10 Fruit and Vegetable Safety Tips

Prevent food-borne illness from fruits and vegetables

July 19, 2019
Farmer's Market Produce

Summer brings a bounty of healthy, farm-fresh food! But remember to properly wash and store your raw fruit and vegetables! It’s not difficult! Here are 10 quick tips.

We all know that fresh fruit and vegetables have enormous health benefits, helping to prevent heart disease, stroke, and some cancers. Healthy snacks also help us manage our weight.

But it’s important to select and prepare produce safely. While we usually think of meat and poultry when it comes to food-borne illness, sometimes raw vegetables and fruit can contain harmful bacteria, too. Produce may be contaminated due to the soil or water where the produce was grown, or during storage, shipping, or preparation.

Food Safety Tips for Produce

We can takes some real steps to ensure our fruit and vegetables are properly cleaned and stored to avoid food-borne illness:

  1. Choose produce that isn’t bruised or damaged. Openings can provide entryway for pathogenic bacteria during shipping.
  2. Spiralized and pre-cut produce must be refrigerated or on ice! If you must buy cut fruits or veggies, refrigerate them right after cutting them up. 
  3. Separate fruits and vegetables from raw meat, poultry, and seafood in your shopping cart, in your grocery bags, and in your kitchen.
  4. Wash your hands, kitchen utensils, and food preparation surfaces, including chopping boards and countertops, before and after preparing fruits and vegetables.
  5. Clean all vegetables and fruit before eating, cutting, or cooking, unless the package says the contents have been washed.
    • Scrub anything with rough or wrinkled skin.
    • Cut away any damaged or bruised areas before preparing or eating.
    • Dry fruit or vegetables with a clean paper towel.
  6. Even if you don’t plan to eat the peel, thoroughly rinse produce under running water so germs do not get inside the surface when you cut.
  7. Cut your vegetables or fruit as close as possible to the time you’ll be eating them.
  8. Always use a sharp cutting knife, and clean it well before cutting your fruits or vegetables.
  9. Refrigerate fruits and vegetables you have cut, peeled, or cooked within 2 hours (or 1 hour if the outside temperature is 90°or warmer). Chill them at 40°F or colder in a clean container.
  10. Cooking vegetables and fruit is the safest way to consume them (though it will may change their nutritional value).

Cut Your Own Fruit and Vegetables

The plastic containers of spiralized veggies have become very popular. Here’s why I suggest buying fruit and vegetables whole and cutting them yourself:

  • Because you put in the labor and avoid the packaging, whole foods are less expensive, especially when they’re in season. Face it: it isn’t that difficult to cut up a melon or a cucumber.
  • They’re more nutritious. As soon as a fruit or vegetable is cut, light and oxygen begin to degrade its vitamin content. Especially vulnerable is the antioxidant Vitamin C. The smaller the pieces, the greater the exposed surface area, and the greater the losses.
  • They keep a lot longer. Plant foods continue to respire after being cut, hastening oxidation and spoilage. 
  • Even a short, refrigerated stay in a container may affect the flavor and texture of your pre-cut fruits or vegetables. You’ve probably noticed that the beautiful-looking watermelon and cantaloupe cubes, broccoli florets, and other cut produce in salad bars often have an off taste.
  • You’ll have less plastic to discard. The planet is awash in plastic containers. Do your bit; avoid them when possible.

Learn more about food safety:

About This Blog

"Living Naturally" is all about living a naturally healthy lifestyle. Margaret Boyles covers health tips, ways to avoid illness, natural remedies, food that's good for body and soul, recipes for homemade beauty products, ideas to make your home a healthy and safe haven, and the latest news on health. Our goal is also to encourage self-sufficiency, whether it's relearning some age-old skills or getting informed on modern improvements that help us live better, healthier lives.