Ponytail Palm

How to Grow a Ponytail Palm Indoors

ponytail-palm-houseplant

The ponytail pam, or elephant foot palm, is a delightful houseplant that gives your home a more tropical feel.

Arizona State University

Ponytail Palms are a unique-looking, long-lived indoor plant that thrives on benign neglect. They can be very long-lived, and can easily outlive their owners! Here’s how to grow and care for a ponytail palm in your home.

Despite its name and palm-like appearance, the ponytail palm is not a true “palm.” In fact, it is more closely related to desert plants in the Agave and Yucca genera (e.g., Joshua trees).

The typical ponytail palm consists of a large, domed “stump,” which tapers off into a thinner stem. From the top of the stem, one or more rosettes of long, green, leathery leaves develop as the plant ages. Indoors, the leaves can reach up to 3 feet long, but outdoors, they may be double that length.

In its native environment (eastern Mexico), the entire plant has been known to reach up to 30 feet in height! However, ponytail palms that are grown in gardens as landscape plants don’t usually get to be more than 10 feet tall. Indoors, they are rarely taller than 4 feet.

Care of this plant is generally simple; the most common difficulty is having to adapt your watering habits to its watering needs!

Planting

  • Use a fast draining soil, such as a cacti and succulent potting mix. If you have potting soil, sand, and perlite already on hand, you can create your own desert soil mixture: Simply mix 1 part potting soil, 1 part perlite, and 1 part sand.
  • Select a pot that has a hole in the bottom, so that excess water can be drained off. Ponytail palms do not like to sit in moist soil for very long.
  • Ponytail palms prefer to have as much light as possible, so place the plant in a bright location.

Care

  • Keep soil fairly dry. Water from spring through fall, allowing the top inch or two of soil to dry completely before re-watering. During the winter, only water occasionally.
  • To water, soak the soil and allow the excess water to drain through the bottom of the pot into a dish. Let the pot sit in the dish for several minutes, then dump out any remaining water in the dish.
  • Fertilize in the spring with a cacti/succulent fertilizer and bring into a brighter room for the summer months. 
  • Normal room temperature is good for most of the year, but keep it slightly cooler in the winter (50 to 55° F). Don’t let it sit too close to cold windows at night!

Repotting a Pontail Palm

  • In containers, ponytail palms will remain small if kept in a small pot. They can go for many years before needing to be repotted. Re-potting every other year at the most is all a ponytail palm needs.
  • Moving it to a larger pot will give it room to grow in both height and girth. However, older plants may be difficult to manage, because of sheer size and weight if not kept on the smaller size.
  • When selecting a new pot, pick one large enough to leave about an inch or so of space between the ponytail palm’s trunk and the rim of the pot. 

Pests/Diseases

  • Overwatering can result in stem rot. If you withhold watering, the plant may be able to internally cure the problem. 
  • Spider mites occur on the leaves, but can be fixed by rubbing a cloth of soap and water on the stems. 
  • Brown tips on leaves can be a sign of overfertilizing or underwatering, so adjust your husbandry practices appropriately.

Wit & Wisdom

  • The plant’s unusual shape and coloration has granted it another nickname: the Elephant’s Foot Palm.

Planting Times

Ponytail Palm Characteristics

Botanical Name

Beaucarnea Recurvata

Plant Type Houseplant
Sun Exposure Full Sun, Part Sun
Soil Type Sandy
Soil pH
Bloom Time
Flower Color
Hardiness Zones 9, 10, 11
Special Features