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Spring Pruning Guide for Trees and Shrubs

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Here is a spring pruning guide for trees and shrubs. The Old Farmer's Almanac presents a guide to when and how to prune specific varieties of trees and shrubs.

Apple Early spring Prune moderately. Keep tree open with main branches well spaced. Avoid sharp V-shaped crotches.
Cherry Early spring Prune the most vigorous shoots moderately.
Clematis Spring Cut weak growth. Save as much old wood as possible.
Flowering dogwood After flowering Remove dead wood only.
Forsythia After flowering Remove old branches at ground. Trim new growth.
Lilac After flowering Remove diseased, scaly growth, flower heads, and suckers.
Peach Early spring Remove half of last year's growth. Keep tree headed low.
Plum Early spring Cut dead, diseased branches; trim rank growth moderately.
Rhododendron After flowering Prune judiciously. Snip branches from weak, leggy plants to induce growth from roots.
Rose (except climbers) Spring, after frosts Cut dead and weak growth; cut branches or canes to four or five eyes.
Rose (climbers) After flowering Cut half of old growth; retain new shoots for next year.
Rose of Sharon When buds Cut all winter-killed wood to swell begin growth back to live wood.
Trumpet vine Early spring Prune side branches severely to main stem.
Virginia creeper Spring Clip young plants freely. Thin old plants and remove dead growth.
Wisteria Spring, summer Cut new growth to spurs at axils of leaves.

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I have 3 red leaf maples that

By duckfan

I have 3 red leaf maples that were trimmed to look like lollipops by the original owner. How do I go about getting them back to a more natural shape?

Hi, Duckfan: Without knowing

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Duckfan: Without knowing your trees' age and size, it's difficult to say, but we would say, Just wait. Focus on having really healthy trees. See how they are going grow when unpruned. Then, next spring, after the leaves have appeared, go in and remove any dead and competing (for sunlight) branches, just trying to encourage the natural growth and shape that result from photosynthesis's need for sunlight. This may take a couple of years, but eventually, through visual observation of their growth and their response to your intermediate prunings, you should be able to divine how to help each tree along by limited, selected pruning -- if it's even necessary. Make sure the shears are sharp!

we have a crab apple tree and

By marie snow

we have a crab apple tree and it has a major branch with extending branches which have not bloomed this spring, wondering if we should wait until fall to prune and if we should only prune where the extended branches are at the joint or remove below that. For balance affects we would like new branches to grow out from the major branch. It is our first experience with this pretty blooming crab apple on our new property in Branson MO.

Thank you so much for any advice.

I have a moderately healthy

By Foster McCowan

I have a moderately healthy silver maple. I'm wondering if I can prune now. I usually prune after last frost, but this year we went from 19 degrees to 55-70 degrees in a matter of 3-4 days, and the tree has strated to "bud". I need to prune a reasonably big limb. Will I harm the tree? Any alternative approaches?

Silver maples are best pruned

By Almanac Staff

Silver maples are best pruned in the late winter or early spring. If you need to remove a tree branch, timing is less important than procedure. Make a proper cut just outside the branch bark ridge and collar.

Thanks folks!

By Foster McCowan

Thanks folks!

Hello, I have an extremely

By Peachasaurus

Hello, I have an extremely large either lilac (I think it might be a butterfly bush due to size and the leaf coloring/size) that is in dire need of a pruning. We just purchased the house last year and am not sure if it is safe to prune now- before it starts to flower. It flowered last year in June/July. It attracts hummingbirds, hummingbird moths, giant bees, bumble bees, butterflies etc. I don't want to kill it. Just wondering if its safe to dead head the old flower bunches that have gone to seed and are all ugly and woody looking now.

OH! And I have a hedge going all the way around my house, it blooms in the summer with yellow flowers and has pea-like pods that "pop" towards the end of the season. I'm thinking its called a carregana? When can I prune these back to a manageable size?

And lastly, I have another section of the yard that has a hedge/line of shrubs/trees that have dark green largeish arrow shaped leaves that look like a lilac however it has never flowered. I would say the tree/shrub(S) are about 5 and a bit feet tall and 5 feet in diameter. What are these? Will they ever flower?

I have heard the best time to

By V Silvey

I have heard the best time to prune trees is in the Fall. Is Fall just another time that trees can be pruned, or is Spring the best time?

In general, you should not

By Almanac Staff

In general, you should not prune trees in the fall, unless it is to remove damaged, diseased, or dead wood. Fall is a time when decay fungi are especially active. Also, pruning in fall (especially early fall) can encourage new growth, which may not harden off in time before winter's temperatures hit.

You can prune some trees in winter, when the tree is dormant. In cold climates, late winter is best, but before the buds start to emerge.

For flowering trees, it is best to prune spring-flowering trees immediately after they have finished flowering, before they develop next year's flower buds. Prune summer-flowering trees in winter or early spring.

Thanks for the Pruning table.

By Labiba

Thanks for the Pruning table. If you don't mind, how and when to prune Pear Trees.

Inkberry should be cut back

By Sarah Perreault

Inkberry should be cut back in late winter or early spring.

can inkberry bushes be cut to

By dwondering

can inkberry bushes be cut to 10-12 inches in summer?

I have a wisteria plant (apx.

By kamp

I have a wisteria plant (apx. 5 yrs old) which has not bloomed - I was told to hard prune it (cut it back) which I have done I also did a light pruning, with the same results - no blooms

you may need to fertilize it.

By Shelly Cummings

you may need to fertilize it.

It can take a good six years

By Almanac Staff

It can take a good six years for a newly established wisteria to start flowering—sometimes longer! See our Wisteria page for more about pruning--and some "extreme" ideas to encourage blooming! See:

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