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Calendar for February 23rd, 2014

1820: Cato Street Conspiracy foiled

1846: Liberty Bell developed its final irreparable crack after tolling for Washington's birthday celebration

Died 1848: John Quincy Adams (6th U.S. president)

Born 1868: W.E.B. Dubois (founder of the Niagara Movement, which eventually merged with the NAACP)

1896: Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield

1927: Federal Radio Commission established

1943: Song "As Time Goes By," from movie Casablanca, copyrighted

1945: The most memorable WW II photo was taken by Joe Rosenthal of members of the 5th Division of the U.S. Marines planting an American flag atop Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima, Japan

Born 1951: Patricia Richardson (actress)

Born 1994: Dakota Fanning (actress)

Died 1995: Melvin Franklin (Motown singer)

1997: The existence of Dolly the sheep, the first successful cloned mammal, was announced

Died 2002: Gordon Matthews (inventor of voicemail)

Died 2004: Charlie Fox (1971 "manager of the year" with the San Francisco Giants and spent a half-century in baseball as an executive, manager, coach, and scout)

Died 2004: Don Cornell (big band singer)

Born 2012: Estelle Silvia Ewa Mary (daughter of Sweden's Crown Princess Victoria; first royal birth in 30 years)