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Calendar for November 28th, 2013

First Day of Chanukah

This eight-day Jewish festival began at sundown yesterday. The festival commemorates events that took place in Judea more than 2,000 years ago, when the Syrian king Antiochus ordered the Jews to abandon the Torah and publicly worship the Greek gods. This act provoked a rebellion led by Judas Maccabeus, climaxed by the retaking of the Temple in Jerusalem, which had been desecrated by the Syrians. In an eight-day celebration, the Maccabees (as the rebels came to be known) cleansed and rededicated the Temple (Chanukah means "dedication"). According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated oil to relight the candelabra for one day, yet, miraculously, it remained lit for eight days. The central feature of the observance of Chanukah is the nightly lighting of the Chanukiah, an eight-branched candelabra with a place for a ninth candle, the shammes, used to light the others. One candle is lit on the first night of Chanukah, and an additional candle is lit on each successive night, until, on the eighth night, the Chanukiah is fully illuminated.

1520s

  • 1520: Ferdinand Magellan, traveling west from Spain, discovered what is now the Strait of Magellan, leading to the Pacific Ocean

  • 1750s

  • Born 1757: William Blake (poet)

  • 1820s

  • Born 1820: Friedrich Engels (philosopher)

  • 1850s

  • Died 1859: Washington Irving (writer)

  • 1860s

  • Born 1865: James Connolly (first champion of modern Olympics)

  • Born 1866: Henry Bacon (architect)

  • 1880s

  • 1885: Banff Hot Springs Reserve (later renamed Banff National Park) established

  • 1890s

  • 1895: First recorded automobile race in America. Six cars left Chicago's Jackson Park for a 54 mile race to Evanston, Illinois and back through the snow

  • 1900s

  • Born 1907: Alberto Moravia (writer)

  • 1920s

  • 1925: Grand Ole Opry made its radio debut

  • Born 1929: Berry Gordy, Jr. (founder of Motown Records)

  • 1930s

  • Born 1936: Gary Hart (politician)

  • Died 1939: James Naismith (invented game of basketball)

  • 1940s

  • Born 1942: Paul Warfield (football player)

  • 1942: In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove night club killed 492 people

  • Born 1943: Randy Newman (singer & songwriter)

  • Died 1945: Dwight Davis (tennis player)

  • Born 1949: Paul Shaffer (musician & composer)

  • Born 1949: Alexander Godunov (composer, ballet dancer, & actor)

  • 1950s

  • Born 1958: Dave Righetti (baseball player)

  • Born 1959: Judd Nelson (actor)

  • 1960s

  • Born 1962: Jon Stewart (actor)

  • 1970s

  • 1974: John Lennon made a concert appearance at NYC's Madison Square Garden

  • 1980s

  • Born 1984: Mary Elizabeth Winstead (actress)

  • Born 1988: Scarlett N. Pomers (actress)

  • 1990s

  • Died 1993: Garry Moore (comedian)

  • 1995: U.S. bill signed allowing states to set their own speed limits

  • 2010s

  • Died 2010: Leslie Nielsen (actor)

  • 2012: Penumbral eclipse of the Moon


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