Gardening by the Moon Calendar

Dates for Starting Seeds & Planting by the Moon

Edible Garden
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Our Gardening by the Moon calendar works according to the age-old belief that phases of the Moon affect plant growth. Lunar planting is a longtime Old Farmer’s Almanac tradition. 

Keep in mind that the four gardening regions below are quite broad; we also offer a modern planting calendar (not Moon-based) that gets down to zip code level. See our all-seasons gardening calendar.

What is Gardening by the Moon?

Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above- and below ground crops. Here’s how it works:

  • Plant annual flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
  • Plant flowering bulbs, biennial and perennial flowers, and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.

Old-time farmers swear that this practice results in a larger, tastier harvest. The editor of The Old Farmer’s Almanac, Janice Stillman, explains more in our Gardening by the Moon video.

Which Region Are You In?

Click your region on the map below to see planting dates and Moon-favorable dates.

You can also check our local Moon Phase Calendar to see when the light of the Moon or dark of the Moon is scheduled and follow the directions above.

Planting Regions

Modern Planting Calendar

For planting dates based on local frost dates, check out our Planting Calendar. On this page, you can input your zip code to see the best planting, transplanting, and harvesting dates for your area.

Reader Comments

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Creeping Charlie/Ground Ivy

How do you kill it and when is the best time to do so? It is taking over my yard.

Creeping Charlie

Creeping Charlie is a tough one to eradicate. It is the mint family and will form new roots all along its stem. It is shallow-rooted and can be ripped out with an iron rake or pulled by hand if you don’t have too much. It thrives in shady moist conditions so changing those conditions by thinning trees or removing shrubs to get more light into the area is an extreme measure but may do the trick as would improving drainage in that area. You could try smothering the  plants with layers of newspaper covered by mulch or compost or black plastic.

Planting alfalfa

What sign of the moon would u plant alfalfa in?

alfalfa and the Moon

Many recommend planting alfalfa (or aboveground crops in general) when the Moon is in the water signs: Cancer, Scorpio, or Pisces. Also, when the Moon is waxing, between new and full.

When to sow native plant seeds, columbine, specifically?

I finally was able to collect those elusive columbine seeds and now want to know when I should sow them. Thank you for your helpful, very natural, working with Mother Nature information.

sowing columbine

If you are planting by the Moon, columbine (Aquilegia spp.), being a perennial, should be sown during the dark of the Moon (between full and new). See for general growing information for columbine. To find out when the Moon phases occur in your area, you can go to: and put in your zip code and select a month/year. Hope this helps!

Gardening by the moon calendar 2018

I read with big interest you article about the subject mention above because my famly's life depend on what we plant in our garden so thanks for your generosity to advice us.

I want to start some

I want to start some "butterfly trees" (I forget the actual name). This would be the short tree not bush. When would be the best time to plant seeds? Or cuttings?

planting trees

For best advice for your area, you might ask a garden nursery or your County’s Cooperative Extension Service (for contact information, see: ) Usually, planting in the fall is best for trees and shrubs. To check the frost date in your area, see:

If you plant by the Moon’s phase, then many gardeners prefer planting trees and shrubs by the dark of the Moon, especially between full and last quarter, to encourage root growth and strong wood. If you plant by the Moon’s sign, then you might consider the fertile signs of Cancer, Scorpio, or Pisces.

Planting Pole Lima Beans

My father taught me to plant pole lima beans by the sign of the "twins of Gemini." These dates are usually the two days in the month. Here, in New Jersey, those two dates in May could possibly be too cold. So I am wanting to know the two dates in June, 2018. Thanks!

two dates each month to plant pole beans

The best two days to plant pole beans in the months of July and August of 2018.

moon phases & planting info

i just wanted to say a "thank you!" for all the info! i've been gardening since i was 2yrs old and don't know what took me so long. but, i'm so excited to use all this wisdom from now on...maybe another 40something yrs...with better results than ever! also...i'm finding everything quickly and with no i'm not sure why the negative comments. (unless you've made some serious changes to the site since they were made?.?.) anyway...thanks, again! happy planting, y'all!

Thank You

Thanks, Tonja! Happy planting!

shade trees

when is the best time to plant mighty oak or red oak during the months of may and june in Kansas

planting oaks

Broadleaved trees are best planted in the fall before the ground freezes.

Farmer's Almanac in Spanish

Do you have the Farmer’s Almanac in Spanish language?

Fases de la luna

Qué sembrar en las fases de la luna...

planting by the moon

is this schedule of planting the same in the southern hemisphere ?


Hello, The Old Farmer’s Almanac gardening regions only cover the U.S. and Canada.  However, we do have a Garden Planner that is global and covers 250+ plants. You can try it for free for up to 7 days here:

Need signs for planting

Need signs for planting

No, lo siento.

No, The Almanac is only printed in one language—English. 


I think you might mean "No, lo siento" (No, I'm sorry), not "No lo siento" (I'm not sorry).

Si, lo siento

Yes, we did mean the former, not the latter!

Wild Onions in the Yard

My neighbor asked me to find when we should mow down our onion patches so they don't come back so quickly. Any suggestions? Thanks!

Mow to Discourage Growth

According to the Moon, the next Best Days to Mow to Discourage Growth are March 5–7 and April 14 & 15!

wild onions in yard

when and how is the best way to kill them

getting rid of wild onions in your yard

Mow them when the sign is in Leo, and the hotter the day, the better it is for killing them. They will not come back all year. I have done this for 30 years and it has always worked!

SIMPLE planting guide!

I have yet to find best dates to start planting seeds indoors. Just dates best for above ground crops and root crops. I've wasted so much time searching it's ridiculous previously it's been easy to get the planting guide. You have complicated the search with distracting junk

Seed Starting Dates

You can find dates for starting seeds, transplanting, and harvesting in our Gardening Calendar, which is tailored to your location.

would like planting days for seeds inside

I actually purchased an almanac, but cannot find it. I don't remember seeing dates for planting seeds inside or transplant dates. Would appreciate this information for June and July.