When Does the Islamic New Year 2019 begin? Get dates from your Almanac.
Also called Al-Hijra, the Islamic New Year is the first day of Muharram, which is the first month in the Islamic lunar calendar.
Various countries, Islamic denominations, and groups have different ways of determining the start of the New Year, so the date may vary with location. Traditionally, the Islamic New Year begins with the first sighting of the waxing crescent Moon (called a hilal) just after it is new in the month of Muharram. The new Moon itself is invisible; the crescent Moon may be visible a day or so afterward, but weather and other factors may delay the sighting. Some followers rely on local sighting of the crescent Moon, while others rely on global sighting criteria.
The Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) goes by the recommendations of their affiliate, the Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA), which does not rely on the actual sighting of the new Moon to determine the start of the new year. Instead, they follow astronomical calculations based on the rules that 1) the Moon in Makkah (Mecca) must be born (become new) before sunset and 2) the Moon in Makkah must set after sunset.
Islamic New Year Dates*
Below are the sundown dates for the Islamic New Year (First of Muharram) according to the FCNA. Probable new crescent visibility in North America may be a day or so later.
First day of the Islamic New Year
|2017||Wednesday, September 20, at sundown|
|2018||Monday, September 10, at sundown|
|2019||Friday, August 30, at sundown|
*NOTE: Our products are published for the United States and Canada; our reference source for the above dates is the Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA). Other countries, as well as certain denominations and groups within North America, may not use the same method to determine the date of Islamic New Year.
If you observe the Islamic New Year, please share your traditions below!