Gardening by the Moon: Region 1

Planting Dates for the Southern U.S.

Seedling
Pixabay

The Gardening by the Moon 2018 calendar is a longtime Old Farmer’s Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.

These are dates for Region 1, which encompasses the southern United States. Which region are you in? Click here for the map.

Note: There are four broad regions across North America. If you prefer, we also offer a regular gardening calendar (not Moon-based) that customizes to zip code level. See the all-seasons gardening calendar.

How to Garden by the Moon

Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above and below ground crops. Here’s how it works:

  • Plant annual flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
  • Plant flowering bulbs, biennial and perennial flowers, and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
  • The “Planting Dates” column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
  • The “Moon Favorable” column gives the best planting dates based on the year’s Moon’s phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.
  • Aboveground crops marked *
  • (E) means early planting; (L) means late
Gardening by the Moon Dates for Southern United States
Crop Planting Dates Moon Favorable
Barley * February 15–March 7 February 15–March 1
Beans (Early) * March 15–April 7 March 17–31
Beans (Late) August 7–31 August 7, August 11–26
Beets (Early) February 7–28 February 7–14
Beets (Late) September 1–30 September 1–8, September 25–30
Broccoli plants * February 15–March 15 February 15–March 1
Broccoli plants (Late) September 7–30 September 9–24
Brussels sprouts * February 11–March 20 February 15–March 1, March 17–20
Cabbage plants * February 11–March 20 February 15–March 1, March 17–20
Carrots (Early) February 15–March 7 March 2–7
Carrots (Late) August 1–September 7 August 1–10, August 27–September 7
Cauliflower plants (Early) * February 15–March 7 February 15–March 1
Cauliflower plants (Late) August 7–31 August 11–26
Celery plants * February 15–28 February 15–28
Celery plant (Late) September 15–30 September 15–24
Collards (Early) * February 11–March 20 February 15–March 1, March 17–28
Collards (Late) September 7–30 September 9–24
Corn, sweet (Early) * March 15–31 March 17–31
Corn, sweet (Late) August 7–31 August 11–26
Cucumbers * March 7–April 15 March 17–31, April 15
Eggplant plants * March 7–April 15 March 17–31, April 15
Endive (Early) * February 15–March 20 February 15–March 1, March 17–20
Endive (Late) August 15–September 7 August 15–26
Kale (Early) * February 11–March 20 February 15–March 1, March 17–20
Kale (Late) September 7–30 September 9–24
Leek plants February 15–April 15 March 2–16, April 1–14
Lettuce * February 15–March 7 February 15–March 1
Muskmelons * March 15–April 7 March 17–31
Okra * April 15–June 1 April 15–29, May 15–29
Onion sets February 1–28 February 1–14
Parsley * February 20–March 15 February 20–March 1
Parsnips January 15–February 4 January 15, February 1–4
Peas (Early) * January 15–February 7 January 16–31
Peas (Late) September 15–30 September 15–24
Pepper plants * March 1–20 March 1, March 17–20
Potatoes February 10–28 February 10–14
Pumpkins * March 7–20 March 17–20
Radishes (Early) January 21–March 1 February 1–14
Radishes (Late) October 1–21 October 1–7
Spinach (Early) * February 7–March 15 February 15–March 1
Spinach (Late) October 1–21 October 8–21
Squashes * March 15–April 15 March 17–31, April 15
Sweet potatoes March 23–April 6 April 1–6
Swiss chard * February 7–March 15 February 15–March 1
Tomato plants * March 7–20 March 17–20
Turnips (Early) January 20–February 15 February 1–14, February 11–15
Turnips (Late) September 1–October 15 September 1–8, September 25–October 7
Watermelons * March 15–April 7 March 17–31
Wheat, spring * February 15–28 February 15–28
Wheat, winter * October 15–December 7 October 15–24, November 7–23, December 7

Reader Comments

Leave a Comment

The original Farmer's Almanac for 2017 that shows

Month by month best times to TRANSPLANT vegetable seedlings....Region 1
Thank you.

Planting Evergreen Trees by the Moon

I want to plant evergreen trees and would like to know when is the best time of year and moon phase to plant them?

planting trees

In general, evergreens can be planted in early fall. Broadleaved evergreens, such as rhododendrons, tend to do better when planted in early spring. As to Moon phase and/or zodiac sign, traditions vary. However, for trees in general, some recommend planting when the Moon is between full and last quarter (sometimes called “third quarter” in astrology, which is during the dark of the Moon). (For fruit trees, some prefer to plant three days before the full Moon, during the light of the Moon.) The zodiac sign can vary with tradition, sometimes according to species. In general, good planting times are when the signs are in Cancer, Scorpio, or Pisces. You can find out Moon phase times at:
https://www.almanac.com/astronomy/moon/calendar
For the Moon’s astrological place (zodiac sign), you can find the dates for 2017 on page 245 of The 2017 Old Farmer’s Almanac.
Hope this helps!

Zodiac moon signs

How do I know when the moon is in cancer, Scorpio or pieses

how to kill grass

i have been told that if you put a boaed or something on the ground in the dark of the moon that the grass will not come back. the oppsite in the light of the moon.

Moon sign gardening

What about all the other old moon sign guidance, like when to cut hay, or dig roots, or plow, or if you make sauerkraut when the signs are in the bowels it will rot? Do you have that on the website somewhere? If not, is it still in the printed almanac?

Best Days to...

Great question! Yes, we still print all of the Best Days for 25 activities. You can find the full year in the annual Old Farmer’s Almanac and the current month’s information on the Web site here: www.almanac.com/bestdays/timetable

Flowers

What about when to transport flower seedlings? All I see are fruit and veggies

flower planting dates

For general planting guidelines, please see: www.almanac.com/gardening/growing-guides and select the flower that you are interested in.

For more specific guidelines, then you can find your frost dates here: http://www.almanac.com/gardening/frostdates and then work within the guidelines of the information on your seed packet or box as to planting season for your area. Or, you might consult a local gardening expert, such as from a garden nursery in your area or your county’s Cooperative Extension (http://www.almanac.com/content/cooperative-extension-services).

If you are interested in lunar gardening, then, within those dates based on your climate and the flower’s requirements, determine the best days as to Moon phase. To find out the Moon’s phases for each month, see: http://www.almanac.com/astronomy/moon/calendar .  Annuals are planted during the light of the Moon (between new and full); flowering bulbs, as well as biennial and perennial flowers, are planted during the dark of the Moon (full to new).

Our Garden Planner application, available for a small annual fee, allows you to plot your garden and keep a record of planting times, rotations, observations, etc. It includes 70 flowers and bulbs as well as fruit and vegetables. Based on weather station information from your area, it tells you when it is best to sow/plant (and harvest, if applicable) at your location. Companion plants are also incorporated. For more information and a free 7-day trial, visit: http://gardenplanner.almanac.com

Hope this helps! Thank you for your interest in The Old Farmer’s Almanac.

Cucumbers

Hi, I live in Charlotte, NC and I am new in gardening. Moon favorable date for planting cucumbers shows 3/7 - 3/12. Does that mean those are the dates when I can plant cucumber seeds directly in the garden, no covers? I was also wondering if I can plant onion sets directly in the end of January or I need some kind of frost protection. Thanks.

Moon planting dates

Kat, please see the notes/guidance at the top of the page http://www.almanac.com/content/gardening-moon-region-1:

  • The “Planting Dates” column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
  • The “Moon Favorable” column gives the best planting dates based on the year’s Moon’s phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.

Check the Frost Dates Calculator for your area and consider local conditions. For ex., if you are in hills, it is not uncommon for chilly nights to prevail. AND, consider that Region 1 is  a large area; areas farther south are unlikely to suffer or risk any frost ever, so that date may more appropriately apply to those areas. The Moon Planting Dates are not a guarantee of plant success on the given dates; you have to exercise good judgment about your area and conditions. As for row cover, it never hurts.

We hope this helps.

Citrus trees

We live in south Louisiana near Lafayette region 1. Looking to see when we can plant citrus trees according to the moon.

planting citrus by the Moon

Some people prefer to plant fruit trees (those that have seeds on the inside of the fruit) when the Moon is between first quarter and full, while others prefer to plant them between full and last quarter (to focus on root development to help the tree establish). If you plant by the Moon’s astrological sign, look for days when the Moon is in a fertile sign (Cancer, Scorpio, or Pisces). To find the times of the Moon phases in your area for each month, visit: http://www.almanac.com/astronomy/moon/calendar  and put in your zip code. You can find the Moon’s astrological sign for each day on page 245 of The 2017 Old Farmer’s Almanac, or you can download this chart for $2.95 at:
https://store.almanac.com/product/2017-astrology-moons-sign-calendar?lis...
For general growing information about citrus, you might also be interested in this page:
http://www.almanac.com/plant/lemons-oranges
Hope this helps!

moving crepemurtles

when to move I need to know

Moving Crepe Myrtle

The ideal time to move a crepe myrtle (or any shrub) is during cool, preferably wet, weather–typically in the early spring or late fall.

When to plant evergreen trees

I live in region 1, East Tennessee. I am planting evergreen trees. They are about 3' tall now. When should you plant these trees to be following the signs?

grow trees

grow trees

Plant Evergreen Trees

The best time to plant evergreen trees would be 9/1 to 9/16. This is when the Moon is waxing and is the most favorable period for planting evergreen trees in your region.

Planting Seeds

Howdy. I planted my Devil's Claw seeds on a day that you're supposed to kill insect pests according to the Almanac . Will the seeds grow or rot in the ground? They are a type of plant that has those strange seed pods. Thank you.

The best days to plant in our

The best days to plant in our chart at the top of the page are based on the Moon’s phase. If you planted the seeds when the Moon was waxing (between new and full Moon) you are all set. Your plants will grow if the the soil is warm enough and if you have nice loamy well-draining soil. The plants will do best in full sun. Keep the soil moist until the seedlings are well established.

Planting

When will be a good time to plant tomatoes Beans and corn???

Hi Mickey,

Hi Mickey,

It all depends on where you live. If you live in Region 1 (look at the map) your best planting days are mid to late March. Look at the Moon Favorable column dates for the very best days to plant.

Trans-planting trees from root stock

I'm planting two American Hazelnut trees in Region 1, zone 9. Bought them today, when should I plant?

I just received a shipment of

I just received a shipment of lady pea, seeds 7/16/15 and I am wanting to know if I plant them now will they produce well or should I wait until later for a fall crop !!???

I have about 8 Avocado seeds

I have about 8 Avocado seeds and I would like to know the best way to start them and the best way to plant them after they start growing.... Thanks for your help..!

Under what moon sign is it

Under what moon sign is it best to try planting avocado from seed?

A few years ago, I repeatedly planted avocados from seed and failed so many times, but then a few worked! One grew to over 6 feet in the first year! I suspect I stumbled on the right timing. Alas, that avocado tree died in a frost, and I would like to try again. When is the best time to try?

When to plant above & below the Ground

WHEN TO PLANT BY THE MOON

collars & turnip & mustard.

When can you sow or plait them,what month and day of the week.

Hello there I was going to

Hello there I was going to plant my garden today but we just had a full moon last night? Should I wait? I have tomatoes, peppers, squash corn eggplant watermelon beans they are plants I bought from the nursery. Thank you

Pages