Here are seed-starting dates for your first spring planting. These dates are based on historical frost dates, as reported by your nearest government weather stations.
Historical data is useful way to get a sense of "typical" frost dates to give you a general sense of timing. However, it is not a replacement for good judgement. Obviously, you need to be aware of your weather this coming season. Other factors that can also influence your planting dates include soil temperature, altitude and slope of land, nearby waters, and day length. Also, keep records of your garden's conditions each year to plan more accurately.
On chart below, please note:
- Seeds for plants with a long growing season should be started indoors during the periods shown below.
- Seeds for plants sown in the ground should be planted during the periods shown.
- When no dates appear in the chart, that starting method is not recommended for the particular vegetable.
WASHINGTON DULLES INTL CLIMATE STATION
50% probability of frost free after April 23 (at WASHINGTON DULLES INTL, VA climate station).
|Crop||Start Seeds Indoors||Moon-favorable Dates||Set Out Plants/|
Start Seeds Outdoors
|Beans||Apr 30-May 21||May 15-21|
|Beets||Apr 9-30||Apr 9-14, Apr 30|
|Broccoli||Mar 12-26||Mar 17-26||Apr 2-23||Apr 15-23|
|Brussels sprouts||Mar 12-26||Mar 17-26||Mar 26-Apr 16||Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16|
|Cabbage||Feb 25-Mar 12||Feb 25-Mar 1||Mar 26-Apr 9||Mar 26-31|
|Carrots||Mar 19-Apr 2||Apr 1- 2|
|Cauliflower||Mar 12-26||Mar 17-26||Mar 26-Apr 9||Mar 26-31|
|Celery||Feb 11-25||Feb 15-25||Apr 30-May 14|
|Collards||Mar 12-26||Mar 17-26||Mar 26-Apr 16||Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16|
|Corn||Apr 23-May 7||Apr 23-29|
|Cucumbers||Mar 26-Apr 2||Mar 26-31||May 7-28||May 15-28|
|Eggplant||Feb 11-25||Feb 15-25||May 7-28||May 15-28|
|Kale||Mar 12-26||Mar 17-26||Mar 26-Apr 16||Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16|
|Kohlrabi||Mar 26-Apr 16||Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16|
|Leeks||Feb 11-25||Feb 15-25||Mar 26-Apr 16||Mar 26-31, Apr 15-16|
|Lettuce||Mar 12-26||Mar 17-26||Apr 9-May 7||Apr 15-29|
|Melons||Mar 26-Apr 2||Mar 26-31||May 7-28||May 15-28|
|Okra||May 7-21||May 15-21|
|Onion sets||Mar 26-Apr 16||Apr 1-14|
|Parsnips||Apr 2-23||Apr 2-14|
|Peas||Mar 12-Apr 2||Mar 17-31|
|Peppers||Feb 11-25||Feb 15-25||May 7-28||May 15-28|
|Potato tubers||Apr 16-May 7||Apr 30-May 7|
|Pumpkins||Mar 26-Apr 9||Mar 26-31||May 7-28||May 15-28|
|Radishes||Feb 25-Mar 19||Mar 2-16|
|Spinach||Mar 12-Apr 2||Mar 17-31|
|Squash||Mar 26-Apr 9||Mar 26-31||May 7-28||May 15-28|
|Sweet Potatoes||Mar 26-Apr 2||Apr 1- 2||May 7-28||May 7-14|
|Swiss Chard||Mar 12-26||Mar 17-26||Apr 2- 9|
|Tomatoes||Feb 25-Mar 12||Feb 25-Mar 1||Apr 30-May 21||May 15-21|
|Turnips||Mar 26-Apr 16||Apr 1-14|
|Watermelon||Mar 26-Apr 2||Mar 26-31||May 7-28||May 15-28|