Daily Calendar for September 2nd, 2019

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Labor Day

Always the first Monday in September, Labor Day is meant as a tribute to the American worker to whom the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country is made possible. The holiday started modestly in cities and towns, with the first celebration on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, held by the Central Labor Union. GIven the growth of labor organizations at this time in American history and the era of industrialization, the idea of a day to honor the American worker quickly spread to other cities and then to states. In 1884, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday. The observance of Labor Day began as a street parade to exhibit to the public "the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations" of the community, followed by a relaxing day for the workers and their families. There is some doubt as to the individual who first proposed the holiday for workers. Most believe it was the idea of Peter J. Maguire (although recent research has shown that it might have been his brother Matthew's idea), a labor union leader who in 1882 proposed a celebration honoring the American worker. The date chosen was simply "convenient," according to Maguire, because it was midway between the Fourth of July and Thanksgiving. Although the day's focus on organized labor has diminished over the years, the legal holiday still marks the end of summer and the traditional time for children to return to school.

Every Year

  • National Day (Vietnam)

1660s

  • 1666: Great Fire of London began

1780s

  • 1789: Congress established the United States Department of the Treasury

1850s

  • Born 1850: Albert Spalding (baseball player)

1890s

  • 1897: The first issue of McCall's magazine was published. The magazine had previously been called Queens Magazine and Queen of Fashion

1900s

  • 1901: Vice President Theodore Roosevelt uttered the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair

1910s

  • Born 1917: Cleveland Amory (author of The Cat Who Came for Christmas)

1930s

  • Born 1937: Peter Ueberroth (businessman)

1940s

  • 1945: Japan surrendered formally at ceremonies held aboard the battleship Missouri, to end World War II

  • Born 1948: Terry Bradshaw (football player)

  • Born 1948: Christa McAuliffe (selected to be the first teacher in space)

1950s

  • Born 1951: Mark Harmon (actor)

1960s

  • Born 1964: Keanu Reeves (actor)

  • Born 1966: Salma Hayek (actress)

  • 1969: First ATM in U.S. debuted, Rockville Centre, N.Y.50 Years Ago

1970s

  • Died 1973: J. R. R. Tolkien (author)

  • Born 1976: Erin Hershey Presley (actress)

  • 1979: Charles Burton started 3-year pole-to-pole expedition

1990s

  • 1992: The long awaited chess rematch between Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky began in Yugoslavia

2000s

  • Died 2001: Troy Donahue (actor)

  • Died 2005: Bob Denver (actor)

2010s

  • 2013: Diana Nyad completed a two-day, two-night swim from Cuba to Florida and became the first person to accomplish the feat unaided by a shark cage

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