Plant seeds or transplants of cool-season vegetables, such as broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, carrots, onions, spinach, and turnips.
Gardening Tasks by Month for Salem, VA
Plant herbs this month. Try dill, oregano, sage, and fennel.
Set strawberry plants this month in a garden bed or container. Water well.
Try planting daffodils. Find varieties that fit your region.
Plant cool-weather annuals such as foxglove, petunia, and Shasta daisy.
If you have any tropical or subtropical container plants, move them indoors when the temperature drops to the 40s.
Divide and replant crowded perennials.
If you are planning on planting wildflower seeds, prepare the soil now. Till the soil thoroughly to a depth of 4 to 5 inches. Prepare a seed mixture of many different kinds.
Continue planting any trees and shrubs. They will have time to establish themselves before the spring.
Apply a layer of mulch around your newly planted shrubs and trees.
Continue mowing and watering your lawn until it stops growing. Avoid fertilizing the lawn, as this could encourage tender growth that might be damaged during the winter.
Apply a pre-emergent herbicide to your lawn to control winter weeds. Apply when nighttime temperatures are 55 to 60 degrees for 4 to 5 days.
If your lawn is losing color, try overseeding with annual ryegrass when temperatures are in the low 70s.
Clean up your flower beds after the first killing frost; remove any dead plants.