Botanical name: Allium schoenoprasum
Plant type: Herb
Sun exposure: Full Sun
Chives are a perennial member of the onion family that sport beautiful purple flowers.
Chives are cool-season, cold-tolerant perennials that are planted in early spring.
Be mindful when planting this herb, as it will take over your garden if the flowers are left to ripen (the flowers scatter the seeds). However, this plant is easy to dig up and move if it overwhelms your garden.
- Chives prefer full sun.
- Soil needs to be moist, fertile, rich, and well-draining. Before planting, incorporate 4 to 6 inches of well-composted organic matter. Apply 2 to 3 tablespoons of all-purpose fertilizer (16-16-8) per square foot of planting area. Work compost and fertilizer into the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches.
- For a head start, start the seeds indoors 8 to 10 weeks before the last spring frost. Transplants need good growth before beeing set in the garden.
- If you are growing from seed, sow as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. For the best growth, the soil should be around 60º to 70ºF.
- Plant seeds ¼ inch deep and final plant spacing should be 4 to 6 inches apart in all directions.
- It is important to give chives consistent watering throughout the growing season for high yields. Moisten the soil thoroughly when watering.
- Use mulch to conserve moisture and keep the weeds down.
- For good production, sidedress with fertilizer in May and July with 1 teaspoon of 21-0-0 per square foot.
- Minimal care is needed for fully grown plants.
- After the flowers bloom, be sure to remove them so that the seeds aren't spread throughout your garden.
- Plants grow to be 12 to 24 inches tall and may spread a foot across.
- Remember to divide the plants every 3 to 4 years in the spring. Chives are much more productive if divided regularly. Allow divided plants to grow for several weeks before harvesting.
- Bulb rots (caused by soilborne fungi)
- White rot
- Various fungal leaf spots (such as purple blotch and gray mold)
- Onion fly
- Harvest chives 30 days after you transplant or 60 days after seeding.
- Be sure to cut the leaves down to the base when harvesting (within 1 to 2 inches of the soil).
- Harvest 3 to 4 times during the first year. In subsequent years, cut plants back monthly.
- The chive plant will flower in May or June. (The flowers are edible.)
- Use chives when they're fresh or frozen (freeze the leaves in an airtight bag). Dried chives lose their flavor.
- Store chives in a cool place in a reseable container.
- Garlic chives, to add a mild garlic flavor to any dish
Wit & Wisdom
- In the garden, plant chives next to carrots.
- Bunches of chives hung in the home were used to drive away diseases and evil.