Garlic

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Botanical name: Allium sativum

Plant type: Vegetable

USDA Hardiness Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Sun exposure: Full Sun

Soil type: Loamy

Soil pH: Slightly Acidic to Neutral

Garlic is easy to grow and produces numerous bulbs after a long growing season. It is frost tolerant. Beyond its intense flavor and culinary uses, “the stinking rose” is good in the garden as an insect repellent and has been used for centuries as a home remedy.

Planting

  • Garlic can be planted in the spring as soon as the ground can be worked, but fall planting is recommended for most gardeners. Plant in the fall and you'll find that your bulbs are bigger and more flavorful when you harvest the next summer.
  • In areas that get a hard frost, plant garlic 6 to 8 weeks before that frost. In southern areas, February or March is a better time to plant.
  • Break apart cloves from bulb a few days before planting, but keep the papery husk on each individual clove.
  • Plant cloves about one month before the ground freezes. 
  • Do not plant cloves from the grocery store. They may be unsuited varieties for your area, and most are treated to make their shelf life longer, making them harder to grow. Instead, get cloves from a mail order seed company or a local nursery.
  • Ensure soil is well-drained with plenty of organic matter. Select a sunny spot.
  • Place cloves 4 inches apart and 2 inches deep, in their upright position (the wide root side facing down and pointed end facing up).
  • In the spring, as warmer temperatures come, shoots will emerge through the ground.

Care

  • Northern gardeners should mulch heavily with straw for overwintering.
  • Mulch should be removed in the spring after the threat of frost has passed. (Young shoots can't survive in temps below 20°F on their own. Keep them under cover.)
  • Cut off any flower shoots that emerge in spring. These may decrease bulb size.
  • Weeds should not be a problem until the spring. Weed as needed.
  • Garlic requires adequate levels of nitrogen. Fertilize accordingly, especially if you see yellowing leaves.
  • Water every 3 to 5 days during bulbing (mid-May through June).
  • A note on garlic scapes: Some folks love cooking the scapes (the tops of hardneck garlic). Whether you trim the scapes or let them keep growing is your preference. We like to stir fry scapes the way we cook green beans—similar with a spicy kick!

Pests

Garlic has very few problems with pests in the garden (in fact, its a natural pest repellent!), and also very few problems with the diseases that plague other veggies. White Rot is one concern, but you should also keep an eye out for the same pests that plague onions.

  • White Rot is a fungus that may attack garlic in cool weather. Not much can be done to control or prevent that problem except rotating your crops and cleaning up the area after harvesting. The spores can live in the soil for many years. The fungus affects the base of the leaves and roots.

Harvest/Storage

  • Harvest time depends on when you plant, but the clue is to look for yellow tops. Harvest when the tops begin to yellow and fall over, before they are completely dry.
  • In Northern climates, harvesting will probably be in late July or August. In Southern climates, it will depend on your planting date.
  • Check the bulb size and wrapper quality; you don't want the wrapper to disintegrate. Dig too early and the bulb will be immature. Discontinue watering.
  • To harvest, carefully lift the bulbs with a spade or garden fork. Pull the plants, carefully brush off the soil, and let them cure in an airy, shady spot for two weeks. We hang them upside down on a string in bunches of 4 to 6. Make sure all sides get good air ciculation.
  • The bulbs are cured and ready to store when the wrappers are dry and papery and the roots are dry. The root crown should be hard, and the cloves can be cracked apart easily.
  • Once the garlic bulbs are dry, you can store them. Remote any dirt and trim off any roots or leaves. Keep the wrappers on—but remote the dirtiest wrappers.
  • Garlic bulbs may be stored individually with the tops removed, or the dried tops may be braided together to make a garlic braid to hang in the kitchen or storage room.
  • Bulbs should be stored in a cool (40 degrees F), dark, dry place, and can be kept in the same way for several months. Don't store in your basement if it's moist!
  • The flavor will increase as the bulbs are dried.
  • If you plan on planting garlic again next season, save some of your largest, best-formed bulbs to plant again in the fall.

Recommended Varieties

There are three types of varieties of garlic: Softneck, Stiffneck, and Great-headed (Elephant). Most types are about 90 days to harvest.

  • Softneck varieties, like their name suggests, have necks that stay soft after harvest, and therefore are the types that you see braided. Especially recommended for those in warmer climes, as it is less winter-hardy than other types. Strong, intense flavor. Recommended varieties: 'Persian Star', 'Mother of Pearl'
  • Stiffneck varieties grow one ring of cloves around a stem, there is not a layer of cloves as there are in softneck varieties. They are extremely cold hardy, but do not store as well or long as other varieties. Flavor is more mild than softnecks. Recommended Variety: 'Carpathian'
  • Great-headed varieties are not recommended. They are less hardy, and more closely related to leeks than other varieties. Their flavor is more like onion than traditional garlic. Bulbs and cloves are large, with about 4 cloves to a bulb. 

Recipes

Wit & Wisdom

A nickel will get you on the subway, but garlic will get you a seat.
–Yiddish proverb

Rub raw garlic on an insect bite to relieve the sting or itch.

Comments

this is my first year with

By ackobraw5 on July 13

this is my first year with garlic and I am getting "too much" info. Please tell me what to do with the white tops that look like there little garlic cloves inside. Can I store there and replant them for next years crop. I live in Michigan. Thank you in advance

The white tops hold garlic

By Almanac Staff on July 14

The white tops hold garlic "bulbils"—tiny garlic bulbs that could, if replanted over several years, become edible heads.
You could also remove the greens stems, bulbils and all, cutting somewhere low on the straight potion of the stem; you want to remove the curl. This stem is a garlic "scape"—and it is edible. Ct up scapes into 1-inch or so pieces, gave them a light coating of olive oil, and roasted them in the oven (around 350°F for 8 to 10 minutes)—similar to the way you might roast asparagus. You an eat them as a vegetable side or put them into just about anything, from omelets to salads to soups.
We should mention that because you are removing the seed element, you are enabling the clove underground to mature into a good size. If you leave the scape, with bulbils on, the plants sends energy to the bulbils.
Then use cloves of the mature garlice for next year's crop.
 

I've been growing both

By Gretchen Sudlow on July 12

I've been growing both hardneck and softneck garlic successfully in Northern CA for close to 20 years. The last 3 years, the green leaves have gotten a severe rust in late spring that makes the leaves die. The bulbs stop developing at that point. It's the worst this drought year- the past 2 springs were very wet. What can I do to discourage the rust in my organic garden?

Rust is a sporadic disease

By Almanac Staff on July 14

Rust is a sporadic disease that probably overwinters on garlic and volunteer Allium crops. The recommendation for managing it is rotate your crop/sm specifically rotating out of Allium crops for 2 to 3 years.
Rust develops in moist conditions, so it's important not to overwater.
In future, you can spray plant with neem oil before the rust appears and that may prevent the spores from taking hold.
We hope this helps.

I live in Kensington CA near

By mic.jor on July 14

I live in Kensington CA near San Francisco and some red wine colored aphids have been infesting in the spring and neem oil stopped them cold and they never came back. They like garlic and onions and may be spread through local supply system. Once you control the ants in your garden everything falls in place.

my first try @

By T.M. 44 on July 10

my first try @ 'garlicking'...planted n fall of '13.....sprouts now (july 9, '14), r approx.15-20 "....i've picked,dubiously 4/6 w/o bn impressed....how long should i wait...what r tell-tale signs besides the garlic saying 'pick me! pick me!' can i use 'em 4 this fall...also, i've read that hanging upside-down (garlic, not me) 4 couple weeks outside??? oh well,practice makes.......BETTER?....P.S. TOLD NOT to cut scapes bcause of nutrient additives that come from them to the bulbs...getting all kind of true/untrue??? info...confusing 2 say the most....happy gardening..and great luck to us, the one's who sweat ,the blood, sweat and tears 2 do our finest...p.s.-anyone know tips on compost/i think ican make one solo!!!

I think I can answer some of

By Lisa Gehrig on July 16

I think I can answer some of your questions. I am assuming that you have hardneck garlic. If so then......Take one of the bulbs of the garlic you have already pulled and cut it in half. Look at the cloves. Are they all kind of smashed together with no paper/skin in between them? If so you pulled them too early. The best way I have found is to wait until the plant has about 2/3 of the leaves dead from the bottom with a few green ones at the top. If the garlic are yelling at you to pick them....do not listen to them. They have no brains and you are smarter than they are LOL. Cure the garlic for a few weeks (3-6). I have cured mine on newspaper on cardboard and I hang them from the leaves and the bulb hanging down.I have not mastered braiding hardnecks. Leave room around them for air to circulate. NO SUN. it changes the flavor. Dry them in a shaded or dark, dry, warm, area. After curing, open one.

If you have some nice, fully formed, cloves in the bulb and they have some paper around them then you should be able to plant them in the fall for next years crop. Plant the big cloves, Eat the small cloves.

Scapes. You will find many opinions about whether to cut them or leave them. I cut mine as I do believe you get bigger bulbs if you do. I have been cutting mine for several years and i have been getting bigger bulbs every year. i am content to cut them.....Plus I like to eat them if I cut them before they curl.
I hope this does not come too late to help you.

I live in Southern California

By Bobette Johnson on July 6

I live in Southern California and planted my garlic in pots. I have always had great success planting the grocery store garlic. I planted in the fall, and my plants looked beautiful while growing. Today they all looked ready to harvest, so I pulled them, and none of them formed bulbs. We had a very warm winter, not really a winter at all,. I would assume that is why they never formed? Also, we can still eat the garlic that hasn't formed cloves ? It smells great!!

Please see above. "Do not

By Almanac Staff on July 7

Please see above. "Do not plant cloves from the grocery store. They may be unsuited varieties for your area, and most are treated to make their shelf life longer, making them harder to grow. Instead, get cloves from a mail order seed company or a local nursery."

We have been growing garlic

By Alaska Gardener on July 3

We have been growing garlic from cloves purchased from a nursery for several years now. We have had good success planting in the fall. Last year we tried replanting some of our own cloves as well as planting purchased cloves. While almost all of the purchased cloves came up only a few of our own cloves did. I am wondering if, because of our short growing season, the cloves we grew had not had enough time to go dormant before the really cold weather set in. I'd like to try again, but I'm wondering if we should try planting some cloves left from last summer, rather than the freshly harvested cloves from this year. Any thoughts on this?

I have winter onions and

By lorna anderson on July 1

I have winter onions and garlic. They both send up a shoot that has a seed pod on the top. I always thought you took this off, separated it and replanted it. My onion patch is beautiful. . . .but I don't know when to harvest the garlic. . . .the absolute bottom of the plant. . .that is in the ground. . .Do I have to 'dry' these before I can use them? And do I always leave some to come back next year?

Hi Lorna, Please see our

By Almanac Staff on July 2

Hi Lorna,
Please see our advice about growing garlic above. Start harvesting when the tops begin to yellow and fall over, before they are completely dry. And yes, garlic bulbs need to be cured (dried) before you store them. You can save some of the bulbs and plant the cloves in the fall.

Is there need to first test

By Behakanira Mathias on June 30

Is there need to first test water for irrigation an the soil on which to grow garlic?Thank you.

I purchased some garlic

By RLane420 on June 29

I purchased some garlic cloves a couple months ago and am just now getting an opportunity to plant them. Do they go bad? Are they still able to be planted? How can I tell if they are still good?

Elephant Garlic I have some

By Onelocksmith on June 23

Elephant Garlic
I have some very old (passed down) elephant garlic or leek.
I am wondering about the replanting of the little bulbs that pop off the side of the main bulb.
Do you actually leave them in the ground for two years to get a real head with cloves and when do I replant them?

Just harvested late June and usually plant in the Fall

These bulblets will, as you

By Almanac Staff on June 24

These bulblets will, as you say, usually produce a full head with cloves in two years (producing a round, with no cloves, the first year). Some gardeners store the harvested bulblets in a dry place and then plant them in the fall. For more information, please see response to the second post below yours.

In my flower bee I found what

By Susan East Bell

In my flower bee I found what I thought to be some variety of lily but smelled like garlic. It has developed very tall stalks with a purplish flower head. I pulled one up and found it to be garlic. We live in middle Georgia and I've never done anything necessary for this garlic but it has developed very well and has an amazing flavor. Any idea what type I have and can I freeze it for later use?

I have just started to dig my

By Mike Guernsey C.I.

I have just started to dig my elphant garlic and have some little bulblet around the roots can I do anything with these if planted back in the ground what will they do? or would they take two years to be able to harvest them.

You can plant the bulblet in

By Almanac Staff

You can plant the bulblet in the garden; some gardeners may store it in a dry place and then plant in fall. In cold areas, you might want to provide a good layer of mulch over winter. The bulblet has a very hard coat, so some people soak it for 24 hours before planting, and sometimes also nick it a bit to help water penetrate. Others have had success without any preparation. The bulblet will usually sprout next spring. It will form a small "round," which is a bulb without cloves. You can harvest the round that summer, or let it grow another year, when it will likely grow and divide into large cloves. So, from bulblet to a large bulb with cloves, it takes 2 years.

Question. The scaps, I

By john m tilicea

Question. The scaps, I believe is the top of the plant that turns over and looks like there is a bulb there. Should these be cut back, and how far, or are they bulbs that can be re planted... First time grower. John. Thank you in advance

Yes, the garlic "scrapes" are

By Almanac Staff

Yes, the garlic "scrapes" are the flower steps that grow before the before the bulbs mature. Most gardeners will cut them off so that the plant focuses on growing bigger bulbs. You can eat them! Just harvest when they're young and curly; it's best to cut them in the afternoon. Add to salads, soups, egg dishes, and pastas.  Stir-fry or sauté in olive oil. Just trim off the bottom of the stems and the tips of the flower heads.

Zone 6 garlic planted in

By Sandy coyne

Zone 6 garlic planted in fall,now June 12 . Garlic is 2-3 ft and curling at ends forming buds. Should I cut these off to help bulb grow bigger?

Cutting the scapes forces the

By Almanac Staff

Cutting the scapes forces the garlic to put its energy into the bulb, making it bigger and maturing faster. Leaving the scapes on makes for smaller bulbs and they will mature slower. Save the scapes and use them in cooking. They are delicious.

I live at the Jersey shore

By charlotte digiovanni

I live at the Jersey shore and it is very humid and damp . Any suggestions on where to cure my garlic when july and august are very hot and humid . This is my first garlic experience and I don't want to ruin this beautiful batch . Thanks for any advice .

I live in south Jersey and

By Shazz on July 21

I live in south Jersey and harvested my garlic 3 weeks ago. Hung them in my shop to cure and they are now in the pantry. They did fine.

It will take longer for

By Almanac Staff

It will take longer for garlic to cure in humid conditions but they will cure as long as they are protected from rain. Put them on screens in a well ventilated area and keep a box fan close by blowing at low speed.

In some areas farmers used to

By PC Sharma

In some areas farmers used to plant garlic cloves by cutting of one fifth of root portion of clove.
Does this help in early rooting or something else?

My garlic runs my beds lol.

By Traci P

My garlic runs my beds lol. Years ago my dad yanked up a small bunch of wild garlic and gave it to me. I planted it and ignored it. Every couple years I would dig it up in the fall and break up bulbs and replant here and there. I have a large amount of garlic to say the least, along with wild onions and rosemary all mixed up. Smells great in the rain.
I sometimes will go out and dig up a piece to use in cooking without curing. I wonder if it is never a good time to eat them? I plan on trying to cure some this summer as I have plenty to experiment with.

I planted my garlic cloves

By ariel granito

I planted my garlic cloves last fall, this spring , I have a bunch of 6inch tall garlic stems but when I digged one up, it almost looks like the bulb of a green onion. What does this men for my garlic? Will they ever grow cloves?

Hi Ariel, Garlic is ready

By Almanac Staff

Hi Ariel,
Garlic is ready when the foliage is tall (usually much more than 6 inches; usually probably at least a foot) and is dried and brown. This is typically July or August, depending on your location, summer conditions, etc.
It's not likely that the garlic will continue to grow if you replant it. Hopefully you didn't pull it all up . . .

This is my first time to grow

By zella

This is my first time to grow garlic. I like to know what to do with the little buds that grow on the top of the plant?

.

cut the little bulbs, or

By Emily Sullivan on July 7

cut the little bulbs, or actually they're flower heads off as soon as you see them forming. They are called scapes, and you can eat them. Just do a search to look up recipes.

I just harvested about 70

By Lovice Medina

I just harvested about 70 garlic grown in pots. I planted them late summer last year and most leaves were now getting dry, so time to dig. ALAS, none of my garlic developed cloves. They all have onion like bulbs.. What could have been the reason why.

Hi, Lovice, Garlic cloves

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Lovice,
Garlic cloves must be exposed to temperatures below 65°F or they may fail to form bulbs when planted—even though they produce flowers and foliage.
That said, too much cold, or cold followed by thaws, may also affect maturity.
Sorry for no better news.

My dad has been growing

By Jimbob71

My dad has been growing garlic for years with no luck. Last April, I helped cultivate, plant and organize his garden. It did wonderfully. This fall I purchased some "hungarian" and another garlic at a farmers market. He planted his (from previous years growth) and I planted mine. His scapes are the usual 3-4 inches high while mine are an inch thick and 12 inches high. Same garden, same soil, same everything. Can you help me understand?

Hi, Jimbob, Soft-neck

By Almanac Staff

Hi, Jimbob,
Soft-neck cultivars produce minimum or no flower stalk. It invests its energy in the bulb. Most commercial garlic is soft-neck.
Hard-neck cultivars produce the scapes.
It's not a problem; just different.
Good luck with the harvest!
 
 

i watch for garlic bulbs that

By diane linardakis

i watch for garlic bulbs that have begin to sprout seperate the bulb and place the toes in a glass the root end down and water up to the point sprout exits toe when i plant the sprouts are already 6" - 8" high plant at least 3" deep we love garlic sprouts on avacado sandwiches

I planted my garlic in the

By pwm1960

I planted my garlic in the fall. I have several shoots comping up from what I thought was one clove...do I need to separate them or will they be alright? This is my first year, so I don't know a lot about it. Also, can I move what I have planted to a different location. How much sun does it really need?

Thanks

Dig up the garlic and

By Almanac Staff

Dig up the garlic and carefully remove the soil to see if you have several cloves together that can be separated. Replant the clove(s) in rich well-draining soil. Garlic needs as much sun as possible.

I planted a clove of garlic

By Holden Romero

I planted a clove of garlic past fall. It died soon because it got to hot (Arizona). It came back to life in like February and a started to die back about a couple weeks ago (April). I just pulled it out but found it was very small and not even separated. I figured just put it back in the ground and replant. Will this work and what really went wrong?

Replant your garlic and leave

By cassy

Replant your garlic and leave until it goes through a second growing season, sometimes garlic can take two seasons

I would like to try and plant

By Mark Horina

I would like to try and plant garlic this Spring. What type (variety) of garlic would have the best chance of a satisfactory result after a Spring planting (as opposed to Fall planting)?

Hi Mark, Garlic can be

By Almanac Staff

Hi Mark,
Garlic can be planted in the spring, but it should be refrigerated first or planted early enough to get a natural cold treatment. Spring plantings don’t tend to grow as big as fall planted garlic. Soft neck varieties are best for spring planting.

This will be my first year

By LauraF

This will be my first year growing garlic I live in Indiana and will spring plant. Our ground is still frozen. Will I get a harvest this year? I am actually expecting the garlic I ordered any day now. Had I known I would have planted last fall but oh well. I won't be able to plant for a few more weeks we had snow yesterday still

Spring planting of garlic is

By Almanac Staff

Spring planting of garlic is fine and it will grow, but it will not produce the large bulbs as with fall planting. Garlic prefers to be planted in the fall at least six weeks before the soil freezes because it needs a cold period for proper shoot and bulb development.
For spring planting, we would suggest that you stored under refrigeration for at least 8 weeks prior to planting, and should be set as early in the spring as possible. Plant as soon as the soil is workable.

I think I've made a terrible

By SH

I think I've made a terrible mistake. I planted garlic in the fall for the first time. I read all the care and maintenance instructions but it seems I got my wires crossed. I thought that the first green shoots in spring were the 'scapes' that needed to be cut off. So I went around and cut ALL the leaves off of ALL of my garlic. Did I just kill off my entire harvest of garlic?

Maybe not, don’t panic!

By JBush

Maybe not, don’t panic! Every now and then I get heavy damage from deer and rabbits and the plants usually recover. They still have that root system that’s been developing all winter to draw energy from. The overall size of the bulbs may suffer, but the plants should come back and grow just fine. Scapes appear later when the plant is well developed and should be removed to get the largest bulbs possible. To maximize bulb size try foliar feeding at 2 week intervals with a diluted fish emulsion that has 3 or 4 of drops of dish detergent mixed in. Stop feeding and watering when the plants stop growing. Harvest when about half of the lower leaves have turned brown.

Omg I just did the same thing

By Sue S

Omg I just did the same thing just gave my garlic haircuts .. Chopped it down to one level!!
Seriously I'm just devasted I did this. It's our first time growing garlic ...
Do I just leave them alone???

I bought a clove of garlic

By Robin Serro

I bought a clove of garlic from the grocery store to eat, but several cloves from it started sprouting. I had just purchased and aquafarm and decided to put the sprouted cloves in the rocks to see what happened. They are all doing AMAZING - one has a stalk almost a foot tall after less than a month. I've read through most of the comments here and heard that it's not the best to plant store-bought cloves. Do you think it'll be ok if I plant them when the ground is a bit warmer? Or is it a lost cause? They look so good with how fast they're growing, I don't even want to eat them.

The issue with store bought

By JBush

The issue with store bought Alliums (garlic, onions, and shallots) is they are not certified disease or pathogen free. If your store bought plants are carrying a disease it can spread to the existing Alliums in your yard. If you want to plant them out make sure they are separated by as much distance as possible from your other Alliums. Grow them out for a couple of years and watch for disease. If they remain healthy during that time there’s probably no issues with them. Pay particular attention to fertilizer, moisture, and drainage.

Ok that makes a lot of sense.

By RSerro

Ok that makes a lot of sense. I haven't purchased my sets for my onions or my garlic yet, but I actually had some store-bought onions that did the same thing so I planted them in a pot and have them in a sunny window. I will keep them away from each other and see how they work out. Thanks, again!

I just bought some normal

By gfburke

I just bought some normal garlic at the store. also have tons because i use a lot. But went in and saw about a 2in green leaf and little root feets. I just put in about 2in into potting soil and jar and watered it well. put it into a north facing window, not much light. i swear, every day it is growing about an inch. i can now see roots all in the jar after a week! idk what to do now.. but.. seems cool.

You can plant it out and it

By JBush

You can plant it out and it should grow. If you decide to do that you should plant it separately from other garlic and shallots in your garden just in case it’s carrying a pathogen of some type. If it grows well for a couple of seasons it should be good for planting with your other stocks.

I didnot plant my garlic yet

By pere1945

I didnot plant my garlic yet due to a back problem, my soil is frozen about 2in deep, I put A small clere plastic hoop type cover over the area I wanted to use, is it to late to go and plant when soil is workable? should I keep hoop on or remove it once I plant the garlic? is this better than puting garlic in my refrigator for the winter?

You should plant it to get

By JBush

You should plant it to get the winter chilling it needs to grow well. I had the same problem in 2010 with a head of garlic I had ordered that arrived while I was recovering from an accident. What I did was to start the cloves in peat pots in my garage. Then I covered the planting bed with black plastic to gain solar heat to keep it from freezing. About the time the cloves broke the soil in the peat pots I planted them and watered them in on a fairly warm 38 degree day. Then I mulched the bed with straw and crossed my fingers. In the spring it all came up and grew just fine.

It is now end of May here in

By GRAYED2

It is now end of May here in NC..Just got a bunch of garlic to plant. How do I store them till Sept. Looks like it is to late to plant now. Or is it? Trying for first time I guess I order to late

Using Garlic from groceries

By Jacc M

Using Garlic from groceries for planting is the only option i have left. I want to plant garlic for home consumption and sale on the local market but i have failed to find farmers in Uganda that have big and healthy bulbs apart from that imported and sold in groceries. the local available bulbs are too small. Am also afraid that the grocery big bulbs-cloves will not yeild any bulbs because they are from groceries just like i read somewhere in the posts/comments. How true is this and can i go ahead to plant grocery garlic and follow all growing instructions?

I have 'California White'

By JBush

I have 'California White' soft neck and 'Music' hard neck that came from grocery stores more than 20 years ago. They took a few years to develop, but they eventually adapted and have grown well for me in different parts of the US.

The concern of store bought garlic is that it is not seed grade and may be carrying some sort of pathogen, If I was you, I'd try all varieties available and test grow them in plots that are separated just in case there's a problem with one type. It will take a few years to determine how well each will perform in your garden.

Your locally available garlic that is small may be due to planting time or from not having enough time to develop.

Thanks Jbush for your reply

By Jacc M

Thanks Jbush for your reply and advice. Am encouraged by your trials and hope to keep in touch for more advice.

I grow several types of

By JBush

I grow several types of garlic in my Zone 5 garden in Northern Nevada. My best luck has been planting from mid October until just before the ground freezes. I can usually harvest the early varieties in mid June. I harvest when 3 or 4 leaves turn brown, About half of it is left in the ground until I need it. This year I dug 'Inchelium Red' after 2 years and the heads were huge!

I want to plant my garlic in

By Maurine Spinato

I want to plant my garlic in a pot and leave it on my deck. How big a pot do I need, this is the first time I have tried planting garlic. I live in the Hartford conn. Area

I plant mine in a six gallon

By OSU Beaver

I plant mine in a six gallon bucket. One in the center and five or six around the edge about two inches from the side. The roots grow all the way to the bottom of the bucket but they do real well.

I planted my garlic the

By Rita Ladany

I planted my garlic the beginning of Oct and it is now sprouting. Should I trim the greens or just let them freeze and die out?
Live, Love, & Laugh, Rita

This can happen in mild

By Almanac Staff

This can happen in mild weather. We'd just let the leaves die off when it gets colder; garlic is very cold-hardy. Heavily mulch the bed with leaves to protect the garlic from any inconsistent temperature over the winter.

I read the instructions wrong

By Jeanne C.

I read the instructions wrong before planting my cloves and I planted them 9 inches deep in a raised bed. Will they still grow or should I dig them up and re-plant?

I live in Washington State.

By Aimee Wolfe

I live in Washington State. last year I planted my garlic to deep, they grew but did not produce. So I would re do them. This year I planted them 6 inches apart, and 3 inches deep. will let you know next spring how they did.

If you plant them too deep,

By Almanac Staff

If you plant them too deep, they may grow but you'll get much smaller bulbs. Plant 2 inches below the top of the soil. You'll probably get bulbs less than 1.5 inches in diameter versus 2.5 inches. It's up to you. We'd probably replant since it's not too late.

BULERE YOUTH, a group of

By nathan mubiru

BULERE YOUTH, a group of youth who associate and work together in UGANDA would like to grow garlic but cant afford to buy garlic clove seeds because there too expensive.

Any one that can assist them get cheaper or free seeds please your most welcome and contact us @ bulereyouth@gmail.com thanks

The skin on my garlic cloves

By CHEFAPRIL

The skin on my garlic cloves came off. Can I still plant them??

Yes, it is fine if the skin

By Almanac Staff

Yes, it is fine if the skin to falls off on some of the cloves. Just don't expose the bare cloves for too long before planting garlic.

Good afternoon. I live in

By Limmerik

Good afternoon.
I live in central Quebec, Canada and plant my garlic in the late fall. The type is music.
Scenario: I have just picked some garlic last week... a little late to say the least. The bulbs are all large yet several of the skins have burst and the cloves are visible, almost like the skins deteriorated in the ground... even the clove skin is missing on some. Very strong flavor.
Question: In your opinion would the cloves salvaged still be good to replant as part of next years crop??

i live in South East Asia, so

By Greenthumb122

i live in South East Asia, so what kind of garlic should i plant? thanks

I have a friend that returned

By JBush

I have a friend that returned to his native Vietnam a few years back that is an avid gardener and grow a lot of garlic. He says most soft necks grow well there especially the creole types. He told me he planted the Asiatic hard neck variety 'Asian Tempest' in October to see if it will adapt.

This is my first time growing

By Nesi

This is my first time growing garlic.When i harvest the garlic it was red cloves, is this normal

Red cloves are due to the

By Karen Bambacus

Red cloves are due to the variety of plant. The are beautiful additions to a garlic braid.

I planted some elephant

By ClareO

I planted some elephant garlic last year. The leaves were turning yellow so I decided to pull one up. I let it dry, then cut it. Inside was a single bulb, I'm guessing I cropped to early -can I eat it anyway?

Thanks

Elephant garlic (Allium

By Almanac Staff

Elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum) is a leek, not a garlic.  It's ready to harvest when about 30% of the foliage is starting to yellow. In many regions, this point comes in mid-May or June. If harvest is delayed past that point, the bulbs begin to split open, revealing the individual cloves.

My garlic did not clove this

By Brother Al

My garlic did not clove this year. The pulled plants look like onions. They were planted from previously successful heads of garlic. I used composted soil with worm casings, planted early Jan. and pulled them mid July. What happened?

Bulb and clove formation is

By Almanac Staff

Bulb and clove formation is dependent on several factors, including exposure to a period of cold, changing day length, soil temperature, planting date, local weather/climate.
 
If the bulbs were fully mature when harvested, it might be, if you live in a warm climate, that the seed garlic may not have had enough cold exposure (about 32 to 40 degrees F for several months). Cold encourages bulb/clove formation. If you live in an area where temperatures do not get below about 40 degrees F, you can place the seed garlic in a porous bag in the refrigerator for about 6 to 8 weeks before planting them.
 
After exposure to cold temperatures (called vernalization), bulb formation is further induced by increasing day length and soil temperatures above 60 degrees F.
 
You might ask your county's Cooperative Extension for the types of garlic that do well in your area. (Softneck types are usually better for southern gardens.) For contact information, see: http://www.almanac.com/content/cooperative-extension-services

Hi, we grew german hardneck

By Tim Truax

Hi, we grew german hardneck this year, when we cut the scapes garlic looked great nice green stalks. After we cut the scapes the garlic stalks stopped growing and turned black and when we pulled up some of the garlic looked like it stopped growing. We have one stock next to the other one green one black, one big bulb one small right next to one another and can't figure out what caused this ? All we can think of is we had too much rain ( 33 inches in a little over a month )

It's hard to tell what caused

By Almanac Staff

It's hard to tell what caused your garlic problem. You may have waited too long to cut the scapes or the rain may have been too much for the bulbs to take. Remember when you cut the scapes to cut the stalk at soil level and not to cut the leaves.

Can I plant garlic in summer

By Sandy Buton

Can I plant garlic in summer for next year harvest? I just received my mail order now and I don't think it will last in the refrigerator till fall. Zone 6

It probably isn't advisable

By Almanac Staff

It probably isn't advisable to plant in summer. In Zone 6, you want to plant in fall so that the seed cloves establish roots before a freeze, but don't actually start to grow leaves before the cold weather hits. If they do start to grow leaves and then cold temperatures kill the leaves, the health and vigor of the bulb will likely suffer; next summer's harvest may produce small bulbs.

We'd suggest that you contact the company where you ordered the garlic for advice on how to best store the seed garlic before you plant it. In general, keep them in a cool, dark, dry place, with good air circulation.

I checked my garlic and the

By tony waterston

I checked my garlic and the bulb looks on the small side still so im gona leave it till the end of this month, I cut the scape off once it had made its 1st curl, maybe the bulb being small cud have sumfin to do with it bein hot, or mayb it mite just be a gd tasting bulb, wot do I do when I pull it out the ground? Im a complete novice. Thanx

Assuming you have enough

By Almanac Staff

Assuming you have enough sunlight and the right conditions, garlic tends to put in size at the end of its harvest so you might be fine. When you harvest the garlic bulb, you should be able to feel the bumps of the cloves through the wrappers. You want to harvest before the wrappers begin to fall apart. After harvesting, you need to cure the garlic. See instructions above.

I was told I had garlic

By sitnbull

I was told I had garlic growing so I looked it up online and it said U could eat the flowers that grew on top, and to cut the stems down so the garlic in the ground would grow bigger. So I cut them down and saved the flower tops to eat. I did a little more searching and now I'm thinking I did the wrong thing. It looks like I'm supposed to be harvesting it now, not waiting for it to finish growing. Am I right??? And CAN U eat the flower tops?

You can eat the "scapes," the

By Almanac Staff

You can eat the "scapes," the pointy (almost elfin), curly stalks, sometimes called flower stems, even "false flower stems," that develop on hardneck (or stiffneck) garlic.
Softneck garlic does not produce a scape; it produces small cloves, which are also edible.
As for harvesting garlic, you should wait until the foliage yellows or browns. This usually occurs sometime in July.
Save a few cloves to plant this fall, for next year's harvest.
We are not familiar with cutting the foliage to the ground. When you harvest, let us know if that has had an effect.
Hope this helps!

I planted my first ever

By tony waterston

I planted my first ever garlic bulbs spring this year, they are now bout ten or 12 inches tall and the bottom leaves are goin yellow but I dont know if im doin sumfin wrong, one of them has a very thick stem, I need help how long do I leave it for? And has any1 got any tips for pea plants and tomato plants? Ive just done them too, thank you.

It sounds like your garlic is

By Almanac Staff

It sounds like your garlic is ready to be harvested! Congratulations!
Yellow foliage is a good sign. A thick stem is a sign of a healthy plant. So pull them up, gently (you don't want to break the stem off). If you have to go rooting around for the garlic heads, be gentle and use your hands. A tool might cut into the heads.
Save a few cloves for planting this fall (or next spring) and mark the area so you don't dig up the developing heads in spring, before the new plants show themselves above ground.
As for peas and tomatoes, there is too much to say here. You can find advice for these plants here on Almanac.com.

I just harvested a good sized

By Good for what ails ye

I just harvested a good sized head of garlic (my husband thought it was an onion!) and there are tiny brown cloves outside of the regular head with a single root. What are these, and can they be saved to plant in the fall?

Hi there - In the pest

By IAmAlex

Hi there - In the pest section, it says to "clean the soil"? How would one do that?

We suggest to clean up the

By Almanac Staff

We suggest to clean up the area after harvesting the garlic. Remove all debris, dead foliage etc.

Do I leave the whole green

By Beata

Do I leave the whole green part until the curing part is finished or is OK to chop some off?

When you lift the garlic out

By Almanac Staff

When you lift the garlic out of the ground, you take the greens and all for curing. After it's cured for a couple weeks, trim off the remaining stem. If you wish: after one week, cut off all but about 5 inches (12 cm) of stem. Then store in a container at cool room temperature (not a fridge).

Thank you for an interesting

By L. Thielen

Thank you for an interesting site. When we harvest our garlic the dense dirt insists on clinging to the sides and they never look clean like store-bought garlic. It seems that washing the dirt off would be a mistake. What do you advise? Thanks.

You have the right instincts.

By Almanac Staff

You have the right instincts. Homegrown garlic will still be on the dirty side compared to store-bought. After harvesting, you want to "cure" the garlic by letting it dry in a protected place out of the sun that's warm but not hot nor moist. When the outer skin gets papery, brush off as much dirt as you can and cut the roots. We do not wash it prior to storage. Further cleanup or washing the garlic may shorten its lifespan. If the dirt is bothersome to you, remove the outer layer of wrapper. We hope this advice helps.

Will garlic grow in a

By Jim Withem

Will garlic grow in a container garden or inside?

Yes, you can grow garlic in a

By Almanac Staff

Yes, you can grow garlic in a container. We really think it's best if they grow outside. They root in the cold of winter. The warm indoor temperatures won't allow them to grow properly.

I planted garlic last spring

By Gail Batten

I planted garlic last spring and it never came up but I never dug up the "lost" garlic and to my suprise when I uncovered the bed this spring there it was up 6 inches. Is there anything I need to worry about since it has been in the ground so long? The stem are large and seem to be hardy. I have never growen it before but buying localy grown garlic and because they longer compared to the store bought bulbs made me want to grow it. I know the one is Elephant garlic and I can't remember the other. Any insight you can give me would be helpful on my first garlic grow.

Your garlic should be

By Almanac Staff

Your garlic should be suitable for consumption. The heads may be on the small side, but still delicious. When the leaves start to decline, stop watering. Harvest when several of the lower leaves go brown, but five or six on top are still green.

My question is concerning the

By lrobinson2011

My question is concerning the flowering portion of the garlic. I planted garlic for the first time in the fall of 2012. But, due to my lack of knowledge and research I allowed the garlic to stay in the ground too long and it is now flowering. Can I cut off the flower end if it bulbs and plant it? I don't have much knowledge about garlic but someone was telling me that I could cut off the ends and plant them. Any advice or know anyone is willing to share would be great thanks.

Yes, you can plant the small

By Almanac Staff

Yes, you can plant the small bulbils that are found inside the flower. Cut off the stalks with the flower heads attached. Tie the stalks together in bunches and hang them upside down in a ventilated area to dry. When dry plant the individual small bulbils in the fall and add mulch if you have severe winters. Next spring dig the small bulbs, dry and replant the tiny cloves in the fall. It takes several years to grow full-size bulbs.

At which point do you cut the

By Lisa Gehrig on July 16

At which point do you cut the stalk from the plant to dry the bulbils? The skin around my bulbils are just starting to split. Have I waited too long?

an inspiring read for garlic lovers/growers

By Anonymous

I'm enthralled with "A Garlic Testament" by Stanley Crawford....seasons and growing garlic on a small New Mexico farm....a great mixture of gardening tips and philosophy ...Aldo Leopold on garlic. This is not a commercial...just wanted to share this title.

Yes, indeed - a wonderful

By Lisahistory

Yes, indeed - a wonderful book, as much philosophy as garlic farming.

garlic scapes/sticky cloves

By Anonymous

Maybe it's the variety, but I missed a few scapes last summer and did not notice a difference in bulb size...for what it's worth.

My question, it's Sept 29 and I'm planting my cloves. One variety I bought from a local farmer the cloves are almost stuck together, a little sticky/funky...should I NOT plant them? Just that one variety, from that one farm. (I've others from other seed places, and some from my garden from last year, planting about 6 varieties this year) I planted them anyway, but am worried about bringing rot or fungus into my garden.

Seeds from scapes?

By Anonymous

I let one of my scapes grow longer just to see what happens and it made a bunch of little seeds in the scape. Are these plantable?

garlic 'scape' seeds.

By Anonymous

It is my understanding that YES the 'seeds' from the scape are plantable...however you need to give them 2 years to mature...I've read that you plant them year 1, dig them out, and replant year 2 for bigger heads. I've planted 2 rows this year for the first time...we'll see.

can you plant the seeds from

By Anonymous

can you plant the seeds from the flower head and get more garlic or will they just die?

Look closely and you'll

By K Barth

Look closely and you'll discover they aren't seeds exactly, but bulbils--tiny garlic cloves. I plant mine. Year after year. I love this system--no buying involved. I cannot promise that all bulbils will do what mine do, but just go ahead and plant some in a spot where you can watch them. First they'll form a single clove (I plant them soon after I harvest the current garlic crop), and then in autumn that single clove is your planted clove for next summer's harvest! Amazing, yes?

Garlic doesn’t produce

By Almanac Staff

Garlic doesn’t produce flowers or seeds. The individual cloves from heads of garlic are separated and planted. Do not plant grocery store garlic. Find garlic from a gardener friend or local farmer. Individual cloves should be planted, pointed-side up, 2 to 3 inches deep. Each clove will become an entire head of garlic!

correction

By Anonymous

garlic does produce both flowers and seeds, but it is much easier to clone the bulbs, so seed isn't commonly sold. the seeds look just like onion seeds, and the scape will grow a flower head if left to do so.

Store bought garlic

By Anonymous

I just wanted to letyou know that I planted store bought garlic and I have had good results in their production. The stalks are large,no fungus,green scapes and they are not yellowing as yet.I plan to leave them till June or July before I harvest them .I did ammend the soil before planting and gave them some 10=10=10 in the winter well covered with compost and straw mulch.I paid 79 cents for a large head and planted the large outer cloves in October. Hope to share my crop with my friends who have seen my good results to my sixty to seventy heads growing until harvest.

If u let the scape grow

By Anonymous

If u let the scape grow longer the top of it will bust open and it is filled with little seed like bulbs

First time planting

By Anonymous

I haven't planted garlic before, and I planted some in May when I planted the rest of my vegetable garden in southeast Michigan. I am now learning that garlic is to be planted in the Fall. However, I have garlic plants that are about 5 inches tall now. Should they be harvested this year or should I let them stay in ground over winter?

Since it is OK to plant

By Almanac Staff

Since it is OK to plant garlic in the Spring, you can safely harvest them when they are ready. Generally, garlic planted in Spring should be ready for harvest by late-July or early August. You'll want to pay attention to when the tops yellow and begin to fall over.

If you'd like, you can plant again in the Fall! It's been noted that planting in the Fall MAY produce bigger and better bulbs. Read above for more info on Fall planting.

Thank you for your interest in the Old Farmer's Almanac and our Web site.

If scapes don't appear?

By Anonymous

If scapes are not showing up, is there a problem, or do you just wait longer?

garlic scapes

By Almanac Staff

The scape appear a month or so after the first leaves so maybe it's a waiting game. Also, not all garlic varieties have scapes. Scapes form only on Hardneck varieties.

Don't pitch the scapes!

By JBL55

The first time I planted garlic, I cut off the scapes (what this article calls "flower shoots") when they appeared and threw them on the compost heap. A few weeks later I learned they can be used in cooking. Auggghhh! After I dried my tears, I began to look for garlic scape recipes and in the years since have had great fun with scapes (e.g. pesto).

If left to mature, the scapes will make the plant think it's successfully reproduced so, as the article states, the bulb will not be as robust as it might. However, it's fun to let one or two mature so you can see the teeny tiny "head" of garlic seeds that will develop.

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