Bell Peppers

Planting, Growing, and Harvesting Bell Peppers

Yellow Bell Peppers


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Peppers are a tender, warm-season crop. Here’s how to grow peppers in your garden! 

Peppers resist most garden pests and offer something for everyone: spicy, sweet, or hot; and a variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. For this page, we will focus on sweet bell peppers.


  • Start seeds indoors 8-10 weeks before last spring frost date.
  • The temperature must be at least 70° F for seed germination, so keep them in a warm area for the best and fastest results.
  • Start pepper seeds three to a pot, and thin out the weakest seedling. Let the remaining two pepper plants spend their entire lives together as one plant. The leaves of two plants help protect peppers against sunscald and the yield is often twice as good as two segregated plants.
  • Begin to harden off plants about 10 days before transplanting.
  • A week before transplanting, introduce fertilizer or aged compost into your garden soil.
  • After the danger of frost has passed, transplant seedlings outdoors, 18 to 24 inches apart (but keep paired plants close to touching.)
  • Soil should be at least 65° F, as peppers will not survive transplanting at temps any colder. Northern gardeners can warm up the soil by covering it with black plastic.
  • Put two or three match sticks in the hole with each plant, along with about a teaspoon of fertilizer. These give the plants a bit of sulfur, which they like.


  • Soil should be well drained, but be sure to maintain adequate moisture either with mulch or plastic covering.
  • Water one to two inches per week, but remember that peppers are extremely heat sensitive. If you live in a warm or desert climate, watering everyday may be necessary.
  • Fertilize after the first fruit set.
  • Weed carefully around plants.
  • If necessary, support plants with cages or stakes to prevent bending. Try commercially available cone-shaped wire tomato cages. They may not be ideal for tomatoes, but they are just the thing for peppers. Or, build your own garden supports.
  • For larger fruit, spray the plants with a solution of one tablespoon of Epsom salts in a gallon of water, once when it begins to bloom, and once ten days later.


  • Aphids
  • Flea Beetles
  • Cucumber Mosaic Virus
  • Blossom-End Rot appears as a soft, sunken area which turns darker in color.
  • Pollination can be reduced in temperatures below 60° F and above 90° F.
  • Too much nitrogen will reduce fruit from setting.


  • Harvest as soon as peppers reach desired size.
  • The longer bell peppers stay on the plant, the more sweet they become and the greater their Vitamin C content.
  • Use a sharp knife or scissors to cut peppers clean off the plant for the least damage.
  • Peppers can be refrigerated in plastic bags for up to 10 days after harvesting.
  • Bell peppers can be dried, and we would recommend a conventional oven for the task. Wash, core, and seed the peppers. Cut into one-half-inch strips. Steam for about ten minutes, then spread on a baking sheet. Dry in the oven at 140° F (or the lowest possible temperature) until brittle, stirring occasionally and switching tray positions. When the peppers are cool, put them in bags or storage containers.

Recommended Varieties

Wit & Wisdom

The popular green and red bell peppers that we see in supermarkets are actually the same thing; the red peppers have just been allowed to mature on the plant longer, changing color and also gaining a higher content of Vitamin C.


Cooking Notes

To learn how to make pickled bell peppers, watch this video!

Get more tips on cooking with peppers.

Reader Comments

Leave a Comment

green peppers

I have a lot of green pepper plants,when I harvest the peppers,can I freeze them in bags??

freezing peppers

You can certainly freeze peppers, but it’s recommended that you do a little prep work beforehand. Wash the peppers and dry them, cut off stems, split each pepper in half, and remove the seeds. Then cut into slices, if desired. Spread the pieces on a tray, so that each piece does not touch any other, then place in the freezer for about an hour or so until frozen. Then remove the tray and place the frozen pieces in a dated and labeled zipper freezer bag, squeezing out as much air as possible, and place in the freezer.

Weed or plant

How can I tell if what I have is my bell peppers or a weed

Red bell peppers

I have a plant with peppers set on. They are in full afternoon sun and on a drip system. One side of the pepper is withered and the other side is still plump. Too much sun, water?

pepper problem

Insects and diseases might cause such symptoms, but it may actually be sunscald. Bell peppers are susceptible to sunscald, which occurs during high temperatures, especially during humid conditions, and direct exposure of the fruit to sunlight during its development. It can appear as faded, papery, blistered, or gray-white sunken areas on the fruit on the side that has been exposed to the sun; the areas will later dry and possibly develop black mold. It is best to have the fruit develop under the leaves; you can provide shade cloth or use row covers to help protect them. Staking plants as they grow also helps fruit to remain under the leaf canopy. Good watering and fertilization at the appropriate times help to develop a good canopy. Hope this helps!

Yellow and Red Pepper

I am growing these peppers in pots on my balcony. I bought then already about 12-15 inches high and planted them in a small pot....too small. They are growing really well however, I am wondering if I should move them to larger pots. There is one plant in each plant and I had little green peppers already on one but am wondering is it ok to transplant without killing now?

Transplanting bell peppers

It’s OK to keep “potting up” peppers are they grow. They’re quite adaptable. That said, we usually stop transplanting peppers once they have flowers and fruit as the fruit and blooms may die with transplanting. A 3 gallon pot (14-inch diameter) would be suitable for a couple pepper plants.

Planting Peppers - Spacing question

I am planting sweet peppers for the first time. I planted them 12 inches apart. now I read they need 18-24 inches space. they are growing nice and tall but are not growing any fruits yet. can I still remove some plants without damaging other roots? what should I do?

Pepper Spacing

Hi Bella,

The 18 to 24 inches of space is a recommendation. 12 inches between each plant should be plenty, so don’t remove any plants. As long as the area where your pepper plants are growing is in full sun, you should be fine. Thanks for writing!

A beginner who lives in Las Vegas!

Any tips on how to deal with the desert sun?

growing peppers in the desert

Peppers are heat-seeking vegetables which are well suited for desert climates. That said, some pepper varieties do better than others. Jalapeños do the best, especially when grown in full Sun. Ancho and sweet banana peppers do very well, but produce even more yield when grown under shade cloth. In desert regions at around 4,000 feet of elevation, sweet bell peppers often fail to develop a thick fleshy wall, especially upon ripening, and their quality can be poorer than store-bought bells.

Yellow pepper info

Yellow pepper info

yellow pepper

I bought yellow and red pepper plants from my local nursery. The yellow pepper plant has a big pepper, but it is green. Will it turn, or did the nursery have it labeled wrong. Other plants are fair size, but no peppers yet.


Green Pepper Changing Color

As peppers mature, they turn from green to red, yellow, or one of several other colors, depending on the variety. There are bell peppers that stay green, but it’s more likely that your pepper just hasn’t fully matured yet. Give it a little while longer to see if it changes to yellow or red!


Other than the Epsom salt formula, what do I use to fertilize? Also, can the plants go into plain loose dirt, or is it important to buy potting soil?

fertilizers and soil

Fertilizers, both organic and synthetic, can be found at garden centers. The package may tell you what plants they are good for, such as vegetables. Peppers do better in a fertilizer lower in nitrogen, such as 5-10-10, before they set fruit; after that, it is OK to use a more balanced formula. Or, you can add aged manure or compost. They also like fish emulsion, if you want to go that route. To learn more about the various types of fertilizers, you may be interested in this page:

As to planting directly in the ground, you can certainly do that, but depending on your soil, you might have better success by using potting soil if planting in a container, or if planting in the ground, by first preparing the plot to improve soil structure, adjust pH if needed, add any nutrients that are deficient, improve drainage if needed, etc. Peppers like loose soil, and a pH around 5.8 to 6.5. For more information about preparing soil for planting, you might like:
Also, here is a video on preparing soil in spring:

Hope this helps!

Starting seeds

Does it matter if I dry out the seeds before I plant them or can I take them right out of the sweet pepper to start in peat pots? They're very slow growing

Starting Seeds

It is best to not let the seeds dry out as they germinate in a warm wet location. I germinated mine in a wet paper towel in a plastic bag at room temperature.


This would be my first year growing bell peppers in my garden. I bought a ready to transplant starter in a 4in. container at my local Home Depot. I waited about a month until I finally transplanted my pepper to a 12in. pot. It gave me many blooms however they are all nowgrowing very close and are being smothered by one that is 4x bigger than the rest. I did add fertilizer to encourage it to grow taller but so far nothing. Is this normal? Will it affect the quality of the peppers?

pepper troubles

I’m not sure that I understand the setup–are there several pepper plants in one container, one plant being far more advanced than the others? Or, are they all now planted out in a garden? As the above article suggests, two seedlings grown together seems to work well, but otherwise it is best to space plants 18 to 24 inches apart; you might want to thin them out a little, by snipping at the base (don’t pull plants up, to avoid disturbing roots of plants you’d like to keep). Fertilize when transplanting, and then after first fruit set. Be careful not to give too much nitrogen, which encourages leaf growth over flowering, until the peppers are developing. If you have lots of flowers but no fruit, you might try hand pollinating to help things along,

large brown areas on my bellpeppers

last growing season, I had some bell peppers in the beginning of the season start off great but then get to a certain size and suddenly a large brown "spot" started growing on them. I thought maybe they were getting too much water, so I changed the water pattern but it was still happening. The spots were more of a rot look than a blemish. I didn't eat them because they were ugly-which scared me! What happened to my bellpeppers?

pepper problems

It’s hard to know what it might be, as there are several things that can cause large brown spots on fruit. However, I’m wondering if it might have been anthracnose; for more information about this disease, see: and this article from the Ohio Cooperative Extension:
which shows you a picture of it on bell pepper fruit.

Some other possibilities might include:
blossom end rot:

Hope this helps!

Capsicum seedlings

I am growing seedlings from the actual Capsicum, and have them near a window in the kitchen, they are in a seedling tray, there are about 26, and are 6cm tall, my question is:- Should I put them into a large pot or let them grow a lot bigger?

Capsicum seedlings

Good morning,
I submitted a question to you on 26 February 2017, but have just realised that you are in England, and I am in Sydney, Australia, our climates are very different!! My apologies, I will try one of our sites.

Transplanting Pepper Plants

I recently started pepper plants from seeds using peat moss pellets and a windowsill "greenhouse"/tray. Most of the seeds have sprouted and I am leaving them on the windowsill for the day and under a desk lamp at night. My question are: is the desk lamp sufficient for supplying light and to a lesser extent heat? Do I need to transplant the peppers from the peat pellets to a pot before hardening off and planting in my elevated bed, or can I keep them in the pellets until transferring to the bed? (P.S. I put casters on the garden bed so that I can roll it into the garage at night in order to avoid frost and major temperature drops. I assume this will allow me to transplant sooner assuming the soil temp remains above 65--I live in the deep south, MS). Thanks for any help you can give.

starting peppers indoors

You can keep your pepper seedlings in the peat pellets, to help minimize transplant shock (they are especially good for that, since you can plant them pellet and roots together in the ground). If you do not plan to transplant them out directly in the garden for several weeks, you might consider at some midway point between now and then, transplanting the seedling (including its peat pellet) into a larger pot. Otherwise, wait and plant outside directly, after hardening off. As to the lighting, seedlings usually need about 12 to 16 hours of light. Make sure that your desk light is not on constantly overnight–use a timer. It would be better to use a grow light that offers the spectrum needed by plants, or a fluorescent shop light. The windowsill and desk lamp (if using a regular light bulb) may lead to thin, elongated stems. If there is no other option, though, adjust the lamp so that it is close to the seedlings, but not too close to cause any heat damage. Keep rotating your plants every day, even twice a day, so that the stems do not grow in one direction (toward the source of light). Good luck!

A hard freeze is coming,

A hard freeze is coming, should I pull my bell pepper plants as I do tomatoes, or pick them individually?

It’s up to you. Some

It’s up to you. Some gardeners pull the whole plant and hang it upside down in a basement or garage, while others just harvest the ripening peppers. The fruit can be placed in a paper bag with an apple to help hasten ripening, if you prefer. If you have lots of peppers that are not up to full size yet, you might try pulling the whole plant in case the plant can still give the fruit a tiny bit more nutrients before the plant dries. But if your peppers are mostly of a mature size, then just harvesting the peppers themselves should work fine.

peppers and approaching freeze

last year (about the time the original question was asked) I had a bunch of peppers that I did not want to loose. I dug up the plant, root ball and all, and put them in large nursery pots I had saved. they were in shock about two days because it had been cool, but the fruit all ripened. some of the plants were still (sort of) alive at the end of the winter but did not appear to try regrowing. this year I am going to plant some in pots a little later in the season but keep them in the garden so they can be pollinated before winter- that late in the year the bees and other pollinators are trying to build up their food stores for the winter with whatever is around and will be glad for the food. plus can be brought into a garage or other unheated space overnight if there is a frost coming and put back out the next morning

By the way I also dug up the marigolds and geraniums in the garden because they were still blooming, and put them in clean cat litter boxes, saved aluminum buffet pans (the ones that go over the burner- double up for strength), and saved plastic trays from hamburger. at the holidays I put cloth around them and had nice arrangements on display

Two genders of bell peppers?

Online friends claim both peppers and the individual plants which bore them come in two genders which can be identified by the number of lobes on the peppers and the appearance of the seeds inside them. This seems botanically questionable and not provable except by chromosomal studies. Does anyone know about this for sure?

Pepper Gender

A hot topic, it appears, on the Web. No. It’s a hoax. Pepper plant flowers contain both mail and female reproductive parts, and so the developing fruit is neither male nor femaile. The number of lobes does not affect flavor. Don’t believe everything you read on the Web…but you can believe this.

Bell peppers

I have grown some in pots. Strangely some of the fruit has the colour of the aubergine. Why is this?? Please!!

Purple peppers

They may be purple, Ken, because they ARE purple peppers! If you started them from seeds, we can not explain the confusion; the packet should have been marked…or it was and you did not know. If you bought them as seedlings, it’s possible that the plant stick was moved from other peppers inadvertently; it happens occasionally.

They are different from other bells in so far as the contain a pigment called anthocyanin, which give them their inky color. They may be slightly more bitter than red, yellow, or orange bell peppers…or that may be a matter of taste.

Harvest, eat, and enjoy!

Green pepper

Mid October the first part of October we had 2.5 inches of rain. Now mid October I'm picking my peppers they have water in side and they have black spots and areas in side, they are solid are they OK to use?

spotted peppers

It sounds likely that they are diseased. In that case, it may be best not to eat them since it is not known what exactly is infecting the fruit. Even if the spotted areas are removed (cut at least 1 inch further out from the affected area), unblemished areas may still harbor fungus, bacteria, or viruses that may cause trouble, depending on the pathogen. Quality will likely not be as good either, perhaps affecting taste etc. Unfortunately, when in doubt, throw it out.

Possible 2nd Harvest

I have 3 plants. Each produced about 6 peppers each. They stopped yielding about 3 weeks ago, but now all 3 have some flowers and more baby peppers. Is it common to get a 2nd harvest?

pepper fruiting

Had you experienced cool or hot temperatures earlier and now temperatures have moderated? Nighttime temperatures below 60F or above 75F can hamper fruiting. Also, if you had very hot daytime temperatures, such as 90F or above, that can cause blossoms to drop or pollen to become sterile, reducing fruit production until plants recover. Ideal daytime temps are between 70 and 80 (hot peppers can take about 5 degrees higher). Drought or other stress, too much nitrogen, or other factors can also discourage fruiting.

2nd Harvest

I too have had a second Harvest from my Bells!
This second Harvest has produced more peppers than the first and seeming bloomed after a long hot drought, so perhaps the more temperate weather has caused a second Harvest?

Bell Peppers

I Have A Question.I Have Always Grown Green Bells.I Have Grown Not To Like Them Anymore.This Year I Started All Of My Seeds From Red,Yellow & Orange Bells.Which Is All I Buy At The Store.I Have At Least 20 Plants.Some Of Them Are Still Tiny But Most Are About Golf Ball Size.They Are All Green At This Point.When Will They Turn Color? Thank You !

Bell Pepper Colors

Hi, Janice, Your Green Bell Peppers Will Turn Color, Eventually. Depending On The Variety, It Could Be A Couple To A Few Weeks. You Must Leave Them On The Vine, Too, BTW. (This Is One Reason Why Red, Yellow, And Orange Peppers Cost So Much More Than Green Ones.

– Welcome!

Pepper Rotation

I use raised beds and having problems getting big bell peppers. What is recommended for crop rotation?

I planted my garden with

I planted my garden with jalapenos, red, yellow and green bell peppers, is it a bad idea to plant certain vegetables near each other? It seems like my jalapenos taste a little bit like the green bells. P.S. also, Friendly advise I used the tomato cages from the store on my tomato plants and they actually pulled from the ground and fell over because of the tomato plants huge growing ability. Next year I will use those cages on my peppers and fabricate a better cage for the tomatoes.

Pepper plants are self

Pepper plants are self-pollinated, so it is unlikely that bell peppers would affect the flavor of hot peppers planted close by, and vice versa.

My first time growing Bell

My first time growing Bell peppers they are doing well, but will the plant produce year after year?

Bell Peppers: Annual or Perennial?

We’re glad to hear your bell peppers are doing well! In most of temperate North America, the pepper is grown as an annual, meaning that you’ll have to plant again next year. It is a “tender” vegetable and easily killed by frost. However, in tropical regions, the pepper grows as a perennial plant, so it will produce again.

Bell peppers

I'm a beginner at gardening: my bell pepper plant has only produced one pepper! There's no flowers or buds around it neither, just the one pepper.
The pepper is doing good though, it's quickly growing in size, the plant leaves are nice and healthy, they're not wilted or damaged.
I've just recently transplanted it with CIL transplanting soil in a 12" deep 12" diameter pot with proper drainage holes. I only water it when it needs to (usually every 2-3 days when the soil dries out)
I have no idea what I'm doing wrong here, I'd love to see my plant produce more fruit.
Please give me some input/advice !! Thank you :)

where's the pepper

Any time you transplant something, you have to give it time to adjust to the new environment. In do doing you literally uproot it. Think about it: it was comfortable, producing, getting on with its business—slowly maybe (for lots of other reasons). But it had shown you that it could make fruit. Then you removed it from its familiar surroundings—with good intentions, no doubt. But now it has to essentially settle in and then maybe get back to the business of making fruit. Next time, put the plant into a pot that it can call home for the season and surround it with proper soil. It’s hard to know if you there is enough time in the season (and the plant’s life) for it to produce again. We give it a strong maybe. You can only wait and see.

Red bell pepper branch

I have a large branch from my pepper plant that broke off. It has 6 baby peppers on it. Will it continue to grow if I leave in a vase of wayer? Is there any way to keep it growing?

green bell peppers

I live in Florida and love to grow things i get a pretty good amount but are small about the size of a tennis ball or smaller how can i get them larger?

small bell peppers

Small peppers can be caused by several things, including planting them out too early (daytime temperatures should be 65 to 70F, nighttime above 55F), temperature extremes or drastic fluctuations in weather, not enough light or water, fertilizing too early to encourage leaves at the expense of fruit, poor pollination, or some other stress, such as disease or insects. Check your plants for insects and disease; monitor the light, water, and fertilizer; and watch the weather–protect plants from cool and overly hot temperatures as best you can.

Bell peppers

Are Bell peppers perennials and will they flower more that one time after harvesting?

growing bell peppers

Good question. In most of temperate North America, the pepper is grown as an annual.  It is a “tender” vegetable and easily killed by frost. However, in tropical regions, the pepper grows as a perennial plant.

bell pepper flowers and plant size

My plants are starting to flower and are about a foot tall. Would it help production to cut off the early flowers to allow the plant to grow larger and stronger before allowing the fruit to set?

removing first flowers on pepper

If your pepper plants are vigorous and doing well, it may not improve their production and overall health to remove the first round of flowers. However, if the plants are struggling or growing slowly, then it can sometimes help to remove the first round of flowers.

Approximately many bell

Approximately many bell peppers can grow on a plant at once?

How Many Peppers per Plant

As is mentioned below, bell peppers average about 6 to 8 peppers per plant. Some may yield less (2 or 3), some more (15 or more).

Bell Peppers

When do peppers change their color

Pepper color

Peppers change color as they near their ripe stage. Check the “days to maturity” on seed packets or in catalogs for a guideline for your particular variety (such as ‘Bell Boy’ bell peppers mature in about 70 days). This will be the time when the pepper is at the peak of maturity, and fully colored. If you want your peppers immature (for different crispness and flavor), pick them earlier. Some peppers will start coloring up different colors before their final color (such as turning from yellow-green to yellow to orange to red). Timing, though, will depend on variety and local conditions.

Yellow bell peppers

I bought what was supposed to be red and yellow peppers. They are not turning. I picked what is supposed to be yellow this morning. It is about 3 1/2 x 3 1/2" and had been on the plant about 3 weeks. How long does it take to turn? Should I gave left it. I am thinking that it was labeled wrong.

red and yellow peppers.

So if I understand this, you just wait for them to turn the red or yellow.

is it too late to put peppers

is it too late to put peppers outdoor now??

pepper planting times

That might depend on where you live. Please visit the following page, input your location, and it will give you the recommended times to plant out peppers (or first sow indoors) based on frost dates from the nearest weather station in your area (if you are in the United States).

the one we called capsicum in

the one we called capsicum in india is the same to bell peppers?

ps : i think your article is very helpfull

Yes. Bell peppers and

Yes. Bell peppers and capsicum are the same thing.

My bell peppers have flowers

My bell peppers have flowers coming from them. I initially thought they were peppers but now I see that it has opened up as a flower. will it not give me peppers.? I just planted seeds from the peppers I bought at the store, but has grown well.

pepper flowers

It sounds like your pepper plants  are coming along nicely. The flowers will form the bell peppers (the fruit of the plant), once they are pollinated. Bell peppers self-pollinate, so usually they don’t need any help from outside influences, such as bees or hand pollination.

maintenance of Capsicum plant after harvesting :-

I have a Capsicum pepper plant and harvested the peppers. Now my plant has become dry after harvesting. Could you provide any tips on how to care for my pepper plant after harvesting? Thank you.

pepper care

Do you mean an ornamental pepper (Capsicum annuum), that holds its fruit upright and is usually grown as a houseplant? If so, then in the United States, these are usually grown as annuals, unless you have a greenhouse or live in a tropical environment. After they fruit, they are usually discarded.


how long do i keep the plant light on for bell peppers. just started them from seeds

Keep the seedlings under the

Keep the seedlings under the lights as long as you keep the plants indoors. Move the light up as the seedlings grow. When the seedlings are about 3 inches tall you can move them into small individual pots. When night temps reach about 50 degrees it’s time to start hardening the pepper plants. Put them outside in the shade for ½ day at first. Then put them outside for the day and gradually move them into the sun before planting them in the ground.

Re: Keep the Seedlings Under the Lights

I recently started peppers from seeds using peat moss pellets. Most of the seeds I planted have begun to sprout. I've started leaving the plants in the windowsill and then under a regular desk lamp for light and heat. Do they need to have light all night right now?

how many are the plant yield

how many are the plant yield of bell pepper??/ pls advice thankyou

bell pepper yield

The yield of a bell pepper will depend on many factors, such as variety, weather and soil conditions, pests, timing, spacing, light, etc. However, for a rule of thumb, bell peppers average about 6 to 8 peppers per plant. Some may yield less (2 or 3), some more (15 or more). Pepper size will vary as well.

I'm a beginner at growing any

I'm a beginner at growing any type of plant. I recently planted four different types of pepper seeds (anaheim, sweet banana, poblano, and pasilla), i put ten seeds in each pot and most have sprouted already. My question is, did I put too many seeds in one pot? and if so, how can I fix the problem since most have sprouted?

transplanting seedlings

How big is the pot? If you are using a tiny pot for seed starting, then 10 is too many. Usually about three would do, and then pinch off one as they show their first true leaves (the first “leaves” are actually sort of baby leaves, called cotyledons, that develop with the seed. The next leaves that form are called “true” leaves, and function slightly differently.) Since you have ten seedlings together, what you can do is either pinch off the weaker seedlings at the base (don’t pull them up, as they may injure the roots of other seedlings)–saving two healthy seedlings to grow in the pot. The other thing you might try is a little more risky – take a blunt pointed object, such as a dull pencil, to tease apart a seedling from the surrounding ones – be very gentle with the plant and at detangling its roots from the others; you don’t want to damage either seedling. Plant the seedling that you removed into another pot. Do the same for seven more seedlings if they look healthy, leaving two in the original pot, preferably undisturbed. The transplanted seedlings may recover enough from their move to continue growing. Good luck!

Do you know what the chemical

Do you know what the chemical is in bell peppers that dissipates as it ripens? It has a slight 'bite' to it... that same 'bite' is found in zucchini, and eggplants. I have an immune system that reacts to zucchini, eggplant and green bell peppers. I react less to them when they are ripe.. (that chemical is also apparently present in a lower amount in some of the hot peppers... oddly I can eat jalapenos or hot Hungarian peppers with little reaction!) I know this isn't a 'normal' question for you... but it would help me to better understand (and possibly predict) what nightshades I can and cannot have...


My chilli plants are in a

My chilli plants are in a meshed balcony. I have hand pollinated them but still the flowers fall off. I live in Gainesville, FL (Zone 8b). I water them twice a week, when I see the plants drooping because of the heat. I don't over water them as I lost a few plants to showers through the mesh from heavy rains. Why don't I get any fruits?

Heat causes blossoms to drop.

Heat causes blossoms to drop. Daytime temps above 90 or night temps above 75 degrees can cause blossoms to drop and even small fruits to abort. Optimum high temperatures for peppers are 60 degrees at night and 85 during the day. Also how shady is your mesh screened balcony? They might not be getting enough light.

My balcony gets sunlight from

My balcony gets sunlight from 11am till 4pm. The day time temperatures are between 85- 90F. It also rains most afternoons.The plant looks lush and has lot of buds and blooms but no fruit.

Make sure you have female

Make sure you have female flowers to pollinate. The flowers have a little bump at the bottom of the flower. Wait until mid-afternoon to pollinate for best results. It would also be better if you can get more full sun on your plants.

It too hot for them. They

It too hot for them. They need a cooler environment. Take them indoors and just place them in front of a sunny window. Water once a week because you don't want to over do it since they'll be inside.

I stay in Maharashtra the

I stay in Maharashtra the climate here is heavy rain in rainy season cool in winter and very hot in summer so please tell me what is the correct time or month to plant all colour bell paper seeds the soil is red drain soil

I planted a bunch of seeds I

I planted a bunch of seeds I had gotten from some peppers I was using for cooking in a big pot outside that had my little sister's cabbage plant in it. That Cabbage had died because the land lord for some reason sprayed it with some kind of pesticide and I had a couple questions. The seeds had actually been just sprinkled over top of the cabbage plant before it had died, I think maybe up to 50 seeds total in a 2 foot diameter pot. right now, they're growing really well but I've been thinking could the poison the land lord used have been soaked up by the seeds and possibly made any resulting peppers poisonous or is that impossible? Also, I live in South Carolina and during Summer we typically get a thunderstorm every week sometimes even two or three or even a few regular rainstorms is this ok? The seeds actually started growing about a month ago and already they're easily foot tall each if not more. Any advice you guys could give would be just great thanks!

1) As to the pesticide, it

1) As to the pesticide, it might depend first on whether it was approved for use on edible crops. If it was not, then we would not recommend using any peppers from your plants, since it is possible that the plants can absorb certain chemicals that remain in the soil from that application. Whether the seed itself can do so, it might be possible, too (they were sown after the spraying, right?). We don't know how much of the pesticide would actually pose a danger, but you might want to play it safe and be overly cautious. If the pesticide was approved for edible crops, then you might obtain the name of the pesticide and call the manufacturer about safety procedures, or contact the National Pesticide Information Center at 1.800.858.7378
2) Peppers should be watered when the soil feels dry about 1 inch deep. How often will depend on your climate. If the heat of summer dries your container out quickly, you might need to water every day between storms. Or, you might need to water 2 or 3 times per week. But if the storms provide enough water, you may not need to water at all. Be sure that there is drainage at the bottom of the pot, though, so that the plant doesn't sit in water.

The seeds were literally

The seeds were literally sprinkled over the cabbage plant while it was still alive and before it was sprayed with the pesticide, so I think its safe to say the seeds definitely got sprayed with the pesticide I'll try to get the name of the pesticide that was used and if I can't, then to be safe I'll dispose of the soil in the pot and next spring or soon after disposing of the old soil if it is warm enough still and will be for a while I might plant them again from seed from new peppers I use when I cook. Do you know how long pesticides generally stay in the soil and cause anything planted in them to be non edible? I ask because I planted a peach seed in the soil next to the pot recently and I'm now worried that the soil may possibly still have had that pesticide in it.

Bell pepper bug control

I use only natural spray on all my garden and shrubs, roses and all.
1gallon water
4 cups rubbing alcohol
4 table spoons of Dawn dish soap
Spray plants often

I planted Sorano peppers and

I planted Sorano peppers and green bell peppers....they bloom but have not as yet formed peppers. What am I doing wrong?

Pepper blossoms are sensitive

Pepper blossoms are sensitive to temperature fluctuations. It is difficult for them to set fruit if the night temps are below 58 degrees or the daytime temps rise above 85 degrees. The blossoms will fall off before they can be pollinated. If that is not the case in your area, it may be due to a lack of bees or other pollinators.

Hi, I live in Karachi,


I live in Karachi, Pakistan and could not identify if the climate is appropriate for bell peppers.
Karachi has long and hot summers and short winters. Precipitation is low.

Sweet Peppers grown

Sweet Peppers grown indoors...I used a egg carton style starter kit that you generally buy for kids to start my plants...grown directly from fresh seeds....can I plant them in pots and grow them indoors if they have sufficient sunlight...they are about an inch or so high at present...

Hi, Leslynn: You can, but

Hi, Leslynn: You can, but this is one of those things that is often more easily said than done. Even what might appear to be sufficient sunlight to us might not be enough for the peppers, which really do require a lot. They shouldn't be transplanted until at least two sets of leaves have fully developed. They need adequate space. They need never to go drier than slightly damp. And they may need help with hand pollination. Other than these requirements, not a prob! Good luck! And do let us know how you make out!

I bought a green pepper

I bought a green pepper pre-planted plant and re-planted it into my garden. It seems to be growing fine leaves look great ect. but it only has 1 green pepper that has bloomed. Will it grow any more???

Jerri, still early in the

Jerri, still early in the season here, so I would safely assume yes. My peppers produce the most mid-summer through the end of summer. If you like red (sweeter) peppers, try leaving them on the plant a little longer until they turn red.

Does pruning the flowers on

Does pruning the flowers on young pepper plants encourage them to grow faster or taller? I have some bell pepper plants that started producing fruits when the plants were only 10 inches tall. I was concerned the plants would be stunted and not sturdy enough to bear full-sized peppers, so I pruned the young fruits and a number of the flower buds until the plant grew larger. Does this make any difference?

Some gardeners do prune

Some gardeners do prune certain stems and flowers/fruit at this stage (about 10 to 12 inches tall). Overall, it may help with the sturdiness of the plant, creating a thicker main stem, and may produce more side shoots. It is best to prune before the flowers actually form fruit. Sometimes pruning at this early stage might encourage more fruiting, or result in fewer but larger fruit.

What is the best temperature

What is the best temperature for garden egg

This is my first time

This is my first time planting muskmelons and bell peppers. I planted them all from seeds. The melons already have flowers on them but my peppers were late to start blooming. Once they did, I planted them. That was about 2 months ago. Right now they are only a few inches tall. I haven't seen any flowers either. Is this normal? I'm not sure how long its typically supposed to take.

Is it possible you had some

Is it possible you had some cool nights? On trick to increase blooms on peppers is to use a 16 oz spray bottle of water with 1 tbs of epsom salt.

I planted 3 green bell pepper

I planted 3 green bell pepper plants. One is planted where my tomatoes were, and two where my peanuts were. The one where the tomatoes were is starting to produce peppers now. The ones where the peanuts were are slightly yellow, the growth seems stunted, and they just don't look very good. Is there something that the peanut plant gives off that's not good for the pepper plant? And is it ok to plant pepper plants in the same spot every year? I've heard rotating is better. Thank you.

Hi Lindsay, We don't have any

Hi Lindsay,
We don't have any information or experience about growing peppers and peanuts in the same spot. We suggest that you move your peppers to a different spot in the garden to see if they will do better. It is a good practice to rotate your crops every year.

Bell peppers

It was my experience that yellowish leaves on bells is from to much watering.

If my young, small pepper

If my young, small pepper plants have peppers, should I pick them off or leave them? They've only been in 3 weeks...

You can truly pick peppers

You can truly pick peppers whenever you wish. For bell peppers, we wait until they are about 3 to 4 inches long,

are there male and female

are there male and female peppers?
are they gender specific, bisexual, or asexual?
is there a difference between the number of lobes on a pepper?

Botanically speaking, pepper

Botanically speaking, pepper flowers are "perfect," meaning that both male and female parts are in the same flower. Therefore, each flower can self-pollinate (however, pepper flowers may also cross-pollinate).
There is misinformation going around the internet that male bell peppers have 3 lobes and female bell peppers have 4 lobes--this is not true. The fruit comes from perfect ("all in one") flowers.

I planted my sweet bell

I planted my sweet bell peppers and hot peppers in the beds i used for potatoes last year. I now have about 5 potato plants coming up in between my pepper plants. Some very close to the pepper plants. I'm going to have to move them?

I want to establish a

I want to establish a vegetable garden/farm, please I need good seeds of tomato, pepper, bell pepper, garden egg,carrot, onions,cucumber,peas, garbage, lettuces, green pepper,green beans, grape, berries,cauliflower, etc, so how do i get them to buy in Nigerian?

Contact me for all kinds of

Contact me for all kinds of vegetable seeds. Am based in Ibadan Oyo State. , 07038374167

How tall will they grow? And

How tall will they grow? And what size pot should I use?

I have 4 bell pepper plants

I have 4 bell pepper plants that I planted in a hanging basket. One of the plants is already flowering but once the flower is done blooming the small stem piece turns yellow and falls off. I maintain healthy water levels and have given proper fertilizer. The leaves on the plants are starting to turn yellowish and curl inwards. My ? Is what do I need to do to insure the peppers grow? And how much light should the plants be getting? My plants get sunlight most of the day and I live in Kansas City MO.

Flower drop, leaf curling,

Flower drop, leaf curling, and yellowing may be caused by several things. Since water levels and fertilizer are good, and it doesn't seem that your area is getting high heat (over 90F) or really cold nights, then best guess would be the tarnished plant bug, which sucks juices from plant buds and can lead to blossom drop. Thrips or aphids might also be culprits. As to diseases, check for wilts and viruses, especially verticillium wilt.
For more information about pepper problems, see:
and about tarnished plant bug:

My plant has white flowers

My plant has white flowers put they fall off r they the peppers if so y do they keep falling off what I'm I doing wrong they r about 3 feet tall in a pot on my porch please help

First time growing. I

First time growing.

I planted my tomato, jalepeno and then bells a week later both other plants are sprouting well but not one sign of the bells growing. I used same soil and large pot in sun. There has been a few cold nights about 50 degrees today a high of 65. Should I bring them in or put in my out side green house it gets warm and is warm in the morning.

Depending on where you live,

Depending on where you live, it is a little too cold now to grow peppers outdoors (they like warmth). Putting them in the greenhouse is a good idea. Bring them back outside when overnight and morning temperatures are not quite so chilly.

I have a problems getting the

I have a problems getting the peppers to turn red. What do i need to do to get them to turn red?

The peppers will eventually

The peppers will eventually turn red if they get enough sun. You can speed up the final ripening by putting them in a paper bag with a ripe tomato. The ethylene gas it emits will help things along.

I have 2 red bell sweet

I have 2 red bell sweet pepper plants. 1 of them have alot of holes in its leaves. what can I do to prevent this from happening?

It's difficult to be certain,

It's difficult to be certain, but this could be caterpillars or flea beetles. Try an insecticidal soap, available in garden supply stores.

You should dust it with 7dust

You should dust it with 7dust u can find that at wall-mart it keeps pest away



I've read all of the questions and comments on this page and see that the bell peppers like warm climates. In Greensboro,NC the weather fluctuates from 60 deg. to 40, Is it possible to use warm water on the seeds and then cover them in black plastic during the warmest part of the day and then again when the temperatures drop?

Do I just need to leave them inside until they start to sprout?

Hi, Joan, The temperature of

Hi, Joan, The temperature of the water should not be extreme at any time; warm water is not going to keep the seeds warm. The black plastic mentioned above is laid on bare ground to warm it; it is not placed on seeds. You'll have better results keeping the seed containers inside until the plants sprout. In fact, see this page for more advice on starting seeds:
We hope this helps.

Hi Joan, I live right below

Hi Joan,

I live right below you in Mebane NC. I started my bell pepper seeds inside about a month ago. I have moved them outside completely now and they are growing just fine. Out of one pack of seeds started this way I have about 20 seedlings. Most if not all have 5+ leaves already and are 3-5 inches tall. Starting the seeds inside would be your best route. Then once they have 3-4 leaves transplant them as per the description noted here.

I am wondering if the bell

I am wondering if the bell pepper plants will produce multiple times or do they just fruit once and the plant is ?

Bell pepper plants are

Bell pepper plants are annuals: They produce through one growing season and then die. However, they may produce many peppers through that growing season, and not all at once, so it may seem like they keep producing. And they do—but only in one growing season. They will not survive or come back for next growing season. You need to start with new plants or seeds every year. Got it?

Pepper plants are actually

Pepper plants are actually perennials but very sensitive to cold so don't do well outside of tropical areas (outside of summertime). Frost will kill them. If you keep them warm and provide a LOT of light, you can actually grow peppers all throughout the winter.

This is going to be the

This is going to be the second year(which is miraculous considering how cold our home gets through the winter) I'll be able to bring the same bell pepper plants back outside.
How many years can I continue to expect production out of them?
Thank you, and have a great night!

Bell peppers are tender

Bell peppers are tender herbaceous perennials usually grown as annuals in non-tropical conditions. They might last a few years, but they turn woody.
Here is one person's experience with the longevity of various pepper plants:
You also might be interested in this page that discusses the wild ancestor of the modern bell pepper. There, it says that it (Capsicum annuum) in its native habitat starts out as herbaceous but does become woody and shrub-like. A short-lived perennial, it usually lasts about 3 to 4 years.

This page is pretty awesome.

This page is pretty awesome. It has everything you need in it!

do I need a light when I

do I need a light when I start bell peppers some seeds.

Yes u will need the sun when

Yes u will need the sun when u plant the seeds

We are going to grow some

We are going to grow some bell peppers but we're curious if it is safe to plant these close to our housing foundation? Does anyone have any ideas about this?

If you are concerned about

If you are concerned about soil contaminants, you might want to have a soil test done beforehand. Your county's Cooperative Extension may be able to give you some names of soil testing labs that test for contaminants. If your home has been built before 1978, and was painted, it may be that it was with lead paint. In this case, we'd suggest having your soil tested, not planting edibles near the foundation, and using a raised bed further out in the yard.
For more information, you might see:
Gardening guidelines for soil with lead:

I'm planting mini sweets

I'm planting mini sweets peppers can i grow these inside, take them in and out everyday if so what size pot would i need

Depending on where you live,

Depending on where you live, it is a little too cold now to grow peppers outdoors (they like warmth). In general, mini sweet bell peppers can grow in a 5-gallon pot, about 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. One plant per pot. You can certainly grow them in a greenhouse. If you do not have a greenhouse, but have a location that will be about 70F to 80F or so in temperature consistently, then you can grow them indoors over winter. They will need about 14 to 16 hours of daylight or fluorescent grow lights (1 cool bulb type, 1 warm) per day. Set the plant lights about 4 to 6 inches above the plants. You will need to hand pollinate the flowers to encourage fruiting. Keep up with the watering. Good luck!

HI, Do you have a list of

HI, Do you have a list of effects of climate change in bell pepper? like high temperature and precipitation

I would like to overwinter my

I would like to overwinter my yellow bell peppers, but don't have enough space or light in the house. So I bought a portable Greenhouse (56 x 56 x 77 inches). The peppers are in air pruning pots and I live in zone 8b.
Will they make it alright through the winter in there as is, or do I need to provide a heat source? How low can the temperature get, before it hurts them?
If I need to heat the greenhouse, what would you suggest as heat source that is not too expensive?

It depends on how cold it

It depends on how cold it gets in the winter. You may be OK with a couple of seedling heat mats under the pots or you can get a couple of heating lamps and turn them on before a cold front approaches. A small space heater with a fan will also work.

For 2 years I have planted

For 2 years I have planted green peppers in the spring with my other plants and I don't harvest any peppers until mid-September.The plants are healthy and leafy but flowers don't appear until august , what can i change to harvest them in the summer.

Peppers like warm soil, above

Peppers like warm soil, above 65F. Cold soil may slow the flowering process. You might try choosing an early-maturing variety, and placing black plastic over the soil a week or two before planting (see above for recommended planting times) and leaving it there after sowing seeds or transplanting. The black plastic will help to keep the soil warm. In colder climates, start the seeds indoors. Hope this helps!

Use miracle grow potting soil

Use miracle grow potting soil if u havnt already. It will make your flowers blume earlier and faster. While at the same time u will have a healthier plant that will produce flowers sumtimes within a week or two uwill have small peppers come out wen the accuall flower falls off. Just like the regular process but a lil faster. Ive harvested a numbrr of really greally great peppers starting in august an im still pulling off more and more

Yes mirical grow is very

Yes mirical grow is very helpful with gardens last year we used it and our garden was a great success

I've been planting green and

I've been planting green and red peppers. I am wondering how late they can stay outside and cover up at night. I live in Maine. Just need some guideline. I have a tons of green peppers, but need to grow a little bit more and new buds coming.

Peppers love warm soil and

Peppers love warm soil and sun. They are not going to be growing much more when the temps. drop. If you cover the plants at night you can keep them in the garden for another few weeks. If you have room you can dig a few plants to bring indoors. Plant them in containers and place them in a sunny window.

I have tried to find info on

I have tried to find info on peppers in colorado that are almost ready for harvest- but no quite. We have an early frost/freeze(32) and snow headed in. Do I need to harvest or can I leave them on the plant. Most websites talk about early spring damage.
I also have cucumbers, corn, squash, and all the usual backyard vegetables.

Try to cover your peppers

Try to cover your peppers with old sheets or towels. You may also want to cover the cucumbers and squash plants.

I've asked partially about

I've asked partially about this before. I have one sweet pepper plant where the peppers started out green, then turned they're turning green again. I've left them on the plant hoping they would turn yellow, orange or red. Is this normal for them to go black and then back to green?

Yes, the black stage is

Yes, the black stage is normal, Karen (assuming the plant is healthy). The red color should follow—or you can eat them black.

Are there any sweet pepper

Are there any sweet pepper varieties that might do better with climate change? I have grown Califirnia Goldens and a red easily up until the last two seasons in Piedmont NC where the temperatures are no longer favorable.

My dog got into the garden

My dog got into the garden and the stem broke. It did not break all the way but it is severely cracked near the base of the plant. The plant already had a lot of vegetables and flowers growing on it. I added a pot to the side to help it stand and covered the crack with dirt. Is there a chance that the plant will survive or is it pretty much done for.

Only time will tell. If the

Only time will tell. If the injury left some of the vascular system intact, so that the plant juices and nutrients can still flow between the roots, stem, leaves, and fruit, then there might be a chance it will muddle through to the end of the season. But, the plant is now more susceptible to disease and insects, and may possibly go into shock. Providing support is good--do anything else that you can to coddle the plant so that it is under the least stress possible. Good luck!

I put all my veggies in tires

I put all my veggies in tires and they are doing great. Pepper plants are staring to lean do I need to build cages around them?

Your peppers will greatly

Your peppers will greatly appreciate some extra support.

I have four or five organic

I have four or five organic red, yellow and orange sweet pepper plants. On only one plant, all the small peppers have black around the part of the plant closest to the place where the pepper began...and as they grow, they are turning black. Is this a disease and, if so, do I need to pull it up so my other pepper plants won't get it?

Do you mean the stem end or

Do you mean the stem end or the bottom of the pepper? Black areas starting at the bottom of the pepper might be due to blossom end rot. This is caused by a calcium deficiency which can show up in dry weather or uneven watering. It might also happen if there is root damage, a lot of salts in the soil, or lots of nitrogen. In this case, you don't need to worry about other plants getting the disease, since it is a cultural problem. Mulch to maintain moisture, and water consistently. Avoid high-nitrogen fertilizer.
If the black area is at the stem end, it might be bacterial soft rot. This is caused by bacteria that causes watersoaked areas on the fruit, which rots. Leaves will wilt. Discard any affected fruit, and give your plants plenty of spacing so that they have good air circulation; keep up with pests; and mulch to keep the bacteria in the soil from splashing onto plants.
Or, perhaps the variety was mislabelled and it is actually a black sweet pepper? In which case it is just part of the ripening process.

It's right around the stem

It's right around the stem area of each pepper on this plant. It's brownish black, looks like some kind of accumulation of material and as soon as the peppers start growing about 3/4 of an inch, they start having these dark stripes in them. I pulled one off and cut it open but didn't see anything inside except seeds.

Hmm. Stripes can sometimes

Hmm. Stripes can sometimes mean a virus (unless it is a natural feature of the fruit), especially if there are other signs, such as curling, mottled, or yellowing leaves; or misshapen fruit.
We'd suggest that you take a sample of the fruit and any other affected plant part to your local Cooperative Extension agent, or to a horticulturist at a local garden nursery. They might be able to identify the problem. For your Cooperative Extension contact information, see:

Hi, we're in Montreal, first

Hi, we're in Montreal, first time gardeners, and we planted three kinds of tomatoes, cucumbers, Anaheim peppers, Cubanelle peppers, leek, and red bell pepper; all were purchased as young plants and transplanted into the same garden on the same day (late May). Everything has worked great, notably due to advice on this site, with the exception of the leek plant (which appears to have just suddenly withered and died) and all five red bell pepper plants, which appear to be thriving but have yet to bear a single fruit, now early August. I understand from the comments here that the culprit here is usually non-optimal temperature, but I find it strange that all the other plants are producing extremely plentiful fruit. Any theories? Thank you!

Hot peppers can tolerate heat

Hot peppers can tolerate heat better than bells. Perhaps at the time of flowering, it was too hot for sufficient pollination for the bells, but the hot peppers came through? (That wouldn't explain the Cubanelles, though.) Too much nitrogen can also cause lack of flowering/fruiting, but the other plants seem to be OK. Are all plants getting the same amount of soil nutrients, sunlight, water, etc? If not, perhaps the area where the bells are is different enough to cause a problem.

This is the 2nd year I have

This is the 2nd year I have purchased red bell pepper plants from the nursery, planted them in my garden, and they grow several green peppers that never turn red. The green peppers have been on the plant at least a month and never turn. What am I doing wrong?

Hi, Elizabeth: Well, it's not

Hi, Elizabeth: Well, it's not really a "wrong," but what you're not doing enough of is being patient. They will turn color eventually. Sometimes, once you start to see a little color, you can speed up the final ripening by putting them in a paper bag with a ripe tomato. The ethylene gas it emits will help things along.

We have small bell peppers

We have small bell peppers coming on, but they are clumped together. Should we prune some of them off to allow more room for larger peppers to grow.

On one pepper plant, you may

On one pepper plant, you may get 1 or 2 peppers to form or you may 6 to 8. It depends on the pepper variety and your garden/weather conditions. If you pick the pepper before it's fully mature, you will spark your plant into producing more peppers because the plant wants its "babies" to succeed, though many gardeners say the pepper tastes better if it's fully mature. One idea is to harvest early on some plants and let others mature. Try this experiment and see what works for you!

I live in Denver CO. My

I live in Denver CO. My pepper plants look great but as they get bigger they thin and brown in spots. Any suggestions?

Most likely, the peppers are

Most likely, the peppers are suffering from blossom end rot, which can spread to any area of the fruit and is not always on the "ends". Provide a good mulch to prevent moisture evaporation, and shade your plants during the hottest hours of the day. Keep the soil evenly moist like a wrung out sponge, not wet and not completely dried out.

Hi i planted my peppers

Hi i planted my peppers almost 2 month ago from a farmer they were abit grown not too high not too low height, but since i planted them it barely changed at all! just got abit higher and nothing other then that, just nothing, meanwhile the watermelon plants are taking over all the area.

also there is some wierd black spots around leaf branch area if it means anything.

my garden is in very sunny area long very hot sunny days i used to water them 3 times a day when i started now i do 1 time a day also because its alittle bit less time with sun.

I am new to gardening, so I

I am new to gardening, so I started small with some green peppers. How many peppers does a plant usually yield? I have a plant that only has 1 and the other has 2. Is this all I will get this season or should I expect more? Thank you for your time?

Hi Ken, We have answered your

Hi Ken, We have answered your question a few times below so you're not alone. The number of fruits per plant varies with the variety. Bell pepper plants may produce 5 to 8 fruit per plant. However, do not be surprised if you get one or two. Peppers are sensitive to temperature and need consistent moisture, especially during dry periods. Read more below; there are a lot of common Q&As and good learning as a beginner gardener. Good luck!

Hi! I live in Montreal,


I live in Montreal, Quebec. My green peppers are growing great but something is eating the baby fruit. There's a hole, then hole has black around it. Would basil plants or marigolds stop bugs? Should I do some kinds of garlic, pepper, onion spray, liquid dishsoap and water mix?

Thank you,

Holes in peppers could be

Holes in peppers could be anything from worms to flee beetles to weevils. However, pest holes are not usually surrounded by black. Bacterial spot is a disease that causes small black spots; the spots are lesions, not holes. Most outbreaks are tied to the original seed or transplant which was infected. If this is the case, there is little you can do except buy sterile seed and avoid replanting in this area next year. Also, overhead irrigation and splashing of water on the plant can spread infection. (Watering should happen at base of plant and never overhead.) This is a difficult disease to control. There are sprays that can be used at an early stage. We would suggest you bring a sample to your local cooperative extension office or garden nursery to get a confirmed diagnosis.

My peppers are about fist

My peppers are about fist sized on plants about 12-18" tall. I cut one pepper off to put in a salad, but when I tasted the pepper it was very bitter and just over-all yucky. Is this normal? Are they just not ready to be picked?

I live in Michigan and I

I live in Michigan and I started my first garden this May. I bought a California Wonder bell pepper plant and transplanted it into the garden. It had a little pepper bud with a bit of the flower around it when I purchased it. In that same place (the lower third of the pepper) there is a black patch. The pepper itself is growing just fine. However, the plant has not developed any more flowers or little peppers. Can you please tell me what is wrong and if it is fixable? THANKS!!

How big are they sapost to

How big are they sapost to get my bellpepers

It will depend on the

It will depend on the variety. Check the name on the plant tag or seed packet. Depending on the type, and growing conditions, the fruits can range from between 1.5 and 7 inches long. Plant heights can range from 6 inches to 5 feet tall, again depending on the type and your local growing conditions. 'Big Bertha', for example, can grow up to 5 feet tall and bear fruit that is up to 7 inches long and 4 inches wide. 'Red Mini Bell', on the other hand, grows about 16 inches tall and bears fruit just 1.5 inches long and wide. A standard type, such as 'Sweet California Wonder', grows up to 2 feet tall and bears fruit about 4 inches long by 3.5 inches wide.

I love planting plants that

I love planting plants that give you food instead of just looking at flowers. But I am just 16 years old and I all ready have grown and bought almost the whole store full of fruits and vegetables in my gardens. Like bell peppers, Cherry trees, Fig trees, Apple trees, Peach trees, avocados, pineapples, watermelons, canolops, plus iceberg lettuce, tomatoes, Zucchini, beets, and pinto beans, carrots, potatoes, Sweet potatos. But most have trouble growing because of temperature changes of hot and cold weather. 95high and 20 degrees low. With weather of thunderstorms high winds mostly in the summer time. Winter snow storms possible sometimes not somestimes with slow lightning with freezing high winds.

Hi, I sowed some pepper seeds

Hi, I sowed some pepper seeds in may. It is almost one month. The seeds sprouted but theya re not growing... The true leaves did not emerged till now. Can anyone help me what to do? May be the seeds are not good? If I sow some seeds now, can I get harvest in september or october?
And also my spinach and cilantro also growing very slow. I think these leafy veggies are fast growing, but They are also not growing fast.

Depending on what weather you

Depending on what weather you have had, it could be that cold temperatures are delaying sprouting, since pepper seeds like a warm soil temperature to germinate. Keep the soil moist (not soggy) to help penetrate the hard seed coat and help the seed germinate. The variety of pepper also affects how fast it will germinate: some hot peppers can take almost a month.
Cold temperatures can also slow plant growth (Look through the questions/answers below for similar problems.) If temperatures are still cool, you might place row covers over the plants to help keep them warm at night. Black plastic mulch helps to keep the soil warm.
As to whether sowing seeds now will give the plants enough time to produce, check this page and put in your zip code to determine best times for your area:
In some areas, sowing now through end of June should be fine for a Setember/October harvest.

I live in Eastern WA. My Red

I live in Eastern WA. My Red Pepper plants look great, very dark green leaves, but are only about 10 inches tall. They've started producing lots of fruit. I planted them in early May and kept them under cover to keep them warm. My question is...should I pick the fruit and allow the plants to get taller since it's still early in the season?

It seems that several

It seems that several gardeners are having the same problem (see questions/answer below), probably because of cooler temperatures (or the temperature fluctuations). You might want to pick the fruit and allow the plants to get taller; side dress the area with a bit of balanced fertilizer to encourage more plant growth.

I have a several red bell

I have a several red bell plants and a yellow bell plant. Each of the red bells are sharing a container with a tomato plant the container they're in is 24" in diameter). 3 of the 4 bell plants (2 of the red and the 1 yellow) have fruit, 1 each on the red and 3 on the yellow. However, the 2 red bells aren't very big (no where near the size of the yellow bell plant) The yellow bell plant only has the 3 fruit but has lots of buds that haven't opened for several weeks. The fruit on the yellow bell plant hasn't grown for several weeks either, they are about 3" around and only about 1.5" tall. It seems like the yellow ones are growing bigger around then tall. The 2 red bell plants have like miniature bells growing pretty well. My m-i-l has suggested that I cut the top off the 2 red bell plants, fruit and all. I'm not sure what to do about any of it at this point. Should I transplant the bells to their own container? Should I cut the top off? I'm lost...

When a pepper plant starts

When a pepper plant starts producing fruit before it has reached full growth, it sometimes helps to remove the tiny peppers and side dress the area with a bit of balanced fertilizer to encourage more plant growth. Cool temperatures during flowering may also affect pollination (the pollinators aren't out as much), resulting in tiny, misshapen fruit.

I planted my peppers in early

I planted my peppers in early may and I live in central Michigan. They seem to be stunted maybe due to cold weather. They are about two inches tall but don't want to grow bigger. Will they be okay now that it is hot out or should I give up on them?

Please see the answer below.

Please see the answer below.

I planted my peppers in late

I planted my peppers in late April, probably before the ground temp was ready. They've been in the ground just around a month. They have not grown much in that time frame. They have, however started producing flowers and mini peppers. Will the plants ever recover from the cold air cold ground temp and begin to grow, or should I replant?
Thank you

They might perk up when

They might perk up when temperatures get warmer, although there is a possibility that they will remain stunted. In the meantime, if your area is still cool, you might place row covers over the plants to help keep them warm at night. Black plastic mulch helps to keep the soil warm. When a pepper plant starts producing fruit before it has reached full growth, it sometimes helps to remove the tiny peppers and side dress the area with a bit of balanced fertilizer to encourage more plant growth. Cool temperatures during flowering may also affect pollination (the pollinators aren't out as much), resulting in tiny, misshapen fruit.

My pepper plants leaves are

My pepper plants leaves are turning yellow. What can I do? I planted two weeks ago . I live near Reading Pa.

This could be any number of

This could be any number of things -- it's good that you're on top of it! Make sure that it is getting enough sun. Make sure that it is getting enough water, but not too much! Water regularly, but only when the top surface starts to dry out to a depth of an inch or two. It could be a nutrient deficiency; try a little bit of some well-balanced (10-10-10) fertilizer. It could be pests: Do an inspection and use some eco-friendly pesticide if necessary. So, your order of action here should be Pests, Water, Sun, Nutrients -- in successive but quick order!

I planted California wonder

I planted California wonder bell peppers. I have never grown any bells but I thought I would give it a try. Can they be planted in a pot? Will this work or should I just plant them outside. Short on space .

We had unexpectedly low

We had unexpectedly low temperatures last night, down in the low 40s. I'm new to gardening and hadn't thought ahead regarding the peppers, because we've had such warm weather for the past couple of weeks––I planted them outside three days ago. Is there any hope for them yet?! Or do such low temps mean they're already a lost cause?

Okay this has sorta been

Okay this has sorta been addressed, but sorta not. I am curious about this particular part of the instructions: "Start pepper seeds three to a pot, and thin out the weakest seedling. Let the remaining two pepper plants spend their entire lives together as one plant." So I put the 3 seeds together in one small hole. They sprouted and I pulled out the weakest one, now I have 2 seedlings RIGHT next to eachother, like, 1/3" apart. So is this the correct way to do it per the quoted part of the directions or am I gonna have a problem having these 2 plants this close together?

Our advice would be to thin

Our advice would be to thin just to one seedling (pinch one off, rather than pull it out) because these are so close together and might be competing too intensely. When you plant the peppers in the garden, you could place another plant about 3 inches away; this might help with the sunscald and the plants may support each other as they grow further. If you don't have a problem with sunscald, then regular spacing might be best.

What do we used to protect

What do we used to protect the plant from white flies?

Hi William, If you already

Hi William,
If you already have white flies on your peppers try predator insects, such as parasitic wasps and ladybugs. Some folks recommend putting yellow sticky tape around the garden and others have used insecticidal soap and oil sprays with some luck.

Hi. I am not a gardener but a

Hi. I am not a gardener but a person who enjoys the beauty of watching things grow and if I am blessed with veggies then I am quite pleased. In April I tossed all of the seeds from a red pepper in to a pot of potting soil/dirt mixed. The seeds had been soaked in water for about two months. I placed the pot outside on a table and I water it every morning. I now have numerous little plants growing happily in this pot. Some are almost an inch tall. What is the best thing to do with them at this point and will they grow peppers before winter?

Most store bought peppers

Most store bought peppers come from hybrid plants and seeds collected from them don't grow as well as seeds planted from a seed package. But, you already have seedlings growing so you can transplant them into bigger pots when they are about 2 to 3 inches tall and see what happens. The seedlings will not grow well if they are crowded.
Good luck!

Can you help me with

Can you help me with something? Where do bell peppers grow?

Hi! I really don't know what

Hi! I really don't know what I'm doing, but I love bell peppers! I put some bell pepper seeds from a store-bought bell pepper in a moist paper towel in a baggie. And they've actually sprouted (small, less than an inch of thin white string sprouted out of the seed). Do I bury the whole thing in soil? Should some of it be sticking up? Thank you! (Columbus, OH)

You will want to plant the

You will want to plant the whole thing about 1/4 an inch into the soil! That's the start of the "roots". I've started lots of my garden from seed. Some from Bonnie plants.

I'm new to growing bell

I'm new to growing bell peppers. I just transplanted them into a container outside but after reading some of the comments I'm wondering if I should repot them with new soil. I used dolomite (garden lime) like I did with my other plants. The comments say light soil...should I change? Thank you

Always check your soil's pH

Always check your soil's pH (acidity/alkalinity) before introducing additives. Acidic, or sour, soil has a pH lower than 7.0 and is amended with finely ground limestone. Ideally, lime is added to soil several months before planting.
Aklaline, or sweet soil, has a pH above 7.0 and is amended by adding ground sulphur—again, several months before planting.
Bell peppers prefer well draining, composted soil that is slightly acidic, with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. 
Too much lime can be harmful to peppers. Perhaps you want to check the soil's pH. Kits for doing so are available at almost any garden or home store for a couple dollars.

How can I grow these? I mean,

How can I grow these? I mean, I haven't grown one yet!!!!!!! Reply now!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

I've been gardening a long

I've been gardening a long time n I've learned that the dirt you use is very important. If transplanting into pots make sure to use a potting mix and when planting sweet peppers I always put a few wooden matches in the hole before the plant the peppers love the sulfur. Good luck

I hand dug around the roots

I hand dug around the roots and put some potting soil in as well as just beneath the surface. Hopefully this will be enough. My toddler is not gentle with my veggies. I'm almost afraid to completely re-pot. Thank you!

I planted bell peppers in

I planted bell peppers in small pots early in march, they got about an inch tall and seem to have stopped growing does any one know why this could be happening? I live in the central valley of California so the weather is plenty warm at this time of year.

Pepper seeds germinate best

Pepper seeds germinate best at temps between 85°F and 90°F, and seedlings develop well at 75°F during the day and no less than 65°F (some say 60°F) at night. They slow down during cool periods. Did anything change in your temp conditions?
If they come back to life, beware of transplant shock: reduce the air temp and amount of water and increase the air circulation around them before bringing them outside.

They need large pots to grow.

They need large pots to grow. They r probably rootbound

Hello, I’m new at this so

I’m new at this so help would be much appreciated. I live in Florida and I have green peppers growing on my porch. I have 4-5 big peppers growing and a lot of smaller ones coming in; it’s toward the end of April at this point. I had to throw 3 of my smaller pepper out because they had holes in them… it looked like a bug had eaten through but I don’t see any when I check the plants! I don’t want to throw all of them out if they are getting eaten! Please help! And thank you.

I live in Florida too. The

I live in Florida too. The single holes in some of your bell peppers are almost surely from snails. They will attach, usually eating only one hole per pepper (in my observances).

Peppers have many fans that

Peppers have many fans that are not humans.
Corn earworm (shows up where corn is grown, probably not your area), fall armyworm (strikes in autumn, as the name suggests), pepper maggot (is about the size of a housefly; here's a candidate) and pepper weevil larva (these are tiny and found in sub-tropical areas, also a contender) are among the insects that bore into the fruit. There are others.
Management on a few pots (vs a field or bed) usually involve using crop rotation methods (or changing pot soil from year to year) and using trays or saucers under the pots to deny some pests entry from the bottom. Use a slow-release fertilizer and if using composted material, be sure that it reached a temperture high enough to kill pest organisms. 
See the next entry for more advice.

I live in Alabama and I built

I live in Alabama and I built a raised bed this year for just my pepper plants. I have a wide range of different varieties. When I built my bed, I laid a weed barrier down, added several inches of sand, than filled my bed with potting soil, top soil, compost, than tilled together. Planted my plants, and added crushed egg shells around each plant, and finished with a layer of mulch. In the south, during the month of April, we get alot of rain, and this year we have had temperatures to dip down into the 30's and 40's. I have had to cover my bed a couple of times. I've noticed on some of my plants, they are starting to turn a little yellowish. Is this due to too much rain, and cooler temperatures? Should I just give them time, or is there something that I need to do?

Peppers do like warmth and

Peppers do like warmth and the temperatures you've been experiencing are quite cold for these plants, so this combined with a lot of rain could potentially be the cause of the yellowing. I would expect to see wilting too though. It might be a good idea to cover the bed at night to provide a little extra warmth. It does sound more like a nutrient deficiency to me though - without seeing the plants it's difficult to say what, but if you think this could be a possibility I would recommend watering in a balanced organic liquid feed (make it fairly weak) and do this once a week until you see signs of improvement.
If, despite your best efforts, the cool to cold temps have done in your peppers, then you should get new seedlings, harden them off before planting (see above answer for ideas on that), and try again.

I have a container garden on

I have a container garden on my porch and I grew a bunch of different peppers (hot and sweet), eggplants, and some squash in about a 25 foot by 7 foot space. Nothing seemed to have any cross pollination issues, but I kept seeds from most of the peppers, and I recently heard that if I grow these seeds, I might have cross pollination issues. What kinds of issues might arise if I use these seeds? Thanks!

Correct. You won't have

Correct. You won't have issues with the crops this season, but if you save these seeds and replant, you will get attributes of both parents. For example, you may find a sweet pepper has spicy notes. Or, a fruit won't taste very good.  The plants lose their unique characteristics.

Start seeds early and they

Start seeds early and they germinate well. But then when placed under grow lights the tops look like they just fall off. What am I doing wrong?

See our indoor planting tips

See our indoor planting tips on this page. Are your seedling too crowded? Peppers need warmth. Make sure the temp. doesn't drop below 65 degrees. Sometimes a small fan that circulates the air will help.

Do not water the peppers from

Do not water the peppers from up top when they are seedlings. Because the water will push the seeds down. So water from the bottom if you are planting them indoors with pots.

Hi! I didn't see this

Hi! I didn't see this question addressed, so I hope I'm not repeating!

How concerned should I be about my pepper plants and cross-pollination? If I plant my poblanos and jalapenos near my bells, will they interfere with each other?


Hi Val, No worries. Pepper

Hi Val, No worries. Pepper flowers self pollinate for the most part. Once pepper will not change the fruit characteristics of the other pepper.
Now, if you're saving the seeds from the fruit to plant next year, there could be cross-pollination issues. However, it won't affect this year's crops.



As you see the pepper seeds

As you see the pepper seeds come up, immediately get them in bright light: a south-facing window or, if this is not bright enough, under grow lights. Rigging up a couple of Cool White bulbs might do it.
Also, spindly growth can come from poor air circulation so don't crowd your plants and make sure that they can get light from all possible angles.
Finally, do not start seeds too early. See our planting dates chart for your zip code:

A fan blowing enough to

A fan blowing enough to lightly rustle the leaves will also leave early plants growing stockier.

Hi there! I love your site

Hi there!
I love your site and the information you provide.

I recently started some orange bell pepper seeds in a 'greenhouse'. A week after, the seeds are strong so I transplanted them to bigger pots for their roots to grow longer. Many of the seedlings are still small but are strong.
I live in southern Texas, and I'm wondering, how long could I keep the baby plants in direct sunlight? I tried bell peppers last year, I lost them (wilted and whithered) because I kept them in the greenhouse pot too long. I realize they had too much moisture after that very last day. I want to keep this year's plants strong and healthy! Thank you very, very much.

Warm wishes,
Sunny Gal

Usually you can transplant

Usually you can transplant your seedlings into the garden after about 8 weeks indoors. Peppers love sunlight, just be careful that it doesn't get too hot on the windowsill. Before you transplant the seedlings you may want to harden them off by putting them outside during the day and bringing them inside during the night.

I live in phx az. started

I live in phx az. started mine indoors in dec. they've grown great, but now the leaves look a little wilty? there was some flowers on them last month, whats going on here & how can i save my plants?

We're not clear. Are they

We're not clear. Are they still in pots or are peppers now in the ground? Peppers will suffer slow growth and not thrive if it's too cool. Our best guess is that the temps are too cool.
You can start them indoors 6 to 8 weeks ahead, and transplant them outdoors when soil has been thoroughly warmed in the spring.

I planted various pepper

I planted various pepper seeds in a Burpee self-watering container with peat pellets. They have been in there for a week and we are noticing mildew growing in almost every cup. There are 72 cups with 2 seeds to each cup. Can you tell me how to get rid of the mildew or is this typical of this kind of seed starting container?

Our research indicates no

Our research indicates no good or easy answer to this one. Mold is usually caused by too much moisture or water. Some sources suggest that you should start over again, but before you do that, scrape the mold off if you can and try to dry out the containers. Some sources suggest trying to replant the seeds/seedlings in new material and nurture them the old-fashioned way (not in this type of container). You have quite a potential crop and we wish you the best with it.

I also had this problem once,

I also had this problem once, don't recall what it is called, but try placing a fan near your trays to circulate the air. I was informed the mold is caused by the soil being too wet and no/not enough air circulation. I didn't want to waste the time to try and save the plants so I just started over. Good luck.

Just put a fan on them or

Just put a fan on them or turn up ceiling fan. I had this same problem on my hydro clay pellets. Plants like oxygen so you can spray treat areas if mold with hydrogen peroxide. Put the fan km them and they'll be fine.

A friend gave a hot pepper

A friend gave a hot pepper plant, about 5" in height. It had a what looked like one or two peppers beginning to form. I put the pepper in my box garden (1/3 compost, 1/3 peat moss, 1/3 vermiculite). The plant looks great, but the two the beginning peppers are gone. What did I do wrong I live in the Caribbean, so it gets lots of sun, and I water it everyday. thanks for your help.

Pepper root are very

Pepper root are very sensitive you may have disturb the roots it self or may still be in shock which is typically 7 to 14 days i believe good luck oh and i envy that your in Caribbean. as i am in canada and expecting a foot of snow tonight

I was wondering what ratio

I was wondering what ratio fertilizer to put in the holes with the match sticks? Should it be nitrogen free?

It should have some nitrogen.

It should have some nitrogen. A 5-10-10 fertilizer works well for bell peppers.

I plan to grow bell peppers

I plan to grow bell peppers commercially through an outdoor hydroponic drip irrigation system. i live in North San Diego County and our night time temperatures average in the 40's through April. Because peppers can be damaged in below 65, do i need to wait to move my plants outdoors until April/May?

Yes, peppers go dormant when

Yes, peppers go dormant when temperatures reach 50 degrees.

I live in the San Francisco

I live in the San Francisco bay area and I have two pepper plants that are still looking beautiful with lots of peppers on them (red bell) that haven't turned yet. It is nearly mid November and things still look great. How late can I leave them and what is the lowest temp they can withstand?

Peppers can withstand light

Peppers can withstand light frost, however, they will start to go dormant when the temperatures get down to 50 F.

Dumb question, but each

Dumb question, but each season do you start from seeds again or if I keep my plant indoors during the winter months and bring it back outside during the spring/summer months will it produce more fruit?


No dumb questions in

No dumb questions in gardening! Peppers grow anew each season; they generally take 35 to 45 days to mature from flowering to full color. People do try to keep growing peppers over the winter but in most climates they would need a lot of grow lamps and heat to keep going; usually, the declining amount of sunlight slows them down.

I have pepper plants growing

I have pepper plants growing on my Tower Garden ( They seem to be doing good even though it's late in the season. I live in an apartment with a lot of shade on my balcony. I'm using a grow light to make up for the low sunlight that I get. There are about 5 growing now in differing sizes. None look like they are at full size yet. I'm still getting some that are budding and flowering every day. All in all I'd say that there are close to 30. I'm just curious how long they might go since it's already November 1st.

You should expect to be

You should expect to be harvesting your delicious peppers about 65–85 days after transplanting.
You can harvest those peppers before they reach full maturity if you wish; sometimes the flavor is even better.

I have been growing peppers

I have been growing peppers this year and they have been rather small and deformed. I live in Maryland and we had a very wet summer, but is there a nutrient that is missing or what could be causing this deformation?

There are a variety of

There are a variety of possible reasons why the peppers are small and deformed. The most common reason is temperature. Peppers are very sensitive to temperatures that are too cold or hot. If the temperatures dip below 60 degrees during fruit set, they can be small and misshapen.

Hi! I had to pick the last


I had to pick the last of my red peppers just yesterday but many of them have not turned red or are partially red. Is there a way that I can hasten the process? Do I put them in a sunny window or in the dark?
Thank you for your answer in advance!!!

Your peppers will continue to

Your peppers will continue to ripen after being picked. Just keep them at room temperature; if they are in cool conditions, they won't ripen very well.

I live in Kenya, I have grown

I live in Kenya, I have grown bell pepper seeds, what should I do to get the best produce.I need to grow for business

We just tried planting a

We just tried planting a variety of bell pepper plants this year. All our plants produced a fair amount of peppers, but before they were mature, they all turned black around the stem. When we cut into them they appeared rotten. What is causing this and how can we prevent this next season?

Hi, Jenna, It sounds as if

Hi, Jenna, It sounds as if your peppers had blossom end rot. You probably don't have enough calcium in the soil and when it rains a lot or is too dry (moisture fluctuation), this becomes apparent. And/or you had too much nitrogen in the soil during early fruiting. There's not much you can do now. For next year:  Test your soil. Your cooperative extension should have free or low-fee soil tests. Get it to a pH of 6.5 to 6.8. If too low, you may need to amend the soil with lime. Or, if your pH is OK, you may need to add gypsum. Crumbled egg shells are good, too. Also: Avoiding adding fertilizer with nitrogen made from ammonia which ties up calcium. Finally: Water VERY consistently. Veggies need 1 to 1 1/2 inches of water a week while fruiting. Water at the soil level and don't use a sprinkler to avoid water on the fruit or leaves. Consider a timer or drip irrigation to keep the moisture levels even.

I've read where pepper plants

I've read where pepper plants can produce for several years. In Oklahoma the winters are very cold so am I out of luck or can I mulch around the base and/cover with plastic? Should I cut it way down above the ground or leave alone? Thanks for such an informative website.

If your winters are cold the

If your winters are cold the best bet is to dig up the pepper plant and plant it in a container that you can keep indoors. Peppers need as much light as possible so keep it close to a window or sometimes articicial light may be needed.

I planted my peppers too late

I planted my peppers too late so none have changed color which is not a big problem -- I've just enjoyed them green. One or two of my plants had smaller fruit that are covered with small brownish-red bumps. Any idea what they are? Can I still eat these peppers? Thanks for your help!

Cut one open. See any

Cut one open. See any problems or pests inside the bumps? Some peppers just have bumps. Are the bumps soft? If so, it's a form of rot and you could just cut it out. Take a sample to a local nursery for a diagnosis!

My Bell Peppers are not

My Bell Peppers are not producing any peppers, and most of the stems have the tips cut off. What could be the problem?


Have you had any flowers on

Have you had any flowers on the plants? It sounds like you have an insect pests or a critter that has nibbled on the stems. Look for signs of insect pests. Depending on where you live it is getting late to grow peppers successfully. They love hot weather and lots of sun.

Hello, I want to plant bell

Hello, I want to plant bell peppers and tomatoes, but I live in a verify hot island in the Caribbean, with average temperatures in the 80s... Can I be successful, or Is it useless? What kind of vegetable can I plant? Thanks!

I think you definitely could

I think you definitely could be successful. I live on the NC coast and the temps here are in the 80's and UP. I have 2 containers of red bell peppers and have been getting lots of peppers from both. Even now, in September, though the temps here are still in the 80's.

I have just moved to central

I have just moved to central france and for the 1st time planted 3 bell pepper plants in grow bags and took a gamble. They are great, huge fruit and sweet to taste, will the green ones go red as its now early sept and I
dont want to leave them on and they die off

The green peppers will turn

The green peppers will turn red if you leave them on the plants long enough. You may need to harvest them green as your growing seasons is ending. You can move the grow bags to a more protected area with direct sun to extend the season.

I'm growing red bell

I'm growing red bell peppers.plants are about14" tall and blooming.All of a sudden leaves have been shedding and some blossoms and the tiny fruit.any ideas

Small or aborted fruit

Small or aborted fruit usually happens at this stage because of periods of extreme heat or hot, dry winds, and/or warm nights (above 70°F). Try to cool the peppers down with moist soil, mulch, and shade covers.

First time pepper grower

First time pepper grower 'red' in Southern Ontario, Canada. My green peppers are starting to turn red now but the red area is soft and not firm like the green portion. Should I harvest and eat them green rather than risk losing my peppers? Whey is the red portion going soft.

Yes, harvest them. When they

Yes, harvest them. When they get too ripe, they get overly soft.

I have a very healthy green

I have a very healthy green pepper potted plant that has mega green peppers (25 to 30) that are turning red. They are about the size of a mandarin Xmas orange. How do I tell if they are ripe enough to pick? Or how do I tell if they have seeds inside? Very much appreciate any suggestions you may have. I live near Calgary, Alberta. Thanks much

They're ready! Green peppers

They're ready! Green peppers can be harvested when they are 3 to 4 inches long, very firm, but still green.  OR, let them ripen and they will turn red or another color depending on the cultivar. The less green you see, the sweeter they get. So it depends on your taste. When you harvest, don't pull on the pepper. Cut it off. Congrats on such a wonderful pepper harvest!

My green peppers are growing

My green peppers are growing very well...but wen they are cut open..theres no seeds inside..why is this?

Bell peppers need to grow to

Bell peppers need to grow to a mature stage until they produce seeds. Maybe it's just a tad early.

I have a question. I am new

I have a question. I am new at growing plants I bought hot pepper not sure exactly what kind, but I have peppers growing. They are maybe half an inch at the moment and there is a lot but I also have white flowers coming out and they do not look like they are growing any bigger. Should I cut off the flowers? Thanks

The flowers are the way that

The flowers are the way that the pepper plants develops fruit! While your peppers are this small, do not pick them! Let the plant put energy into fruit development.

My peppers are growing great

My peppers are growing great BUT they are developing a black coloring to them. This is not mushy and does not affect the taste. What is it?? Thank you.

Sometimes blackish streaks

Sometimes blackish streaks are just normal. Fruit may develop a black pigment when immature in response to cool or cold temperature. However, if you see rotting or any bigger issues, you may have a disease or other problem.

my bell pepper plants have

my bell pepper plants have developed alot of leaves and is not blooming. it is safe to remove some of the leaves? please help.

Has it been too hot to fruit

Has it been too hot to fruit set (above 90 degrees)? Do not remove the leaves; this is how the pepper pulls in the sunlight for growth. Are they getting pollinated with bees? You might try hand pollinating the blooms.

Hello, I have three bell

I have three bell pepper plants that are all growing pretty well. I have a few good looking peppers growing but I also have a couple of peppers that seem to be dying from the inside out. They get brown mushy areas that get bigger. I'm a pretty novice gardener still and am still learning. Does anyone know why is this happening?

Mushy peppers often means

Mushy peppers often means blossom end rot which is due to calcium deficiency and shows up when there are moisture variations due to drought/heavy rain or inconsistent irrigation.At this point, the mushy peppers need to be removed. In the future, avoid blossom end rot by adding eggshells, small amounts of lime, gypsum or bone meal to the soil. See more:

First time I'm growing red

First time I'm growing red and yellow peppers thy look great. They are presently all green do you leave hm on plant until they turn red and yellow or pick them?

Great! Check your packet for

Great! Check your packet for the "days to maturity" as a guide to know when they'll be ready to harvest. Harvest when the fruit walls are firm, and the peppers are still in the green or yellow state. If you keep those green peppers on the vine, they'll turn red! It's your preference. 

I have a single pepper that

I have a single pepper that is bigger then you would find in the store. But it does not appear to be changing colors at all. I mean it is still a deep green pepper though it is at least a softball size pepper. Should I leave this on the plant? This plant has only produced this one pepper and it is amazing but I was hoping for red. The plant next to it has 4 peppers that are all in early growth stages.

Our pepper plants are healthy

Our pepper plants are healthy and growing and flowering, but no fruit. What does it need?

If your peppers are not

If your peppers are not bearing fruit, the most common reason is due to temperature. Daytime temps can't get above 90 degrees F. and nighttime temps can't get above 75 degrees F. They prefer temps between 70 degrees and 80 degrees F.

Has anybody ever had a pepper

Has anybody ever had a pepper plant make white bell peppers? They are in a row of green peppers and they grow upside down... I started all the plants from seed as well.

this is my first time at

this is my first time at trying to grow bell peppers. my plant is big and healthy looking, but i understand that normal is 5or 6 peppers per plant. my plant has 15 or 20 little round peppers on it about the size of the last joint of your thumb,and aren't. t growing any larger . they look like little lanterns,and the plant is still putting on moor blooms.HELP!!

The number of fruit really

The number of fruit really depends on the variety of plant, your location, and your conditions.
For example, a 'Vidi' variety might produce 4 to 8 peppers.
A 'Gourmet" may produce 6 to 12 fruit.
There are also varieties that produce smaller-size fruit--and 20 fruit would be normal.
Of course, hot pepper plants produce even more!

I am confused. One answer

I am confused. One answer said that pepper plants produce twice in 1 season. Yet another answer stated that if you harvest regularly encourages more blooming? As I am growing several plants to dehydrate them for cooking, should I be conservetive about giving them away? As my first round of peppers are coming in nicely, but I do not have any more blooms. You also said they can live 3-5 years, so I should not till that area, correct?
Thanks for helping.

Let's just back up: Peppers

Let's just back up: Peppers generally grow slowly. On one pepper plant, you may get 1 or 2 peppers to form or you may 6 to 8. It depends on the pepper variety and your garden/weather conditions. If you pick the pepper before it's fully mature, you will spark your plant into producing more peppers because the plant wants its "babies" to succeed, though many gardeners say the pepper tastes better if it's fully mature. One idea is to harvest early on some plants and let others mature. Try this experiment and see what works for you!

hi, i live in hambiurg a

i live in hambiurg a colder climate.i planted my peppers in last november2012.because here is very cold my peppers are growing very slowly.
first they were indoor and they looked nice but when i moved them to garden the leaves are going to be yellow and they fall down what shall i do?

Peppers need warm soil to

Peppers need warm soil to thrive. Make sure they get a lot of sun and keep the soil moist. Add some mulch around the plants.

I live in Arizona. I palanted

I live in Arizona. I palanted seeds in part of my yard in dirt and miracle grow about 2 weeks ago. Their sprouting and I was curious if You can tell me what they look like

I have a green bell pepper

I have a green bell pepper plant that is growing nicely but is being overshadowed by the leaves of it ok to transplant this to a container this late in the season - it is almost the middle of July.

Dig up the plant carefully so

Dig up the plant carefully so that you don't damage the roots. Get as much soil with the rootball as possible. Plant in a big container and keep the soil moist.

I live in Montana in a colder

I live in Montana in a colder climate. My pepper plants are not growing. They are about 8 inches tall and won't get bigger. It isn't super warm out. Is there something I can put around them to help retain heat? Thanks

Hi, Maggi, Peppers like a

Hi, Maggi, Peppers like a daytime temperature of 73 to 79 degrees and nighttime temps of at least 70 degrees. Otherwise, they'll grow slowly. Note that peppers do grow quite slowly as a rule so be patient. Make sure they're protected from any wind.
Other tips: pick varieties meant for cold climates, seed REALLY early or use transplants outside, and warm the soil with red or silver plastic mulch. As the peppers develop, add a fertilizer higher in Phosphorous and Potassium (not too much Nitrogen which inhibits fruit).

What varieties grow well in

What varieties grow well in colder climates? i live in indiana and i would like to grow some hot peppers. any suggestions?

I'm in SW GA. At first, our

I'm in SW GA. At first, our peppers looked like they were growing great. Now, they are turning brown on the bottom as if they are rotting. Can you help?

This sounds like blossom-end

This sounds like blossom-end rot--which is due to a lack of calcium in the soil or cold and wet weather. To help: Maintain the soil pH around 6.5. Adding lime will increase the calcium in soil. Water consistently; only water if they don't get the required one inch of rain per week. Use "nitrate nitrogen" as the fertilizer nitrogen source. Avoid over-fertilization as side dressings during early fruiting.

I am a novice gardner. my

I am a novice gardner. my plants are large,but blooms are falling off? HELP!

According to Aggie

According to Aggie Horticulture, "Temperature may be the reason for blossom drop. The temperature range for fruit set is quite narrow. When nighttime temperatures fall below 60 degrees F. or above 75 degrees F., blossoms are likely to drop and fruit will not set. Daytime temperatures above 90 degrees F. will also inhibit fruit set, but fruits will again begin to form when cooler daytime temperatures appear."

this is first time planting

this is first time planting bell pepper and i thought it was going great, the plant shot up big ang and tall. the first pepper has started nicely it is now about 3 inches around. my problem is now when the other buds, i had 5 more that flowered well and the little peppers started growing, but today 2 of them fell off the plant. is that normal? it seems like a healthy plant and like i said the first pepper is growing really well

Pepper plants are very

Pepper plants are very sensitive to temperature and will drop buds if there is a sudden change in temperature. Poor pollination is another cause for flower drop. Plant some colorful flowers in the garden to attract more pollinators. Also make sure to water regularly.

The new, developing leaves on

The new, developing leaves on my pepper plants are misshapen, brittle, and crinkly--for lack of a better term. They are remaining green all the while, however, the margins of the older leaves are beginning to brown. Any thoughts? I am in the U.S. Midwest.

what soil does the peppers

what soil does the peppers need to be planted in.


Botanical Name: 

Capsicum annuum

Plant Type: 

Sun Exposure: 

Soil Type: 

Soil pH: 

Hardiness Zone: 

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