Many of our readers ask about American flag etiquette and the U.S. Flag Code. Here is a list of rules and guidelines for displaying the American flag and treating it with proper respect.
Honoring the Flag Code
On June 22, 1942, Congress passed a joint resolution, later amended on December 22, 1942, that encompassed what has come to be known as the U.S. Flag Code.
Perhaps the most important guideline involves how citizens should behave around the Stars and Stripes: The flag of the United States is the emblem of our identity as a sovereign nation, which the United States of America has been for more than 200 years.
Therefore, members of the armed services and veterans are asked to stand at attention and salute when their flag is passing in a parade or being hoisted or lowered; civilians should place their right hand over their heart.
When to Display the American Flag
The flag is a symbol of respect, honor, and patriotism. It may be displayed on any day of the year according to the following guidelines:
The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather is inclement.
The custom is to display the flag only from sunrise to sunset on flagstaffs in the open, but it may be displayed at night—if illuminated—to produce a patriotic effect.
The flag should be displayed on all days, especially on:
New Year’s Day, January 1
Inauguration Day, January 20
Martin Luther King Jr.’s birthday, third Monday in January
Lincoln’s Birthday, February 12
Presidents’ Day, third Monday in February; formerly Washington’s Birthday, February 22
Easter Sunday (variable)
Mother’s Day, second Sunday in May
Armed Forces Day, third Saturday in May
Memorial Day (half-staff until noon), the last Monday in May
Flag Day, June 14
Father’s Day, third Sunday in June
Independence Day, July 4
Labor Day, first Monday in September
Constitution Day, September 17
Columbus Day, second Monday in October
Navy Day, October 27
Veterans Day, November 11
Thanksgiving Day, fourth Thursday in November
Christmas Day, December 25
and such other days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States
the birthdays of States (date of admission)
and on State holidays.
The flag should be displayed at every public institution and in or near every polling place on election days, and at schoolhouses during school days.
How to Properly Display the American Flag
As a symbol of the country and its people, the flag should be treated with respect and be honored when on display. In order to treat the flag with the dignity it deserves, the following display guidelines are recommended.
General Guidelines for Displaying the Flag:
When the flag is hung vertically on a wall, window, or door, the Union (blue section) should be to the observer’s left. When the flag is hung either horizontally or vertically against a wall, the Union should be to the observer’s left.
In a procession, the American flag should be to the right (the flag’s own right) of any other flag or, if in a line of other flags, in front of the center of that line.
When displayed from a staff projecting from a building, the union should be at the peak of the staff.
When the flag is displayed otherwise than by being flown from a staff, it should be displayed flat, whether indoors or out; or so suspended that its folds fall as freely as though the flag were staffed.
When displayed over a street, the flag should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an east and west street, or to the east in a north and south street.
On a platform, the flag should be above and behind the speaker, with the union uppermost and to the observer’s left.
When displayed from a staff in a church or auditorium, the flag should occupy the position of honor and be placed at the speaker’s right as he faces the audience.
When the flag is used to cover a casket, the union should be at the head and over the left shoulder.
Hoisting and Lowering the Flag:
The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously.
When flown at half-staff, the flag should be first hoisted to the peak for an instant and then lowered to half-staff position. It should again be raised to the peak before it is lowered for the day. Half-staff is one-half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff. The flag must be flown at half-staff on all buildings on the death of any officer listed below, for the period indicated:
- For the President or a former President: 30 days from the date of death.
- For the Vice President, the Chief Justice or a retired Chief Justice of the United States, or the Speaker of the House of Representatives: 10 days from the day of death.
- For an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, a member of the Cabinet, a former Vice President, the President pro tempore of the Senate, the Majority Leader of the House of Representatives, the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives: From the day of death until interment.
- For a United States Senator, Representative, Delegate, or the Resident Commissioner from the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico: the flag should be flown in the metropolitan area of the District of Columbia, on the day of death and on the following day; in the state, congressional district, territory, or commonwealth of such Senator, Representative, Delegate, or Commissioner, from the day of death until interment.
- For a Governor: Within the state, territory, or possession, from the day of death until interment.
Displaying the American Flag on a Vehicle:
The flag should not be displayed on a float except from a staff, nor draped over the hood, top, sides, or back of a vehicle.
When the flag is displayed on a vehicle, the staff should be fixed firmly to the chassis.
Displaying the American Flag Alongside Other Flags:
In the United States, no other flag should be placed above the American flag or, if they are to be placed on the same level, to the right of the American flag.
The United Nations flag may not be displayed above or in a position of superior prominence to the United States flag except at United Nations Headquarters.
The flag, when displayed with another against a wall—both from crossed staffs—should be on the right (the flag’s own right), and its staff should be in front of the other staff.
The American flag should be at the center and the highest point when displayed with a group of state flags.
When flags of states, cities, etc., are flown on the same halyard, the American flag should be at the peak.
When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are to be flown from separate staffs of the same height, and the American flag should be hoisted first and lowered last.
How Not to Display the American Flag
The flag and its likeness should be treated with respect. Its image should not be cheapened or tarnished by improper use.
The flag should not be dipped to any person or thing, including government officials—even the President.
The flag should never be displayed with the union (stars) down, unless as a signal of dire distress.
The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as the ground, the floor, water, or merchandise.
The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but always aloft and free.
The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used, or stored so that it might be easily torn, soiled, or damaged in any way.
The flag should never be used as covering for a ceiling.
The flag should never have anything placed on it.
The flag should never be used for any advertising purpose, nor embroidered on cushions or handkerchiefs, printed on paper napkins or boxes, nor used as any portion of a costume.
How to Properly Dispose of an American Flag
When the flag is in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem, it should be destroyed in a dignified and ceremonious fashion, preferably by burning.
Most American Legion posts will conduct an annual ceremony, often on Flag Day (June 14) to retire old or worn flags; contact your local chapter if you are not able to dispose of the flag yourself. You could also ask your local Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts troops about retiring your flag.
Do you have a question regarding displaying or respecting the American flag? Ask us in the comments below!