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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Valley Station, KY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on November 2 (at LOUISVILLE INTL AP, KY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 28
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 18
Bell PeppersFrost May 20Frost Jul 15N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 22Frost Aug 19N/A
CabbageFrost Jul 12Frost Aug 9N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Sep 13
CauliflowerFrost Jul 22Frost Aug 19N/A
CeleryFrost May 11Frost Jul 20N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
EggplantsFrost May 20Frost Jul 15N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jun 9Frost Aug 4N/A
KaleFrost Aug 11Frost Sep 8N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Sep 13
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 25
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 30
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 29
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 19
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 15
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 28
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Oct 8
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 31Frost Jul 5N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
TomatoesFrost May 25Frost Jul 20N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 23
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jul 5
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 20
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Aug 4

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 4 (at LOUISVILLE INTL AP, KY climate station, elevation 488 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 4
Moon Apr 1- 4
BasilFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-16
Frost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 4-16
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Mar 21-Apr 11
Moon Mar 21-31
Bell PeppersFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Feb 1- 6
Frost Apr 11-25
Moon Apr 11-16
N/A
BroccoliFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-16
Frost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6-18
N/A
CabbageFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-16
Frost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6-18
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Mar 6-14
Moon Mar 6-14
Frost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Feb 27-Mar 14
Moon Feb 27-Mar 1
CauliflowerFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-16
Frost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6-18
N/A
CeleryFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Feb 1- 6
Frost Apr 11-25
Moon Apr 11-16
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-14
Moon Mar 6-14
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4-16
CornN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 9
Moon Apr 30-May 9
CucumbersFrost Mar 6-14
Moon Mar 6-14
Frost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 4-May 9
Moon Apr 4-16, Apr 30-May 9
EggplantsFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-16
Frost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-16, Apr 30-May 2
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Feb 1- 6
Frost Apr 11-25
Moon Apr 11-16
N/A
KaleFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-16
Frost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 6-18
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Mar 2- 6
Frost Mar 14-21
Moon Mar 14-18
N/A
LettuceFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Mar 2- 6
Frost Mar 21-Apr 18
Moon Apr 1-16
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 19-28
OreganoFrost Jan 23-Feb 20
Moon Feb 1-16
Frost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 4-16
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-21
Moon Mar 6-18
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 14-Apr 4
Moon Mar 19-31
PeasN/AN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 14
Moon Mar 2-14
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Mar 28-Apr 18
Moon Mar 28-31, Apr 17-18
PumpkinsFrost Mar 14-28
Moon Mar 14-18
Frost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Feb 6-27
Moon Feb 17-27
RosemaryFrost Jan 23-Feb 6
Moon Feb 1- 6
Frost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-16, Apr 30-May 2
N/A
SageFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-16
Frost Apr 4-18
Moon Apr 4-16
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Feb 20-Mar 14
Moon Mar 2-14
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 25-May 9
Moon Apr 25-29
Swiss ChardFrost Feb 20-Mar 6
Moon Mar 2- 6
Frost Mar 14-21
Moon Mar 14-18
N/A
ThymeFrost Jan 23-Feb 20
Moon Feb 1-16
Frost Apr 4-25
Moon Apr 4-16
N/A
TomatoesFrost Feb 6-20
Moon Feb 6-16
Frost Apr 11-May 2
Moon Apr 11-16, Apr 30-May 2
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Mar 6-28
Moon Mar 19-28
WatermelonsFrost Mar 6-14
Moon Mar 6-14
Frost Apr 18-May 2
Moon Apr 30-May 2
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 16
Moon Apr 30-May 15
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Apr 18-May 16
Moon Apr 30-May 15