Daily Calendar for September 18th, 2019

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Ember Days

Ember Days are on December 18, 20, and 21. They occur four times a year at the start of each season. In Latin, Ember Days are known as the quattuor anni tempora (the "four seasons of the year"). Traditionally observed by some Christian denominations, each set of Ember Days is three days, kept on a successive Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday. These three days are set apart for fasting, abstinence, and prayer. The first of these four times comes in winter, after the Feast of St. Lucia, December 13; the second set comes with the First Sunday in Lent; the third set comes after Whitsunday/Pentecost Sunday; the four and last set comes after the Feast of the Holy Cross. Their dates can be remembered by this old mnemonic: "Sant Crux, Lucia, Cineres, Charismata Dia Ut sit in angaria quarta sequens feria." Which means: "Holy Cross, Lucy, Ash Wednesday, Pentecost, are when the quarter holidays follow." Folklore has it that the weather on each of the three days foretells the weather for three successive months. As with much folklore, this is grounded in some common sense since the beginning of the four seasons cue the changes in weather as well as a shift in how we keep harmony with the Earth and respect our stewardship of the Earth, our "garden of Eden."

1500s

  • 1502: Christopher Columbus landed in what is now Costa Rica

1670s

  • 1679: New Hampshire territory separated from Massachusetts

1700s

  • Born 1709: Samuel Johnson (author)

1790s

  • 1793: The cornerstone for the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C., was laid

1850s

  • 1851: The first edition of "The New York Daily Times" went on sale. The paper later dropped "Daily" from its title

1880s

  • Born 1883: Elmer Henry Maytag (manufacturer)

  • Born 1888: Archie "Grey Owl" Belaney (conservationist)

1900s

  • Born 1901: Harold Clurman (director)

  • Born 1905: Greta Garbo (actress)

1920s

  • Born 1920: Jack Warden (actor)

1930s

  • 1932: Shirley Temple made her film debut, at the age of 3, in War Babies

  • 1937: First nighttime skywriting in the U.S.

  • Born 1939: Fred Willard (actor)

  • Born 1939: Frankie Avalon (singer & actor)

1940s

  • 1947: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) founded

1950s

  • Born 1950: Darryl Sittler (hockey player)

  • 1955: Final day of streetcar service in Winnipeg, Manitoba

  • 1955: What had previously been The Toast of the Town on CBS TV since 1948 became The Ed Sullivan Show

1970s

  • Died 1970: Jimi Hendrix (musician)

  • Born 1971: Jada Pinkett Smith (actress)

  • 1973: The UN accepts East Germany, West Germany and the Bahamas as members

  • Born 1973: James Marsden (actor)

  • 1975: Fugitive Patty Hearst was arrested in San Francisco after spending more than six months with the Symbionese Liberation Army

  • Born 1979: Alison Lohman (actress)

1980s

  • Died 1980: Katherine Anne Porter (author)

  • 1980: Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez first Latin American in space

  • 1983: George Meegan finished an almost seven-year long walk, from the tip of South America to the Arctic Ocean at Prudhoe Bay, Alaska

1990s

  • Died 1994: Vitas Gerulaitis (tennis player)

2000s

  • Died 2001: Ernie Coombs (children's entertainer, "Mr. Dressup")

  • Died 2002: "Bullet" Bob Hayes (Olympic gold medalist and football player)

  • 2007: Aquarium of the Bay in California reported that an angel shark had been born

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