Raising Ducks for Eggs

How to Raise Ducks

Apr 20, 2018
Various duck breeds

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Ever thought about raising ducks for eggs in your backyard? Why raise ducks instead of (or, in addition to) chickens? Here are some reasons to consider.

First, if you have indeed raised chickens, you already know know how delicious eggs straight from the coop can be. Eggs laid by chickens who enjoy plenty of sunlight and exercise roaming around eating grass, weeds and bugs are not only tastier and fresher than store bought eggs but also contain more nutrients. All great reasons to consider keeping a backyard flock.

Why ducks instead of chickens? For starters, ducks are easy to raise even in a small urban backyard. They are extremely social, so consider raising at least three and preferably 5 or 6 together. A good flock makeup is a three females or a male with 4 or 5 females. You don’t need a male duck (called a drake) for the females to lay eggs, but they won’t ever hatch into ducklings without a drake around.

Also, ducks tend to be better year-round layers than chickens, continuing their egg production right through the winter without any added light. Several breeds of ducks including Khaki Campbell, Welsh Harlequin and Silver Appleyard ducks will often outlay all but the most prolific chickens breeds.

About 30% larger than medium chicken eggs, duck eggs can be eaten scrambled, fried or over easy. Highly prized by some pastry chefs since their higher fat content makes baked goods rise higher, duck eggs do contain more cholesterol and calories than chicken eggs, but also taste a bit richer and more “eggy” and contain more vitamins than chicken eggs, as well as more protein, Omega-3 and  iron.

As far as keeping ducks, they are fairly low maintenance.  Contrary to popular belief,  ducks don’t need a pond to swim in; they will be content splashing around in a kiddie pool. They are extremely cold-hardy and prefer being outdoors, so their housing doesn’t need to be elaborate, nor all that large. A small shed, dog house or playhouse can easily be converted to a serviceable duck house with minimal renovations—mainly a secure, predator-proof lock on the door and adequate ventilation with all openings covered with ½” welded wire to keep the ducks safe at night.

Their house should be dry and draft-free to keep them out of the rain and wind, but other that and a pen to keep them safe from dogs, fox, coyotes, raccoon and other predators during the day, they don’t need much else to be happy and comfortable. Ducks don’t roost on perches like chickens—instead they sleep on a bed of straw on the floor—and they don’t need nesting boxes in which to lay their eggs, since they prefer to make a nest on the floor.

Ducklings require heat for the first few weeks until they grow their feathers. They should be fed chick feed for the first two weeks (although it’s recommended you add Brewer’s Yeast to it in a 2% ratio for the added niacin that the ducklings require to grow strong legs and bones), then chicken grower feed until they are almost ready to lay eggs at which time they will need a layer feed. Adult ducks can eat chicken feed and enjoy treats such as peas, lettuce and other leafy greens, watermelon and cucumbers.

Ducks are great foragers and will enjoy roaming your yard looking for bugs and weeds. They’ll happily scour your garden for slugs and grubs, but will also trample young plants, munch on plants and vegetables, and eat beneficial toads and earthworms, so it’s best to only allow ducks access when you don’t have crops growing or can supervise their nibbling!

Raising a small flock of backyard ducks can be an extremely rewarding and enjoyable family activity. If you raise your ducks from ducklings and spend lots of time handling them, they will grow up to be friendly, affectionate pets who, as an added bonus, will lay you delicious fresh eggs. Ducks start laying eggs at about five to six months old and continue to lay for several years, however with proper care, a duck can live to be a dozen years old. Once they stop laying, your ducks will continue to eat bugs, fertilize your lawn with nitrogen-rich manure, and entertain the entire family as you watch them splash in their pool or waddle around in the grass.

Now, if you’d like to learn more about raising chickens, here are my thoughts on the best chicken breeds for your backyard and what to consider when choosing your first chicken.

About This Blog

fed-book-cover.jpgLisa Steele, a 5th generation chicken keeper and Master Gardener, and author of the popular books Fresh Eggs Daily: Raising Happy, Healthy Chickens Naturally and Gardening with Chickens lives with her husband on a small hobby farm in Maine where she raises a mixed flock of chickens and ducks, grows herbs and enjoys cooking using fresh vegetables from her garden and fresh eggs from her coop. You can learn more on her website www.fresheggsdaily.com.

Reader Comments

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Won't they fly?

Won't the ducks take off and leave at some point?

IWill backyard ducks fly away?

My 3 khaki campbell hens will be a year old next week. I live in a small town on the coast of Oregon, ducks are perfect here. They don't mind the rain and they've laid all through the winter. We are reliably getting an egg a day from each of them and an occasional extra here and there. We've seen them fly, never more than 20 0r 30 yards and that was to escape another animal. This is home I raised them here and they don't know anything else. They have never tried to fly out of the yard. We have 3 ft chicken wire around their day pen and around the edges of the yard and it keeps them in. They are very much creatures of habit. They go home to their pen on their own every evening. If I wait until after its dark out to lock their house up they are already in there waiting for me. I don't have to chase them in anymore. I thought I would have to snip their flight feathers. But I don't see the need.

Ducks going "Wild"

The ducks you can buy are domestic breeds. Their bodies are too heavy for them to make long flights in those classic wild "V"s you see in the fall. The only birds I have seen that go feral are Guinea fowl and peacocks. Probably others do, like pigeons. But domestic geese, ducks, and chickens have been raised for eggs and meat for centuries and rarely leave. I love ducks. They always sound like they are telling each other jokes and laughing their little heads off! My second favorite are Guineas. Little bug eating machines that leave the veggies alone. And in spite of their reputation, Bantam's were the sweetest roosters I ever raised. Wish I could still have them. I now live where the predators are bears and mountain lions! Nothing I can build is strong enough.

We love our ducks! Maybe you

We love our ducks! Maybe you could put something together for them using chain link and electric fencing. I agree that mountain lions and bears are pretty formidable predators.

Yes, adult domestic ducks can

Yes, adult domestic ducks can't fly. They get run and flap and get a little air, but they can't actually fly away. There's no need to clip wing feathers. That does make them very vulnerable to predators though, since they can't fly to escape them.

Domestic ducks can't fly.

Domestic ducks can't fly. They have been bred to be too heavy, so they stick around!

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