Planting Asparagus From Seed

Planting Asparagus From Seed


Rate this Post: 

Average: 4.1 (14 votes)

Frost Dates

Enter a Location

Asparagus has to be my favorite early spring vegetable. Though it is wonderful cooked. I think it is best eaten raw while working in the garden.

Crunchy, succulent and flavorful, aspargus is good for you too! On top of all that it is a perennial vegetable—plant it once and enjoy it for many years.

Anything this tasty and reliable does not come easily though. It takes up a lot of space, there is a lot of prep work to get the bed ready, and it requires about three years from seed to harvest before we get to taste a single spear.

The good news is that, once started, aspargus can last a generation, so there are big rewards!

Planting Asparagus From Seed

Two years ago, I started some asparagus from seed and transplanted them to a nursery bed in the garden. They were immediately eaten by cutworms! It was late summer and I did not think they were still active. Wrong!

Imagine my relief when a few weeks later they sent up new fronds and continued to grow until freezing weather set in. Last spring they popped right up—cute little miniature spears of asparagus that turned into lush green fronds.

Since male plants are more productive we were able to figure out which ones were female when they blossomed and formed seed pods. These plants were pulled out, leaving only male plants. This spring, before any growth emerged, it was time for us to move the plants to their permanent location.


I couldn’t believe how huge the root systems had gotten!

We dug a trench about 12 inches wide and 8 inches deep. We added compost to the bottom of the trench and used it to make 4 inch high mounds about 18 inches apart in the trench.


We placed the crowns of the plants on the mounds and let the roots drape down over the sides, then covered them with a few inches of soil. As the spears grow we can continue to fill in the trench until it is level or even slightly higher than the surrounding soil. The crowns should end up at least 4 inches below the surface.

Now comes the really hard part. We can’t pick any spears this year and maybe only a few next year. The third year we can pick only spears that are finger-sized but have to stop when they get to be less than 1/2 inch in diameter.


Patience is something that doesn’t grow in my garden! I have to work at it.


Read how to plant asparagus by crowns on the Almanac’s aspargus growing guide.

About This Blog

Get inspired by Robin Sweetser's backyard gardening tips. Robin has been a contributor to The Old Farmer's Almanac and the All-Seasons Garden Guide for many years. She and her partner Tom have a small greenhouse business and also sell plants, cut flowers, and vegetables at their local Farmer's Market.

What do you want to read next?

Reader Comments

Leave a Comment

Why only males?

Why do you want only male plants?

Asparagus seedlings in the tropics

A friend gave me a small planter container with many asparagus seedlings all growing very close together. I have been watering them and now I see there are ting asparagus growing. I live in the tropics with only wet and dry season. What do I do with these plants? I want to make a bed. Do I try to separate the seedlings now? They are about 12 - 18 inch ferns and falling over. Thanks

picture of asperagus grown from seed

My daughter planted some asparagus seed this spring and I am not sure what the sprouts should look like. Do you have any pictures to share of what a new sprout looks like? Thank you. Vicki

asparagus planted from seeds (berries)

I have a 80 acre yard in middle TN. About 5 years or more ago, because of health, I can't remember. I purchased a bag or 2 of roots from Wal Mart. I stuck them in the ground. The only thing I did was call it our asparagus patch! The past two or three years I have picked may be a dozen or more and the rest I never picked. We have lots of wild black berry plants every where. We mow a few acres so the black berry plants don't mature. This year I went to the patch and started I thought was weeding but I'm not sure. I was pulling up a root system that had new growth and a root system underneath from a half to quarter inch in diameter. When I pulled it up it ran to another plant with new growth. I don't know what asparagus plants look like, I don't understand how to plant asparagus, I don't know what to do with the seeds I had in my freezer? I have access to the ground around a cattle ring that is at least two years old (it has cow manure and black rich dirt). Would that be good around asparagus plants?

It sounds like the plants you

It sounds like the plants you are pulling up could be the blackberry bushes. They tend to sprout new plants from undergound runners. Let your asparagus spears come up and mark them so you can dig them up next spring and move them away from the blackberries. Dig a trench as I explained above and plant them in a new weed-free location. The blackberries are too invasive and will choke them out. The composted manure from the cattle ring sounds like it would be perfect fertilizer for the plants. You can give the frozen seeds a try. Just plant them in a large pot of seed-starting soil and keep your fingers crossed! If they germinate, let them get to a manageable size and transplant them to a nursery bed where you can keep an eye on them.


when they are 5 inches tall do i thin them ?

Hi Susan, If you are growing

Hi Susan, If you are growing them indoors in a community flat and they are too thick you can thin them or transplant them to individual pots. After the last frost for your area they can be transplanted outdoors to a nursery bed. Space them about 6-12 inches apart to give the roots some room to grow.

Free Beginners Garden Guide

Vegetable Gardening for Beginners!
Your complete guide on how to grow a vegetable garden—from scratch!


You will also be subscribed to our Almanac Companion Newsletter