Growing Broccoli

January 29, 2016
Celeste's Broccoli
Celeste Longacre

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Frost Dates

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Broccoli is another plant that can be put in the ground before all of the frost is done.

Garden centers sell the plants, but it is actually quite easy to grow from seed.

I prepare my soil as usual.

Then I create several “dips” or—as I call them—“water-catchers” leaving about a foot and a half free at the edges of the bed and, if it is extremely long, also in the middle.

These dips will catch the rain and irrigation water and keep it right where the plants need it.

I then plant six or eight seeds around the inside edges of the dips and cover lightly with compost or old, rotted manure. Water the bed well.

Once the plants emerge, I slowly thin them taking out the smallest individuals first. As they continue to get bigger, the smaller ones get pulled until there is only one or two plants left in the dip.

After the danger of frost is gone, I plant marigolds in the spaces that were left free at the original sowing time. Two marigolds go into the edges and two more in the middle if the bed was particularly long. This helps tremendously to keep the cabbage moth away. The cabbage moth lays its eggs on all of the brassicas (plant family). Out come little green worms that not only eat the broccoli but leave a mess behind them. With marigolds in place, remarkably few cabbage moths find the broccoli.

The broccoli is ready to be picked when the head is full and firm (see picture).

Be sure to cut it on an angle. Broccolis will continue to give you side shoots well into the fall, but water can sit in the stem and rot it if it isn’t cut on an angle. As the side shoots get smaller, I freeze them and write “quiche” on the bag. These are ready to go into eggs or stir-fries.

The little yellow flowers here are a specific kind of marigold called “Lemon Gem.” They are edible and their greenery puts off a lemon scent when rubbed.

Bon appetite!

About This Blog

Celeste Longacre has been growing virtually all of her family’s vegetables for the entire year for over 30 years. She cans, she freezes, she dries, she ferments & she root cellars. She also has chickens. Celeste has also enjoyed a longtime relationship with The Old Farmer’s Almanac as their astrologer and gardens by the Moon. Her new book, “Celeste’s Garden Delights,” is now available! Celeste Longacre does a lot of teaching out of her home and garden in the summer. Visit her web site at for details.

Reader Comments

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Spacing Broccoli

A picture of your finished row would be really helpful. Would you be able to add one? Thank you!

grew to fast

Im first time grower of broccoli. They grew nicely into little floret bulbs of about the size of a fist. Then about two-three days later they grew up to which looked like they went to seed. they were tall stalks with tiny flowers. What did I do wrong

Hi Nadine, You probably

Hi Nadine, You probably waited too long to harvest the broccoli. Once they look like the broccoli that you see at the store, you need to harvest it. When it goes to flower, it is getting ready to go to seed. You could try cutting it off and see if it puts out new edibles. Good luck!

New veggie gardener needs

New veggie gardener needs help!
Live in middle Georgia- zone 7
Growing broccoli and cabbage. Bought 4" bedding plants and put them in good soil 4 weeks ago (mid Oct) with a few Osmokote granules. When should the little heads appear? What kind of fertilizer should I use now and when? Thank you!


My broccoli is growing well, maybe too well they are getting quite tall.Do I need to string/support the stems.??

Hi D. Bowles, I have never

Hi D. Bowles, I have never had to support my broccoli. Yet, if you feel that they are in danger of falling over, I would definitely give them some kind of support.

I also enjoy growing

I also enjoy growing broccoli, my zone is 5-6. I start my plants from seed in a small greenhouse, early usually in February,the plants are then set in the ground around St. Patricks day along with other cold crops which I direct sow from seed, spinach, radish, lettuce. This is a great time to plant your cabbage plants as well since they do not mind the cold. I like to start early,making gardening managable as not everything gets planted all at once. It is fun to watch the early plants emerge in the garden and enjoy the first taste of fresh grown salad greens. Get gardening!


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