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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for North Valley, NM

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 29 (at RIO GRANDE NATURE CTR, NM climate station, elevation 4944 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-29
Moon Apr 19-29
BasilFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 15-May 6
Moon Apr 15-18, May 6
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 17-Mar 3
Moon Feb 20-Mar 3
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
Bok ChoyFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1- 5, Apr 19-22
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 1- 8
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 25-Apr 8
Moon Apr 6- 8
CauliflowerFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1- 5, Apr 19-22
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 17-Mar 3
Moon Feb 20-Mar 3
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 1- 8
Moon Apr 1- 5
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 3
Moon May 19-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 1- 8
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 29-Jun 3
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 3-17
Moon Feb 3- 5
Frost Mar 10-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 17-Mar 3
Moon Feb 20-Mar 3
Frost May 6-20
Moon May 19-20
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 1- 5, Apr 19-22
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 8-15
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 15-May 13
Moon Apr 19-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 17-Mar 18
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 1- 5
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 8-29
Moon Apr 8-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 18-Apr 8
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-15
Moon Apr 6-15
PumpkinsFrost Apr 8-22
Moon Apr 19-22
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 3-25
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 17-Mar 3
Moon Feb 20-Mar 3
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
SageFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost Apr 29-May 13
Moon Apr 29-May 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 18-Apr 8
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 20-Jun 3
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 18-Apr 1
Moon Mar 21-Apr 1
Frost Apr 8-15
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 17-Mar 18
Moon Feb 20-Mar 7
Frost Apr 29-May 20
Moon Apr 29-May 5, May 19-20
N/A
TomatillosFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 20-Jun 3
Moon May 20-Jun 3
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 3-18
Moon Mar 3- 7
Frost May 6-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 1-22
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 1- 8
Moon Apr 1- 5
Frost May 13-27
Moon May 19-27
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 10
Moon May 19-Jun 3
Zucchini, Summer SquashN/AN/AFrost May 13-Jun 10
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 15 (at RIO GRANDE NATURE CTR, NM climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 31
Bell PeppersFrost May 2Frost Jun 27N/A
Bok ChoyN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
BroccoliFrost Jul 4Frost Aug 1N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 24Frost Jul 22N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
CauliflowerFrost Jul 4Frost Aug 1N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 23Frost Jul 2N/A
CollardsN/AN/AFrost Aug 16
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
EggplantsFrost May 2Frost Jun 27N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 16
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 22Frost Jul 17N/A
KaleFrost Jul 24Frost Aug 21N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 26
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 12
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 11
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 27
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost May 28
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 10
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 20
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 13Frost Jun 17N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
TomatillosN/AN/AFrost Jul 7
TomatoesFrost May 7Frost Jul 2N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 5
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 17
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 2
Zucchini, Summer SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 17
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