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Botanical name: Veronica

Plant type: Flower

USDA Hardiness Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Loamy

Flower color: Pink, Blue, Purple, White

Bloom time: Spring, Summer, Fall

Veronica , also called Speedwell, is a carefree and easy-to-grow perennial with long spikes of small petals in purple, blue, pink, or white. This attractive plant grows in clusters from 1 to 3 feet tall, and blooms from spring to autumn.

There is also a bushy ground cover variety (Prostrate speedwell) which features dense clusters of flowers and grows to about 10 inches tall.


  • Grow in moderately fertile, well-drained soil in full sun.
  • Plant in the spring. (Veronica can be sowed by seed in containers in a cold frame in autumn but most people start this perennial as a transplant from the nursery.)
  • Loosen the soil and mix in compost. Dig a hole twice the diameter of the plant's container.
  • When placing the plant in the hole, ensure the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface.
  • Water thoroughly.


  • Water in the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week.
  • Stake tall varieties.
  • Keep covered with a thin layer of compost, followed by a 2-inch layer of mulch to retain moisture.
  • Deadhead to extend bloom time.
  • After the first killing frost, cut back stems to an inch or two above the soil line.
  • Divide perennials in autumn or spring every few years.


Recommended Varieties

  •  'Crater Lake Blue' is a mat-forming perennial that grows 12 to 18 inches tall with beautiful deep, dentian-blue flowers in early summer.
  • 'Sunny Border Blue' is a clump-forming perennial that grows to 20 inches tall and bears erect sturdy spikes of tubular, dark violet-blue flowers from early summer to late autumn.
  • 'Red Fox' has very deep pink flowers on a narrow spike and grows as a mat-forming perennial to 12 inches tall, blooming from early to late summer.
  • 'Dick's Wine' is a ground cover that grows to about 10 inches tall and produces an abundance of rose-wine-colored blooms—so many that they actually hide the dark-green foliage.

Free E-Cards

Inspired? See (and send) this gorgeous image of a spring memory garden with veronica (speedwell), knock out roses, 'happy returns' daylily, coreopsis, salvia, purple coneflower, dianthus, and Japanese iris.

Credit: Deronda Adams


Special Features

  • Attracts Butterflies
  • Attracts Birds


Mine is quite large can I

By Maryanne rider

Mine is quite large can I move this plant . (Speedwell ) and if so when can I move it

To control size, perennials

By Almanac Staff

To control size, perennials are usually divided into two or three plants. Divide in spring or late summer/early fall. According to the USDA, "In spring, divide plants just as new growth emerges. Most perennials divided in late summer/early fall (mid-August through September) should be mulched in November. A 4- to 6-inch layer of straw placed over the plants should reduce the possibility of winter injury. Remove the mulch in early April."

We bought a Veronica plant

By Johann Domitin

We bought a Veronica plant from the garden centre a month ago with flowers soon ready to bloom. All the other plants for sale were in full bloom with vibrant purple flowers. When ours started to bloom they were purple but they quickly lost their colour (to white) and the tips are looking brown. The leaves are beginning to be a little limp too. We are on a balcony with only a little light in the mornings. Am I watering it too much? Why are the flowers white and looking 'dead'? PS, we're novices to plants but trying so hard. Thank you for any help!

Veronica will grow best in

By Almanac Staff

Veronica will grow best in full sun. If you only have a little sun in the mornings that could be the problem. Make sure that the soil drains well and let the plant dry out between waterings.

Help... I planted my Veronica

By Santhi harmon

Help... I planted my Veronica on spring .... It's was doing well until couple of days a go I saw half of the plant look like burn but half of the plant were ok. Btw, i planted my speedwell on east of our house where they can get sun from morning till around 2-3pm. And today I saw the whole plant are dying, ... I water it pretty much everyday... Do you think I still have a chance to save the plant ???

You may be over watering. I

By Denise O

You may be over watering. I have a ton of them on the side of my house, they get sun all day until about 4pm. They are typically fine unless it does not rain for one week.

I planted one about early

By Tonyoregon

I planted one about early May. Was full of flowers but now are all gone. The plant is still alive...what happened?

Try cutting back your

By Almanac Staff

Try cutting back your speedwell. This should encourage more blooms.

I'm new to gardening. Can

By Kelley g

I'm new to gardening. Can someone describe the best way to deadhead speedwell and st what point? Do you use scissors below the base of the bloom?

When it comes to speedwell,

By Almanac Staff

When it comes to speedwell, cut off whole spikes or clusters of small or wilted flowers.

First time planting Veronica,

By Patricia Smith Roch NY

First time planting Veronica, a variety called "Royal Candles" and it is beautiful- has new spikes forming but the ones already flowered are turning brown from the bottom up. Was going to cut these dying ones off but do not want to destroy an otherwise healthy plant- would that be the correct thing to do? Thanks!

My speedwell is getting

By Dee Kaltreider

My speedwell is getting pretty tall already and it is only the beginning of June. If I cut it now will it still bloom?

Yes, speedwell (Veronica)

By Almanac Staff

Yes, speedwell (Veronica) will rebloom if cut back to the base of the primary spike.

Help! My veronica/speedwell

By pchc13

Help! My veronica/speedwell is taking over my garden. I originally planted it for the butterflies, but it is a shorter, white, spike variety that appears to be a ground cover. Will they choke out my beautiful day lilies? What can I do?

Yes, Veronica (or, Speedwell)

By Almanac Staff

Yes, Veronica (or, Speedwell) can really spread quickly and become rather invasive. We suggest that you first try non-chemical means such as digging out. You can also suppress with mulch and mulch bare soil before growth begins next season to smother them and pull out any shoots that make it through the mulch. You can also rake out the weeds. If you must use chemical means, you need to spot treat using a weedkiller and avoid your lilies. Leave the weed for a few weeks for the weedkiller to take effect, before removing dead foliage. FYI: There are some varieties of Speedwell that are less invasive.

I have had some speedwells

By Larenda

I have had some speedwells for a few years and have yet to see them bloom...Im i doing something wrong

This could be a soil problem.

By Almanac Staff

This could be a soil problem. Make sure that your bed is well-drained and supplied with some organic fertilizer, followed by mulch. Veronica needs moderate watering, too -- in the soil, not from above -- and won't do well (if anything) if located in a place where it will bake.

I cutback my Red Fox

By Jeanne Webb

I cutback my Red Fox Speedwell last week.I also have a garden full of Waterperry Blue Speedwell groundcover.Should I cut them back as well.It's early spring and they already have new growth on them.I live in zone 6. Help! I can not find any information on cutting back this wonderfull groundcover.

We usually cut back speedwell

By Almanac Staff

We usually cut back speedwell in the fall. It's fine to cut back now. Just look for the buds and snip back to one or two buds.

I live in IN during the

By Sandra Vinson

I live in IN during the summer and leave state early Oct. When should I cutback my Speedwell?It is 2 years old.

After the first killing

By Almanac Staff

After the first killing frost, cut back stems to an inch or two above the soil line

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