Gardening by the Moon: Region 2

Planting Dates for the Central and Pacific U.S.

Seedling in Dirt

The Gardening by the Moon 2018 calendar is a longtime Old Farmer’s Almanac tradition. According to this practice, cycles of the Moon affect plant growth.

These are dates for Region 2, which encompasses the central United States (horizontally speaking) and the Pacific Northwest. Which region are you in? Click here for the map.

Note: There are four broad regions across North America. If you prefer, we also offer a regular gardening calendar (not Moon-based) that customizes to zip code level. See the all-seasons gardening calendar.

How to Garden by the Moon

Gardening by the Moon is a great way to help plan your above and below ground crops. Here’s how it works:

  • Plant annual flowers and vegetables that bear crops above ground during the light, or waxing, of the Moon: from the day the Moon is new to the day it is full.
  • Plant flowering bulbs, biennial and perennial flowers, and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again.
  • The “Planting Dates” column gives the safe periods for planting in areas that receive frost. See our Frost Dates Calculator for first/last frost dates and the average length of the growing season in your area (U.S. only).
  • The “Moon Favorable” column gives the best planting dates based on the year’s Moon’s phases (Eastern Time). See our for the exact days of the new and full Moons.
  • Aboveground crops marked *
  • (E) means early planting; (L) means late
Gardening by the Moon Dates for Central and Pacific United States
Crop Planting Dates Moon Favorable
Barley * March 15–April 7 March 17–31
Beans (Early) * April 15–30 April 15–29
Beans (Late) July 1–21 July 12–21
Beets (Early) March 15–April 3 March 15–16, April 1–3
Beets (Late) August 15–31 August 27–31
Broccoli plants * March 7–31 March 17–31
Broccoli plant (Late) August 1–20 August 11–20
Brussels sprouts * March 7–April 15 March 17–31, April 15
Cabbage plants * March 7–April 15 March 17–31, April 15
Carrots (Early) March 7–31 March 7–16
Carrots (Late) July 7–31 July 7–11, July 28–31
Cauliflower plants (Early) * March 15–April 7 March 17–31
Cauliflower plants (Late) July 1–August 7 July 12–27
Celery plants * March 7–31 March 17–31
Celery plants (Late) August 15–September 7 August 15–26
Collards (Early) * March 7–April 7 March 17–31
Collards (Late) August 15–31 August 15–26
Corn, sweet (Early) * April 1–17 April 15–17
Corn, sweet (Late) July 7–21 July 12–21
Cucumbers * April 7–May 15 April 15–29, May 15
Eggplant plants * April 7–May 15 April 15–29, May 15
Endive (Early) * April 7–May 15 April 15–29, May 15
Endive (Late) July 15–August 15 July 15–27, August 11–15
Kale (Early) * March 7–April 7 March 17–31
Kale (Late) August 15–31 August 15–26
Leek plants March 7–April 7 March 7–16, April 1–7
Lettuce * March 1–31 March 1, March 17–31
Muskmelons * April 15–May 7 April 15–29
Okra * May 25–June 15 May 25–29, June 13–15
Onion sets March 1–31 March 2–16
Parsley * March 1–31 March 1–17, March 31
Parsnips March 7–31 March 7–16
Peas (Early) * March 7–31 March 17–31
Peas (Late) August 7–31 August 11–26
Pepper plants * April 1–30 April 15–29
Potatoes April 1–30 April 1–14, April 30
Pumpkins * April 23–May 15 April 23–29, May 15
Radishes (Early) March 7–31 March 7–16
Radishes (Late) September 7–30 September 7–8, September 25–30
Spinach (Early) * March 15–April 20 March 17–31, April 15–20
Spinach (Late) August 1–September 15 August 11–26, September 9–15
Squashes * April 15–30 April 15–29
Sweet potatoes April 21–May 9 April 30–May 9
Swiss chard * March 15–April 15 March 15–31, April 15
Tomato plants * April 7–30 April 15–29
Turnips (Early) March 15–31 March 15–16
Turnips (Late) August 1–20 August 1–10
Watermelons * April 15–May 7 April 15–29
Wheat, spring * March 1–20 March 1, March 17–20
Wheat, winter * September 15–October 20 September 15–24, October 8–20

Reader Comments

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Pigeon peas

What moon to plant them to avoid worms. I live in the carribean.


Are you talking about earthworms?  You actually want earthworms in the garden. They are natural composers and they are a cue of rich garden soil.  So, we’re not clear why this would matter to planting dates.

Fall tree planting

Should I transplant a 4 ft peach tree from container to soil in the light of the moon? Light of moon being for above ground crops. But what about other non fruiting trees. When is the best time to transplant them in the fall?

planting trees

There are several traditions used to plant trees by the Moon. Some plant fruit trees in particular by the dark of the Moon (between full and new). Others advise planting fruit trees between the first quarter and last quarter phases, or just a few days before full. Still others prefer the light of the Moon for both fruit and ornamental trees (between new and full). When to plant will also depend on whether the tree is in a container, bare-root, etc. Container trees have more flexibility as to timing. For best general advice for your local climate, you might contact a local nursery or your county’s Cooperative Extension. For contact info, see:

You might also be interested in these articles about tree planting:

company to plant bushes some flowers in june for me

june is it o.k. to plant bushes, flowers, etc, i will pay a lot of money for this and need advice, this is all new to me. thanks so much. waiting to hear from you. thanks. caroline

Planting in June

We do not provide landscaping services but there are certainly some plants that can be seeded in June, such as zinnias. It may help for you to see our Gardening Tips by Region for each month:   


Is there a best time to transplant vegetable seedlings into the garden?


For the lunar gardening chart above, any entry that says “plants,” such as “tomato plants” is stating the time to plant transplants rather than seeds. In general, those plants whose harvested part is aboveground (such as tomatoes, squash…) would be planted between new and full Moon phases. Those whose harvested part is belowground (carrot, potato…) would be planted between full and new Moon phases.

Moon Phase for planting

I am curious about starting seeds indoors. I soak my seeds in a damp paper towel before I plant them in their little pods. Depending on the vegetable, Is there a " Best Day " during the moon cycle to start the seeds indoors, and a " Best Day" to transplant?

Missed Bean Planting Dates in Zone 1

Hello. I'm in the upper section of zone 1 & missed the suggested dates for planting beans. Should I go with the dates for zone 2 as my second window of opportunity?

bean planting dates

It might be better to use the Planting Dates Calculator feature, which is tailored specifically to frost dates nearest your area. See:
Once you find the general planting guidelines for your area, then if you are interested in lunar gardening, use those dates, such as, for example, March 1 through April 30, and find when the Moon is between new and full during those dates. To do that, see the Moon phase calendar here:
In the example, then, for March-April 2017, the lunar planting dates would be: March 1-12, March 27-April 11, April 26-30. Hope this helps!


Starting tomatoes from seed

I am in southwest Ohio, region 2. What days are best to start tomato seeds?

seed starting tomatoes

For general sowing/planting/care advice for tomatoes, you might be interested in this page: It says that if you’re planting seeds (versus purchasing transplants), you’ll want to start your seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the average last spring frost date. To find your frost dates, go to: Once you have those times, you can calculate back to determine the best time to start tomato seeds in your area. Then, if you are interested in gardening by the Moon, find the times within the sowing dates you just determined and see when the Moon is between new and full (tomatoes being an aboveground crop); use those dates for seed starting. To find out the Moon phases for each month, see: Hope this helps!


Is Oroville, Ca. in Region 2 or 1? Thanks!


That’s a tough call, but my best guess would be Region 1.

Yard grass Ky blend

I'm in region 2. When should I sow my yard grass seed?

Hi Huldie,

Hi Huldie,

Next Moon favorable dates are April 7 to 22.

Zodiac signs

I am planning when to plant my garden and hay fields. In you book I pick up from the store on pg 138 March moon place some of them don't match up with the ones on pg 111 just need to know which one I need to follow. And also is the dark of the moon the same as the full moon or the new moon.

red clover

I forgot to mention that I am in central Missouri

red clover planting

You might be interested in the following article about red clover by the University of Missouri Extension:

The above article, mentions that spring planting of clover in central Missouri (based on Columbia), should be done any time from February to April 15. If that is the case, then all of March is fine. To get the planting by the Moon dates, therefore, treat red clover as an aboveground crop. So, plant when the Moon is between new and full, which is March 8 to 23.

Hope this helps!

red clover

I want to overseed red clover in permanent pasture When is the best dates during March 2016 ?

starting tomato and pepper seeds

I'm confused about the "moon favorable" dates shown in the chart above. I want to know when to START tomato and pepper seeds indoors and if that's different from the phase shown for transplanting them outside. How do I know when to start them inside as opposed to transplanting them outside? Or does it make any difference?

Hi Susan,

Hi Susan,

Go to our seed starting indoors page to find a chart customized to your location.

planting by the moon

I might not have made myself clear in my previous question. Do the moon dates you show for "planting" refer to starting seeds anywhere, whether it's indoors in a tray or outside in the ground, or do the moon dates refer to taking the seeds/plants outside and planting them in the ground? Or am I needlessly confusing myself??

The planting by the Moon

The planting by the Moon dates are usually used for outdoor planting (seeds and transplants). It will not hurt to follow the Moon dates when planting seeds indoors but you will probably not see a big difference.

Hello, I am a plant

Hello, I am a plant propagator who is looking to change up my old methods and try working a little more with the moon phases. I have done extensive reading and research and nothing seems to hit quite on my needs. I propagate plants all year round with the use of artificial light. They are all above ground decorative or flowering annuals. I am unclear weather or not I am better off propagating EVERY month during the waxing moon. or just some. And for the varieties that I take clones from, weather I should be doing it on a leaf, fruit, or flower day. Thus far in my experiments I have been taking them on lea days, assuming that more of the water in the plant will be found up there rather than on the root days, where it might be heavier. Any guidance of how to use this rhythm would be greatly appreciated. (Assuming this applies to my scenario of green house and artificial lighting supplement)
cheers, Rachel

Hi Rachel,

Hi Rachel,

Use the waxing Moon days but also look at the Moon’s astrological place. Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces are the best signs for transplanting and grafting. You can find our Moon’s astrologial calendar for 2016 in the print Almanac on p. 243 or you can order it at


Looking for a site where I

Looking for a site where I can figure out when to take a cutting from a bush to be replanted....Burning bush.
Looking to use them for a hedge row. Southeastern KY.
Thank you..

Transplanting and grafting

Transplanting and grafting are best done when the Moon's sign is in Cancer, Scorpio, or Pisces. Sept. 7-8, 16-18, 26-27 are all good days. See our Moon's Sign calendar in the print Old Farmer's Almanac or go to for more "best day" information.

I have an alpine strawberry

I have an alpine strawberry bed (not the variety that bears the larger berries). Would I follow the same procedures one uses with the larger-berried plants? These do not have runners, and are quite different plants from the other variety.