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Botanical name: Vitis

Plant type: Fruit

USDA Hardiness Zones: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Any

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic to Neutral

Grapes, a long season crop, are often ignored in home gardens, and yet are one of the most widely produced fruits in the world.

Grapevines not only produce sweet and versatile fruits, they add an element of drama to a garden or landscape. They are vigorous growers, and with the proper pruning, they will produce fruit with ease and can last longer than 30 years.

There are three different types of grapes: American (V. labrusca), European (V. viniferia), and North American native Muscadine (V. rotundifolia). American grapes are the most cold-hardy, while European grapes, usually more for wine than the table, do well in warm, dry, Mediterranean type zones. Hybrids are available. Thick skinned Muscadines thrive in the South.

Make sure you purchase grape vines from a reputable nursery. Vigorous, 1-year-old plants are best. Smaller, sometimes weaker, 1-year-old plants are often held over by the nursery to grow another year and are then sold as 2-year-old stock. Obtain certified virus-free stock when possible.


  • Plant dormant, bare-root grape vines in the early spring.
  • Construct a trellis or arbor before planting. Grape vines will need to be trained to some sort of support to grow upward. This will also cut the risk of disease.
  • Most grape varieties are self-fertile. To be sure, ask when you are buying vines if you will need more than one plant to for pollination.
  • Before planting grapevines, soak their roots in water for two or three hours.
  • Select a site with full sun. If you don't have a spot with full sun, make sure it at least gets morning sun. A small amount of afternoon shade won't hurt. Your soil needs to be deep, well-drained, and loose. You also need good air circulation.
  • Space vines 6 to 10 feet apart (16 feet for muscadines).
  • For each vine, dig a planting hole 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. Fill with 4 inches of topsoil. Trim off broken roots and set the vine into the hole slightly deeper than it grew in the nursery. Cover the roots with 6 inches of soil and tamp down. Fill with the remaining soil, but don't tamp this down.
  • Prune the top back to two or three buds at planting time.
  • Water at time of planting.


  • In the first couple of years, the vine should not be allowed to produce fruit. It needs to strengthen its root system before it can support the extra weight of fruit.
  • Pruning is important. Not only would vines run rampant without control, but canes will only produce fruit once. Prune annually when vines are dormant, in March or April. This is before the buds start to swell, but when winter damage is apparent.
  • Don't be afraid to remove at least 90 percent of the previous season's growth. This will ensure a higher quality product. Remember, the more you prune, the more grapes you will have.
  • In the first year, cut back all buds except for 2 or 3. Then, select a couple of strong canes and cut back the rest. Make sure the remaining canes are fastened to the support.
  • In the second year, prune back all canes. Leave a couple of buds on each of the arms. Remove flower clusters as they form.
  • Do not fertilize in the first year unless you have problem soil. Fertilize lightly in the second year of growth.
  • Use mulch to keep an even amount of moisture around the vines.
  • A mesh net is useful in keeping birds away from budding fruit.



  • If grapes aren’t ripening, pinch back some of the foliage to let in more sunlight.
  • Grapes will not continue ripening once picked from the vine. Test a few to see if they are too your liking before harvesting, usually in late summer-early fall.
  • Grapes can be stored for up to six weeks in the cellar, but grapes can absorb the odors of other fruits and vegetables, so keep them separate. Use cardboard boxes or crates lined with clean, dry straw. Separate bunches with straw or sawdust. Check often for spoilage.
  • See our article on Making Jams and Jellies.


Recommended Varieties

Note: Seedless varieties will produce smaller grapes.

  • ‘Edelweiss’ Hardy, early white variety. Table and wine.
  • ‘Reliance’ Hardy, seedless, pink table grape.
  • ‘Seibel’ Hybrid, wine grape. Cold hardy.
  • ‘Swenson Red’ Cold hardy red table grape.
  • ‘Magnolia’ White Muscadine wine grape. Sweet.
  • 'Valiant' Eating grape hardy to Zone 2.


Wit & Wisdom

Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) resemble grapes only in that they grow in clusters, but that was sufficient reason for early European explorers in Barbados to bestow this name on them.

Grapevines near Santa Barbara, California.

Credit:California Tourist & Gal Pal


I hope you could help me out

By Justin Limsh on March 28

I hope you could help me out to get my 2 grape vines to flower after planting them for 2 years.

Sir,I have planted 10 crops

By shivrajsinghjite on March 24

Sir,I have planted 10 crops of seadless veriaty of Thomsons grapes in my garden.All the plants are growing nicely .I have put square steel pipe to support the vertical growth of plants.Is it alright or should I put wooden advise. The pune(Maharashtra) is min 15& Max.37 degree Celsius. Thanks.

We inherited a concord grape

By Amleigh1 on March 21

We inherited a concord grape vine that is probably close to 100 years old- used to make wine by my great-grandmother. I have a dehydrator, and my son loves dehydrated fruit. We are going to cut it back and restart the growing process. Will it take about three years for the vine to yield fruit again? Also, can we dehydrate the grapes to make raisins? It seems like raisins would be extremely difficult with the all the seeds. Is there anything else this type of grape is good for (besides wine)?

If the vine is healthy you

By Almanac Staff on March 23

If the vine is healthy you can prune it back to 5 to 6 feet while it is still dormant. It will have lots of new growth this summer but probably no grapes. If you like more plants you can start new grape plants  from the cuttings. You need to prune again later to shape your vines. Concord grapes are great for juice, jams and purees (that you can freeze). To dry the grapes cut them in half and remove the seeds first.

i just got 6 concord grades

By vaught10 on March 9

i just got 6 concord grades in a small contaner at lowes i have them in my house by the window till i can plant them in a couple weeks do i water them a lot or do anything to them till i plant them

Just water to keep the soil

By Almanac Staff on March 10

Just water to keep the soil moist. Do not overwater. Good luck with your grapes!




Hi Kenneth, Most grapes are

By Almanac Staff on March 10

Hi Kenneth,
Most grapes are true to their variety and there is no problem growing them close to each other.

Last year after the buds

By Joe Ohlemueller

Last year after the buds formed they became covered with white fuzz.Grape production Was terrible . The prior year we had black rot.

I want to grow grapes. I have

By Barkat Ali Riaz

I want to grow grapes. I have 10 Acres land (220ftX198ft) plots for this purpose. The temperature varies from 0 degree C in winter to 50 degree C in summer. Ground water is potable and available for pumping at 80 ft below. However I have already installed an electric turbine of 1 cusec capacity.
Kindly provide me the details for grapes cultivation

Barkat Ali Riaz



I live in the NC Outer Banks.

By deborah bennett

I live in the NC Outer Banks. Zone 8 . Very sandy soil. Occasional flooding with brackish water during hurricanes. Would Mars seedless (vitris) have chance growing in this environment? Or can you suggest a seedless grape with a similiar taste for this environment. Thank you.

We don't have much experience

By Almanac Staff

We don't have much experience growing fruits or grapes in brackish water. If the flooding doesn't happen often we suggest that you start with a few grape plants and see how they survive. You can also grow grapes in containers that can be moved in case of a flood threat.

I recently purchased a home

By BruceNY

I recently purchased a home that has some concord and pinot gris grapes. The last season produced roughly 20 pounds of each variety. The vines are way overgrown and the supports are getting weak and need to be replaced. What is the best was to prune them back, remove them from their existing support system to transfer them to a new support system, and how can I save some of the cuttings to create more vines?

With overgrown grapes, just

By georgewilson

With overgrown grapes, just hack them down in late winter (about a month or less before the last frost). Leave 2 strong healthy canes or arms from the grape trunk (with bark on them) and cu back to two buds per arm. It may sound aggressive but grapes can take it and you'll be amazed at the fruit production. Ask your local county cooperative extension office for more advice.

We're in SW Idaho & have a 4

By Diane in Idaho

We're in SW Idaho & have a 4 year old healthy grapevine that produces loads of grapes each year. We love watching the birds love the fruit. This year they did not come. Here it is, Nov 30, the leaves are gone but the vine is still full of bunches of grapes. Why did the birds not come this year?

That is a puzzle. Sometimes

By Almanac Staff

That is a puzzle. Sometimes birds will not return because they have found another preferred source of food. Or, there might be a predator that has moved in (including a domestic cat or dog, or a fox or hawk), or something else that has made them uneasy (such as a child playing nearby). Or, there might have been a change in environment (such as logging, development, etc.) that has removed shelter, water, etc. nearby. Weather can also play a role--was the summer unusually warm, rainy, etc.? Also, have the grapes been treated differently this year? Such as any pesticides? Sometimes, it's just that the flocks didn't choose to visit your area in numbers this time. Hopefully, though, they will visit next year.

I bought a Thompson's

By lori mecham

I bought a Thompson's seedless and red flame grape combo in one pot from Costco. I reported it In a bigger pot . We just bought a house and I want to separate them and plant them in the ground. I am worried they will die if I try to separate them.Should I just leave them alone or can ibtry to prune the roots to.separate them?

It's recommended to plant

By Almanac Staff

It's recommended to plant grapes in the spring. Leave the plants in the pot over the winter. It's a good idea to separate the two varieties. In spring remove the grapes from the pot and brush away as much of the soil as possible. Then use your hands to gently pull them apart. If you need to prune a few of the roots it shouldn't hurt the plants.

I would like to plant grapes

By Johanna Chumley

I would like to plant grapes near my raised bed garden. The grapes would be placed along a cinderblock wall. My hope is to use them for grapes, but also as a decorative addition to my sunny side yard here in Phoenix, AZ. Any suggestions? Will they do ok in an area like that? Will the other plants help or hinder the vines growth?

i also like to plant.would

By Johanna Chumley

i also like to plant.would you join me?

This is my first grape vine

By Richard Devlin

This is my first grape vine and I'm wondering when to prune it 2 vines are pencil thick and about 7 ft long please let me know oh it a concord do I need 2 for pollinate

I have a concord grape that I

By Doug Cherry on March 18

I have a concord grape that I pruned back last week here in Chicago. It is best to prune the vines in late winter when the first sunny days arrive (and the snow has finally gone for a while), but before the buds start to break. Pruning in the fall is fine too although there's no way to be absolutely sure which branches may die off from the cold. Pruning later won't kill the grape but it will bleed sap at such a rate that you will never want to chance it again. Mine grows up the corner of a garage to 7 feet then along the 2 sides for about 12-15 feet each way. Last year it produced about 25+ lbs of fruit and despite my not spraying, the only pest was a small caterpillar (looper) that chewed into the berries.

This is my third year and

By Edgar50

This is my third year and first of fruit production. Between June and July I had 10 grape clusters which we ate because it was to few to produce wine. I thought, well that's it for the season. But a month latter the vine started producing clusters again and now we have about 16 clusters starting to enter the veraison stage. That's OK, but the vine insist in producing more and now I also have about 6 flower buds. Some of the leaves are also turning yellow in a faster rate. The question is, What I do now. Should I cut the flowers should I allow them to produce the third crop of the season?

It depends on where you live.

By Almanac Staff

It depends on where you live. If you live in a colder region the flower buds will probably not have a chance to mature into grapes. With less daylight hours the grapes vines will slow down and the leaves will turn yellow. We suggest that you remove the flower buds and let the energy from the vine go to the ripening 16 clusters.

Hello, I have a question

By Jim Bisordi

Hello, I have a question maybe you can help me with.
My l'acadie grapes I have planted in Nova Scotia came down with powdery mildew this year. I sprayed them but they lost a lot of leaves. Last week we had a frost that killed off the leaves that were left. Will the grapes continue to ripen?
Thank You

If you had a hard frost and

By Almanac Staff

If you had a hard frost and the foliage has died back, the grapes will no longer ripen. You should pick them as soon as possible before they dry out on the vine.

We have an grape plant . It

By Milan Singh

We have an grape plant . It gives small grapes and with seeds but it doesn't get riped on plant . Now what to do to get it riped.

Our arbor is old and huge.

By nbolden

Our arbor is old and huge. 20 years ago it produce a large harvest and has dwindled to practically nothing. The young grapes shrivel up and become hard and black. It has been pruned and spayed with a fungicide. The handful of grapes I pulled yesterday were great, but only have a handful. HELP!

In addition to spring pruning

By Almanac Staff

In addition to spring pruning you may need to summer prune as well. During the summer months take out sprouts that don't have fruit and shorten branches that do have fruit to focus energy into producing grapes. Also remove leaves on the top of the canopy to let more sunshine on the fruit.

Hello! Last fall I

By Heather J

Hello! Last fall I transplanted an extremely aged grapevine from my relatives property in hopes of preserving it.... Fast forward to one year later... I do not have any grapes growing, however, it seems like the vine itself is growing. Is there still hope for grapes in the coming years? Thank you for your help!

Hi Heather, If it is a very

By Almanac Staff

Hi Heather,
If it is a very old grapevine it may need some pruning early next spring, before it starts growing again. You can also take some cuttings when it is dormant and start new plants.

I live in the Caribbean with

By steve kissoon

I live in the Caribbean with two seasons, 6 months dry and 6 months rainy, I got two grape plants from Denmark. Can you recommend if to plant into the ground where there are lots of sunlight or partial morning sun, as our temperature can reach to 36 deg celcius, we dont experience winter.

I have a concord grape plant

By Nargis Hashmi

I have a concord grape plant in my driveway corner. Actually there is a space 12 x 12 inches hole in the cemented area.
Plant produces lots of grapes, but very small. 1/2 inch maximum.
Plant seems healthy. There is lots of sun there. What should i do to make grapes grow bigger !

Hi, Nargis: One thing to do

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Nargis: One thing to do is to add a little phosphorus (in the form of bonemeal) to the soil. Repeat: a little, like a quarter of a cup for your area. Then, you need to study up on pruning, with an eye toward systematically paring down the vine shoots and immature clusters (this is called "green harvesting") so that more of the vine's resources can be directed into the remaining fruit. There is an art and timing to this, though, so don't just start cutting. Thanks for asking!

Once again new to gardening

By Jacob Wentz

Once again new to gardening and I will be transplanting from a Square Foot Garden soon and need to know what size container I should use as a temporary measure until we buy a house. Also need suggestions for providing support for the canes. I will probably prune it back as well. It presently has one very long cane that is now supported by a A frame of sorts. Would that work in a container?

The bigger the container the

By Almanac Staff

The bigger the container the better. Grape roots like to spread out. Make sure the pot has good drainage and mix equal parts of good quality topsoil, peat moss, and compost for the soil mix. You can use a trellis for support or place the container close to a wall or fence for extra support. Prune in late winter when the grape is dormant.

Three years ago I was given 4

By Max McFarlin

Three years ago I was given 4 grape vines. I built arbors and planted them. This is the 1st time I have gotten a crop of any size - perhaps 50 bunches. But the bunches are ripening unevenly. In a bunch, there will be green grapes, ripe grapes, and even a few over ripe grapes. When should I harvest them and what should I do after I harvest them?


I've planted two vines (Vitis

By Ted Jenkins

I've planted two vines (Vitis Flame Seedless) and trained the vine to grow up posts to an 8' trellis. Still in the first year, they've reached the top and I guess I want to halt growth for the year. Do I simply cut back the new growth to allow the vine to get stronger?


Normally, we only prune it

By Almanac Staff

Normally, we only prune it back vigorously in the early spring when the vine is still dormant before leaf-out happens. If you need to prune it back to reduce too much growth, however, it should be OK as long as it's not too severe.

I planted varieties of grapes

By gus khattab

I planted varieties of grapes in my yard, seeded and seedless within some 6 ft. from each other. I am now wondering whether all of them will produce seeded fruit by cross pollination.

We transplanted a mature

By RKate

We transplanted a mature grapevine last year so it will grow up and over our patio arbor. Though the fruit on this plant is marvelous in taste & color we desire the plant to grow up & over the arbor. Can you inform us as to the best methods for growing a grapevine up & over?? We're not certain as how to prune it or keep it...many questions with this new idea!

thanks kindly!


Yes, here is a helpful

By Almanac Staff

Yes, here is a helpful reference article on how to grow grapes on an arbor:
Good luck!

I was searching for an idea

By Darrin J D

I was searching for an idea on harvest time and found this helpful article, thank you!
We started with two Concord grapevines and I must say, they make for great privacy as they are mammoth. We did not get fruit the first few years then, this year, no less then 50 bushels that are doing great. What's peculiar is the fact that we live in north Texas and the heat is in the high 90's and more often 100 degrees for weeks.. We are under water restrictions due to the severe drought here and we follow the orders to water merely twice a week... These things will not stop growing! In fact, no matter what we grow, just takes off! All the type fruits and vegetables I've grown in New England for years that are harvested in the fall have an additional 2-3 months of high heat grow time... Does this make any sense?
I also wonder, can, and should I, prune back my out of control grapevines though I do so in early spring or should I keep retraining them and wait?

Enjoy your bounty and take

By Almanac Staff

Enjoy your bounty and take adventage of the warmer weather to grow varieties that love the heat.
The grapes will benefit from pruning in early spring.

I planted a concord grapevine

By Betsy Burnett

I planted a concord grapevine about 4years ago, get lots of flowers. but no grapes, any suggestions as to why this happens???

Thank you so much for the

By Christiana Moore

Thank you so much for the great info. I just moved back to East TN where the house I am renting has tons, and I do mean tons, of grapes/grapevines. I was not sure about when to actually harvest and how long grapes will keep. This helped so much. Thank you again!!

Is there anyone in

By R.Costantini

Is there anyone in southeastern PA. Who knows grapes??? I have a 10' by 25' vine, and right now there are probably 1000 grapes and I have no idea when to pick them. They have never ( in 7yrs I've been working on them) gotten sweet. Any help or wine making help would be greatly appreciated. thanks Bob..

My grapes are small, dried up

By Jane Bunner

My grapes are small, dried up and turned brown. What happen? They had about 6 weeks before they should have turned purple.

If you have not pruned your

By Almanac Staff

If you have not pruned your grapes the fruit tends to be small. Pollination is also very important and if the grapes have not been pollinated they will stop growing and shrivel up.

my grape vines look so

By elizabeth petty

my grape vines look so good,but my grapes are small,my husband pruned in feb.when the leaves where i need to prune more or is there something i need to add to the soil.

Thanks for this great info.

By Dennis Toma

Thanks for this great info. My mom wanted a grape tree and I was going to plant one for mothers day, but I couldn't. So I started now for her birthday. THANKS!

You are welcome, Dennis. It

By Almanac Staff

You are welcome, Dennis. It made our day to get a thank you from you. 

I live in Maryland by the

By thegrinch

I live in Maryland by the Bay. I have a concord grape vine in its second year (this is June). I am a bit confused about how to let it grow. Right now I have two wires trellis. The first one about 46" up and the second wire about a foot above the first wire. I have laterals growing on each side on the top and bottom wires.

The laterals are starting to extend past the 4x4 post on each side on both wires. Do I cut them from growing past the post since there is no more wire past the post, or do I let them keep growing longer?

I have a grapevine that has

By Jill P

I have a grapevine that has been producing for the last 2 years. This year I am not getting any growth on the vines, just shoots from the base of the plant. I did cut back the vine some when I harvested the grapes last year. Was that too early to prune maybe? What would be causing this?

hello, I started a grape

By Timothy N Aubin

hello, I started a grape vine from a seed that i saved form store bought grapes, they are growing great, however, i have about 12 grape bunches on one vine, that started to grow little green grapes, then i sprayed them with (seven-bug control) however within two weeks of growth in the second year, all of the green bud grapes are gone, (every single one of them) all that is left is a stem with ,little fuzz at the end, i did not see any bugs or birds after them, what did i do wrong?
Thanks, Tim

You did nothing wrong, what

By Rachel Creamer

You did nothing wrong, what you thought were the grapes were the grape flower buds. The little fuzz is the flower that you hope will get pollinated. :) If it does, grapes are the fruit that grow from the pollinated flower bud.

will growing seedless grapes

By a obrest

will growing seedless grapes near seeded ones make them develop seeds? thank you so much.

Sometimes a seedless variety

By Almanac Staff

Sometimes a seedless variety will develop tiny seeds if cross-pollinated by seeded grapes near by. To ensure that your grapes remain seedless, plant the different varieties at least 75 feet apart.

I have global grapes, I

By Mary Pearson

I have global grapes, I started them from seed. For the last three the fruit production has been heavy. I cut them back early last .like in december because they were threw. This year they have beautiful lush foilage, but as of today no fruit what so ever. Any suggestion? Can you tell me what I need to do, I am sick because I have grown this vine from seed that I got from the store and planted, pampered and loved. Can you please help me as soon as possible?

Thank you so much for your time and iy Hope to hear from you as soon as possible. Thanks Mary Pearson

Pruning of grapevines is

By Almanac Staff

Pruning of grapevines is recommended anytime after the leaves fall and through the dormant period. Pruning before the leaves fall can lead to  poor bud maturation, which can affect the growth of the vine the following spring. Timing of pruning during the dormant season may also affect the time the vines start budding. You may have pruned too early. Your plant will be OK and you'll have a nice harvest next year.

I bought 50 grapevines last

By Esther R. Zaccone

I bought 50 grapevines last year from a vineyard. 25 cab sav, 9 zinfandel, 8 regent, and 8 mouverdre. I live in mid tennessee, they are planted on a slope in good sun, good drai.nage...they were doing great last year... we had a very cold of today, may 8th, only 9 of the 50 vines have leaves and growth....the rest are all brown and look dead....i did exactly the same to all of there anything i can do to know for sure, and anything i can to to salvage them....i was told its almost impossiible to kill vines......yet it looks like 40 of mine are dead......any info/ help is appreciated! Very upset!!!

We hope that you by now, late

By Almanac Staff

We hope that you by now, late May, have more grapevines budding. The winter may have killed a few of the vines but also different varieties of grapes bud at different times, some early, some late.

We live in zone 9a and hope

By Dawna Johnson

We live in zone 9a and hope to plant a Flame & Thompson seedless together if possible, and train on an old metal headboard. We have a garden full of containers and raised beds. We understand a smaller root system means a smaller yield but there are just the two of us and knowing once planted its pretty much permanent. Can we plant them together in a 4' x 4' area? Also, are gophers a threat to the root system?

Flame and Thompson grapes are

By Almanac Staff

Flame and Thompson grapes are great choices for the home garden. However, you can not plant them so close together.
According to Burpee, the spacing for Thomson Grapes is 15 to 30 feet apart. Each vine requires about 15 feet of growing space on a metal trellis.
In general, we wouldn't put vines closer than 8 feet apart nor rows closer than 12 feet apart. Otherwise, the vines compete for sun, water, and nutrients and it will hurt your grape production and quality. Plus, proper spacing means better air circulation and less chance of disease.

Thank you. We do have a 12'

By Dawna Johnson

Thank you. We do have a 12' or 14' bed we can place them near opposite ends and build a trellis system between them. Which leads me to another question to best utilize our somewhat limited growing area ... can we plant anything edible beneath them ie carrots, radishes, green onions, beets or low lying vines ie cucumbers or zucchini? any flowers ie marigolds? Thank you again for your advise

Hi I am from maldives and

By Jin

Hi I am from maldives and pumped up to grow grape vines. but I have never seen a grape vine in the maldives. we are in the equator..temperature here is about between 28c○-45c○. almost always through out the year. We have only two seasons rainy and sunny. But now its very complicated and might rain any day. It rains for an hour and stops and sun shines kinda situation. Sunny season its all about sunny days. So what kind of grapes do ya think is best for the tropical maldives where we have a lot of sand no rocks?? Extremely desperate here!! Thank ya!!
P.s. growing grape vine in the Maldives is what I want!!

Not sure about the Maldives

By Vance

Not sure about the Maldives but even if grapes struggled there I'd be stunned if you couldn't grow Muscadines. Even in the most scorching heatwaves with little rain they still seem to thrive. They don't really produce in clusters though, not the ones we have at least. As a sidenote, one of the ones my grandfather planted in South Alabama when I was a kid is approximately 25-30 feet tall at this point.

I am in a zone 5 growing

By k. fahnestock

I am in a zone 5 growing area. Our last "official" frost date is not until May 31. Days are fine, but still can get light frost till end of May. I ordered, and received several grape vines, 2 and 3 yr old vines. Do I really need to wait till after May 31, or would they be ok to plant outside now? Keeping them in the house is space/time consuming and their access to sunlight limited. Right now, days in 50-60F range, nights upper 30s-low 40s.

Assuming the grape variety is

By Almanac Staff

Assuming the grape variety is for your zone, it is usually fine to set out grapes 3 to 4 weeks before the last frost date. Choose an area that receives full sun and is sheltered from prevailing winds. The soil should be well-drained and slightly acidic. 

I live in zone 9 South Texas.

By Anonymous

I live in zone 9 South Texas. We just bought a house and was wondering what's the best table grape vine for this area? We want to build a trellis for it as well with sitting area under it. What is the best way to stabilize them to last for many many years and produce grapes? Do we need to water it much or the moisture in the air being close to the ocean will be enough?

Thank you,

Muscadine grapes are very

By Almanac Staff

Muscadine grapes are very easy to grow. There are about 15 varieties available. They need full sunlight and good drainage for optimum production. The vines are able to withstand long periods of drought without any damage to the vine. Pruning is important for fuit production and you can find many informative "how to prune grapes" videos online.

I'm having a problem with my

By Sharon DeGriselles

I'm having a problem with my grape leaves. They are having small brown spots on the leaves. What do I need to do for my grapes? Also, some leaves curl in like someone sewed the edges and pulled the string. New grape grower only have two grape vines about 3 years old.

Your grape plants may have a

By Almanac Staff

Your grape plants may have a foliage disease called black rot. You need to have a spraying program with fungicides such as benomyl. See your local garden center and bring a sample. Black rot won't usually kill the vines unless it's severe and occurs on a yearly basis. Start now--and next year, apply earlier to prevent this damage. Keep the vine well watered and free of pests.

Thank you I'll look into it.

By Sharon DeGriselles

Thank you I'll look into it.

I liv ein Italy but comming

By nancypidan

I liv ein Italy but comming bacl to USA what is the name for a fragola grape in USA?

This is Vitis vinifera

By Almanac Staff

This is Vitis vinifera 'Fragola.'  We are not familiar with this variety in North America and it seems hard to get a hold of. It seems as if the Concord grape is close, but not quite right. Perhaps someone in our community can help!

I have a 5 month old grape

By John Dy

I have a 5 month old grape vine, it grew from a seed that I planted on a small pot, I was wondering on how I can take care of it properly, any tips on how I can ensure that it grows healthy?

If your grape vine has rooted

By Almanac Staff

If your grape vine has rooted in the pot, then you can move to a loarger pot (a gallon container) or plant the vine in the ground in the fall when the leaves drop, and water in well.

I live in Rio Rancho, NM. I'm

By Bbbba

I live in Rio Rancho, NM. I'm planning to plant vines. I was wandering what type of vine is the best in this kind of climate (7a hardiness zone)?
Also, the soil in here is "fine sandy loam". What do I need to add to the soil to have better grapes?


"Golden Muscat," "'Himrod

By Almanac Staff

"Golden Muscat," "'Himrod Seedless," and "'Seneca" are some American hybrid grape varieties that seem to grow well in Zone 7 and central New Mexico.

Fine sandy loams is exactly what you want for growing grapes. The soil should be of average fertilize and drain well. If fertility is low, you can mix in some organic matter (well-rotted manure, compost, peat moss or a green manure crop).

Prepare the vineyard site a year ahead of planting to allow for soil pH adjustment, fertility-building, and eradication of weeds. 

See this page for more detail: Contact your NM cooperative extension for local advice.

Hi, I planted several table

By Renaldo


I planted several table grape vines 20 years ago. Not one grape came from them over the course of two decades. This year, they are bearing out of the blue. Does anyone have an explanation for this? I've pruned over the years and they never bore. I've also fertilized to no avail. I can think of no reason why they would suddenly fruit.


As long as you were pruning

By Almanac Staff

As long as you were pruning and fertilizing correctly, and that the plants were getting enough sunlight etc., and were healthy, it is a mystery why no flowers would form. Incorrect pruning, or too much fertilizer, can affect blooming. Amount of full sunlight per day is also important. If plants have had any setbacks, such as diseases or pests, that can also affect blooming. If there are not enough pollinators, then you might get small fruit that shrivels. In general, sometimes if plants are under stress, they will bloom (not sure if grapes do this). Make sure that your plants are appropriate for your climate--those that are not quite hardy in your area may take longer to establish, if they survive. (Although it probably wouldn't take 20 years!) Check the health of the plants, and other conditions that may have changed. If the plants look fine, congratulations on your first crop!

I have just moved in to a

By TimH

I have just moved in to a house that had old vines. They look scary and creepy like something surrounding a haunted house. How can I tell if they are alive?

To see if your old grapevine

By Almanac Staff

To see if your old grapevine is still alive, take a pocket-knife and carefully scrape back the top layer of the bark to the cambium: the thin layer beneath the bark. Do not cut any further. If the colour of the cambium is a nice green, it's alive. If it's brown, it's dead. If it's very pale green, it may be dying.
Grapevines are quite resilient. If you find it's alive, you can do some very heavy pruning. You can remove 90% of the plant and spark the vine into new growth. Grapevines are very forgiving so it is hard to mess up.

By TimH
Looks like it's dead

I planted some vines about 3

By richqrd v,

I planted some vines about 3 years ago, and thought they would use a rail fence behind them to grow on, but they didn't and the trunks are close to horizontal now. They have been growing well and even produced new vines, but I'm not sure how to attempt to stake them at this point. Should I just try to stake the newer flexible branches? Suggestions? Thanks.

It sounds like you didn't

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like you didn't train the vines to grow straight the first year. The second year you train the side branches by pruning. Different varieties often respond differently to pruning. Look online for pruning and staking techniques to see if you can find something that will suit your grapes.

Our scuppernongs aren't as

By Zandra

Our scuppernongs aren't as sweet as they should be. Could you offer some advice? We live in zone 7.

Full sun is the key to sweet

By Almanac Staff

Full sun is the key to sweet grapes. Well drained rich soil is also important. And make sure that they are fully ripe before picking them.

I would really LOVE to grow

By Gale Head

I would really LOVE to grow grapes! Unfortunately my zone is closer to zone 3 than zone 4 which is what my area is listed as in all the catalogues. Is there a grape you would recommend. This summer will be the second summer for my one seedless pink reliance. I was thrilled when it made it through that first winter and am holding my breath that it will make it though this winter. It's rated for zone 4. It did get a little growth but not much. Is there ANY grape rated for zone 3?

Checkout American hybrids

By E K Miller

Checkout American hybrids such as Foch, Valiant, Frontenac, and Brianna(white-1st three are red). Very hardy.Valiant has a concord background and grapiest flavor- created in SD.

Hi Gale, Here are a couple of

By Almanac Staff

Hi Gale,
Here are a couple of grapes rated for Zone 3.

King of North is a blue grape hardy to -37F. Bluebell is another blue hardy grape. Beta is a cross between Concord and the native North American riverbank grape. It's deep purple and sweet. Valiant is one of the best cold-hardy grapes for the North. Similar to Beta in color and taste. Morden 9703 is a new, hardy green table grape.  May need some winter protection.

Hi! Can you tell me where I

By Gale Head

Hi! Can you tell me where I can find these cold hardy grape varieties? THANK YOU!


By Gale Head

THANK YO SO MUCH! YAY!!! Grapes for Zone 3!! I can't believe it!! I would certainly love to try these grapes! However, I've checked the usual catalogues and no one carries any of these grape varieties. Do you have a source or a catalogue that might have these grapes? Thank you again!

Hi Gale, Here are a couple of

By Almanac Staff

Hi Gale,
Here are a couple of sources.

Thank you so much! I'll

By Gale Head

Thank you so much! I'll certainly check into those sites!

We have grapes that produce

By V Warren

We have grapes that produce wonderfully each year and are wanting to expand and grow more to make wines. We have a couple of bare acres with some pine and oak trees surrounding. We are planning to cut the eastern most trees for good morning sun. My question is, will the remaining trees harm the growth or flavor of the grapes?

Hi Warren, Grapes are

By Almanac Staff

Hi Warren,

  • Grapes are very adaptable to varying soils so you should be fine planting on your bare acres. Remember that grapes need lots of sun and no competition from nearby trees, good air circulation and loose, not too fertile soil with good drainage. The pines and oaks you leave standing should not harm the flavor of the grapes.


we live in mexico..east of

By ed dodt

we live in mexico..east of mexico city,,,.7,000 feet above sea night it can freeze (January)...but, in the daytime it can get into the low 70' grape plants are four years old and this year produced some grapes...I have been waiting for cold weather to trim...and one of them is setting fruit...all the vines are in a large patio area that gets light and is somewhat protected from frost...the vine in question has great buds and some tiny fruit set...I don't think it's possible for the fruit to last through winter...will it still produce next year...thanks ed

Grapes in NE Texas, sandy

By l. davis

Grapes in NE Texas, sandy soil. 4 year old plants. Lots of sweet fruit, but remains green and thick skinned when picking time comes.
Are we overwatering? These are Concord grapes, well pruned the last two years.

Some grape-growers have

By Almanac Staff

Some grape-growers have experienced uneven ripening this year, particularly with their concord grapes. According to Purdue University Small Fruit Specialist Bruce Bordelon, this condition is known to only on the Concord variety and occurs occasionally, especially in warm years. Uneven ripening is when some of the berries in the cluster remain sour, hard and green while others develop the purple color and soften during the ripening process. The green berries will be full-sized, but will not be sweet. For some reason, those berries never go through the increase in sugar and decrease in acids that commonly occurs during fruit ripening. It is not clearly understood why this phenomenon occurs, but hot weather is partly responsible. We hope that next year improves.

I want to grow grapes near

By Shivaram

I want to grow grapes near Bangalore, India.... please suggest which is the best grapes to grow.....

Some 15-20 years ago I

By Gregory Di Maio

Some 15-20 years ago I planted two rows of grapes (8 plts. to a row) and they took off very well. I can not remember now what routine we used a lot of compost and my 160lb. BullMastiff continued to help with that up until 15 years ago. Due to lack of any care (my health problems) the grapes crossed from their trellis to some nearby Douglas Fir trees. Now the trees and the grapes are a 20+ feet high and producing very well, esp. at ranges above 10 feet. What would be the best way to get these to a normal height without hurting them any. We live near Jamestown, NY 14701 and the grapes are Concords.

Grapes are very forgiving. In

By Almanac Staff

Grapes are very forgiving. In early spring when the plants are dormant prune the vines and leave about 4 feet of main trunk, and only a couple of trailer "branches".

Just got 2 grapevines.they

By Chas Richardsono

Just got 2 grapevines.they have about 12"of growth how far should I cut back?they are Catawba grapevines,there are 2stems each stem has12" of growth.we live in Petersburg illinois

Plant the grapes as soon as

By Almanac Staff

Plant the grapes as soon as possible before the soil freezes. Don't prune the canes now, wait until early spring when you see buds developing. Then prune so that you have about 2-3 healthy fat buds on each stem.

my grapes plant is all most

By anis

my grapes plant is all most three old it it is look like vine grapes size is not vry big brown clr but not sweet at all
what to do pl help anis

Thanks for the great info in

By Gillan Rutz

Thanks for the great info in 2013!

My father is growing grapes

By monica sweetin

My father is growing grapes 3yr and is concerned he has not gotten fruit due to the climate in clipper mills ca. Approx 4500 elevation and tall trees. This year he removed some trees to allow more sun. Should he follow basic rules of growing. I did explian your info about not getting fruit till 3rd yr and pruning back 90% of previous growth.

The removal of trees will

By Almanac Staff

The removal of trees will help. Grapes need a lot of sun. It is also important to prune the old vines in late winter for healthy new growth next spring.

I have grapes that I planted

By Karen Z

I have grapes that I planted 3 years ago. This year they started producing clusters of fruit. However, most clusters have some grapes that are large, purple, and sweet, while most of the grapes on the cluster are still small, with many still being green. Will they all catch up to be ripe together?

The difference in size can be

By Almanac Staff

The difference in size can be caused by how and when each little flower in the cluster was fertilized. After fertilzation a tiny seed starts growing and the grape grows around the seed. The small berries on you cluster may not have been fertilized properly.


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All my grape fruits are all

By Nancy Mendoza

All my grape fruits are all ripe but what concerns me is that they are all so tiny. Would it eventually become bigger in size in the future ? Thanks.

Hi, Nancy, Grapes grow on

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Nancy, Grapes grow on canes that grew the previous summer (one-year-old wood). Our sources say that un- or underpruned grape vines produce small clusters of tiny grapes. Proper pruning is key. We hope this helps.

I planted 2 Concord Grape

By Beth Peterson

I planted 2 Concord Grape vines earlier this year, after trimming them back as described above. The both are growing foliage now. Do I trim back the foliage, or leave it until fall / winter? I am pinching off the tiny grape clusters that our vines are producing.

what are the best grapes to

By ronnetta

what are the best grapes to grow in zone 9a l
Las Vegas NV.

Ronnetta, We live in

By Mike Qualheim

Ronnetta, We live in Logandale, about 40 miles northeast of Vegas and have been growing grapes very successfully for the past 15 years. We have found that Perlettes (Ripe about 3rd wk in June) do wonderful and are very sweet with the sun they get here. Crimson Seedless and Flame seedless also do very well and ripen early July right about when the Perlettes are finished. Both my and other experience with Thompson here has been so/so. They tend to be very small altho the vines grow well. Black Monukka is new for me but am so far not impressed with the quality of the grape. Concords don't grow here. It isn't cold enough. Seedless concord however do grow here. The vines are a little weak but they do produce fruit. I have had no luck with either scuppernongs or muscadines. I think they need more humidity than we have. I water my vines every other day during the summer and once a week during the winter. I mercilessly prune them back in the winter. We have way more grapes than we can use. The Crimson and Flame dehydrate into wonderful raisins.

Hi, Ronnette, Though it has

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Ronnette, Though it has it challenges, there are actually many grape varieties that can be grown in your zone. Zindfandels seem to do especially well. We are not experts in this area, but would suggest that you contact your University of Nevada cooperative extension:

I planted my first grape vine

By tara johnston

I planted my first grape vine about a month ago in May in Pa. It still just looks like a stick. WHen should it start to grow something? And when it does, I cut it off? Can you please be specific. I am really clueless!


By Anonymous

I have 3rd year red wine grapes (Cab Sangreia) now well into green leaves and very small fruit showing. How best to cut away unnecessary greenery now, May 10th in California, to produce most fruit????

the 3rd year wine grapes above

By Anonymous

Submitted by Vince Huntington, San Diego Ca

I love this site. I had

By Mazin Scott

I love this site. I had withering problem with my Reliance even when it was watered and drained timely. Any clue?

Planted two reliance grapes.

By Anonymous

Planted two reliance grapes. Bought them at Lowes. Followed the planting instructions. It has been cold a lot for spring. All of the new growth has died. Not sure if this is a bad sign or just the result of planting too soon for the new growth. Any thoughts?

table vs eating grape

By b.hailey

what is the difference between table and eating grapes? What are table grapes good for?

Table grapes are eating

By Almanac Staff

Table grapes are eating grapes. They are meant to be eaten fresh and are big and usually seedless. Wine grapes are smaller, sweeter and have seeds. They also have thick skins and are juicer than table grapes.

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