More States Moving to Keep Daylight Saving Time Permanent

Plus, DST is NOT for Farmers!

March 10, 2021
Clock in Grass
M.Vich/Shutterstock

Last week, a group of bipartisan senators reintroduced the Sunshine Protection Act, legislation that would make Daylight Saving Time (DST) permanent across the country. This push to end the practice of clock-changing twice a year has been gaining momentum the past few years. Here’s the latest news on the time change.

Daylight Saving Time (DST) begins on the second Sunday in March and ends on the first Sunday in November in the U.S. and Canada. In March, we “spring” forward and set clocks forward one hour. In November, we “fall” back and set clocks back one hour. Learn more about When Daylight Saving Time Begins and Ends

It’s a popular myth that Daylight Saving Time exists for farmers. This practice—which only became regular in 1966, suprisingly enough—was actually challenged by farmers and is being increasingly challenged by modern society today.

The reasons that DST was started (as a wartime effort over a century ago) are now antiquated and many Americans find the twice-a-year “time change” makes little sense. In addition, there are many studies that show the negative impact of biannual time changes and the benefits of a year-round Daylight Saving Time.

Latest Updates (March 2021)

In March 2021, a bipartisan bill called the “Sunshine Protection Act of 2021” was submitted for consideration in the U.S. Senate. The bill aims to end the time change and make DST permanent across the United States. Bottom-line, the bill would simply negate the need for Americans to change their clocks twice a year. 

The bill has been co-sponsored by eight senators—both Democrats and Republicans—so chances are good that it will at least be considered. If you support this change, consider contacting your state’s senators to let them know!

Daylight Saving Time in the 1970s

Interestingly, Daylight Saving Time (DST) wasn’t a regular “thing” until April 12, 1966, when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Uniform Time Act into law. This established a system of uniform (within each time zone) Daylight Saving Time rules throughout the U.S. and its territories. States were allowed to opt out (and some did).

The U.S. had Daylight Saving Time as early as 1918, but it was off and on. Namely, DST was briefly used during World War I and World War II to conserve fuel. It was used again for this purpose for a short while during the oil crisis of the early 1970’s under Nixon. (Read more about the checkered history of Daylight Saving Time.)

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Photo credit: Billion Photos/Shutterstock

Daylight Saving is NOT for Farmers

Despite the popular belief that Daylight Saving was a convenience created for farmers, DST has nothing to do with farming. In fact, farmers have often been the strongest lobby against the change. Farmers didn’t like DST when it was first introduced and most don’t like it to this day.

During the first World War I experiment in 1918, farmers were extremely opposed to having to turn back and forward their clocks. Not surprisingly, it disrupted their schedules and made it more difficult to get the most out of hired help.

Imagine telling a dairy cow used to being milked at 5 a.m. that their milking time needs to move back an hour before the milk truck is coming to do a pickup. For the farmer—and the plants and animals—it’s the sun and the seasons that determine the best times to do things.

After the war ended, the DST law (which lasted only 7 months) proved so unpopular with our agrarian society, the federal law was repealed in 1919. Some state and localities continued the observance, however. During another war, World War II, “War Time” was enforced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. It introduced year-round Daylight Saving Time from February 9, 1942, to September 30, 1945. 

From 1945 to 1966, observance of DST was quite inconsistent across U.S. states. There were no uniform rules. This caused massive confusion with the transportation industry and the broadcasting industry, which pushed for standardization. The farmers, however, were still opposed to it.

To address this confusion, the Uniform Time Act was established in 1966.

DST Practices Today

The current enactment was part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Today, the U.S. Department of Transportation is the federal agency responsible for overseeing DST and the country’s time zones. All states but Hawaii and Arizona (except for the Navajo Nation) observe DST.

  • Hawaii abandoned the law in 1967. In Hawaii, the sun rises and sets at about the same time every day, so why bother?
  • Arizona followed suit in 1968. Not setting clocks forward gives residents lower temperatures during waking and bedtime hours. 

The territories of American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands also do not observe DST. Federal law allows a state to exempt itself from observing daylight saving time—upon action by the state legislature—but does not allow the permanent observance of DST.

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Photo Credit: Zaccio/Shutterstock

Does the Time Change Conserve Energy?

  • Department of Energy report from 2008 found that during the 4 weeks the U.S. extended daylight savings from the 2005 law, there were savings of about 0.5 percent in electricity per day. Later studies have also shown that the energy savings are minimal but a small savings does occur.

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Health and Safety

Energy isn’t the only thing to be considered. What about our health and safety? 

  • More daylight in evenings results in fewer car crashes and pedestrian accidents, better aligning with drivers’ standard work hours and increase visibility, according to the American Journal of Public Health and the Journal of Safety Research. 
  • It reduces the number of robberies by 27%, according to a 2015 Brookings Institution,
  • Studies have show that time changes result in a higher number of cardiac issues, stroke, and seasonal depression.
  • When clicks move back, there is a drop in economic activity and worker productivity of 2.2 percent – 4.9 percent, according to a study by JP Morgan Chase.
  • It would allow kids to play outside longer. During DST, children see an increase in physical activivty, which helps reduce childhood obesity and increase physical fitness, according to studies published by the International Journal Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity and the Journal of Physical Activity and Health
  • The Journal of Environmental Psychology found that DST increased pedestrian activity by 62% and cyclists activity by 38% because of additional daylight.
  • Finally, it helps the farmers, without disrupting their agricultural and livestock schedules and their supply chain partners.
  • What about November, when you get an extra hour of sleep? The reality is that most people don’t sleep any extra. And the disruption in the body’s daily sleep-wake cycle can affect sleep for several days.

► See 5 tips to help your body to adjust to Daylight Saving Time.

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A Movement to Eliminate Clock Changing

This movement is fairly recent. Since 2015, more than 200 bills and resolutions have been introduced in virtually every state to either stay on standard time or convert to year-round DST.

Until 2018, not much happened. Then, a movement began and there are now more than a dozen states that have enacted legislation to provide for year-round daylight saving time. 

  • In 2018, the Florida Sunshine Protection Act was passed in the state Legislature with overwhelming support for year-round daylight saving time. 
  • In 2018, California voters approved a proposition for year-round daylight saving time. But the proposition required a two-thirds vote of the California State Senate which was never brought to a vote because the federal government failed to give the state approval for the time change; the bill died.
    Unfortunately, the California State Senate Committee on Energy, Utilities and Communications did not bring AB 7 up for a vote and the bill died.”
  • In 2019, six more states passed legislation for year-round DST, if authorized by Congress: Arkansas, Delaware, Maine, Oregon, Tennessee, and Washington. 
  • In 2020, Utah passed a bill to end the practice of “springing forward.“ Joining Utah were: Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Wyoming. 

As of March 2021, fifteen states — Arkansas, Alabama, California, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Ohio, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming — have passed laws, resolutions or voter initiatives for permanent DST, and dozens more are looking. 

It’s All Up to the Federal Government

The problem: A federal statue is require for any state to enact changes. As discussed above, the time is set by the Uniform Time Act, which was established in 1966 for a synchronized DST schedule across the country.

When the Energy Policy Act extended the hours in 2005, Congress retained the right to revert back should the change prove unpopular or if energy savings are not significant. However, it now takes an act of Congress to make the change.

  • States are only granted the right to opt out of observing daylight saving time—and remain on standard time—without any federal say (e.g., Hawaii). 
  • However, most states wish to stop switching the clocks and establishes DST as the official time year-round. This would require Congress to approve an amendment to the Uniform Time Act. 

If the re-introduced Sunshine Protection Act of 2021 was passed by the Senate, it would indeed negate Standard Time, which only lasts between November to March, when Americans turn their clocks back one hour. Americans would keep DST, which currently lasts from March to November, and wouldn’t have to change their clocks twice a year. 

Only time will tell if this bill gains enough traction to pass, but public opinion seems to be in favor. The bill has the support of at least eight senators—both Democrats and Republicans—right from the start, so chances are good that the bill will be considered. If you’re interested in showing your support, consider contacting your state’s senators and voicing your opinion!

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Our European Counterparts

This brings us to our European contemporaries. They also practice Daylight Saving Time. For most of Europe, DST:

  • Begins at 1:00 a.m. GMT on the last Sunday of March
  • Ends at 1:00 a.m. GMT on the last Sunday of October

In 2018, European Parliament drafted a law to permanently remove biannual clock changes in the European Union. The law proposed that 2021 would be the last time EU Member States and affiliated countries would follow the seasonal clock change.  However, due to COVID, the plans for removing the time change have been postponed. 

Other countries have already ended seasonal clock changes, including Argentina (2009), Russia (2014), and Turkey (2016).

In conclusion, just as is the case with North Americans, the EU population overwhelmingly wants to abolish the clock changes during the year. In the case of the EU, member states would have the option to go permanently to summer (daylight) time or winter (standard) time. A poll was conducted in which 80% were in favor of eliminating the time change. The head of the European Commission, which originally drafted the directive to end DST, said, “It would be pointless to ask for people’s opinions and not act on it if you don’t agree with them.”
 

What do you think about Daylight Saving Time? Tell us in the comments below!

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Reader Comments

Leave a Comment

go with Standard Time all year

I agree with Kris (5:11 PM) and most of the others here, preferring year-round Standard Time. I'd rather have daylight before 8:30 AM in the winter, and don't need light until 10:00 PM in the summer. Thanks.

We need to KEEP Daylight Savings Time!

I think many people may be confused about which time they want to keep. They may actually want Daylight Savings Time, but think it is the Eastern Standard Time. The Eastern Standard Time, in the U.S. is when it gets dark at 4:30 in the afternoon. Anyone who works during the day, has to go home in the dark. Dark parking garages, dark roads, dark to drive or walk. And too dark after school for kids to go out to play. It is depressing, and makes for a very long night. If we keep Daylight Savings Time, it stays light out much longer, giving everyone more time to get home from their day during daylight, and have a chance to be outdoors, for exercise, and time to play for the kids, We need to keep Daylight Savings Time, and get rid of Eastern Standard Time.

No to Daylight savings!

DST does not make sense. Here in the midwest it will be dark in the winter until after 8:30 in the morning. That is dangerous for the kids going to school. And depressing for the rest of us. I need daylight in the morning to get moving. I don't need daylight until 10 pm in the summer months.
Keep standard time!

“DST” yuck!

Keep Permanent Standard Time Please! It is so much better for our health, as pointed out in the article. Here in PA it is light until almost 7 pm in March without clock change. I will write my Senator to ask him to vote No on the silly “sunshine protection” bill.

Get rid of DST

Permanent Standard Time is the way to go, don't understand why anyone would want to keep DST permanently. In the winter where I live in Colorado they tried the permanent DST one winter and decided to never do it again because children were waiting for the school bus in pitch darkness, thus causing some of them to get hit by cars. I would love the time change crap to quit completely but not to DST!

NO PERMANENT DAYLIGHT SAVINGS!!!

They tried all year DST and it didn't work, during the Nixon administration. If one or two more states opt out of DST to Standard Time it may gain some critical mass. But making DST permanent is unlikely because it would have to happen at the federal level, which is unlikely. OPT OUT. Write your local state reps. Let's get rid of this nonsense.

DST

Permanent Standard Time please. At my latitude the sun doesn't set until 09:22 PM on the longest day. It doesn't get "dark" until 10:30 and even at 11 PM there is still a glow in the north. Not true night.

Permanent daylight saving time

changing the time back and forth is stupid
Leave it on permanent daylight saving time!!!!!

Permanent daylight savings time

I would like to have daylight savings time on a permanent basis.

DST

Eliminate DST.

Dts

Go back to standard time i dont know anyone that likes the time change.it kind of messes with your mind.

Time Change

I hate having a time change. I am one that has cardiac issues when the time changes. I personally prefer Standard Time but will be happy which ever is picked for permeant status. If no one can agree on one or the other simply choose a new one: Run the clock up 30 minutes from Standard Time, call it Extended Standard, and everyone gets half of what they prefer.

DST

Leave "Time" alone! Its' not natural, it's disruptive to our inner selves. We don't know what to trust-our bodies or the clocks. If the government must do something, then just change the whole standard. Of course, how long before they want to mess with the clocks again? Making a new DST. And finally, change the name, you can't save daylight. Call it GITC, government-instituted-time-change.

DTS

Abolish DTS. Go back to Standard Time!

DST

This article is very informative, but I was disappointed, as it left me with the feeling that the old farmers almanac is in favor of permanent daylight savings time. Sunrise at 8:30 AM in the dead of winter (DST) is not natural. Sunset at 8:40 PM in mid-June (DST) is not natural.

DST

DST is not at a good idea in hot climates, such as Arizona, Florida, and other southern states. The longer we have to live, work, or play in the heat of the day, the more difficult and expensive it is to stay cool. Also it is more natural to have 12 noon be when the sun directly overhead, or close to it.

DST

In warm places like here in Florida, DST actually wastes energy. The minuscule savings achieved by having the lights on less is way more offset by running the air conditioner longer. I would like to see standard time year round.

DST

I enjoy the changes, but don't have a strong preference either way. If we kept DST all year round, we in the northern latitudes would not see the sun rise until 8 A.M. Keep that in mind. We can't have it both ways.

ending DST!

It would be far better to eliminate DST and keep to Standard Time throughout the year. That would be my vote. DST always makes the days feel too rushed, but I live among farmers. I enjoy the less hectic pace of Standard Time.

DST

Stop fiddling with the clock twice a year. Go to permanent DST.

I hate

I hate this change.

DST

I have complained for years about changing the clocks. It makes no sense. Inreally don't care which time they would choose to use , just leave the clocks alone! The day this happens, if I'm alive, ill be shouting from the rooftops !!!

Daylight Saving Time

So this Sunday is when you reset your clocks one hour. And if you ever get confused, just remember this handy little saying: When you trip you fall forward, but when you are surprised, you spring back! That will help you always remember which way to move your clock.
Hope this helps. P.S. I once knew a co-worker who moved the clocks the wrong way and was 2 hours late for work. Don't let that happen to you.

DST

Get rid of DST, PLEASE

DST

I think we should stay on standard time. It's not natural for it to get dark at 9:30pm. The only reason the govt. likes it, is the more daylight, more people are out doing things, which means spending money for gas, ball games etc., so they get more tax money.

DST

It’s somewhat depressing to see daylight waning and darkness coming sooner in the fall. I’ve wondered over the years why we just don’t keep DST all year long. I’m asking you Senators Merkley and Wyden to vote yes for DST year round.

DST

Leave it on DST permanently! Gives more daylight hours after work! Negates the abrupt adjustment to getting up an hour earlier only to have that change just as you get accustomed to it

DST

Let's leave it on DST always. I agree with all the positive benefits you have mentioned above and I know personally that my life runs smoother with extended daylight hours.

DST

Let's leave it on DST always. I agree with all the positive benefits you have mentioned above and I know personally that my life runs smoother with extended daylight hours.

DST

I say don't do anything with it after we change the clocks on the 14th of March, us working people like to have an extra hour of day light. Coming from the sunshine state Florida.

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