Subscribe Now to the Digital Almanac Monthly Magazine!

Calendar for September 3rd, 2012

Labor Day

Always the first Monday in September, Labor Day was the idea of Peter J. Maguire (although recent research has shown that it might have been his brother Matthew's idea), a labor union leader who in 1882 proposed a celebration honoring the American worker. The date chosen was simply "convenient," according to Maguire, because it was midway between the Fourth of July and Thanksgiving. Although the day's focus on organized labor has diminished over the years, the legal holiday still marks the end of summer and the traditional time for children to return to school.


  • Died 1658: Oliver Cromwell (military leader)

  • 1780s

  • 1783: Treaty of Paris signed between the U.S. and Great Britain

  • 1830s

  • 1833: New York Sun became the first daily "penny press" newspaper

  • 1838: Abolitionist Frederick Douglass escaped slavery

  • 1840s

  • Born 1849: Sarah Orne Jewett (author)

  • 1870s

  • Born 1875: Ferdinand Porsche (auto manufacturer)

  • 1880s

  • 1885: First classes at U.S. Naval War College began

  • 1890s

  • 1895: First professional football game played

  • 1910s

  • Born 1913: Alan Ladd (actor)

  • Born 1917: Robert Truax (Rocket Scientist)

  • 1920s

  • Born 1923: Mort Walker (cartoonist)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1935: Eileen Brennan (actress)

  • 1935: World record set by auto averaging 301.13 mph for 1 mile, Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah

  • 1950s

  • 1951: Search for Tomorrow first aired on television

  • 1960s

  • Died 1962: e. e. cummings (poet)

  • Born 1965: Charlie Sheen (actor)

  • Died 1967: Woody Guthrie (musician & songwriter)

  • Born 1969: Dominic West (actor)

  • 1970s

  • 1976: Viking 2 lander touched down on Mars at Utopia Planitia

  • 1980s

  • 1981: 19-inning baseball game began at Fenway Park in Boston

  • 1990s

  • Died 1991: Frank Capra (director)

  • 2000s

  • Died 2002: W. Clement Stone (parlayed $100 into a $2 billion insurance empire)

  • Died 2005: William H. Rehnquist (Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court)

  • 2006: 47-lb. flathead catfish caught, Ohio River, Pennsylvania

  • 2010s

  • Died 2012: Michael Clarke Duncan (actor)

2015 Special Edition Garden GuideCooking Fresh with The Old Farmer's AlmanacThe Almanac Monthly Digital MagazineWhat the heck is a Garden Hod?