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Daily Calendar for Friday, January 27, 2023 | Almanac.com

Daily Calendar for Friday, January 27, 2023

Commemorates the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp by Soviet troops on January 27th, 1945.

Born

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (composer)
  • Lewis Carroll (author)
  • Samuel Gompers (labor union official)
  • Jerome Kern (composer)
  • Hyman George Rickover (U.S. naval officer)
  • Donna Reed (actress)
  • Sabu Dastagir (actor)
  • Ingrid Thulin (actress)
  • Troy Donahue (actor)
  • Beatrice Tinsley (astronomer)
  • John Roberts (Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court)
  • Bridget Fonda (actress)
  • Patton Oswalt (actor)

Died

  • John James Audubon (ornithologist)
  • Giuseppe Verdi (composer)
  • Thomas Crapper (inventor)
  • Lilli Palmer (actress)
  • Claude Atkins (actor)
  • Milt Bernhart (big band trombonist)
  • Jack Paar (humorist who turned late-night television into a national institution when he was host of The Tonight Show from 1957 to 1962)
  • George Doc Abraham (wisecracking gardening guru who teamed up with his wife, Katy, to host one of the longest-running shows on American radio)
  • Nick McDonald (policeman who arrested Lee Harvey Oswald at a Dallas movie theater after President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963)
  • Tige Andrews (actor)
  • John Updike (Pulitzer Prize-winning author)
  • J.D. Salinger (author)

Events

  • Thomas Edison granted patent for incandescent electric lamp
  • National Geographic Society incorporated
  • The first public demonstration of a true TV was given in London by John Baird
  • Honeymoon Bridge over Niagara Falls collapsed due to ice jam
  • First U.S. air attack on Germany staged by the Eighth Air Force on the docks of Wilhelmshaven (WW II)
  • German guards closed the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp as the Soviet army approached, moving as many prisoners as possible to Western camps
  • Last performance of Peter Pan at New York City’s Imperial Theater
  • Georgia legislature repealed the state’s public school segregation laws
  • Three astronauts died in a flash fire at Cape Kennedy, Florida, while training for the first launch of the Apollo 1 spacecraft
  • Representatives from over 60 nations, including the U.S. and USSR, signed the Outer Space Treaty
  • Vietnam War Cease-Fire signed in Paris, ending U.S. combat role in Vietnam
  • Laverne and Shirley made its television debut
  • Michael Jackson’s hair caught fire during filming of a commercial
  • Carl Lewis made a long jump of 28 feet 10.06 inches, in New York City
  • American sumo wrestler Chad Rowan was awarded the Japanese sport’s highest rank, becoming the first foreign Yokozuna
  • National Recording Registry’s first 50 selections announced
  • Western Union sent its last telegram

Weather

  • Great 48-hour snowstorm dropped 24 inches on New York City
  • Florida had 3-day freeze, $10 million in crop loss
  • Chicago, Illinois, was covered with 23 inches of snow
  • Frigid arctic air in place over New England and New York caused record-breaking temperatures. Burlington, Vermont, broke its old record daily low by 9 degrees, with a reading of -29F, and Caribou, Maine, set a record low for the third day in a row, with a temperature of -23F.

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