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This year, don’t just plan a vegetable garden—plan a “companion” vegetable garden which pairs up plants that work best together! Learn more about planning a companion garden.
What is Companion Planting?
Based on scientific research, we know that there are certain vegetable crops which make “good” companions when paired together. In many cases, there is a beneficial effect such as protection from pests.
For example, basil is a classic companion for tomatoes because it’s proven to repel whiteflies, mosquitoes, spider mites, aphids.
For example, sage is a useful herb that repels carrot fly. Also plant it around a cabbage patch to reduce injury from cabbage moths.
Larger vegetables may also be used to protect smaller plants and seedlings from harsh winds or as a climbing support, while sprawling crops such as squashes can be used to suppress weeds around tall crops like corn.
For example, corn will benefit from the beans’ nitrogen-fixing capabilities. Pole beans provide structural support.
Also, many flowers make ideal companions for edible crops. Plant “simple” flowers such as calendula, marigold and poached egg plant (Limnanthes douglasii) to attract beneficial insects to your garden and control pests such as aphids.
For example, sunflowers can be used to create shade for sun-stressed crops.
For example, nasturtiums can be used as a trap plant to entice aphids away from beans.