Quantcast
2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Orchard Homes, MT

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

Print Friendly and PDF

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 20 (at MISSOULA INTL AP, MT climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 6
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 7Frost June 12N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CabbageFrost May 30Frost Jun 27N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 19
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
CauliflowerFrost Jun 9Frost Jul 7N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 29Frost June 12N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost June 26
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost June 19
EggplantsFrost Apr 7Frost June 19N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Jul 22
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost June 19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Apr 27Frost Jun 22N/A
KaleFrost Jun 29Frost Jul 27N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 1
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
OkraN/AN/AFrost June 19
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 19
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 18Frost June 26N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
TomatoesFrost Apr 12Frost June 19N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 19
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost July 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost July 3

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 22 (at MISSOULA INTL AP, MT climate station, elevation 3192 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 8-22
Moon May 19-22
BasilFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 8-29
Moon May 8-18
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 29-Jun 3
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 24-May 1
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 17-18
CauliflowerFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 29-Jun 3
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 24-May 1
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-26
Moon Jun 17-26
CucumbersFrost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 24-May 1
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 26
Moon May 22-Jun 3, Jun 17-26
EggplantsFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 26-Mar 13
Moon Feb 26-Mar 7
Frost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 3- 5, Apr 19-24
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 29-Jun 3, Jun 17-19
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 29-Jun 3
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-May 5
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
Frost May 1- 8
Moon May 1- 5
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
Frost May 8-Jun 5
Moon May 19-Jun 3
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon May 6-15
OreganoFrost Mar 13-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 24-May 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 6-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 15-18, Jun 4- 5
PumpkinsFrost May 1-15
Moon May 1- 5
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 27-Apr 17
Moon Apr 6-17
RosemaryFrost Mar 13-27
Moon Mar 21-27
Frost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 29-Jun 3, Jun 17-19
N/A
SageFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-May 1
Moon Apr 19-May 1
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 12-26
Moon Jun 12-16
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 19-24
Frost May 1- 8
Moon May 1- 5
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 13-Apr 10
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Frost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 22-Jun 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 27-Apr 10
Moon Mar 27-Apr 5
Frost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 29-Jun 3, Jun 17-19
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon May 6-15
WatermelonsFrost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 24-May 1
Frost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 17-19
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-Jul 3
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-Jul 3
Moon Jun 17-Jul 3