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2023 Planting Calendar: When to Start Vegetable Seeds | The Old Farmer's Almanac

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Planting Calendar for North Sioux City, SD

For the Almanac's fall and spring planting calendars, we've calculated the best time to start seeds indoors, when to transplant young plants outside, and when to direct seed into the ground.

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Planting Dates for Spring

On average, your last spring frost occurs on May 4 (at SIOUX CITY ANG, IA climate station, elevation 1099 feet).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Moon Based on Moon Dates
Start Seeds IndoorsPlant Seedlings
or Transplants
Start Seeds Outdoors
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 4
Moon Apr 20-May 4
BasilFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
N/A
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Apr 20-May 11
Moon May 6-11
Bell PeppersFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
BroccoliFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 19-27
N/A
CabbageFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 19-20
N/A
CantaloupesFrost Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Mar 30-Apr 13
Moon Apr 6-13
CauliflowerFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 19-27
N/A
CeleryFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
ChivesN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-13
Cilantro (Coriander)N/AN/AFrost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
CornN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 8
Moon May 19-Jun 3
CucumbersFrost Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
DillN/AN/AFrost May 4-Jun 8
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-Jun 3
EggplantsFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)Frost Feb 8-22
Moon Feb 20-22
Frost Mar 16-Apr 6
Moon Mar 21-Apr 5
N/A
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
Jalapeño PeppersFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost May 11-25
Moon May 19-25
N/A
KaleFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 19-27
N/A
KohlrabiFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
N/A
LettuceFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Apr 20-May 18
Moon Apr 20-May 5
N/A
OkraN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
OnionsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-18
OreganoFrost Feb 22-Mar 23
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7, Mar 21-23
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
N/A
ParsleyN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-20
Moon Apr 19-20
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 13-May 4
Moon Apr 13-18
PeasN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Apr 27-May 18
Moon May 6-18
PumpkinsFrost Apr 13-27
Moon Apr 19-27
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Mar 8-30
Moon Mar 8-20
RosemaryFrost Feb 22-Mar 8
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
SageFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost May 4-18
Moon May 4- 5
N/A
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Mar 23-Apr 13
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Sweet PotatoesN/AN/AFrost May 25-Jun 8
Moon Jun 4- 8
Swiss ChardFrost Mar 23-Apr 6
Moon Mar 23-Apr 5
Frost Apr 13-20
Moon Apr 19-20
N/A
ThymeFrost Feb 22-Mar 23
Moon Feb 22-Mar 7, Mar 21-23
Frost May 4-25
Moon May 4- 5, May 19-25
N/A
TomatoesFrost Mar 8-23
Moon Mar 21-23
Frost May 11-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Apr 6-27
Moon Apr 6-18
WatermelonsFrost Apr 6-13
Frost May 18-Jun 1
Moon May 19-Jun 1
N/A
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 15
Moon May 19-Jun 3
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost May 18-Jun 15
Moon May 19-Jun 3

Planting Dates for Fall

On average, your first fall frost occurs on October 1 (at SIOUX CITY ANG, IA climate station).
CropFrost Based on Frost Dates
Start Seeds Indoors by...Plant Seedlings Outdoors by...Start Seeds Outdoors by...
ArugulaN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
BeetsN/AN/AFrost Aug 17
Bell PeppersFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
BroccoliFrost Jun 20Frost Jul 18N/A
CabbageFrost Jun 10Frost Jul 8N/A
CantaloupesN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
CarrotsN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
CauliflowerFrost Jun 20Frost Jul 18N/A
CeleryFrost Apr 9Frost Jun 18N/A
CornN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
CucumbersN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
EggplantsFrost Apr 18Frost Jun 13N/A
Fava Beans (Broad Beans)N/AN/AFrost Aug 2
Green BeansN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
Jalapeño PeppersFrost May 8Frost Jul 3N/A
KaleFrost Jul 10Frost Aug 7N/A
KohlrabiN/AN/AFrost Aug 12
LettuceN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
OkraN/AN/AFrost Jun 23
ParsnipsN/AN/AFrost Jun 28
PeasN/AN/AFrost Jul 28
PotatoesN/AN/AFrost Jul 18
PumpkinsN/AN/AFrost June 1
RadishesN/AN/AFrost Aug 27
SpinachN/AN/AFrost Sep 6
Sweet PotatoesFrost Apr 29Frost June 8N/A
Swiss ChardN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
TomatoesFrost Apr 23Frost Jun 18N/A
TurnipsN/AN/AFrost Aug 22
WatermelonsN/AN/AFrost Jun 3
Winter SquashN/AN/AFrost Jun 18
ZucchiniN/AN/AFrost Jul 3