How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Garlic
- Learn how to make your own garlic powder to easily spice up a recipe.
- Roasted garlic bulbs are also a favorite of ours!
- Around the time of the summer solstice (late June), hardneck garlic sends up a seed stalk, or scape. Allow it to curl, then cut off the curl to allow the plant to put its energy into bulb formation. Use the scapes in cooking the same way you would garlic bulbs. We like to stir-fry scapes the way we cook green beans—similar, with a spicy kick! Note that they get more fibrous and less edible as they mature.
I grow Music hardneck garlic exclusively. I move my planting each year to a different 4` x 6` raised bed. I have 18 beds, which allows me to grow in a bed that hasn't had garlic in it in years. Last year, after my crop had cured, I separated out several of the best heads. These heads were separated into individual cloves, peeled each one and filled three small canning jars with the peeled cloves. I covered the garlic with white vinegar, sealed each jar with a lid and ring. I kept these in the crisper drawer of my refrigerator. I am on my third (last jar) and have found the garlic to be just as crisp and delicious as freshly cured garlic. I am amazed with the results. I rinse the vinegar off the cloves right before using in a recipe and have not detected any vinegar flavor in the garlic. I definitely prefer this method of storing garlic.
Help! I live in the middle of Alabama. I was given some garlic that a friend brought back from another country in hopes of planting and growing their own. I dabble in the garden so they passed it on to me. I know that this is not the right time to plant so what do I do to save them for her? I have planted some after growing roots not really sure what to do. I have some more that have roots and need planting, but I was not sure if it is better to keep some growing inside rather than outside? Is it possible to save the bulb to plant later,although some have already started going bad. What can I do? Thank you!
First, we’re not sure if your friend cured the garlic properly which increases storage life. At this point, you can see what happens! Place garlic in a cool (47-65ºF) dry area such as an unheated room. Do not store garlic in plastic or airtight containers or garlic will mold, rot or try to grow. Almost all garlic will last 5 to 7 months under good conditions.
I inadvertently left some unharvested garlic in the ground last summer. Now I have clumps of garlic shoots - from 3 to 8 shoots in each clump. Should I dig these up and replant them separately? If so, at what stage of growth is it best to do so?
Since garlic is typically planted in the fall and harvested between June and August, it would be best to leave your unharvested garlic undisturbed at this point in the season. Our best advice is to treat last year’s garlic as if you planted it in the fall. You can harvest the garlic scapes for a number of recipes—just remember garlic is typically ready about 3 weeks after you remove the scapes, so don’t do it too early. Then as the harvest date approaches, pull up a bulb or two to see what transpired underneath the soil since last summer—the hope being that you have lots of garlic to enjoy!
Thank you for a clear guide to growing garlic! Very helpful. I bought 5 heads from our local farm feed & seed store, separated them, put the cloves in a bowl with a few teaspoons of water, roots started to emerge in about 2 days, then I planted them in a prepared raised bed. I’ll wait for a frost (Central Virginia has pretty mild winters) and then cover with hay mulch. Thank you again.
Gentleness with one another, please. We all just want to learn about growing garlic. : )
And a thought meant kindly for all of us-
I can understand that converting might be frustrating, and if you send an email to the customer service department and ask them to list both types of measurements I bet they’ll be happy to do it.
Happy planting, all! Can’t wait to harvest and braid mine!
Re your comment: "Bulbs should be stored in a cool (40°F / 4°C), dark, dry place...Do not store garlic in the refrigerator, either." I live in Houston, where it is hot and humid 5 months out of the year, and warm and humid another 6 months out of the year. It is mid-October, and until yesterday the high temperature every day has been in the 90s since early May. Even my garage doesn't stay at 40 degrees consistently over several months...so where do I store garlic that is 40 degrees but not a refrigerator? It may sound like I am jesting, but I am asking this question in all seriousness. Thanks.
Howdy, Barbara, I live in the Austin area. We are humid but not as much as Houston. A possible solution to yours and my storage situation would be to get a wine cooler. They can be set to range between 50 and 60 degrees. Controlling the humidity in there might be more of a challenge. TBD But at least it won't be 100% humidity at 99 degrees.