Who reached the South Pole first and when?
The Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen is credited with being the first human being to reach the South Pole, on December 14, 1911. This was not his first feat, however. He had already spent three years, from 1903 to 1906, exploring the Northwest Passage, and he ultimately determined the position of the north magnetic pole. He spent two years exploring the Antarctic, including living there for more than a year, during which he conducted numerous investigations. His extensive knowledge of Antarctic conditions led to his successful trip to the pole.