This day marks the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920), granting women the right to vote. Ratification came in Tennessee, where Tennessee state legislator Harry T. Burn, age 24, cast the deciding vote after reading a letter from his mom, Febb Burn. “I know that a mother’s advice is always safest for a boy to follow,” he said, “and my mother wanted me to vote for ratification.”
The country’s 26 million voting-age women were enfranchised by this change in the Constitution. Longtime suffragist Carrie Chapman Catt summed up her experiences in the battle this way: “Never in the history of politics has there been such a nefarious lobby as labored to block the ratification.” Upon ratification, Catt founded the League of Women Voters, an organization now dedicated to providing impartial, in-depth information about candidates, platforms, and ballot issues.
Question of the Day
Are butterflies considered good luck?
Some Native American tribes seem to think so. If you catch a butterfly, they say, whisper your wish to it and set it free. The butterfly will deliver your wish to the spirits, who will grant it.
Advice of the Day
When cutting asphalt shingles, dip your utility knife in turpentine. This will keep the shingles from binding when you cut them.
Home Hint of the Day
Solvents such as denatured alcohol, turpentine, paint thinner, kerosene, or acetone are extremely flammable. Keep the solvents away from any open flame while you are working with them, and store in a well-ventilated space in tightly sealed containers.
Word of the Day
Large, dark, vertical cloud with bulging top that brings showers, thunder, and lightning.
Puzzle of the Day
The Show Me State.(Name the U.S. state!)
Louis-Philippe of France–
Laura Branigan(Grammy-nominated pop singer best known for her hit Gloria)–
Dominick Dunne(American writer and investigative journalist)–
Neil Simon(Pulitzer prize-winning playwright)–
Frank F. Gasparro(designed the Lincoln Memorial reverse on the penny)–
Irving Levine(broadcast journalist)–
Will Shortz(puzzle creator and editor)–
Quincy Market opened, Boston, Massachusetts–
Amistad captured off Long Island–
Krakatoa, a volcano on an Indonesian island, began to erupt. Over this and the next day, the eruption caused tsunamis that killed 36,000 people. Particles from the eruption were released into the stratosphere, causing the average temperature of Earth to lower by one degree for the next two years.–
Krakatoa, a volcano on the Indonesian island of Rakata, erupted. The explosions heard in the eruption remain the loudest noise on human record. The sound was heard across the Indian Ocean as far away as Rodriguez Island and Australia–
A starch process that led to puffed grain cereals was patented–
The Nineteenth Amendment was adopted, granting women the right to vote. It was nicknamed the Anthony amendment in recognition of the lobbying efforts of suffragette Susan B. Anthony.–
Philo Farnsworth patented a television–
WXBS televised the first major-league baseball games, a double-header between Cincinnati Reds and Brooklyn Dodgers–
Norma Jeane Baker was signed to a contract with 20th Century Fox—her first studio contract–
The first Ford Edsel was produced–
The Beatles released their smash hit Hey Jude”“–
Guitarist Jimi Hendrix made his last public appearance in the UK–
Bill 101 took effect, making French the official language of Quebec–
Tornado hit train on bridge in Dearborn County, Indiana–
Snow flurries fell in Pennsylvania, New York, and New England–
100-mph winds, Lake County, Indiana–
Stormy weather deposited a canoe in telephone lines in Lake County, Indiana–
Lightning killed more than 300 reindeer in Hardangervidda, a mountain plateau and national park in Norway.–