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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for West Seneca, NY

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on April 30 (at BUFFALO, NY climate station, elevation 692 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-30
Moon Apr 16
BasilFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 16-May 7
Moon Apr 17-29
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 7-15
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2-16
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2-16
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 9
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 26-Apr 9
Moon Mar 26-31
CauliflowerFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2-16
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 7-15
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 9
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
CornN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 4
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 4
CucumbersFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 9
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost Apr 30-Jun 4
Moon Apr 30-May 15
EggplantsFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 7-28
Moon May 7-15
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost May 7-21
Moon May 7-15
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 2-16
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost Apr 16-May 14
Moon Apr 16, May 1-14
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 17-23
OreganoFrost Feb 18-Mar 19
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-16
Moon Apr 2-16
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 9-30
Moon Apr 17-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 23-May 14
Moon Apr 23-29
PumpkinsFrost Apr 9-23
Moon Apr 9-16
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 4-26
Moon Mar 19-26
RosemaryFrost Feb 18-Mar 4
Moon Mar 2- 4
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 7-15
N/A
SageFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost Apr 30-May 14
Moon Apr 30-May 14
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 19-Apr 9
Moon Apr 1- 9
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 21-Jun 4
Moon May 21-29
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 19-Apr 2
Moon Apr 1- 2
Frost Apr 9-16
Moon Apr 9-16
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 18-Mar 19
Moon Mar 2-18
Frost Apr 30-May 21
Moon Apr 30-May 15
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 4-19
Moon Mar 4-18
Frost May 7-28
Moon May 7-15
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 2-23
Moon Apr 17-23
WatermelonsFrost Apr 2- 9
Moon Apr 2- 9
Frost May 14-28
Moon May 14-15
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 11
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 11
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 14-Jun 11
Moon May 14-15, May 30-Jun 11

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 19 (at BUFFALO, NY climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
Bell PeppersFrost May 6Frost Jul 1N/A
BroccoliFrost Jul 8Frost Aug 5N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 28Frost Jul 26N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
CauliflowerFrost Jul 8Frost Aug 5N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 27Frost Jul 6N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
EggplantsFrost May 6Frost Jul 1N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 26Frost Jul 21N/A
KaleFrost Jul 28Frost Aug 25N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 30
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jul 11
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
PeasN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Aug 5
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost Jun 1
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Sep 14
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 24
Sweet PotatoesFrost May 17Frost Jun 21N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
TomatoesFrost May 11Frost Jul 6N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Sep 9
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jul 6
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 21