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Majestic purple pansy taken in Spring 2005

Credit: Judy Conner
Your rating: None Average: 3.8 of 5 (99 votes)

Botanical name: Viola x wittrockiana

Plant type: Flower

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Flower color: Red, Pink, Orange, Yellow, Blue, Purple, White

Bloom time: Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall

Pansies are hardy annuals whose flowers have "faces." These plants offer colorful flowers for any season in your garden. They have one of the widest ranges of colors and are good for containers, borders, and ground covers.


  • You can start pansy seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before you plan on transplanting them.
  • Plant seeds in late winter for early spring and summer flowering, or plant seeds in the summer for winter flowering.
  • Plant in moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil. Pansies like sun and cooler temperatures.
  • Space the plants about 7 to 12 inches apart. They will spread about 9 to 12 inches and grow to be about 6 to 9 inches tall.


  • Remember to water your pansies regularly. One of the most common reasons pansies fail is because they are not watered enough, so if your pansies are not doing well, try watering them more.
  • You can use a general, all-purpose fertilizer around your pansies to help them grow.
  • Remove faded/dead flowers to prolong blooming and encourage more flowers to grow.


Recommended Varieties

  • Jolly Joker, which blooms in spring and summer and has orange flowers with deep purple upper petals and a purple outline.
  • Princess Series, which offer a variety of colors such as blue, purple, and yellow.
  • Fama Series, which flowers in winter and spring and offers a wide variety of single– and mixed–colored flowe


Click here to send a free e-card of these pretty pansies.

Click here to see other images of pansies.


Hi I live on Long Island ny

By Sheilam on March 16

Hi I live on Long Island ny want to plant pansy for my daughters graduation party I found the color of her school widen to plant for July party

Hi there...Pansy are my

By Melinda Cabot

Hi there...Pansy are my favorite flower...they look happy. Is there anyway I can have them in a bouquet for my wedding in March? Maybe camoflaged in a vile of water...covered in burlap? Whats your recommendation?

Pansies have short stems so

By Almanac Staff

Pansies have short stems so you need to combine them with taller flowers for a bouquet. For some ideas search for  "pansies wedding bouquet" in your browser.
Pansies are great for center pieces and for decorating the wedding cake.
Good luck!

I Live in Atlanta, Ga. I

By Roger Lucas

I Live in Atlanta, Ga. I planted my pansies in late
December which is late for zone 8. And temps may
drop into teens. What should I do after a late planting to save new plants?

Hi Roger, Pansies are hardy

By Almanac Staff

Hi Roger,
Pansies are hardy but you should protect the plants with a 2-inch layer of mulch if temps. dip into the teens.

do we water them every day or

By Brittny

do we water them every day or once a week?

Pansies should get one inch

By Almanac Staff

Pansies should get one inch of water a week during a growing season. If you don't get enough rain, supplement by watering. In the fall and winter, only water after dry periods.

Planted pansies in week 2 of


Planted pansies in week 2 of Nov. and are expecting temps to drop to between 30 and 29 degrees over the next week. Should I cover them?

Pansies are hardy plants and

By Almanac Staff

Pansies are hardy plants and can typically withstand low temperature for a short period. Cover pansies with sheets or blankets if a cold snap is expected for just a few days. Remove the covering when the cold weather passes.
If the temperatures dip into the 20s for more than a few days cover the plants with straw or pine needles.

I live in Springfield, MO,

By kelli H

I live in Springfield, MO, zone 7
I have an entire gooseneck trailer of pansies that I bought for $50.00 and wanted to know if I either plant them or mulch around the sides, will they rebloom in early spring here so I can resell them? I'm trying to decide whether to bother or to trash them.

Kelli, It would be better to

By Almanac Staff

It would be better to plant the pansies in the ground and then add some mulch to the top for winter protection. Or, if you can park your trailer indoors in a barn or garage you can add mulch around and on top of the containers.

How you doing? Can I plant

By Russ Watkins

How you doing? Can I plant Swiss Giant Pansies in pots in my basement? Basement is about 65degress. Can the pots be covered with a box for darkness? What about watering and fertilizing? Any thing else I need to know? Thank You, Russ

Pansies need full sun, so we

By Almanac Staff

Pansies need full sun, so we are not sure a basement will be the best environment for them. If you are starting them from seed, the basement may be a good place to start because they require complete darkness to germinate. Perhaps wait until the new year to start seeds, then you can move the seedlings outside come spring.

I live in Tucson, Arizona &

By Denise Hill

I live in Tucson, Arizona & bought pansy seeds 3 weeks ago. I soaked them in water & put them in damp towels wrapped in a black plastic bag...They have been in the fridge for 15 days now. I have root riot pods for them & a 72 cell "mini greenhouse" to place in. I was going to cover with black bag and set in a cool area till I see seedlings. After I see 2 leaves, I was going to replant in 3 inch pots. Is this a good idea for Tucson, AZ? The highs are around 90 degrees & the low in 65. Any suggestions?

Hi Denise, Pansies thrive in

By Almanac Staff

Hi Denise,

Pansies thrive in cooler temperatures. When the seedlings start growing try to keep them in the shade until they have produced more leaves. Pansies should do well during the winter months in Tucson.

i got some seeds for Pansy

By Dalal

i got some seeds for Pansy swiss giant red, and I'm planning to plant them in september.
i live in Saudi Arabia, Riyadh. should i plant them inside or outside?

the weather her is hot and dry.

i was planning to plant them in my balcony in the first floor. some sunlight in the morning up to noon. but not direct sunlight.

i need your expert advise, where is better to plant them? and when?


You would be better off

By Potter Dotter

You would be better off starting the seeds indoors. They should thrive and live until the weather gets really hot. Pansies are slightly difficult to raise from seed but I think you should have a go.. Use a fine compost with a little grit to improve drainage in trays, sprinkle the seeds and cover with another thin layer of fine compost. Then ideally cover with a black bag and place indoors in constant temperature of 59-65F (15-18C to help germination. However don't forget to check on them every day after a week had passed. ) Transplant in your pots when big enough to handle. Place the pots in a morning sun position. Good luck

I draw a lot and I have some

By Elin

I draw a lot and I have some ideas with flowers and stuff so i was just wondering if you know any flower that represents


Very thankful for answer :)

You would probably love the

By Binks Mew

You would probably love the book "The Language of Flowers" by Vanessa Diffenbaugh. It is a novel but includes the meaning of all kinds of flowers and even lists them for you at the end.

You would love that novel. I

By Judy Hillberg

You would love that novel. I just read it and it is wonderful!

What's the difference between

By Mark Goldberg

What's the difference between dead-heading & pruning? And can dead flowers be used as next years seeds?

"Pruning" means removing

By Almanac Staff

"Pruning" means removing growth from a plant to promote health and vigor. I suppose "deadheading" is a form of pruning, but just refers to removing the spent flower itself; if you leave the dead blooms on the plant, it will spend its energy producing seeds instead of growing the plant. 
The seeds are not in the spent bloom. After you deadhead that bloom (or it falls off), a new seed pod develop where the flower used to be. Pick the pods just before they open. Lay the pods on a paper towel covered lightly by another paper towel. The pods will dry and pop open. Let the seeds dry completely and store in a cool dry place such as an air-tight container in the back of your refrigerator. 

what are water requirements

By Bilal ahmed

what are water requirements for pansies in summers ?

Water on a daily basis in the

By Potter Dotter

Water on a daily basis in the evening.

I live in Ohio what should I

By Linda Kincade

I live in Ohio what should I do this winter bring them in or leave them outside?

Spring-planted pansies

By Almanac Staff

Spring-planted pansies usually become straggly during the heat of summer and may not recover in fall to overwinter well. Instead, some people plant a batch of pansies in early fall to overwinter; success will depend on the cultivar (some, such as 'Icicle', are hardier than others), and the conditions over winter (severe or mild). Choose a wind-protected site that is in full sun over winter but shady in summer. Protect the plants from heavy snow and severe cold, as needed, such as covering them with evergreen boughs (remove the boughs temporarily during a warm spell in winter, and permanently in spring), or scattering leaf mulch around the plants. Deadhead regularly, to keep them blooming throughout fall. In cold climates, sometimes people also pot them up to place them in a cool garage over winter, with a little light watering over the season (but keep the soil well-drained), and perhaps some cold protection, such as leaf mulch; sometimes they will perk back up in spring to plant back out after hardening off.

My landscaper suggested that

By Mata Armstrong

My landscaper suggested that I set out pansies during the current month of May. I live in North Texas (Mansfield, Texas)in the Dallas metroplex where the temperature can easily rise up to the mid 90's to 100 degrees throughout the summer. I set out pansies in my landscape in early December and they are doing great. Should I replace them with a more heat tolerant flower for the summer?

They will die out in the heat

By J.A.

They will die out in the heat I live I'm ft worth mine did

Hi, I am in zone 6b,and my


Hi, I am in zone 6b,and my garden is very sunny. Is it a good idea to plat pansies? thank you

Pansies love full sun! Sun

By Almanac Staff

Pansies love full sun! Sun increases flower size and numbers.
However, pansies prefer the cooler temperatures of spring and fall and may not make it through a hot summer. The  ideal temperature range for growing pansies is from about 40° F at night to 60° F during the day.

I have planted pansy seed

By Tshencho Dolma

I have planted pansy seed last week and how long it is take to come out the plant.

I live in NE Pennsylvania and

By Kendcole

I live in NE Pennsylvania and the temps at night are still in the 30's..would it be okay to plant my pansies?

well thank you for all the

By BeagleMom

well thank you for all the information on pansies!!! i live in the northeast georgia mountains, and was concerned about my pansies freezing and dying....but apparently they are hardier than i thought, and i can sleep worry free tonight...knowing they will survive!!

Can pansies grow in tropical

By Calvinkeneddy

Can pansies grow in tropical countries like Indonesia?

I doubt it Calvin. Maybe

By Near the foothills...

I doubt it Calvin. Maybe indoors with tender loving care in a very bright, cool location if you keep the ground moist at all times. If you use natural ventilation inside, you'll need to refrigerate the seed for a month or so before starting it. Having lived in the Panama Canal Zone, tropical weather is not unknown to me. When it goes into a 2-week rain with no sun, what are you going to do? The pansies will get leggy like mine here in the foothills of Alabama's northeast Blue Ridge that are under the shade of a red maple. We did Wave pansies this year, and they are stellar right now where the sun shines on them . But come June, the heat will wilt them. Nah, I wouldn't bother. There are so many bromiliads or salvia and other shade plants that would do well in Indonesia, that unless you like giving bonsai-like care to plants, you don't need to fuss with pansies. However, my doubts are always surprised by nature and man's respect for natural habitat. You can do it if you want I'm sure.

I live in S. Western SD and

By I Eddy

I live in S. Western SD and love Pansies. When should I plant them and how long do they last in the Summer months?

In SD, you plant pansies in

By Almanac Staff

In SD, you plant pansies in ground or pots in March. Pansies grow best when temperatures are between 45 degrees F at night and 60 degrees F during the day. Frankly, pansies will keep growing as long as it's not too hot or too cold. Be sure to remove spent blooms to keep your plant going as long as possible!

I have two rows of Pansies;

By Alexa Lane

I have two rows of Pansies; the front row were purchased as larger plants and are thriving. The second row is not blooming at all but are healthy. I have been fertilizing with the liquid fertilizer once a week initially, but still no blooms. Should I pinch back the leaves to encourage growth?

If your pansies aren't

By Almanac Staff

If your pansies aren't blooming, there could be a number of reasons:  the variety may be a late bloomer; they are getting too much nitrogen and need a 1:1:1 liquid fertilizer every 10 days; they are too crowded; they weren't watered in well at planting (which is critical for establishment); the soil is infertile and needs amendments with organic matter. You don't need to prune pansies; just pinch back if they're exceptionally leggy and be sure to deadhead.

It's Dec 2 in Texas zone 8b

By cynthia M

It's Dec 2 in Texas zone 8b where I live. I want to plant some pansies now, but wanted to know is it safe to do so this week?? Temps do go up and down here. Highs expected upper 70's for next three days then soring down to 40s or below for the high rest of week with rain. If I get them planted on a warm day and the next day high temps r 30degrees less with rain and possibly some sleet will this shock them? Need your expert advice please.

Hi Cynthia, Plant the pansies

By Almanac Staff

Hi Cynthia,
Plant the pansies as soon as possible in a sunny spot in well drained soil. Water and add some mulch around the plants. They will do fine. Pansies are known to adapt to the weather.

i am in south alabama about

By mag

i am in south alabama about 80 miles north of mobile. I have planted some tulip bulbs and want to fill space with pansies. Today is Nov 15. When should i plant the pansies.


Pansies grow best when night

By Almanac Staff

Pansies grow best when night temperatures are below 65 F, which makes them ideal for fall gardens in Alabama.  You can plant starting in October for blooms that last until hot weather starts in April. Pansies can survive temperatures as low as 2 F in the winter.

We are further north in

By Near the foothills

We are further north in Alabama near Mt. Cheaha. Pansies here do wonderful all winter. They will bloom through snow. We use a mix of the natural chirt/clay soil with bagged garden/flower soil from the big box stores. Critical to our success is using Osmocote or slow-release fertilizer around the crown of each plant. Critical is the use of moisture-retaining granules at the root level, about 3-inches under the crown. This virtually ensures success, as Alabama can get hot and dry in October and November sometimes. Pansies do not like to dry out, but the soil should drain within an hour or two. We also use starter fertilizer by dipping each plant into a solution of starter/transplant fertilizer. Pansies can take a surprising amount of dappled light and still bloom like crazy until June in Zone 7b here in the Blue Ridge foothills.

I live in Raleigh, NC - if I

By Ashley Roe

I live in Raleigh, NC - if I vuy pansies and plant them now will the still be blooming by the end of March? I am getting married married march 29 and want them to be planted in our yard and blooming. Thank you!!

You can still plant pansies

By Almanac Staff

You can still plant pansies in NC and they should last through winter and then pick up in spring with nice color. Apply a mild fertilizer at fall planting and every four to five weeks in spring. Be sure to pinch off blooms that fade. See more from your NC cooperative extension here:

planted pansies in New Mexico

By scott M. jones

planted pansies in New Mexico in mid-October. was still pretty warm. most of the blooms on the store-bought pansies wilted or died but plants look ok. but they don't seem to want to bloom again. Suggestions?

Pansies like it cool so with

By Almanac Staff

Pansies like it cool so with the colder weather in Nov. they may set new blooms. Did you remove all the old blooms? You can also cut back some of the longer stems to encourage new growth.

I just purchased a small pot

By jas578

I just purchased a small pot of pansies from my school. I want to keep them in my office (since I live in an apt. and nowhere to plant them). Will they survive indoors? What sort of lamp/lighting should they get?

Pansies like cool

By Almanac Staff

Pansies like cool temperatures (55 to 70 degrees). Place the pot in a sunny location not too close to a window. Keep the soil moist and remove the faded blossoms to keep your plant going.

Read more: How to Grow Pansies Indoors | Garden Guides

Never could figure out if I

By Sharonsuds

Never could figure out if I should dead head pansies below the spent blossom or at the bottom of the stem. Always assumed one way would supply longer stems and the other a bushier plant. Your expert opinion, please.

Deadheading can simply be

By Almanac Staff

Deadheading can simply be pinching off any dead blossom. However, for best results, we would advise removing the spent flowers back to a set of leaves as this keeps the plant from spending energy making seed.

I live in Los Angeles and my

By Patrick T.

I live in Los Angeles and my outdoor flower bed gets about 8 hours sun everyday. When is the best time to plant Pansies (no seeds, just flowers from Home Depot or nursery) directly outdoor?

In Los Angeles, pansies are

By Almanac Staff

In Los Angeles, pansies are best planted during your cooler seasons. You could set pansies out in the fall--early October.

i have panies growing in a

By Michelle free

i have panies growing in a pot in Ireland they are growing great the only problem is they are not up right they're hanging over the pot what am i doin wrong ?

Can I keep pansies in a

By Gagaloo

Can I keep pansies in a tropical region like Philippines? do they survive?

I live in northwestern

By sheeprule99

I live in northwestern Pennsylvania. I planted some pansies that are starting to get tall/leggy into 8" pots for a baby shower in mid-July. Any tips for how to make them grow fuller in the pots and keep them blooming until the shower?

Feed your pansies regularly

By Almanac Staff

Feed your pansies regularly using a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10. If they are getting leggy, prune them back by about 1/3. Be sure to leave some foliage behind in order for the plant to obtain energy for re-growth. Deadhead (remove spent blooms) regularly.

My pansies have gotten tall

By Leslie Peterse

My pansies have gotten tall and are falling over . There are still blooms . Can I cut them back so they will bush out?

Pansies enjoy full sun in

By Almanac Staff

Pansies enjoy full sun in cool weather. They get tall when it's too shady or they're facing the heat of summer. Cut back the plants by one third will stimulate new growth; pinch back spent blooms (deadhead) to encourage more flowers.

Do pansies bloom all

By Suzanne Filgate

Do pansies bloom all summer.I'm in Wells Maine the plants are in part shade with some afternoon sun they seen to like it and are doing well but someone told me they're a spring bloom plant.

They produce their best

By Almanac Staff

They produce their best flowers in the spring when the weather is
mild, then fade and are usually discarded when really hot weather arrives. In cool areas, pansies may last longer! In areas where long periods without frost are common, strong pansy plants will bloom in the fall and even in the winter.

I bought already planted

By Nicky Butt

I bought already planted pansies in a beautiful planter, My parents seem to think they may die from it being over crowded. I believe as long as I keep removing the dryed out dead stuff it should be fine, is it really necessary to re-plant or when should pansies be re-planted

My pansies are in the sun

By Kathy Miracle

My pansies are in the sun most of the day and are looking like they are almost dead. I water them daily. What am I doing wrong? Also how do you deadhead the pansies?

It sounds as if you are

By Almanac Staff

It sounds as if you are overwatering--and their roots may have rotted. Pansies only need about 1 inch of water during the growing season; water if it doesn't get this amount in rain. It's a good idea to deadhead to encourage longer life and blooms; just pinch off spent flowers.

pansies in the summer

By Anonymous

I planted pansies in a windowbox in March (I live in ky) and they have been doing beautifully, but I do not think they will hold up for the summer heat, there. Any suggestions?

pansies and heat

By Almanac Staff

Pansies, as you've suspected, like things cool. When the heat of summer comes, they get scraggly and blooming slows or stops. If you keep up with watering, deadhead the flowers after they fade, and shear the plants back hard after most flowering has stopped, you might keep them alive until fall, when they sometimes bloom again. Otherwise, you can replace them with summer-bloomers. Also, when selecting pansies, look for more heat-tolerant varieties, such as the Panola series.

Container planting

By Anonymous

I want to use containers for my pansies. How many plants and distance apart is appropriate? I'm using rectangular planters approx. 6 inches high by 18 inches wide.

How deep?

By Anonymous

How deep do you plant them when they are seeds?

pansy seed planting depth

By Almanac Staff

Plant pansy seeds about 1/8-inch deep. They need the soil to be about 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit, and they need darkness to germinate.

Pansy leaves are turning yellow white

By Anonymous

Lately my pansy leaves have been turning yellow white around the bottom of the plant. Is this normal?

Mine do that, too. I think

By Anonymous

Mine do that, too. I think it's from getting wet & then the sun bleaches them.

zone 5

By Anonymous

Can you tell me what the white w/ purple pansy is called. And please which group does it belong to, like Joker, Princess etc. Thank you

This pansy variety is "Pansy

By Almanac Staff

This pansy variety is "Pansy Colossus" and the white color with the purple is called "Pansy Blotch White Colossus."

companion planting

By Anonymous

I want to plant pansies in my veggie garden to add color, and because I've heard they are edible. Are there any specific companion planting do's or don't regarding interplanting pansies with vegetables or herbs?

The edible pansy is called

By Almanac Staff

The edible pansy is called "Viola x wittrockiana" and is an annual. Growing edible flowers is essentially the same as growing flowers for ornamental purposes in terms of sunlight, soil, water requirements, and so forth. Do not use chemicals since you'll be eating it. Pansies add color in cooler months and good companion plants are ornamental kale and cabbage--and snapdragons for a taller backdrop. We have tips on growing edible flowers in the Garden-Fresh Cookbook. Here is a blog about growing edible flowers:

What is my hardiness zone in RI

By Anonymous

What zone am I in Portsmouth, Rhode Island?

See the hardiness zone map

By Almanac Staff

See the hardiness zone map page here:

How to revive pansies

By Anonymous

I live in southern Ohio and bought a flat of pansies in late Feb because it was so warm tend because they were bred to go to 29 degrees. Well I've spent the last month moving them in and out of the garage as temps went to 20 some nights. But they looked good until I made the mistake leaving them outside for the past four nights when temps dipped to 26 at night and 44 in the day. They look pretty bad. They are in pots.. The good news is this is the last cool night and then highs of 60 and lows of 40! Will they make it? Should I cut back? Thank you!

Pansies are quite winter

By Almanac Staff

Pansies are quite winter hardy. They can even freeze solid and then defrost to slowly bloom again. They protect themselves in cold weather by temporarily wilting. That said, they do not like it when there are extremes from hot to cold. When it warms up, give them a shot of fertilizer and hope they will bounce back.


By Anonymous

can i trim the dead leafs or do i leave them alone?

You can safely trim dead or

By Almanac Staff

You can safely trim dead or yellowed leaves.

Planting Pansies

By Anonymous

Is it too early to plant my pansy seeds? Southeast VA.

Pansies aren't easy to grow

By Almanac Staff

Pansies aren't easy to grow from seed; start indoors in potting soil in a plastic flat about 12 weeks prior to last heavy frost, then harden off and plant outside after frost. Here are frost dates:
You may be interested in our list of best flowers to start indoors:


By Anonymous

How was water should I give them? Should 1 cup a day suffice?

Normally, you'd water pansies

By Catherine Boeckmann

Normally, you'd water pansies about 1 inch per week. However, in the winter time in pots, just water when the soil is dry below the surface. Put your finger in the dirt up to an inch below the surface--the first knuckle. When it's dry, water.

pansy and zinnia fall planting

By Anonymous

zone 8b north florida can i now plant pansies by seed or should i by plants. also can i plant zinnia seeds now for fall flowers

Now is a good time to plant

By Almanac Staff

Now is a good time to plant pansies and zinnias in Florida. Pansies like the cooler weather and will bloom for several months. They are a little hard to start from seed and require complete darkness to germinate.

New Orleans

By Anonymous

I am moving to NOLA at the end of August. Is that too late to plant Pansies? When should I expect them to bloom?

August is too hot for

By Almanac Staff

August is too hot for pansies. They don't like the heat of summer. In the South, try planting in September and they should be able to overwinter if it doesn't get too cold--and you'll have blooms through spring!

What hardiness zone am I in?

By Anonymous

What zone am I in? Boksburg, South Africa.

Depending on how near to

By Almanac Staff

Depending on how near to Johannesburg you are, you are most likely zone 8. If you are located more north of Johannesburg, then you are zone 9.

Thank you for your interest in the Old Farmer's Almanac and our Web site.

annuals mean re-planting?

By Anonymous

Can I use the seeds to re-plant? Or will they not produce blooming plants? So hybridized?

Saving pansy seeds

By Almanac Staff

Yes, you can save some seeds to replant next season as long as it's a pollinated (heirloom) variety of pansies.

How to trim pansies?

By Anonymous

My pansies grow fast and high. Do I need to wait till the flowers dies to trim them down? If I trim them now, I'll lose all the flowers.

how to trim pansies

By Almanac Staff

Hi, you don't have to wait for the flowers to die. If your pansies have grown too fast, pinch off the top 1 to 3 inches of each growing stem. Use small shears or your fingers. If your pansies are super overgrown, then prune off the top one-third of the plant. Always leave at least 2 sets of leaves on each stem so the plant will grow back. Always water and fertilize after severe pruning.
On a regular basis, trim any flowers that seem wilted--cut at the base of the stem. Pinch off any spent blossoms and leaves where they meet the stem.

Deterring Deer

By Almanac Staff

If you have deer, try scatting human hair around your plants to deter them. See more suggestions on our deer pest page here:

deer and pansies

By Almanac Staff

Yes, deer eat pansies and most every flower! However, here are suggestions on plants that are most deer-resistant:

what hardiness zone am I in

By Anonymous

What zone am i in Lethbridge alberta

According to our hardiness

By Almanac Staff

According to our hardiness zone map found at you would be in zone 3 and 4. Which means you could certainly try to grow pansies in your area!

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