How to Build a Raised Garden Bed

Planning, Building, and Planting a Raised Garden Bed


Learn how to easily build your own raised garden bed!


Raised garden beds are fairly easy to construct, even easier to maintain, and offer myriad benefits for your garden! Here’s how to build a raised garden bed in your backyard, as well as advice on using the right wood and soil.

Raised beds are an easy way to get into gardening! Whether you purchase a kit or build your own, there are some great reasons for raised bed gardening, which we highlight below.

What is a Raised Garden Bed?

A raised garden bed is a large planting container that sits aboveground and is filled with soil and plants. It is a box with no bottom or top—a frame, really—that is placed in a sunny spot and filled with good-quality soil—to become a source of pride and pleasure, and a centerpiece of the garden.

Why Should I Build a Raised Garden Bed?

Raised garden beds have many benefits. Here are a few reasons why you should consider using one:

  • Garden chores are made easier and more comfortable thanks to less bending and kneeling. Save your knees and back from the strain and pain!
  • Productivity of plants is improved due to better drainage and deeper rooting.
  • Raised beds are ideal for small spaces where a conventional row garden might be too wild and unwieldy.
  • Planting in a raised bed give you full control over soil quality and content, which is especially important in areas where the existing soil is rocky or nutrient-poor.
  • Raised beds allow for a longer growing season, since you can work the soil more quickly in the spring in frost-hardened regions, or convert the bed into a cold frame in the fall.
  • Fewer weeds are seen in raised beds thanks to the bed being elevated away from surrounding weeds and being filled with disease- and weed-free soil.
  • Raised beds allow for easier square-foot gardening and companion planting.
  • Learn more about the benefits of raised garden beds


Best Wood for Raised Beds

Many people are concerned about the safety of their wood frame. First, rest assured that CCA pressure-treated wood is banned, as it was known to leach arsenic. To ensure that the wood lasts, there are several options:

  • Regular pressure-treated lumber sold today has a mixture of chemicals applied to prevent the moist soil and weather from rotting it. Although pressure-treated wood is certified as safe for organic growing, some people have reservations about using it, and there are various eco-friendly alternatives. 
  • More expensive woods, such as cedar, contain natural oils which prevent rotting and make them much more durable. They are more expensive to buy, but they will last many more years.
  • Choosing thicker boards can make the wood last longer. For example, 2-inch-thick locally sourced larch should last 10 years, even without treatment.
  • Avoid using railroad ties, as they may be treated with creosote, which is toxic.

Alternatives to wood include concrete blocks or bricks. However, keep in mind that concrete will increase the soil pH over time, and you will have to amend the soil accordingly to grow your best garden.

Size of Your Raised Garden Bed

  • First, you need a location that has level ground and gets the right amount of sunlight (6 to 8 hours per day).
  • In terms of bed size, 4 feet is a common width. Lumber is often cut in 4-foot increments, and you also want to be able to access the garden without stepping into the bed. Making the bed too wide will make it difficult to reach the middle, which makes weeding and harvesting a pain.
  • Length isn’t as important. Typical plots are often 4 feet wide by 8 feet long or 4 feet wide by 12 feet long.
  • The depth of the bed can vary, but six inches of soil is a minimum. Plants need at least a 6–12-inch rooting zone, so 12 inches is ideal.
  • Before you establish the bed, break up and loosen the soil underneath with a garden fork so that it’s not compacted. Go about 6 to 8 inches deep. For improved rooting, some gardeners like to remove the top layer (about a spade’s depth), dig down another layer, and then return the top layer and mix the soil layers together.

Building a Raised Garden Bed

  • To support timber beds, place wooden stakes at every corner (and every few feet for longer beds). Place on the inside of the bed so that the stakes are less visible.
  • Drive the stakes about 60% (2 feet) into the ground and leave the rest of the stakes exposed aboveground.
  • Ensure that the stakes are level so that they’re in the ground at the same height, or you’ll have uneven beds.
  • Set the lowest boards a couple inches below ground level. Check that they are level.
  • Use galvanized nails (or screws) to fix the boards to the stakes.
  • Add any additional rows of boards, fixing them to the stakes, too.

Check out our video on how to build raised beds for your vegetables:

Soil for Raised Garden Beds

The soil blend that you put into your raised bed is its most important ingredient. More gardens fail or falter due to poor soil than almost anything else. 

  • Fill the beds with a mix of topsoil, compost, and other organic material, such as manure, to give your plants a nutrient-rich environment (see recipes below). Learn more about soil amendments and preparing soil for planting.
  • Note that the soil in a raised bed will dry out more quickly. During the spring and fall, this is fine, but during the summer, add straw, mulch, or hay on top of the soil.
  • Frequent watering will be critical with raised beds, especially in the early stages of plant growth. Otherwise, raised beds need little maintenance.

Raised Bed Soil Recipe

For a 4x8-foot raised bed:

  • 4 bags (2 cubic feet each) topsoil (Note: Avoid using topsoil from your yard, as it may contain weeds and pests.)
  • 2 pails (3 cubic feet each) peat moss
  • 2 bags (2–3 cubic feet each) compost or composted cow manure
  • 2-inch layer of shredded leaves or grass clippings (grass clippings should be herbicide- and fertilizer-free)

Raised garden bed. Photo by Oregon State University/Wikimedia Commons.
Square-foot gardening in a raised bed. Photo by Oregon State University/Wikimedia Commons.

Planning the Raised Bed Garden

To plan out the perfect garden for your space, try the Almanac Garden Planner! In minutes, you can create a garden plan right on your computer.

The Garden Planner has a “Raised Garden Bed” feature. It also has a specific square-foot gardening (SFG) feature, which involves dividing the bed into squares to make the organization of your garden a lot simpler (see photo, above).

Which ever garden you select, the Garden Planner will show you the number of crops that fit in each space so you don’t waste seed or overcrowd. There’s even a companion planting tool so you plant crops that thrive together, not plants that inhibit each other.


Right now, we’re offering a free 7-day trial on the Almanac Garden Planner—enough time to plan your first garden. If you enjoy the Garden Planner, we hope you’ll subscribe. Otherwise, this is ample time to play around and give it a go!

Learn More

Have you ever thought about building your own raised garden bed? Or do you have one already? Tell us about it below!

Reader Comments

Leave a Comment

plastic sides in place of boards

Is it OK to use plastic boards for the sides? I'm thinking of the type of recycled plastic that is often used for benches or boardwalks these days. They seem very sturdy and of course won't rot. But do they leach chemicals? I see them often use das boardwalks in sensitive-drainage areas e.g. wetlands.


Been killing about a 10' x 10' patch of bindweed in part of my garden plot. I have dug, tilled, pulled, and finally sprayed with Hi-Yield 2,4-D Amine a selective weed killer". It's still growing and coming back. I'd like to make a raised strawberry patch in this area. How oh how can I rid myself of this horrible weed whose roots can go to 40' depths I'm told! And how do I put my berries above this pest and not have the weed come up and in to the patch? Thank you for help and advice!

Raise beds but higher

I have some problems with getting around so i thought i would build some raised beds but they set off the ground about 3 feet, that is the bottom of the bed. ? is what would be the best way to do the bottom of the bed. I thought to make a inner 2x4 and attach (?) to that. Wonder if i should go with a brace wood plank system and then but in metal mesh, and some stone for drainage. Any help or suggests please send to me address emails as garden helper at subject. Believe me i have went thru this a 100 times Please i need HELP, Thank's to you all ahead of time, GOD BLESS and happy Gardening

raised garden bed and cement ruble

I am new to gardening.We had some spare materials so we are making a raised garden bed out of sheet iron/old color bond roofing. Now we are in the process of filling it.We put cement chunks on the bottom at a height of around 8inches.The sides of the bed are 20inches in height.
My question is what do we fill the gaps with around the cement pieces with?gravel? sand?or just keep filling to the top with good organic soil?
And when the bottom 8inches is filled do I ad paper or something? or just top it up with organic soil?
Thanks in advance.

raised bed materials

We are not familiar with color bond roofing; a search suggests its an Australian product, so g’day! It may work as your wall but being metal it may also heat up more than natural materials (wood, say) and so conduct heat to the soil adjacent to it. Not necessarily a bad thing; it might depend on how hot it gets…and because of heat dries out the soil. Why 8 inches of concrete? What is underneath the concrete, soil? A hard surface? Is the 8 inches of concrete instead of soil, so you can save on soil? As for filling around the concrete, do some homework on what you want to grow. Some plants need a good 12 inches of soil, minimum, but some experts recommend up to two feet of soil so plants can spread their roots. You don’t want roots up against the concrete.  The soil will pack in around the concrete; so would sand, but sand does not benefit the roots; it helps—or increases—drainage, and you don’t want water to pour out. You could spread a little newspaper over the concrete but it will not last long; it may be better to fill with good organic soil and save the paper (newspaper) for possible use as mulch. To a certain extent, this will be an experimental season for you. Let us know how it goes!


Waist high raised bed but with only a 12 inch depth

We are changing over from a straw bale garden to a wood raised garden. Has anyone seen any free designs for a raised bed that is about 3 foot high but only want the depth of the bed to be about 12-15 inches? My husband is concerned about the best method to stabilize the bed since it will not be supported "by the ground", but elevated. Any ideas? Thank you.

Old tires for raised bed garden

Has anyone tried stabilizing old large tires for a raised garden bed? Is the rubber safe for use when growing food? I want to build a raised bed that will save some wear&tear on my lower back. I also prefer finding new uses for products to help reduce our ever growing landfills. This would also be economical for me. Thank you.

Old Tire Raised Bed

Hi Cynthia,

In the short term, yes you can make a planter out of old tires. However, over time the tires will degrade and release toxic carcinogens into the soil. If you want to use the planter for more than a year, it’d be a better use of your time to use a material other than tires. 

soil in an elevated bed

I plan to make elevated beds for my vegetables and wanted to know if my choice of soil mix is suitable. Equal parts if Composted manure, shredded peat, and vermiculite. I also have earthworms I want to add.

Soil Mix

Hi Dedria,

The soil mix you describe is essentially a potting soil mix, which has excellent drainage. The peat will make the soil slightly acidic, so keep that in mind when deciding what to plant. Also, depending on where you live, consider the climate; your climate may be dry and hot, wet and humid, or anything in between. Your mix is good for wet regions, draining well and not retaining too much moisture. If you live in a dry region, you’ll want some topsoil or a higher ratio of compost to peat and vermiculite to retain more moisture. Lastly, it is a good idea to get a mixture of different kinds of compost for a mix like this, as compost from one source will be lacking certain nutrients. We hope this helps!

Raised beds

Are boards of Juniper suitable for raised beds?

First time gardener

I built four 4x8 untreated pine raised garden beds. They are about 12 inches deep. I added hardware cloth and cardboard on the bottom of the beds to prevent critters and weeds. I am concerned that they are not deep enough for all kinds of vegetables to grow. Any tips/advice?

Raised gardens soil depth

Six inches is a minimum. Plants need at least a 6- to 12-inch rooting zone, so 12 inches is ideal. All the best with your garden harvest!

First Time for Raised Bed

My hubby and I have decided to give the raised bed a try in our garden this year; he'll be 75 in 1 month and I turned 71 just 2 months ago. Thanks for the great info on building raised beds, it came at the perfect time for us. We always raise 2 large gardens (about 1/2 acre total) of berries and vegetables so we do a lot of canning and freezing; we want to try our hand at home freeze-drying some of the fruits and vegetables this year. Hope the raised bed will make the gardening chores - weeding & harvesting - much easier on our old backs this yr. All our watering is done with the black soaker hoses - similar to a drip-system - and I'm sure that will work great for raised beds. Thanks again for the great info.

making those beds . . .

Thanks for the kind words, Thelma! Here’s hoping that you and your husband have a delicious and hefty harvest!

Small raised beds find space in sloped yard

My yard is on the side of a hill, with some very tiny areas that are only "sort of" flat. Small raised beds placed in the few level-ish areas have allowed me to have productive garden space without having to worry about my garden being washed down the hill during a heavy rain. In fact, I have managed to find appropriate places for six 4 foot by 4 foot raised beds. That is 96 square feet of garden space. My family, friends, and neighbors enjoy the vegetables from these small raised beds.

beds on slope

Good for you, Maria! We hope that other gardeners who read these comments take inspiration—and confidence—from your success. Thanks for sharing!

More advantages to raised beds.

In warm climates like we have here in southwest Florida nematodes can be a real problem. At this point there is no effective chemical control for these microscopic worms available to the residential gardener; however raised beds do offer the great advantage of easy solarization. During the off season when the beds are fallow, cover them with a heavy gauge, UV resistant plastic sheet and secure it well so that it doesn't blow away. The plastic should extend all of the way to the ground on the outside of the bed. This works very well in warm climates because the temperature inside of the bed can reach temperatures of up to 150 deg/F on a hot summer day. Temperatures that high will kill virtually every seed, insect egg, bacteria, mold spore, some viruses, and nematodes. Our fallow time here is in the summer, so this method is probably not too effective in colder climates when the summer is the height of growing season.

nematode nemesis!

Thanks for taking the time to share this great advice, Rononpi! You have clearly found a success method for defeating the problem of nematodes, and it’s highly likely that other gardeners will find this information helpful. We certainly did! All the best—

FL follow-up.

I am in South Florida as well. How deep are your beds... and What do you recommend putting below the soil to help with water retention?

Mixing bed soil with existing soil

Thank you for this informative page! We've had a garden in the ground the last three years and weeds& pests (rabbits, slugs, deer) have always been a problem. This year we're interested in trying raised beds to deal with both. I read here you recommend mixing clay- rich ground soil with the soil/mix put into the beds, but that will just perpetuate the weed problem I think. Any tips? We plan to put chicken wire on the bottom of the frames to keep out burrowing rabbits (happens with our regular garden fence) and the cardboard on top sounds like a good idea for weed suppression. But those two things are at odds with mixing soils too. Finally, any tips for pest fencing around the beds themselves that are easy to work with? Thank you!


Above we recommend

  • Fill the beds with a mix of topsoil, compost, and other organic material, such as manure, to give your plants a nutrient-rich environment.

Clay may be mentioned below re particular issues.

As for protecting your bed, it is entirely possible you may have to fence it in. Being raised does not eliminate pest problems; for materials, it’s your call re aesthetics and practicality, from chicken wire to cottage picket.

Or weeds. Weed and other seeds can blow in, birds drop them (or excrete them)—they can come from anywhere. To (almost) eliminate weeds, mulch.

Garden Too Shallow


Thank you for your informative article.

I bought some seedlings and I have planted them. However, I suspect my garden is too shallow.

How can I make it deeper without affecting the seedlings?


Deepening Your Raised Beds

Use a spade fork to very gently loosen the soil beneath your seedlings. You can temporarily remove them from the raised bed while you amend the soil depth. Lift the plants (keeping the roots in soil) and store them in trays, tubs, or buckets for the hour or so it takes you to work the bed. Replant as soon as possible and water well. Be sure not to bury the stems too deep when replanting. Keep the disruption of stems and roots to a minimum.

Raised Bed

I am building a raised vegetable bed on concrete. Is it best to line the bottom and sides with a liner. Or leave out the liner and add gravel on the concrete. Or use a liner then some gravel on top of liner to help drainage. Look forward to hearing from you with any advice.

Concrete raised bed lining

Hi Lesley,

A good way to go would be to use gravel on the bottom, then line it with landscape cloth.

lining with landscape cloth

Why add the landscape cloth? Is it necessary?

Landscape fabric

Landscape fabric is not required. Some gardeners use the cloth as an easy way to suppress weeds.  Fabric allows for the movement of air and water, unlike plastic. However, other gardeners do not like to use landscape fabric because it requires heavy mulching to cover the fabric and it breaks down over time.

Another solution is simply to layer 4 ot 6 inches of organic mulch such a bark or wood chips. This layer of mulch will prevent weeds by blocking light from getting to the soil. It also helps retain soil moisture.

Hi, I am purchasing a 1/2

Hi, I am purchasing a 1/2 acre that I want to put up a 8 ×12 greenhouse along with an 20 × 40 garden. I need help and suggestions for this project. Thank you for your help. Bev

Treated wood for raised beds

I have new raised beds brushed with Thompsons water seal.I'm trying to find out if this wood is now safe for using it for vegetables boxes.

We’ve never used this product

We’ve never used this product as don’t seal our wood; I’d call Thompsons.  That said, if it’s already brushed on, it should certainly extend the life of your wood. Just in case there is any leaching of its chemicals, perhaps avoid planting root crops right up next to it in the first year. Again, it’s best to call the manufacturer.

Raised beds

I am building raised beds, now I have been told to put down black plastic and build the beds over that to keep weeds down and help retain moisture, but with that said, has anyone done it that way? I have also been told if I do that, to poke holes in the plastic to help it drain? Recommendations?

bed cover

Here’s a link to a recent video we made explaining the ground cover:

If you use plastic, you should poke holes in it, otherwise you will have water collecting, eventually drowining your plants. Remember, the holes will invite weeds in…

The video uses a weed cover. This has inherent problems because some weeds will grow through it eventually.

Another alternative to both plastic and weed cover is sheet cardboard (boxes broken down and flattened). Or several layers of newspaper. Both of those impede weeds and and slow water run off/dissipation into the soil, and they eventually break down.

That’s all about retaining moisture and suppressing weeds under the garden.

On top, use mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds.

Raw untreated pine beds

Hi the post by Unlearn got me thinking

I am very interested to know more about using raw untreated pine. Planning vegetable beds for my garden, and don't want to use anything treated / plastic that could leach chemicals

Also want something that will be really durable, don't want to have to rebuild in 5 years time. I read somewhere that raw pine will last a long time as its full of resin. Any experience of this? Any practical issues with using raw undried wood? (Will it shrink once in place?)

I'm no expert but I read somewhere that a waterproof lining can be counterproductive, as it traps moisture next to the wood

untreated pine for garden beds

Untreated pine isn’t particularly long-lasting. Five years is often suggested as a maximum before it begins to degrade. Cedar or larch is a much longer lasting material. Any wood does contract over time as it dries out, so you may find it easier to use wood that has been dried first.

Pine Raised Beds

I think exactly as you do. Not sure about the resin, but while researching possibilities to protect the wood, I found raw linseed oil is non toxic and made of flaxseed oil. It takes longer to dry (48 hrs) than boiled linseed oil but worth the wait.

Raised garden bed patio vegetable planter

My un-treated cedar frame arrived today. There is no base to it; its a frame. If I put it on the patio of my townhouse (which is not 100% level) what do I line the base with? I am unsure if landscape fabric can be used for this purpose?

raised garden bed planter

You can use landscape fabric if you want to line the base, though a raised bed can be placed straight onto a patio without a liner.

raised herb garden

I have a space about 3x12 between a screened porch and patio that i'd like to turn into a raised herb garden.. with maybe some string beans going up the back... never done this before, but its in a total sunny location (although low and gets a lot of rain - which is why I'm doing the raised option).. do you think this is a good idea?

It’s a great idea. Just make

It’s a great idea. Just make sure that the bed drains well and doesn’t collect too much of the rain water.

Great page! Glad I found it.

Great page! Glad I found it.
Thanks to a rather large wind storm & some hard work I have a nice supply of rough cut pine. The pine is being used to make raised veggie beds & I want them to last as long as possible. I'm thinking about lining the inside (sides only) of my new beds to prevent the direct contact between earth & raw pine. Trying to keep bugs & rot from bringing an early death to my beds.
My concern is lining these beds with something that will protect the bed sides & at the same time not have any adverse affects on the food I will be growing in them.
Is there a material designed for this purpose?
Is one type of poly good & others bad? (lots of conflicting info out there)
What about rubber, an old pond liner or like?

Someone on a forum somewhere suggested using "house wrap". A product named "Tyvec" is common here. New build homes are wrapped with a waterproof membrane (this Tyvec) between the plywood sheeting attached to the framing & the outer finish surface (siding/brick) of the home.
This actually appeals to me, as small scrap cutoffs are always available at new construction sites.

The bottom line is, I NEED the food to have no chance of contamination & I WANT to get the longest life out of the boxes I'm building. Can both be accomplished & with what?

Any info you can share would be much appreciated.

Thank you very much

treated waist high planters

What can I do to keep the chemicals from leeching into my herbs,and, vegetables with. I'm growing organically. Can I line the big boxes, or paint the interior with BP free paint. What kind of liner would work? I don't want to poison us for the sake of our backs.

Raised Beds Lining

Hi Debbie, You don’t say what your boxes are made of, but for maximum peace of mind I’d say impermeable plastic would be better than landscape fabric, which is usually porous to prevent waterlogging when used on the ground. Alternatively, using boxes made of a long-lasting, naturally rot-resistant wood such as cedar or larch is a good choice as it doesn’t need to be treated.

How to keep groundhogs out of my garden?

I really want to do the raised beds for my garden this year. My soil is very poor so this should help. Last year I worked very hard with my garden and it was coming along splendidly,and then one day I go the my garden and there isn't a plant to be seen and there is a groundhog eating the remaining watermelon sprouts! How do I keep them out!!??. I don't want to hurt it, just discourage it.
Thank you!

Walnut tree in our yard

I gave up our garden several years ago because of A walnut tree now I'm thinking about raised garden It will be about 50-60 feet from the tree trunk I think I'll need a bottom to keep tree root out I have several pieces of steel roofing I'd like to use and 2x10 sides that would make it 32" wide by 8 feet ,2 of them ,any suggestions

Raised Bed Gardening

Hi Rich, You should be fine building raised beds with thick landscape fabric beneath to help stop roots getting in, so long as the canopy of the tree doesn’t extend over the bed (nuts and leaves also contain juglone, the substance which is toxic to some plants). Here are a couple of links that explain further:


Want to build raised garden in areas where nematodes have been a problem. Should I use some sort of liner in the bottom or any suggestions to get rid of nematode

Building Raised Garden

Rhett Butler? You don’t say what type of nematode or which plants they affected, but generally speaking, crop rotation is the best way to avoid harmful varieties of nematode affecting your crops in subsequent years - a five year rotation is ideal for most crops. Marigolds are also said to be beneficial in preventing nematodes, particularly when grown repeatedly over several years.

I am putting a very LG raised

I am putting a very LG raised garden on the side of my house made of cinder blocks. There are no vegetation already growing. To help not buy so much dirt I am placing a layer of rocks. Do I still need to use a weed fabric and does it need to be under the rocks or can it go over?

If you’re placing a layer of

If you’re placing a layer of rocks down this will help to suppress most weeds, and if there’s no vegetation there at the moment then it’s unlikely you’d need to use weed fabric too. If you do decide to use weed fabric it would be easier to place it straight onto the ground then put rocks on top, being careful not to tear the fabric.

Hi there, I am thinking of

Hi there, I am thinking of building a raised bed using stone in the back garden, but there are two questions that I have.

1) The garden is quite small so I am planning on building the bed directly attached to the house. Will this cause structural problems to the house or do you think it will be ok if I use some sort of rubber/plastic membrane in conjunction with the stone wall between soil and house?

2) Currently there is a stone patio where the bed would be. I am worried this may affect drainage (and in turn make the above problem 1 worse). Do you think the best solution would be to attempt to take up the patio or is a different drainage solution you might suggest? Bearing in mind the site is beside the house i am somewhat reluctant to tear up the patio!

Cheers, thanks for help:)

Hi, We're not builders but

Hi, We're not builders but here are a couple thoughts . . . On your first question: A waterproof membrane should stop dampness getting through, but please consult a specialist if you’re concerned.
On your second question: Raised beds are often built on patios but it may be a good idea to either remove some of the patio surfacing underneath the bed if that’s possible, or else leave drainage holes in the open sides of the raised bed to allow water to drain away more easily.

Hi, sorry if already posted

Hi, sorry if already posted but for those like myself on a limited budget then try getting hold of unwanted pallets and use the wood from those. There are loads of YouTube videos on how to dismantle and re-use the timber from a pallet. Loads of firms will give these away for free so ask about and with a little bit of construction you can make your own beds for a few quid. If I can make them anyone can, you only need a wood saw, nails, basic tools and patience :-)

p.s check out you tube and follow some raised bed making videos they are so helpful. Happy growing everyone good luck Steve.

We built a raised-bed garden

We built a raised-bed garden out of cinderblocks recently but recently received a notice from our home owner's association that cinder blocks inhibit the drainage of water from our property.

From what I've read on this Q&A, cinder blocks DO allow for water drainage. Is this accurate? We have chickenwire under the garden but no other material preventing soil or water drainage.

I'm also disabled so the cinder block is perfect! It allows me to sit as needed on the outside. Any help you can provide that will help me fight the association policy would be appreciated.

Thank you for your help!

We're not sure how using

We're not sure how using using cinder blocks for constructing a raised bed would inhibit water drainage unless they’re against the wall of a house or if they’re being used as retaining walls on a slope. If that’s the case, knocking some holes in them for drainage may help. 

Hello I am trying to go all


I am trying to go all organic and am struggling with what to line the bottom of the raised garden bed with. It is on 3 foot legs, 3.5x 7 feet.

I don't want to use poly plastic as these have chemicals. Any idea what would work? Perhaps coffee bags? Large foodservice bags? Not sure.


Try weed-suppressing but

Try weed-suppressing but porous landscaping fabric, which will allow water to drain away. There are lots of different materials and brands available, so you may need to check what it’s made of before you buy it.


I'm curious if anyone has tried a potato sack repurposed? Maybe that would be worth a try this year. Let me know, my first time building and growing from scratch this year, I've used landscape fabric for a raised stacked garden bed. It measures 5x5' (by 12") on the bottom and is made of western red cedar. It's in a full sunlight area and on level ground. Would you recommend using old potato sacks or do they contain chemicals we aren't aware of? I'm growing organic non-gmo heirloom vegetables in there and I cannot find anything on what veggies to put beside which.

Hi , I made a raised garden

Hi , I made a raised garden bed from untreated wood. It is 3 ft by 3 ft, nailed at the corners. It is 12 inches deep. Now the wood has warped and the corners have become loose. How to keep them together now?

We're not sure what kind of

We're not sure what kind of wood you used. Some wood is not suitable for outdoor use (such as red oak). You may be able to cure the problem in the short term but it may continue to occur because of the moisture problems.
For now, perhaps try to wet the boards (or wait until after it rains) so they'll bend and clamp the boards before putting in support brackets? If you did use the wrong wood though, it will only be a matter of time and you could just deal with it now and replace with pressure-treated wood or rot-resistant wood more suitable for outdoor use.  Or, forget using boards entirely and border with bales of hay that you replace every few years.

I am planning a 4x8x12 wooden

I am planning a 4x8x12 wooden garden
When planting seeds what is the best placement of them i.e. green beans tomatoes,peas,pumpkins and melons ? Thank You

Also do I need to dig up the

Also do I need to dig up the grass sod underneath of it or can I just use mulch fabric ?

If your beds are 12” deep

If your beds are 12” deep then this should be enough to kill off the grass below, but if you have perennial weeds among the grass or very invasive grass species, you might prefer to put down mulch fabric or newspaper several sheets thick as a barrier below your bed.

If your peas and beans are

If your peas and beans are climbing varieties you might like to grow them on the North side of your bed to avoid shading your other crops. Tomatoes are also tall, while melons and pumpkins will sprawl across the ground (unless you train them up a trellis or similar). Our Garden Planner automatically spaces plants to make it easy to see how many plants you have room for. You can find out more and take out a free trial at

If I were to do a 12 inch

If I were to do a 12 inch raised garden over a spot that was previously a garden , should I place landscape fabric under the raised garden between the ground and raised garden? Or should I just double dig the ground and place new compost soil over it?

There’s no need to place

There’s no need to place landscape fabric underneath the raised bed, unless you have a problem with perennial weeds which might make their way into the raised bed. 12 inches of soil will be enough for most vegetables, so you don’t need to dig the ground beneath either.

I am thinking of building a

I am thinking of building a raised veg garden. Because of back issues I am thinking I would like to build one 3 ft high at lease. I am also on a limited budget. As I will only need 12" or so of soil for the vegies, what could I use to fill in the bottom 2 feet that won't cost a fortune?

Some people fill the bottom

Some people fill the bottom of taller raised beds with rubble as this is often available free or cheaply. 

Raised garden, plastic lining

Raised garden, plastic lining or not??

would it effect my ground

would it effect my ground water in any way to have a raised bed garden right near and around my well? It would be an organic garden, but wondering if this should be avoided altogether Thanks

I want to use cinder blocks

I want to use cinder blocks to make some raised beds. We have 150 of them hanging around. I understand there is ash that comes from coal in the cinder blocks, so they are not advised for food crops. Actually some articles say it will leech, some say it would take chemicals to make it leech. I keep reading you can line the beds with plastic. Can you all tell me what type of plastic you are using? Is it something special?

When lining raised beds, most

When lining raised beds, most people will use an impermeable plastic sheet that is thick enough to last a long time. If you’re unsure of its suitability for food crops, read the label or contact the manufacturer for advice.

You might consider using weed

You might consider using weed barrier cloth. It doesn't break down so much and won't allow a pool of water lying in the bottom

I am placing a raised bed on

I am placing a raised bed on an old rock garden. It has a couple inches of pea rock. Should I move all the rock out or just fill with new soil on top? Is it good for drainage or better to move the rock?

You can build the raised bed

You can build the raised bed on top of the rocks. They will provide good drainage and keep weeds at bay.

Hello. My husband made me 2

Hello. My husband made me 2 raised garden beds next to the house. Last year we tried our first garden. He had treated the inside so it wouldn't rot. He put down rock first, then mulch & then soil. The plants were really dry looking even though I watered. Tomato plant only produced a tiny tomato. Strawberry plant produced 1 or 2 strawberries. Zucchini didn't produce. Oh....& we ended up with these great big mushrooms along the roots & around edges of the bed. Dumping everything in beds & starting over this spring. Could you help me out on what we messed up on please? & should I use plastic being would was treated & stained?

what kind of soil? it's all

what kind of soil?

it's all about the soil!

Make your Beds out of 2'x 6'x

Make your Beds out of 2'x 6'x 8' Red Cedar and they will last 10 years or more.

Garden Soil
Mushroom Soil (Compost)

Call your local Landscape company they can deliver up to 6 yards. This will fill 3 Beds 4' wide x 8' long x 1' deep They will mix it for you also.
Get half Garden Soil half Compost and a big bag of perlite or vermiculite to mix in the Garden Beds as you fill. Mix in quite a bit you want nice and light Soil.

Perlite - a form of obsidian characterized by spherlulites formed by cracking of the volcanic glass during cooling, used as insulation or in plant growth media.

My first concern is, what did

My first concern is, what did your husband treat the inside of the beds with? You need to make sure that it’s an eco-friendly wood treatment since you’re growing food in that soil. If it wasn’t, instead of starting from scratch again, lining the inside of the bed with plastic will help prevent any chemicals leaching into the soil.
Raised beds do tend to dry out quickly so need plenty of irrigation, and if your growing medium is mostly garden soil then this will dry out much faster than if it was mixed with plenty of compost (or you could use bagged potting soil). Soil on its own is also unlikely to be rich enough for good fruit production. I wouldn’t worry too much about the mushrooms though - their presence is often a sign of healthy soil. 

I will be trying my hand at a

I will be trying my hand at a raised garden this spring. I want to plant cucumbers, tomatoes, okra, yellow squash, bell pepper and maybe some romaine lettuce. What size bed should I be thinking about? I don't can, and I don't have a large family to feed.

We're happy to help. You

We're happy to help. You mentioned that you don't have a large family but how many folks do you wish to feed?  Here's a plan for four people:
Also, we have a Garden Planner that will help you determine the size of your bed and the spacing for plants.  Try it out for free here: http://gardenplanner.almanac.c...

The links were very helpful,

The links were very helpful, thanks!

what size wire mesh should be

what size wire mesh should be putdown to keep gophers out of a raised bed

Hi Greg, 1/2-inch hardware

Hi Greg,
1/2-inch hardware cloth is the best choice. Some hardware stores may have something that is called gopher wire.

I'm getting ready to build

I'm getting ready to build raised beds for my front yard. Because they'll be in front, I'd like them to be more aesthetically pleasing and paint them white to match the house trim. But I'm not sure what paints are safe to use, if any. Most eco-friendly paints I've seen are interior only. Do you know of any, or can recommend any, that are exterior paints and are also safe for the garden? Thank you!

Hello! I want to build a

Hello! I want to build a large cedar garden box on concrete and am still a little confused abVout drainage. Do you recommend creating a bottom out of slats and landscape material and blocking it up? Or just giving it a layer of gravel on the bottom? If I give it a layer of gravel, do I still need to block the wood up?

Lots of people do put raised

Lots of people do put raised beds directly onto concrete these days, but I’m not sure it’s the best idea. Here's a solution though: The easiest way to ensure drainage when putting raised beds directly onto concrete is to cut some small holes in the sides of your raised beds at the bottom to allow excess water to escape. You might want to line the beds with landscape fabric before adding your growing medium to stop the soil leaking out along with the water.

I've been planning a raised

I've been planning a raised bed for ages, but it's been repeatedly put on hold because money is an issue right now. However, I've found a warehouse near me that routinely has lengths of untreated pine available for free. Can you tell me:
How long will entirely untreated pine last?
How much will lining the box with plastic prolong the life of the boards?
How long would treated the boards with a food-safe sealer prolong the life of the boards?
I live in a moderately dry climate, if that effects anything. Thanks for your help!

The lifetime of untreated

The lifetime of untreated pine really depends how thick it is. Thicker wood will obviously take longer to rot. I’d expect you to get a minimum of 5 years out of untreated pine (unless extremely thin), and perhaps up to about 10 years if it’s quite thick (e.g. 2” x 6”).
Using a plastic lining will avoid having damp soil against the wood and will extend the life of the boards -- how long for will probably depend on the type of plastic used. On your question about treating the boards: Again, it would depend on the treatment used. The product should state how often your wood will need to be re-treated, which may give some indication of its lifespan.

The area where I'd like to

The area where I'd like to have a raised garden is full of tree roots and stumps. It was a cedar grove we cleared had cleared for a garden. Do we need to work up the soil or can we put beds over the existing soil and the roots of plants such as tomatoes will be able to grow deep enough? I have been composting with worms, saved boxes and newspapers. Plan to use the cedar logs for the beds. We could have someone come in and pull out the stumps and break up the soil to help with the old roots. Some of the soil looks really good while most is orange sticky clay and very rocky. I don't think we can dig by hand or till with all the roots and stumps.

If the trees are dead, then

If the trees are dead, then they will rot down. It’s possible that they might ‘rob’ nitrogen from your soil as they rot, so you might find your plants need some additional nitrogen fertilizer, but otherwise it should be fine as long as you use a good rich growing medium. If the roots are attached to living trees, then you will probably find that the roots not only suck up nutrients and water intended for your vegetables, they also invade the beds. Raised beds are a great solution where the underlying soil is very difficult to work, and cedar makes great wood for raised beds; it’s very long-lasting. About 12 inches should be deep enough for most vegetables, but for root crops you might want to build a deeper bed. 

Hi I have a LOT of old wood

Hi I have a LOT of old wood from the prebious owners of my house that I would like to turn into raised beds. I'm worried about cca in the wood that could leech into the soil. Is there a way to test for or prevent this?

This link gives information

This link gives information on how to identify if your wood has been treated with CCA, including where to purchase arsenic testing kits: http://www.beyondpesticides.or...
If in doubt, do not use anywhere near your edible plants.

I am building my first raised

I am building my first raised beds this year and would like to use rail road ties as my this safe or should I go with untreated material

We'd avoid railroad ties,

We'd avoid railroad ties, even old ones. They leach toxic chemicals for decades. Concrete blocks are an inexpensive substitute.

I didnt find any guidelines

I didnt find any guidelines to build a garden bed in this article. Is it been removed ?

Also I have found some websites from where we can purchase the garden beds online like and
Is it fine if I purchase garden beds from there and start my home garden ?

Thanks for writing! We are

Thanks for writing! We are not sure why the content has disappeared and will look into it! Very odd!

Hi, check out you tube for

Hi, check out you tube for building your own from old pallets. Lots of firms will give the away for free and the timber is perfect for this job. Good luck Steve.

I have noticed different

I have noticed different heights of raised garden beds. Other than building high for the convenience of not having to bend over, are there recommended heights/depths of beds for different types of vegetables?
Very informative site. Thank you.

The most common height for

The most common height for raised beds is probably 12 inches. This allows for sufficient drainage for most crops. It assumes you have 12 inches or so of good soil beneath the beds. You can go higher (up to 24 inches) if you have a bad back but then you may need to build cross-supports because the sides of the bed could bow from the weight.

Is it recommended to install

Is it recommended to install a drainage system in a concrete block raised bed to prevent the creation of a mud pit?

Raised beds tend to dry out

Raised beds tend to dry out relatively quickly, and are often used to make it possible to grow a garden where soil drainage is poor, so you should not normally experience problems with drainage in a raised bed. Make sure to mix the soil below with the bed with the soil you’re adding to the bed to prevent the water sitting on top of the garden soil, especially if you have very heavy clay soil. If you're worried that the water will pool on top of it you could leave a few small gaps between the blocks, or drill some holes in them, to let the water escape.

We want to put raised beds in

We want to put raised beds in the backyard and have septic tanks back there somewhere. The grass grows very well over the tanks - would a raised bed be a mistake over the tanks?
Thanks for your advice.

This is a bit of a grey area

This is a bit of a grey area so we'll advise you best we can: There is a risk of contamination from growing near septic tank leach fields as it’s not always easy to know if the system is working perfectly. As long as the system is working perfectly then you should be able to grow a some edible crops above it, however it’s generally thought that raised beds can reduce the evaporation of moisture from the soil, which isn’t good for the system.
Definitely avoid growing root crops and perhaps leafy greens near a septic tank. Fruiting vegetables such as tomatoes whose fruit is held high above the soil surface should be fine. Personally, I’d consider planting shallow-rooted, pollinator-attracting flowers in the septic tank area instead.

I am building a raised garden

I am building a raised garden and wondering if i should put some sort of material under the soil? I am afraid the grass will shoot up through the soil if I dont? What do you recommend?

If placed directly onto

If placed directly onto grass, it’s possible that grass and weeds will grow up through the bed. A good option is lining the base of the bed with a porous material such as overlapping sheets of cardboard, several layers of newspaper, or landscape fabric to stop unwanted plants growing up into the bed while still allowing water to soak away.

I would like to build a

I would like to build a raised bed garden on top of an old basketball pad which gets total sun all day long. Would this cause too much heat from the sun heating up the concrete? Thank you, Ron

I wouldn’t be too concerned

I wouldn’t be too concerned about the heat as the raised bed will shade the surface beneath, but I would be worried that the solid surface beneath the beds would cause problems with drainage. You would need to either break up or remove the concrete below the bed, or else make gaps in the sides of the bed for water to escape.

I have been preparing a

I have been preparing a portion of our yard this week to start a raised bed vegetable garden. I am using organic soil and seeds, so the safety of my vegetables is important to me. I have the garden next to the house, but have read that this may be a bad thing to do because of possible contaminants. Our house is lead-free of paint, but are there other contaminants to worry about? I guess I should have our soil tested. If I want the organic soil in the beds to be as pristine as possible, should I place a barrier between the organic soil and our current soil? Landscape fabric? Rocks? I'm not sure. Thanks so much for any advice.

Many people do grow close to

Many people do grow close to their house without problems, and it's not something I would personally worry about too much, but if you're very concerned at all I would recommend having your soil tested and seek expert advice on the findings.

Thank you. I did have it

Thank you. I did have it tested for arsenic and lead and the levels came back within normal limits.

Also, for the love of Pete,

Also, for the love of Pete, calling the hard rock-like stuff in your driveway cement is the same as calling a cake by the name flour. It's concrete, of which cement is a component.

Hey, really there's no need

Hey, really there's no need for unnecessary ruddiness. But, to be that completely technical guy....

Cement was actually patented in the mid 1800's in Europe and anything from there after of similar mixture in the United States become known as concrete.
Essentially the same thing but known as a different name.
Now It is also true that what we call in the US cement doesn't always have to be of the substance in which was patented in Europe. Similar to the all cactus plants are under the classification of succulents but not all succulents are cactus. We have advanced the word into many other meanings. Such as "rubber cement" or "cement adhesive."

Hence to say, it's a common and reasonable mistake to Americans depending on your generation line I would guess. But to say calling cake by the name of flour is super extreme and can only have the intent to be hurtful and obnoxious. It's a common reality even in the days of 1800's we can say, that flour, and cake, are two separate things. And seeing how you have to mix flour to create a cake makes this example just plan nonsense. You don't need cement to create concrete. Cement and concrete are the same ingredients just mixed to different recipes.

Thank you...
Now please don't purposefully make a comment intending to be hurtful again.

CCA has never been banned, it

CCA has never been banned, it was a voluntary effort by manufacturers to stop using it in response to public outcry regarding its use in boardwalks and children's play equipment.

An easy way to ensure that your lumber wasn't treated with CCA is that most companies now use copper azole, which turns the lumber green (copper). If your lumber is green, it was not treated with CCA.

I have 20 "storage

I have 20 "storage containers" I got to use as raised bed gardens. They are 32"x 48" and 16" high with 5" gap between ground and bottom of box. They are made with a pressed/composite type wood. They were used to ship auto parts. My ? Is what can I use to paint/protect the outside if them to prevent weathering. The inside I was recommended to line with plastic.

There are many eco-paints on

There are many eco-paints on the market these days for wood; your local hardware shop may stock them, or look online. Raw linseed oil (as opposed to boiled linseed oil, which is mixed with solvents) can be used too. Lining the inside with plastic is a great idea, but if you're extending this across the base remember to make plenty of drainage holes.

Can you use old tires for

Can you use old tires for raised garden beds?

Sure, old tires stacked on

Sure, old tires stacked on top of each other work especially well for potatoes.

I am considering purchasing a

I am considering purchasing a 1 inch thick cedar for my garden bed, because I cannot find a 2 inch thick cut. Is 1 inch thick enough?

Consider connecting 1-inch

Consider connecting 1-inch thick cedar boards with 2-inch-long brown screws (sold in most home improvement stores) or 3-inch deck screws. Drive screws through the side boards of the beds into four-by-four vertical posts in each corner.

My lawn is Bermuda grass. A

My lawn is Bermuda grass. A first try at a raised bed (after digging out a place in the back lawn) resulted in Bermuda eventually taking over the bed. It loves water! An old blacktop pad seems a good spot for the bed if the soil is deep enough. There's enough sun. But, will that work?

Sure. You can put a raised

Sure. You can put a raised bed on blacktop. Add a layer of gravel to the bottom to prevent the soil from leaking out with the water.

How thick should the layer of

How thick should the layer of gravel be? Doing my bed on cement...I'm assuming the gravel still applies? Thanks so much!

HI - I'm very concerned that

HI - I'm very concerned that I made a huge mistake. My husband and I made some planter beds. We live in the NW, lots of rain, and bought regular wood (not pressure treated). My husband painted the wood to protect it from rotting, first with a sealer and then with indoor/outdoor paint. Will this be OK? I'm concerned about chemicals, but it's done and has been filled with a 50/50 blend of soil. Your thoughts would be appreciated.
Thank you

It's better to leave the wood

It's better to leave the wood unpainted or use linseed oil. Some gardeners line raised beds with plastic to protect the soil from chemicals.

Actually a question. Live in

Actually a question. Live in Southern California looking for compost is it safe to get the stuff they have at the county type provided dumps? Or is that not safe?

Potting soil-are they all the same or are their brands or local places in San Diego that have better stuff?

If the composting process is

If the composting process is done correctly it will eliminate the risk from any pathogens or other contaminates. If the compost looks and smells good it should be OK to use.
There are many types of potting soils for different uses. One guideline is to look for potting soil that is even in texture. Avoid soils that are heavy and have large clumps of dirt or contain big chunks of wood or bark.
You can make your own potting soil. See our blog at

Good day I just moved into a

Good day
I just moved into a new house and looking forward to planting my raised garden, this will be my 3rd one. Our yard is slopped do you have any tips or guidance for slopped raised gardens. Thank you. Now if the snow can go away lol

Hi Cecelia, The raised beds

Hi Cecelia,
The raised beds need to be level to ensure even water distribution, so when you build the beds the sides need to be tapered to fit the sloping ground. Look for sloping raised bed designs online and you'll find several good how to web sites.

Looking for some assistance

Looking for some assistance in building a raised garden bed directly on cement. I'll be using the landscape blocks that fit into each other with no mortar. My question is.... I thought I could just put the blocks directly on the cement but after purchasing them, I was informed they need to lay on a minimum of 1 inch of gravel/sand mixture. This seems like a nightmare as now won't sand and gravel continuously leak out of the bottom of my garden bed??? Not to mention cosmetically having the block stand on 1 inch of gravel seems would look a little odd? Apparently this is crucial so the blocks have settling space?? Can anyone confirm or deny this for me? Or share your experience with raised beds directly on concrete??? Thanks!

We have heard from gardeners

We have heard from gardeners who have put blocks directly on cement and then added gravel to the bottom of the bed for drainage and soil on top. The water will find its way out under the blocks with no problem.

Hello, Please tell me if you

Please tell me if you have any special tips for southwest Florida raised bed veggie garden. Heat is a factor and wondering what veggies might do well here.

Soil in raised beds warm

Soil in raised beds warm faster and dries out more quickly than soil at ground level, so you need to remember to water the raised beds more often. Bush type vegetables, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, or beans, grow well in raised beds. Install trellises on your beds for vegetables that need support like cucumbers and squashes.

hi , i have used clay tiles

hi ,

i have used clay tiles to make a raised bed in my garden . i would like to know the possible drawback in doing this . i am a beginner in gardening so i would be glad to know more .

Clay tiles work great for

Clay tiles work great for raised beds. Clay sometimes soakes up some moisture so make sure to water regulary and check the soil. Good luck!

Numerous questions: The

Numerous questions:

The backyard is sand and crabgrass, so I'm thinking of using cement bricks and creating 4 raised beds in a small area (25x40ft) to create a Victory Garden:

(1) what is the dye used in cement bricks and is it nontoxic?

(2) would it be safer to use clay bricks?

(3) if cement raises the pH in the soil over time, how do I counteract that?

(4) does mortar affect soil pH and how do I counteract that?

(5) how do I kill crabgrass without using a toxic method like pouring on gasoline and burning the crabgrass, which will contaminate the sand underlayer (will be using mulch and potting soil in the raised beds)

(6) what is the minimum depth for growing potatos, carrots, tomatos, beans, broccoli, lettuce, collard, bell peppers, garlic, leeks, scallions - or is that info available on the website?

I'm not in a rush to hear responses since this won't happen until Spring 2014.

Thank you to everyone for your responses.

Hi, Ken, Here is some advice,

Hi, Ken, Here is some advice, courtesy of our Almanac Garden Planner App experts:
1) + 2) There are lots of conflicting opinions on this, and it will depend on the type of dye used on the cement bricks you buy - I can only advise you to call the manufacturer. If you're concerned you can use clay bricks, or line the inside of the bed, and underside of the bottom row of cement bricks, with plastic to prevent any possible leaching.
3) + 4) Cement and mortar can raised the pH over time (making it more alkaline) but this does take a very long time - I would only be concerned if you're growing acid-loving plants such as blueberries. Normal mulching using leaves, pine needles etc for acid-loving plants should be sufficient, or you could also incorporate sulphur chips into the soil (not for other fruits or veggies though).
5) The best way to suppress the crabgrass within the bed would be to lay a permeable membrane down on the base soil (eg landscape fabric, which can be bought from most gardening stores) and install your beds on top. The permeable membrane will prevent the crabgrass from growing up into your bed, while still allowing free drainage.
6) About 12" depth is sufficient for most veggies (even potatoes, since normally you hill up earth around potatoes rather than planting them particularly deeply), but if the bed is very small it might be better to allow for a bit more, especially if using a permeable membrane at the base. A larger, deeper bed will also retain moisture better and cool down more slowly in the fall than one that is small and shallow.
I hope that helps!

What about hardiplank or

What about hardiplank or composite decking scraps? Can these be used for raised beds? Are there any concerns?

I really want a raised bed

I really want a raised bed garden, been wanting one for years. I am very worried about the wood because of the chemicals leaching into the veggies. Cedar is very expensive so we bought just pain cheap wood; is this safe? I know it will rot but I thought if I could maybe stain just the outside and then line the inside with plastic would this be safe, because how safe is plastic? Thank you,Toni

You certainly don't need to

You certainly don't need to use cedar. You could use regular pressure-treated lumber that doesn't rot. Cedar is more expensive but it has natural oils to prevent rotting and will last many more years before they need replacing. You might find our video helpful!

Hello, This is a very

This is a very informative page. Thank you.
I am building a long, raised cedar planter box for use as a vegetable garden. I am concerned about the longevity of the wood over time. I am curious to know if there are any safe liners that you would recommend to prolong the life of the cedar.
I have looked at various pond liners as a possibility, but the information on the Internet seems inconclusive regarding safety.

Again, thank you for creating this online resource.

Cedar is a naturally

Cedar is a naturally rot-resistant wood. Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is the most rot resistant and will last for years even when in contact with soil. However, it is more expensive. Lining the inside of the garden bed with 6-mil black plastic may prolong the life of the lumber.

I am 51 yrs old and planting

I am 51 yrs old and planting gardens my entire life and always wanted to try a raised bed, so this year I AM having an underground and raised garden.

oops...u shouldn't use

oops...u shouldn't use treated wood.

We've revised this article to

We've revised this article to be clear. The pressure-treated wood with arsenic has been banned. Pressure-treated wood sold today is certified as "okay" by organic growers. Still, if you feel uncomfortable, there are alternatives mentioned above.

I just built a raised bed for

I just built a raised bed for the first time. I used 2x12 pressure treated pine. A 4x8 foot bed with 2x4s around the top edge for easy seating while gardening. My wife and I are in our 60s and retired. This is a great way for seniors to garden and enjoy the benefits of the exercise and the great taste of on-the-plant ripened vegetables.

read ur article about raise

read ur article about raise bed, i'll be doing raise bed this yr,since i'm getting in age. i'm 74 & in good health, thanks old farmer's almanac.