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Botanical name: Beta vulgaris

Plant type: Vegetable

Sun exposure: Full Sun, Part Sun

Soil type: Loamy

Bloom time: Summer

Chard is a member of the beet family that does well in both cool and warm temperatures. It can be cooked or used raw in salads and is high in vitamins A and C.


  • Plant chard seeds 2 to 3 weeks before the last spring frost date. Continue planting seeds at 10-day intervals for a month.
  • For a fall harvest, plant chard seeds again about 40 days before the first fall frost date.
  • Before planting, mix 1 cup of 5-10-10 fertilizer into the soil for every 20 feet of single row.
  • Plant the seeds 1/2 to 3/4 of inch deep in well-drained, rich, light soil. Space the seeds about 18 inches apart in single rows or 10 to 18 inches apart in wide rows. Sow eight to ten seeds per foot of row.


  • When the plants are 3 to 4 inches tall, thin them out so that they are 4 to 6 inches apart or 9 to 12 inches apart if the plants are larger.
  • Water the plants evenly to help them grow better. Water often during dry spells in the summer. You can also mulch the plants to help conserve moisture.
  • For the best quality, cut the plants back when they are about 1 foot tall. If the chard plants become overgrown, they lose their flavor.



  • You can start harvesting when the plants are 6 to 8 inches tall. Cut off the outer leaves 1-1/2 inches above the ground with a sharp knife.
  • If you harvest the leaves carefully, new leaves will grow and provide another harvest.
  • You can cut the ribs off the chard leaves and cook them like asparagus.
  • The rest of the leaves are eaten as greens. You can cook them like spinach or eat them raw.
  • You can store chard in the refrigerator in ventilated plastic bags.

Recommended Varieties

  • 'Lucullus', which is heat tolerant.
  • 'Ruby', which can be a beautiful addition to your garden due to its bright red stems.
  • 'Bright Lights', which has multicolored stems.



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chard the best for garden

By arturo escalante

chard the best for garden plantations . it last for meny many months. it is a beautiful vegetable too. plant it you wont be desapointed. I am telling you. Arturo

Can Chad grow in Mumbai,

By Ashok M Karnad

Can Chad grow in Mumbai, India?
I planted one seed, brought from Australia. A small red shoot appeared in 14 days. But I do not know whether it will grow to proper size.

Magenta Swiss Chard was

By Ed Farley

Magenta Swiss Chard was purchased to give my hanging baskets (Zone 8) some "life" during the coming winter. Are these plants "winter hardy" in hanging baskets? SW exposure with 4-5 hrs. sun, 1200 to dusk.

Swiss chard is a semi-hardy

By Almanac Staff

Swiss chard is a semi-hardy plant and will tolerate light frost. Depending on your winter temps you may want to bring the baskets inside if a hard freeze is in the forecast.

I read somewhere online to

By Joanne Began

I read somewhere online to try growing swiss chard indoors in a sunny window. any truth to this?

Hi Joanne, Yes, Swiss chard

By Almanac Staff

Hi Joanne,
Yes, Swiss chard is very easy to grow indoors. Soak the seeds for 24 hours in water before planting to speed up germination. Place the container in a sunny window and you'll have baby chard growing in a week or two.

I grow chard every year and

By keithash61

I grow chard every year and it does very well for me , in some mild winters I can mulch and I can get it to return the next season

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