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2022 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Planting Calendar for Colonial Pine Hills, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on September 29 (at RAPID CITY 4NW, SD climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 15
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 16Frost Jun 11N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 18Frost Jul 16N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 8Frost Jul 6N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost June 12
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
CauliflowerFrost Jun 18Frost Jul 16N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 7Frost Jun 16N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
EggplantsFrost Apr 16Frost June 12N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 6Frost Jul 1N/A
KaleFrost Jul 8Frost Aug 5N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 10
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 21
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 26
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 26
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 16
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 12
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 25
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 4
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 27Frost June 19N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
TomatoesFrost Apr 21Frost Jun 16N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 20
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost June 12
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost June 26
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 1

Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 15 (at RAPID CITY 4NW, SD climate station, elevation 3477 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost May 1-15
Moon May 1-15
BasilFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 15, May 30-Jun 5
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost May 1-22
Moon May 16-22
Bell PeppersFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 17-24
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Apr 10-24
Moon Apr 17-24
CauliflowerFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
CeleryFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-24
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 15-29
Moon May 15
CornN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 19
Moon May 30-Jun 14
CucumbersFrost Apr 17-24
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 15-Jun 19
Moon May 15, May 30-Jun 14
EggplantsFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
Frost May 22-Jun 5
Moon May 30-Jun 5
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3-16
Frost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
LettuceFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3-16
Frost May 1-29
Moon May 1-15
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 17-29
OreganoFrost Mar 5-Apr 3
Moon Mar 5-18, Apr 1- 3
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 15, May 30-Jun 5
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 24-May 15
Moon Apr 24-29
PeasN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 3-16
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 8-29
Moon May 16-29
PumpkinsFrost Apr 24-May 8
Moon Apr 30-May 8
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 20-Apr 10
Moon Mar 20-31
RosemaryFrost Mar 5-20
Moon Mar 5-18
Frost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
SageFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost May 15-29
Moon May 15
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Apr 3-24
Moon Apr 3-16
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jun 5-19
Moon Jun 15-19
Swiss ChardFrost Apr 3-17
Moon Apr 3-16
Frost Apr 24-May 1
Moon Apr 30-May 1
N/A
ThymeFrost Mar 5-Apr 3
Moon Mar 5-18, Apr 1- 3
Frost May 15-Jun 5
Moon May 15, May 30-Jun 5
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 20-Apr 3
Moon Apr 1- 3
Frost May 22-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 17-May 8
Moon Apr 17-29
WatermelonsFrost Apr 17-24
Frost May 29-Jun 12
Moon May 30-Jun 12
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 26
Moon May 30-Jun 14
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 29-Jun 26
Moon May 30-Jun 14