How to Find the Day of the Week for Any Date

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Calculate What Day of the Week it is With Our Simple Formula

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What day did that happen? It’s easy to find the day of the week for births, weddings, deaths, and other historical events. Follow our simple instructions to calculate the day for any historical or future date—as far back as the mid-1700s.

For example, what day of the week was December 26, 2004, when the tsunami struck the Indian Ocean? Follow the example as you read along:

  1. Take the last two digits of the year.
  2. Add to that one–quarter of those two digits (discard any remainder).
  3. Add to that the day of the month and the Month Key number for that month:

    January = 1June = 5
    …leap year = 0July = 0
    February = 4August = 3
    …leap year = 3September = 6
    March = 4October = 1
    April = 0November = 4
    May = 2December = 6
  4. Divide the sum by 7. The remainder is the day of the week! One is Sunday, two is Monday, and so on. If there is no remainder, the day is Saturday.


  • If you’re searching for a week before 1900, add 2 to the sum before dividing; before 1800, add 4.
  • The formula doesn’t work for days before 1753.
  • From 2000 to 2099, subtract 1 from the sum before dividing.

Here’s an Example:

A tsunami occurred in the Indian Ocean on December 26, 2004.

Last two digits of year04
One-quarter of these two digits1
Given day of month:26
Key number for December6

Sum: 37

Because 2004 is in the range of 2000 to 2099, subtract 1 from 37. This yields 36.

36 divided by 7 = 5, with a remainder of 1. The tsunami took place on Sunday, the first day of the week.

Monday’s child is fair of face, 
Tuesday’s child is full of grace, 
Wednesday’s child is full of woe, 
Thursday’s child has far to go, 
Friday’s child is loving and giving, 
Saturday’s child works hard for a living, 
And the child that is born on the Sabbath Day, 
Is bonny and blithe and good and gay. 
–an old English nursery rhyme

About The Author

Catherine Boeckmann

Catherine Boeckmann loves nature, stargazing, and gardening so it’s not surprising that she and The Old Farmer’s Almanac found each other. She leads digital content for the Almanac website, and is also a certified master gardener in the state of Indiana. Read More from Catherine Boeckmann

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