Dog Age Chart: Dog Years to Human Years

Dog Years: How Old is Your Dog?

October 7, 2019
Dog Labrador Retriever
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How old is your dog in human years? We used to multiply a dog’s age by seven; however, this calculation isn’t so cut-and-dried. See our dog calculator and chart to discover your dog’s age.

The Easy Calculation of Dog’s Age

The easy way to calculate a dog’s age is to take 1 dog year and multiple it by 7 years. This is based on an assumption that dogs live to about 10 and humans live to about 70.

For example, a dog which is 5 years old is 35 “human years.” This isn’t a bad way to go from a health perspective because it helps us humans realize that our dogs aren’t the same as children.

As pets get older, they need extra care and attention. Small dogs are generally considered “senior” at seven years of age. Larger breeds are often senior when they are 5 to 6 years of age. 

Be aware of arthritis and related discomfort or irritability, weight control, sight and hearing issues, and any changes in behavior or activity which could indicate more serious issues.

Visit your vet for exams regularly; adjustments can be made to give your pets a more comfortable, longer, healthier life.

The More Accurate Calculation of Dog Years

Statistics from pet-insurance companies, breed-club surveys, and veterinary hospitals have helped us learn more about how dogs age.

Dogs do not age at a rate of 7 human years for each year in dog years. 

According to the American Veterinary Medical Association:

  • The first year of a medium-sized dog’s life is 15 years of a human’s life.
  • The second year of a dog’s life equals about nine years for a human.
  • And after that, very human year equals approximately five years for a dog.

In other words, the number of human years piles onto a dog’s life more quickly during the dog’s rapid growth to maturity.

Dog Age Calculator: Dog Years to Human Years

If we think like a dog, here’s how a dog’s age compares to a human’s age! There are differences between a dog’s size (small, medium, large) and a dog’s breed, but this should give you a good sense of where your dog is in the development/aging process.

Dog Years to Human Years Converter

Dog's AgeHuman Years
years years

Enter your dog's age (from 1 to 16) to get the human years equivalent. The calculation is made for a "medium" dog (21 to 50 pounds) using the AKC recommendation.

Dog Years to Human Years Chart

Dog Years

(dog’s age according to the calendar)

Human Years

(dog’s age in equivalent human years, based on stage of development/aging)

1 year 15
2 years 24
3 28
4 32
5 36
6 42
7 47
8 51
9 56
10 60
11 65
12 69
13 74
14 78
15 83
16 87

Learn More

Is your dog starting to enter its elderly years? Get some tips for caring for an old pup. Also, check our home remedies for your pet’s arthritis.

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Reader Comments

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I must be missing something...

My dog is 15 years old. the first two years would equate to 24 human years (15 + 9), according to this system. That leaves 13 years, each equal to about 5 human years (65). So add all this up and I get my dog is 89 human years old. Your calculator says 83. Of course, it's all approximate, but still - 6 years is a LOT different. So, what's the deal?

Cat ages in human years

Ok you addressed dog ages..now do cat ages...

pet calculator

The Editors's picture

We are actually working on a cat calculator! You’re not the first person who has asked. Thanks! 

weight

What would the calculation be for a heavier dog? I have Chow Chows and have all my life and Storm will turn 12 on Halloween this year (he was born in 2007) So what would the difference be for dogs that weigh between 55-75 pounds. Even though my boy is getting up there in years you would think he looks and acts like a pup, he is the first black Chow I have had and am so happy to say he doesn't have a grey hair anywhere and is still very active and HEALTHY!!! Even though there isn't a weight limit on my breeds standard, all my Chows have been between 55-75 pounds and have never had a weight problem with any of them at any time in their life spans. So am curious as to how the calculation may be tweaked to accommodate the heavier weight.

DOG AND CAT AGES

I was recently at the vet's office and saw a new and more accurate chart for aging your pets. It showed not only dog but cat ages as well. Something that I found very enlightening was that their equivalent human age depends on the size of the dog. We know that wolfhounds live a far shorter life than a Yorkie so it stands to reason that a 5 year old mini would be far younger in human years than a 5 year old giant breed.
I was 68 at the time and ironically it turned out that my 8 1/2 year old GSD and my 14 year old cats were the same age in human years. According to the chart above Willow, my shepherd, would only be 51. I wish that were so. Actually, I wish that I were only 51 too! LOL

dog age calendar

Is it the word "approximately" ("And after that, very human year equals approximately five years for a dog") that have the above calendar chart change from 4-6 years apart in the list? Doing the math, I figured my 12 year old dog was 74, but it says 69. In comparing to human years.. there is quite a difference between 69 and 74.

This was informative. I've

This was informative. I've never been able to find how to calculate a cats age. I had an old man until he was 24. Now I have my other one who is 22.

Older lab

My baby Cheyenne is 15 1/2=74.5 yrs old her next birthday shows she will b 77 years old does anyone know an average possible lifespan for a female black lab ? And how to help her with the aging? Her eye site seems to b giving her a little problem but she seems pretty healthy, I do notice that her skin allergy seems more often and the med the vet told me to use is a spray for feet but does not help as much anymore,just really need to know how to make things better on her. She don’t jump in bed anymore to sleep and when she tries to get off she sometimes hurts herself, so I don’t let her up there anymore, which seems like she feels I’m being mean. I sleep on sofa so she could get up there but even that’s hard on her . But with those things said she is still getting around well and eats well . She does use the bathroom in the house now sometimes but she’s scared to go outside not sure why unless her eyesight is the problem. I know I have rambled on but I’m just getting scared my little man chauhau puppy recently passed and he was same age as she is now and she and I miss him so I guess I’m just scared not ready to loose her too thx for listening

Older Lab

Hi Melinda,

I’m very happy to hear that your pup has had a long and happy life with a great owner like you. You seem to have the right idea on how to beat take care of her. My dog has recently gotten too old to jump on my bed as well, but I’ve set up a smaller chair next to it as a step so he can still enjoy sleeping next to me. If you have any furniture that could be safely used like that, I recommend trying it out. If your dog is still able to go on walks, it is best to take from on shorter walks, but more frequently. If you used to walk her 3 times a day, you could perhaps cut the time of the walk in half but walk her 6 times. Regular exercise is still great for dogs until they aren’t physically able. Older dogs also will slowly lose control over their bowel movements and may need to go out more often. If you continue to take great care of her, I’m sure you will enjoy each other’s company until her final days.

Best of luck,
Josh

There are stairs and/or ramps

There are stairs and/or ramps available for purchase that will assist your elderly dog with getting in and out of the bed, couch etc. Additionally, "puppy pads" should be a great help for both you and your elderly dog. To save money, purchase human incontinence pads available at Amazon, Sam's etc instead of the more costly puppy pads, they are the same.

Dog age

If my dog was born in 2014 how old would he be now (2019)

Jack Russell terriers

My jack russell terriers will turn 16 (female) and 18 (male) at the end of this year. They had a litter of 5 puppies about 14 years ago. They have been very loving and fun dogs to have in our family. Both are currently experiencing canine dementia, but the male has had it for much longer and we did not recognize the signs until the younger one started experiencing some of the same ones. We love them so, but they are much more difficult to care for now as the male is more aggressive and confused a lot. It breaks my heart. I pray for a natural death but some days are so very hard and miserable, I wonder if he is suffering living with dementia? How do you know when it’s time to say goodbye? How long do jack Russell terriers usually live?

Idk how is my dog

She was be in on the 10/22/2018 is she like 1 yr old or no I need to know I have to get here shots and no I do not have a vet right now need one too.

puppy deaths

My 7 yr old Yorkie has had two litters lately in which one or 2 pups died within the first week. They were full term, healthy mom. Is the age of the mom or dad a factor?

Yorkie pups

We are so sorry about your Yorkie’s pups! The age of the mother can be a factor in neonatal mortality, often called fading syndrome (a condition that happens within the first 2 weeks of age). But there are many factors that can influence survival, such as the pups becoming too hot/cold before their bodies are able to mature enough to compensate, the birth weight, weight of the mom, genetics (purebred or pedigree puppies are more prone to this type of problem), a difficult birth, nursing troubles, viruses or other infections, etc. It could be that your Yorkie is of an age that litters will be more at risk (one source says that for Yorkies, age 7 is the very last year for breeding if the mom is healthy, although it is more common to retire her at 4 to 5 years, and a maximum of 1 to 2 litters per year. Otherwise, there might be complications for both the litter and her.). For best advice, we’d recommend talking to a veterinarian. Hope this helps!

Breeding

Why in Gods' name are you breeding your dogs? There are so many in the pound! Adopt don't shop.

What's the Lifespan for a

What's the Lifespan for a German Shepherd. My Buddy turned 5 yrs in April 2018 and at what age is he considered to be a Senior? Thankyou so much for all this info.

life span

German Shepherds usually live between 9 and 13 years, often between 11 and 13 if they remain healthy through most of their lives. 

Human age of my dog

I just adopted a Yorkie and he's 2years old, how old would he be in human years? Thank you!

Is it too early to take the puppy home?

Hi. My family and I are going to be getting a new puppy on Saturday. The gentleman that has been a breeder for several years and has great reviews and extremely happy customers.
My concern is that pur puppy was born on January 4th, 2018. The post/ad said that the puppies would be ready for pick up on March 1st. However when I talked to the gentlemen and asked if he still had any male puppies left and he said yes. He said he's asking for a $100 nonrefundable deposit. So I told him that we live 4 to 5 hours away from him and wouldn't be able to drop off the deposit until February 17th as it is a 10 hour round trip. So he said that when we come up on February 17th that we could bring the full amount for the puppy and we could bring him home that day. Even though they have had all deworming meds, 1st set of shots, & are seemed and eating puppy food and are doing well I am concerned that he may not be old enough to leave. I mean wouldn't he only be about 6 or 7 weeks old?

when to take home a puppy

The Editors's picture

If I understand correctly, on February 17, your puppy will be just 3 days past six weeks old. Ideally, the longer a pup can stay with its mom, the better, as far as developing social skills with other pups in the litter, etc. Six weeks is the minimum time when pups should be taken to their new home (unless in an emergency). Some state laws require that the pup must be at least 8 weeks old (which would be March 1 in your case, as the ad said). You might contact a local veterinarian to see about your state’s laws and whether in general there might be any concern about the timing. Ideally, if you can wait until the March 1 date for pickup, your pup might be better off in the long run.

When to take a puppy home.

Thank you so much for your quick response. I will be contacting our vet right away tomorrow morning. I wouldn't mind keeping the puppy where he is until March 1st, but it seems like for some reason the breeder feels like it will be fine. So I'll check with our vet and get her take on the situation as I Don't want to do anything to harm the puppy or it's development. Thank you again.

Weenie puppies

I have had several litters over the years, Also I curently have a litter now as well. Born on feb 2, I've always kept them about 7 & 8 weeks but the experience I've had is if mommy does not want them at all anymore there eating dry and wet food peeing and pooping,playing all on there own I don't see the harm in sending them to there forever homes before they get to attached to my surroundings when they could be bonding with there new familys

Dog years

My great dane was 9 1/2 (dog years) (54 human years) when he passed. Pretty young sounding, huh. I don't think this chart gives a true picture as to how old they are in human years, as your larger breeds have a much shorter life expectancy than your smaller breeds. As grey as my old man was, and the difficulty he was having walking he sure seemed a lot older than 54. I miss him dearly, he was a gentle giant, with a huge heart.

A DOG'S AGE

My deepest condolences on you dog's passing, Debra. And I do agree with you. Giant breeds, such as Danes, don't live as long and therefore age at a much faster rate. According to the Great Dane Club of America the average lifespan is only 6 - 8 years. That would be middle age for a Yorkie. A 4 year old Dane would be approx. 35 human years old. The chart you have here can, at best, be used as general information and not be breed specific.

Dog years to human years

Pedigree's conversion is much more representative. My Ozzie, a Black Lab mix, was 16. Pedigree says he was 120 in human years. It's a lot closer than what these folks say. Ozzie had cataracts, his back legs became useless and his hearing was bad in the upper frequencies. But he could smell a mosquito fart. I think this site says he was in his 70s. I don't think so.

My dog's age is..

About 36, according to the chart, (wow, older than me!) I had him for about 3 yrs, he is a Beagle Sheltie mix, he is an adopted shelter dog. We guessed on his bday, vet says around 2 when we got him. Q. My cat is about 6 yrs old, how old would he be in ppl years?

cat years

According to many conversion charts, a 6 year old cat is thought to be about 40 years old in equivalent human aging, and would be considered to be in his prime.

Dog years

If they say multiply by 7 wouldn't that be 21?

What about cats? How do they

What about cats? How do they age?

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