And What That Means for Earth's Weather
There is also a direct correlation between less solar activity and increased seismic and volcanic activity.
Theory goes: magma convection cells in earth's core are maintained by higher solar activity in the form of magnetic energy, or solar winds. When solar activity eases, so eases the magnetic tension keeping these convection cells stable. Instability in the earth's magnetic field releases the convection cell's balancing tension, thus increasing non-structured fluidity in earth's magma core. This sagging effect in the earth's internal structure releases latent energy in the form of increased seismic and volcanic activity.
You'll also see pockets of polarity switching, (earth's magnetic poles changing charge, when the sun rises in the east..) telltales of this slow polarity shift are navigation problems in birds, or whole flocks of birds flying into the ground en mass death. This has been happening recently.
The clouds also begin to show as Ice Age clouds. When you view landscape paintings at the Met and other museums you'll notice that art done during the Little Ice Age express clouds which are more distant, more dramatic. There is also a visceral reaction in the psyche of northern tribes, a form of genetic memory. A genetic reaction to these clouds, and the crisp smells invoked by the changing times -- winter is coming (also manifest in literary expression).
At these minimums described in this article; typically a glaciation is triggered when a enough volcanism 'snowballs' an irreversible cooling; whether that be multiple small eruptions or a super-volcanic event. Super volcano is instant glaciation of the northern hemisphere, when in a solar minimum.
In conjunction with the solar activity, the Earth's magnetic field bends and focuses the radiation of the Sun on the polar regions. The Earth's core has moved significantly in the last century. In my opinion; the resulting additional water vapor, and increased temperatures in the polar regions, have been the source of recent weather pattern variations. I am not a meteorologist, I am a retired surveyor who made a living with a compass and watched declination changes, I also watched the weather for appropriate dress, and as a result have seen a connection.
Most of the temperatures come from stations that are near big cities so as these cities get hotter, average temperatures will rise. We have already seen this.
The energy that CO2 absorbs mostly comes from IR emissions from Earth so if we can cool the ground, the atmosphere will cool. However water vapor is far and away more important when it comes to warming as it can absorb wavelengths from IR and the Sun.
The changes in solar output is significant on Earth's temperatures just as temps have changed on Mars. I believe we are going to see a cooling trend because of the solar minimum IF it pans out as expected. NASA's solar observatories are giving us invaluable data. Scientists have been telling us that the weather has been unusually calm and constant over the past 100 years. I expect that to change. I only wish I could see the tidal pools return to the Sahara, and yes they will return in about 300 years.
I think all the black asphalt parking lots should be painted white. Sometimes they are so hot a bird or a butterfly couldn’t land there. I’m surprised they don’t melt tires. You can cook an egg on them