta...every single one spelled their name with only one L...Aleta. Even Prince Valiant's wife's name was Aleta with one L.

Some names are spelled wrong...

The Atlantic 2018 list is
Alberto, Beryl, Chris,
Debby, Ernesto, Florence,
Gordon, Helene, Isaac,
Joyce, Kirk, Leslie,
Michael, Nadine, Oscar,
Patty, Rafael, Sara,
Tony, Valerie, William.

I appreciated my name being

I appreciated my name being used for a hurricane

Please name one Renee.

Please name one Renee.

Rene is on a list.

Close enough to Renee, Rene is on the list for 2020, although it is rare we go that far down the list.

Hurricane request name

I want one Hurricane to be named renesmee and another one named mykala

Hurricane james

Please name one James too

My name is awesome

My name is extraordinary. I'm a good father to a family of 3 and a loving wife.My name is built of structure and success. Plz accept my name as a hurricane name next season thank you!

hurricane names

How do you skip "Q" in the list?

Hurricane names: No Q or U or XYZ!

You’re correct! According to NOAA, it’s too difficult to keep cycling names beginning with X,Y, Z, Q and U, so the official slates of hurricane names (one for the Atlantic, one for the Pacific) have 21 names each.

Hurricane and storm names

Well I've never heard the nam umma, pepsi, Ezra, NYHREE (my dogs name), ,Xena, Yolanda, Zorba? Many more names in the BIBLE not to notion ancient Ireland , Greece Italy Uganda Africa Hawaii, Canada! Not to mention the all beautiful NATIVE AMERICAN INDIANS??!!! Please make the names storms a fun and historic way for our school children to learn some REAL FACTS OF HISTORY!
Thank you, Mary and Nyhree
Long Island, N.Y.

Name for hurricane

A good rare name for a hurricane. Hurricane: RETZE

Hurricane names

Reese is a great name and it is very unique but it has never been used it would mean a lot to me if it was chosen for 2018 or any other year!!!
#Reesefor2018

hurricanse name

I do no recall a hurricane named Marina at all.

Stormy relationship

Coincidence? My ex-husband's and my name both occur in the list of Eastern North-Pacific Tropical (and Subtropical) storm names for 2017

Hurricane Name

All the hurricanes I've been through, still never
One named Myrtle.

Why Keep Requesting

As it is written, this is not a name request site. We all know who names these things. Thanks, Almanac, for all the great info you provide.

stop.

why does everyone want a hurricane to be named after them?? that makes no sense.

It's none of your business

It's none of your business but i wonder too...

Hurricane Name

Can you name a Hurricane named Hurricane Xavier? Thanks.

Xavier is on a list.

Xavier is on 3 of the Eastern-North Pacific lists, although it is rare they go down that far.

hurricane

Please name a hurricane after me where iam from I never had any hurricanes until I moved to the South

I want a hurricane named after me

Plz name a hurricane Zachary I would really appreciate it

name a hurricane

plz name a hurricane Liliane. it is my name and my Great Great-Grandmother. and i think my name is super original. dont want to gloat. just an idea

Hurricane names

I finally got mines. NATE and won a bet on the next name lol im stoked

I want a hurricane named

I want a hurricane named after me, Ms Ashley Bitch. And yall better do it too. Lol Ms Ashley

Hurricane names

Paige would be a really pretty name

Just a thought

Several years ago there was a storm by the name, "Zelda". I (being the video brain I am) think that the name, "Mario" would be a suiting name for a powerful storm such as a hurricane. This is only an opinion, but it would lighten the mood in a hard situation.

Mario replaced Manuel.

In the North-Eastern Pacific in 2013, Category 1 Hurricane Manuel devastated parts of Mexico. Manuel was replaced with Mario for that season. Coincidentally, Zelda is on the same list.

I dream someday my name would

I dream someday my name would be a Hurricane Name "Lettie"

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