What Is a Penumbral Eclipse?

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse

Share: 

Rate this Post: 

Average: 4 (24 votes)

Ever heard of a “penumbral eclipse” of the Moon? What is this? Is it an eclipse? Sort of. Let’s get to the question …

What is a Penumbral Eclipse?

To be honest, penumbral lunar eclipses are not that exciting if you’re just looking at the Moon. The Full Moon really doesn’t change its appearance during a penumbral eclipse as it does during a total eclipse of the Moon.

This is a very subtle kind of eclipse which may appear like a darker-than-usual Moon. Sometimes there’s a very slight gray shading on one part of the Moon, but almost nobody notices it.  

The diagram below shows different types of lunar eclipses. It all depends on the path taken by the Moon as it passes through Earth’s shadow. If the Moon passes through the outer circle but does not reach the inner circle, it is a penumbral eclipse. See credit.

lunar-eclipse-diagram.png

Still, the penumbral concept is pretty interesting.  Turns out, everything casts two different shadows. 

  • If you look at your own shadow on the sidewalk you’ll see a main part where the Sun is completely blocked out. But there’s also a less dark blurry fringe surrounding your shadow.  That’s your penumbral shadow. If an ant ventured into this penumbral section it would see the sun partially but not fully blocked.
  • Our planet casts a black umbral shadow into space. Anything venturing into it is completely robbed of sunlight.  Earth’s umbral shadow gets smaller and smaller the farther it goes.  It tapers like a chopstick and disappears entirely a million miles from us in the anti-sunward direction.

But Earth’s penumbral shadow behaves differently. It gets larger as it goes farther away from us.  So it’s very easy for a nearby celestial object like the Moon, if its not lined up exactly, to venture into our penumbral but miss our umbral shadow. 

See ALL your eclipse dates for the year.

About This Blog

Welcome to “This Week’s Amazing Sky,” the Almanac’s blog on stargazing and astronomy. Wondering which bright objects you’re seeing in the night sky? Want to learn about a breathtaking sight coming up? Bob Berman, longtime and famous astronomer for The Old Farmer’s Almanac, will help bring alive the wonders of our universe. From the beautiful stars and planets to magical auroras and eclipses, we’ll cover everything under the Sun (and Moon)!

Tags

Reader Comments

Leave a Comment

Tonight's eclipse

Hi, OK, so I live in Eastern WA, what time is best to view the eclipse ?

Free Beginners Garden Guide

Vegetable Gardening for Beginners!
Your complete guide on how to grow a vegetable garden—from scratch!

 

You will also be subscribed to our Almanac Companion Newsletter

solar_array.jpg

Solar Energy Production Today

0.00 kWh

Live data from the solar array at The Old Farmer's Almanac offices in Dublin, NH.