Credit: Roger Williams Park Botanical Center Providence, RI: Sannse Carter
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Botanical name: Crassula argentea

Plant type: Houseplant

Sun exposure: Part Sun

Jade plants can grow to a height of 24 inches when indoors. They have a shub-like form with thick branches and smooth, oval-shaped leaves. The plants are fairly resilient and easy to grow.


  • Grow in a single pot with an all-purpose soil blend.
  • Provide medium light daily for a few hours; keeping it in the kitchen or office is a great spot with just enough light.
  • The plant prefers room temperature in general, but slightly cooler in the winter (55 degrees F).


  • Allow to dry between waterings, keeping the soil moderately dry.
  • If shedding or brown spots occur on the leaves, however, it is an indication the plant needs more water. 
  • During the winter months you can water less, but do not let it over-dry.


  • There may be problems with mealybugs hiding under the stems and leaves.  To remove the bugs use a spray bottle of water or insecticidal soap.
  • Powdery mildew is common as well.

Recommended Varieties

A related plant is the Money Plant or the Silver Dollar Plant.

Wit & Wisdom

Grow the Jade in a small pot and hold back the water. This may persuade them to flower. Cooler temperatures in the winter promote bloom, too.


I also inherited a large jade

By J.U. on July 27

I also inherited a large jade plant several years ago. It was spindly with small, pale leaves. it soon developed root rot as I probably gave it more water than it was used to, so I cut off all the healthy ends off the plant and soon had dozens of small jades. Now I have a bounty of medium-sized plants that are top heavy and not well-shaped. Some are toppling over in their pots. They don't seem to be potbound as some posts above suggest as cause of plants falling over. In fact the roots structure seems small in proportion to the top growth. The more I prune back the more top heavy they become. I have tried planting them deeper in the pot than other houseplants as a friend recommended. Any suggestions for proper pruning to develop strong root system and thick trunk? Also, could I have fertilized too much with common houseplant food? My plants are now outside on a bright porch out of direct sun. In cold months I keep them near a south window. They seem very healthy other than being top heavy.

I've had a jade for several

By beachdancer on July 10

I've had a jade for several years, and especially over the past year or so it's thrived. We recently moved, and the jade continues to be growing well. I have been watering it more often, because it seems to be dry. Recently I noticed some spongy, light green studs growing out of the soil. This morning, when I check to see if it needed to be watered, I saw a tall, spongy, light green thing growing. It's about the texture of a mushroom, and looks kind of like a cross between a mushroom and a fiddlehead. We haven't repotted or added anything to the soil. What is it? How did it get there? The jade seems to be continuing to thrive, but I can't imagine this is a good sign.

Me thinks we have a fungus

By Almanac Staff on July 10

Me thinks we have a fungus among us. Don't worry. This should not affect the jade plant, however, it could compete with the plant for nutrients and water. We would suggest you repot. Wash the container with a 10% bleach solution and make sure it is bone dry. Use sterilized or pasteurized soil.
Avoid overwatering. Water when two-thirds of the potting soil is dry, then giving them a complete soaking. Fertilize every two weeks when the plant is actively growing and repot every 2 to 3 years.

Hi I would like to put some

By Bann on July 6


I would like to put some of my jade plants outdoors for the summer. How should I go about this and is it a good idea?
My daughter-in-law just gave me 5 new ones. One of which looks like a jade bonsai, Is this possible. It is about a 10-12 inches high but has hard bark on the trunk and limbs
I don't know how to replant it if this is the case.

I have a beautiful Jade Plant

By Rose Marshall

I have a beautiful Jade Plant that is 40 years old. I noticed this year that it is loosing a lot of leaves. Also I found a white dusty powder on the leaves. I sprayed it with insecticidal soap and hope this takes care of it. Is there any thing else I can do? This plant is part of our family and hate to lose it.

Powdery mildew is a common

By Almanac Staff

Powdery mildew is a common jade problem. Make sure the plant gets plenty of sun and that there is good air circulation in the spot where you keep the jade. Mix 1 teaspoon baking soda into 1 quart of water and add 2 drops of dish soap. Spray once a week.

Why does my jade plant the

By mabel

Why does my jade plant the top part - leaves and stems starting to rot? Then it spreads to the entire stem and plant. I thought root rot start from the root upwards? Yes, I was guilty of over watering but I thought when the leaves look shrivelled and thin I was under watering them. But when I added more water, within a few days the leaves start dropping. Then I cut back on the water, now at first all look good but the next morning, the top leaves and stems shrivelled, became brown and I had to cut them off. Now my beautiful jade plant is bare and there were 3 in 1 pot. And this is the 2nd pot. The 1st one, I thought I pulled out the one with the rot, but somehow the other 2 plants in the pot got the same rot too. Help!

You are correct in that root

By Almanac Staff on July 7

You are correct in that root rot starts from the roots. As you said, rot can be from overwatering though it can also be from a soil mix that doesn't drain quickly. Leaf drop on the other hand happens when the plant is too dry. Are you using a soil mix that drains well? A cactus mix with some organic matter works well. It should be moist, nevery dry but not wet. Avoid splashing any water on the leaves and only water at the base.

I moved recently and my

By BeStong

I moved recently and my plants did great. THEN, my roomie got a flowering plant that started losing flowers daily and now my beloved Jade started having bottom leaves turn brown, hard & falling off. About 4 leaves per pot overnight. I mixed a torch of dish soap, tsp of rubbing alcohol & misted the whole plant. Please don't tell me I have just made my baby worse off. I imagined it was a bug fro that flowering, dying thing brought in and set by my plants. What should I do?

Brown leaves can be caused by

By Almanac Staff

Brown leaves can be caused by too much sun, too much water and if it is just a few leaves it's usually normal (old leaves turn brown and fall off). The soap/rubbing alcohol will not harm the plant. Examine your plant carefully before spraying again. If you don't see insects, don't spray.

I meant a titch of dish soap,

By BeStong

I meant a titch of dish soap, etc... Sorry :/

We inherited a Jade plant

By Nick Segner

We inherited a Jade plant that is huge. It is six feet tall and at least 40 years old. It is in the solarium of the house we bought and broke it's pot. It was repotted but now is losing leaves rapidly. Trying to not overwater. Any suggestions?

The plant is in shock. Wait

By Donnis Mack

The plant is in shock. Wait atleast 2 weeks before watering again. Place in as bright a spot as poss8ible without being in full sun. If leaves continue to fall stop watering all together until soil is almost completely dry. Within a month or 2 your jade should be fine.

Wow, that's a big jade plant!

By Almanac Staff

Wow, that's a big jade plant! Was there any root damage when the pot broke? Did you replant it in a bigger pot with some fresh soil? The plant may just experience some transplant shock. If it has lived 40 plus years it's a pretty tough plant and will recover.

I bought a planter with

By amcarrgirl

I bought a planter with several jade plants about 7 years ago. There is now only one left. After research I discovered that the plants suffered from root rot. I have replanted this one plant several times and moved it to a location facing south. It is now one stem..approx 1/4" in diameter and approx 7" tall with new growth in last few weeks sprouting 2 more leaves at the top for a total of 11 leaves. There is white powder on top of soil. I am afraid to repot b/c the last time I did some of the leaves fell off. I will take advice and look for/treat for root rot (the last repot I did notice it but thought repotting would take care of it) How can I get this plant to grow out instead of up? What do I do for the white stuff on top of the soil? Thank you

The best and only way to get

By beth Mcguire

The best and only way to get a jade plant to grow bushy and lush is to pluck out the very new baby growth at the very top of the jade's two leafs if done correctly this should leave a clean socket, this will allow two new sets of baby growth to grow then split like branching apart in two directions before any plucking growth for splitting it's best to let the jade grow to about four to five inches long so the jade plant will look over all balanced and full.

I have the same issues- from

By greenlovergabby

I have the same issues- from what I've found, we need to water way less haha. I live in a very wet and humid climate, so keeping air circulating and making sure there's proper drainage in the bottom of the pot is extra crucial.. both these things will help prevent root rot and other unwanted bacterial growth. And as far as the white stuff on the soil (mine sometimes occurs on the jade leaves themselves too), just use a damp paper towel to remove the top layer of white and soil, and sprinkle some new soil over the top. I've had to do this to a few pots, and it seems to take care of the issue longterm- just remember don't over water afterwards! Also maybe try to aim the majority of the water near the plant base, instead of flooding the surface of the dirt. I'm not sure how to get it to grow out I'm afraid; my best suggestion would be to set up lamps/light from window on the sides of the plant, rather than having light sources shining only on the top. Good luck and hope this helps!

I recently bought a jade

By jadessss

I recently bought a jade plant to eventually turn into a bonsai (years down the road). The plant is only about 4" tall and there seem to be several of these baby plants in this one small pot. from what I can see the roots look brown and I can hardly stick my finger in the soil without hitting roots. what kind of soil should i buy if I'm going to have to repot?

Look for a well-draining

By Almanac Staff

Look for a well-draining cactus or succulent soil mix. An ideal pH for jade soil is around 6.0.

I was given a jade plant a

By Kay Teugeman

I was given a jade plant a few months ago, which is actually 6 individual plants (all approximately 5-6" tall) in a single 4-5" wide pot. While it appears to be very healthy, I'm worried that as it gets larger it will quickly crowd itself out. Should I repot now so that each plant has it's own individual pot, or wait until it is larger and repot them into individual pots only when it becomes absolutely necessary? Or (when the time comes) should I repot into a larger pot, but keep the 6 plants together? I've never had a jade before, and this has much sentimental value to me so I want to do what's best!
Thank you so much!

6 jade plants in one pot is

By Almanac Staff

6 jade plants in one pot is probably not a good idea. Jades like to be potbound so transplant into small pots. When you remove the jade from the original pot brush off as much soil as possible and make sure that you have 6 individual plants. You can then plant 2 jades together in each pot to give them a little bit more room to grow bigger.

I have had a number of jade

By LisaMc

I have had a number of jade plants in the past. After we moved a couple years ago I bought a small jade. It has grown at least 4 inches taller. However, the majority of the leaves are very small with only a couple at the bottom of each stem showing any typical size -- the color is a medium green rather than dark. The stems are also still fairly slim. I have looked at pictures of dwarf jade and mine doesn't look like that. I repotted a few days ago and now one of the stems in leaning over. The plant gets morning sun and artificial light.

Any ideas?

It sounds like it is not

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like it is not getting enough light, which can cause stunted growth, or small leaves on spindly stems. Expose the plant to about 4 to 6 hours of bright, direct sunlight each day; a window with southern exposure works nicely. If you can only get morning light, check that your supplemental artificial light is adequate. Some recommend using: a combination of one cool white fluorescent bulb and one full-spectrum fluorescent bulb for plants; or use grow lights (specifically for plants); or, use a mix of two 40-watt cool fluorescent bulbs and one 40-watt incandescent bulb. You might want to introduce your plant gradually to the increased light to help it adjust. Ten hours of artificial light should be good. Also check to make sure your artificial lights are the correct distance from the plant for the wattage (check the Web or ask a garden nursery for recommendations).

I've had my Jade for at least

By My_Jade_Linda!

I've had my Jade for at least 4-5 yrs now and never re-potted or "pruned" it. My co-worker gave it to me and it lived in the office until I changed jobs, now it lives in my kitchen by the window. It was growing sideways and I leaned it against the window because the main branch is too thin to hold it's weight. So now that I'm trying to re-pot and prune it, not sure what to do? what do I do with the branches I cut off, put them in water or soil to re-grow? any help would be appreciated by my lovely Jade and myself :) thanks!

If your Jade plant is top

By Almanac Staff

If your Jade plant is top heavy, it sounds as if you have to repot it. Just move it to a large, heavy pot to prevent tipping over. Allow the soil to become dry after repotting.
Cut your Jade back before you repot. Then you can try to start new plants from stem cuttings. It's best not to put them in water. Use a sand or a sand/peat combination. 

Linda, Here is more helpful

By Julie L.

Linda, Here is more helpful detail to repotting: Let the cut stems or any individual leaves that fall off sit for a few days before you do anything. 3 days is a minimum. They need to form a whitish scab over the cut part. After that has occurred I've had the most success by coating the end in a "rooting powder" made for house plants. Then I plant it in a small pot of seed starter mix. Be sure to position it so the leaves do not touch the dirt to prevent bacterial rot and mildew. water as you have been. transfer to a pot with a soil mix for cactus and succulents in a few wks-months after it is strong and has new growth. Enjoy!

I have 2 Jade plants of which

By zenith6100

I have 2 Jade plants of which the older one is fine.On the smaller one which is single stem and about 8" high, the top 1 cm of stem from the top 2 leaves down to the next 2 leaves has turned red.

Can you please guide me what is happening and how to put it right? Thanks.

Your jade plant is turning

By Almanac Staff

Your jade plant is turning red from exposure to the Sun. This is normal but if you would like the dark green color to return, move it to a shadier spot.

I have a question about my

By Colin....

I have a question about my jade plant. I was growing it along with another jade plant as mine is quite small with only about one stem and 3 leaves. It is around 8 years old and latly it has curved downward and I think it is dying.One leaf is broken but not yet off. I'm repotting it this weekend and wasn't sure what else to do to keep it alive. I was also wondering if when the leaves die if I bury them a little bit in the soil do they grow a new jade plant? I read this but wasn't sure it was credible . I would love anyone's help as soon as possible. thank you

Check the roots for root rot

By Almanac Staff

Check the roots for root rot when you are repotting. The roots should be white and firm. Cut off any roots that are brown or black. And yes, you can start a new plant from a healthy leaf by sticking it in a pot with soil.

I adopted a large jade from a

By Joy2wld

I adopted a large jade from a friend. Some of the stems are shriveling and dying. Plus it is dropping leaves. It is near a heat vent that we have closed so I started to lightly mist it. It is near (but not close to) our patio door that faces west. Could it need more sun?

misting can cause mildew.

By Julie L.

misting can cause mildew. Shriveling stems is also a symptom of bacterial rot. Cut a shriveled stem if it is brown or black you need to act quickly as the rot spreads and can kill the whole plant. Many sites will tell you to pitch it as it is a lot of work to save, but I just went through that with mine and lost about a third of it due to procrastination. But now have many pots of growing little jades!

Make sure the plant is in a

By Almanac Staff

Make sure the plant is in a place that gets plenty of direct sunlight or bright, indirect light. Fertilize monthly and water only when when the soil feels dry.
If this plant has not been re-potted for a while, you might want to re-pot it in a bigger pot.

I started my Jades from a

By michele lynch

I started my Jades from a leaf. One is 31/2 years old. It has been thriving until now. It is 6 inches tall and the main trunk is leaning over as if it is top heavy. I have put a shell next to the trunk to hold it up. Is it strong enough with out the shell or will it eventually break. Thank You for your help :-)

You need to prune your Jade

By Almanac Staff

You need to prune your Jade so it's more balanced. This will help the lower part of the plant thicken. Don't worry; you can prune fairly heavily and it won't hurt the Jade.
Also, consider re-potting. Use a mix that's heavy enough to weigh down the plant but also provides drainage. For example, consider a mix of pine bark, perlite, pumice, and quartz

Thank You very much for your

By Michele Lynch

Thank You very much for your response :-)

Repot into a pot that is one

By georgewilson

Repot into a pot that is one size larger.

I have a large jade plant

By Dot Schuck

I have a large jade plant which has begun to drop some of its limbs off . The ones that drop off seem to be hollow. What am I doing wrong?????

If the stem is also shriveled

By Julie L.

If the stem is also shriveled that's a symptom of bacterial rot. Usually caused by overwatering (that's what I did). To save the rest you must feel each stem. Healthy ones feel firm. Squishy ones are sick and have to be cut back until you get to where the stem is completely green inside. Since this is caused by bacteria you have to use sterile technique! so get a clean knife and make another cut just below to remove any germs. Repot into a new pot and with all new soil. a cactus mix will help. Look at all roots as you repot and remove any brown or squishy feeling roots. Healthy roots are white and firm. cut the stem where you find brown roots until you find all green inside. GB

I have inherited a large jade

By Brian Haas

I have inherited a large jade plant from a friend. I have had it about three months and am now finding that the leaves are shriveling or puckering as if they don't have enough water inside. I water only when soild is dryed out per other postings. I think it needs to be re-potted and will do this soon. Is there something else I should know that the puckering leaves are trying to tell me?

With a jade plant, you want

By Almanac Staff

With a jade plant, you want to 1) water only when surface is dry (and less in winter), 2) make sure it's not in a low-light situation and in a place that gets plenty of direct sunlight or bright, indirect light, 3) give it plant fertilizer monthly, 4) make sure the water doesn't stand in the saucer, 5) Prune back to a lateral branch or leaf axis.
If it has been over a year since the jade plant has been re-potted, you might want to move it up one size, too.

My jade plant has only a

By jade lady

My jade plant has only a north window for lighting. The problem is that the stems are soft and fall over. I have to stake it. Why is this happening? I water it only when the dirt is dry..

If your jade plant stems are

By Almanac Staff

If your jade plant stems are soft and flexible, it sounds as if either a) your plant has gotten too much water and has root rot or b) your plant isn't getting enough moisture. Tip the plant on its side and slide it out of the pot. See if the roots are soft or mushy. If you have a south-facing window, that would be preferable; jade plants need at least four hours of that bright filtered light or full sun to thrive. Also, jade plants often fall over when they need to be re-potted into a bigger container.

I had a period of time where

By LauraWales

I had a period of time where I under-watered my jade plant and brown spots/wilting occured on some leaves. I have moved the plant to a sunnier spot and provided it with more water. The plant has responded well and has perked up and grown. However - the brown spots are still there on the leaves that were previously affected. Does this go away? Or should I pinch off those leaves? Or is it fine to leave as is?

A friend gave me a 18'

By Mamadever

A friend gave me a 18' established, fairly healthy looking Jade. How often to they need to be repotted or fed? Is rooting hormone helpful for cuttings? It was pretty leggy and some branches were broken in transport.

Jade plants like to have

By Almanac Staff

Jade plants like to have their roots a little crowded--but not overcrowded. If the roots reach the edge of the pot, so that there isn't any space for them to grow, it's time to repot--this may not happen for 2 or more years. When repotting, choose a pot that's just a little larger than the present one. Clay pots, with drainage holes, work well.
As for feeding, a bit of balanced liquid fertilizer during the growing season would be helpful, such as 10-10-10. Fertilize once every 3 or 4 months during the growing season (spring through fall). For outdoor plants, you can increase the frequency to every 2 to 3 weeks, but dilute the fertilizer to 1 part water, 1 part fertilizer, or an even weaker solution. A liquid fertilizer for succulents is ideal (African violet fertilizer also works). Do not fertilize during the dormant season (about November through March).
When propagating cuttings, rooting hormone usually is not necessary for success with jade plants, but it might help to speed things along.

I have two jade plants who

By Parsley

I have two jade plants who love to be outside in the sunlight in the summer. I live in SW Ohio. When they are outside they like plenty of water. Once I bring them in for the winter, every two weeks is sufficient. One of my jade plants is very bushy and large. The other one came about when I had to do some pruning, and just stuck the stems in the soil mixed with vermiculite. This can't be done in the winter here, the cuttings do well if kept in the sun in summer.

A friend of mine mailed me a

By MaryGeneology

A friend of mine mailed me a piece of her jade plant that she rooted. She mailed it in a plastic bag with soil. It arrived, looking very healthy and I planted it in soil for cactus. The plant doesn't seem happy, but I may not be patient enough. the leaves seem to be closing in towards the stem, do I have anything to worry about?

Two thoughts. Jade plants

By Almanac Staff

Two thoughts. Jade plants don't like to be overwatered. Once you water it in, you don't want to water for several days. Also, jade plants like a soil mixed with 1/3 sand so it doesn't hold water for too long.

all of these comments are

By jim grant

all of these comments are good and well taken however when the weather is very warm take your jade plant out put it under a shady tree rinse it off and soak the soil after you do this let it dry out a little bit and use something like a shish kabob stick something like a coat hanger will do and poke it in the soil to a rated let it sit out overnight jade plants love that cooler weather just like stated

Staking Jade branches

By Anonymous

My jade would be about a foot high if the branches were growing striaght up. Do these need to be staked before they get the tougher bark on them or just let them go as they are?

If your jade plant is growing

By Almanac Staff

If your jade plant is growing tall instead of out, then you could prune some branches back to a lateral bud or branch or just above a leaf node. Never cut into the main trunk. Do NOT leave a stump. This will help your jade get more bushy.

Jade Plant Zone

By Anonymous

Do jade plants grow well in zones 5-6?

Jade plants are usually

By Almanac Staff

Jade plants are usually indoor houseplants. Room temperature is fine most of the year but they prefer 55 degrees F during winter. They can grow outside in zones 10 and 11--the tip of Florida and warmest areas of California.

my big fat trouble w/ keeping a jade plnt alive

By sunkistgurl

Evry jade I've had, has eventually (& literally) deflated from the inside out on its "branches" I've dun everything under the sun 2 fig it out. Im on my last run w/ last fam gen. Plz help me save my family.

me too then I learned about

By Julie L.

me too then I learned about bacterial root rot. You've described it perfectly. See treatment in recent postings

Wondering if you ever had a

By gramsof6

Wondering if you ever had a solution to your problem?
My Jades have begun to do the same thing...after about 2 years. I don't want to lose them. I will try the succulent fertilizer and see if that works. Maybe transplant into a clay pot this spring. (if they make it that long)

Jade needs only to be watered

By Almanac Staff

Jade needs only to be watered when the soil in their pot has completely dried out. Once every 2 weeks should be sufficient. Also try using fertilizer made specifically for succulents, rather than regular houseplant fertilizer. Good luck!

Jade plants

By Anonymous

I have two jade plants, both approaching 30 years old. They are both approximately 5' high and weigh about 7 stone! I am moving to Antigua and I need to re-home them in the UK, any ideas? They flower every christmas

Have you contacted any

By Plantie

Have you contacted any botanical gardens or plant enthusiastist groups? I was on vacation in London and went to the Museum of Garden History and all the people there were warm and friendly, I bet they might have ideas for you to find good and appreciative new homes.

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