Valentine's Day: Cold Weather/Hot Romance

November 19, 2018
Valentine's Day Hearts

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Why do we hold Valentine’s Day, the day to celebrate hot romance, in the middle of cold, snowy February?

What in the past made our ancestors decide that blizzards were the climate for love? Believe me, after shoveling the snow from my driveway, nothing—and I do mean nothing—is further from my mind than romance. So why is this holiday scheduled at such a frigid time of the year?

The answer is that the climate we are experiencing today is not necessarily the original weather people were experiencing when they created a romantic tradition for Valentine’s Day. Let’s look at the history and the weather.

Saint Valentine’s Day was established in an attempt to overshadow a distasteful Roman fertility festival – Lupercalia. Priests would sacrifice two male goats and a dog. Two of the priests would get dabbed in blood, make strips of the sacrifices’ skins, and dip the strips in blood. They would then run around town smacking women with the bloody strips. (Supposedly this made the ladies fertile.) No wonder it was replaced with flowers and chocolate! In 496 AD Pope Gelasius I suggested replacing the whole mess with a nice saint’s day.


Centuries went by. There are no records of people feeling particularly lovey-dovey on February 14. Then, in 1382, Geoffrey Chaucer, a popular English poet wrote, “For this was Saint Valentine’s Day, when every bird cometh there to choose his mate.” Historian Jack B. Oruch finds this the first literary reference to Valentine’s Day and romance and concludes that Chaucer is probably the original mythmaker.


What makes the myth more humorous is that another historian, Henry Ansgar Kelly, claims Chaucer was referring to May 3, the day for St. Valentine of Genoa, not the frosty February St. Valentine of Rome’s date.

Think about it. If you were a bird would you be frolicking in winter—or, spring?

Others point to the time that Chaucer wrote his poem—the end of the Medieval Warm Period (MWP). The above chart shows this period which represents anecdotal European climate, not necessarily global temperatures. Some theorize that those days may have been warm enough for hearts and birds to flutter in February.

Whether you are basking warmth or snuggled in front of a cozy New England fireplace, Happy Valentine’s Day!

(How’s your Valentine’s Day weather this year? To share, just comment in the box below!)

About This Blog

Are you a weather watcher? Welcome to “Weather Whispers” by James Garriss and until recently, Evelyn Browning Garriss. With expertise and humor, this column covers everything weather—from weather forecasts to WHY extreme weather happens to ways that weather affects your life from farming to your grocery bill. Enjoy weather facts, folklore, and fun!

With heavy hearts, we share the news that historical climatologist and immensely entertaining Almanac contributor Evelyn Browning Garriss passed away in late June 2017. Evelyn shared her lifetime of weather knowledge with Almanac editors and readers, explaining weather phenomena in conversation and expounding on topics in articles for the print edition of The Old Farmer’s Almanac as well as in these articles. We were honored to know and work with her as her time allowed, which is to say when she was not giving lectures to, writing articles for, and consulting with scientists, academia, investors, and government agencies around the world. She will be greatly missed by the Almanac staff and readers.