Full Moon for January 2019

The Super Blood Wolf Moon Eclipse

January 20, 2019
Super Blood Wolf Moon (January 2019)

The Full Moon in January 2019 falls on January 20–21. Traditionally, this month’s Moon is called the “Wolf Moon.” This year brings a total lunar eclipse on Sunday evening. Here is our complete January Moon Guide!

The Total Lunar Eclipse

This year brings a total lunar eclipse visible in the U.S., Canada, South America, Europe, and part of Asia and Africa.

In the media, it’s being called a  “Super Blood Wolf Moon” Eclipse. What a name! We’ll break it down:

1. What is a total lunar eclipse?

The Moon does not have its own light but shines because its surface reflects the Sun’s rays. During a total lunar eclipse, the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon and blocks any direct sunlight from reaching the Moon. Thus, the Sun casts the Earth’s shadow on the Moon’s surface.

Just a few hours before the peak of the full Moon, a total lunar eclipse will be visible from all of North, Central, and South America.

  • The partial eclipse begins at approximately 10:33 P.M. EST (7:33 P.M. PST) on January 20.
  • The full eclipse begins about an hour later, at 11:41 P.M. EST (8:41 P.M. PST), and will last for approximately one hour. This is the time to look skyward!

See the Eclipse Timeline breaking down how the eclipse will unfold by time zone—and what to watch for!

2. What is a Supermoon?
This is a “supermoon” eclipse because the eclipse occurs when the Moon is near “perigee,” its closest point to Earth. Perigee is the term astronomers use. At perigee, the Moon may appear larger and brighter, though it’s not as easy to perceive with the naked eye as many people think. See more about supermoons.

3. What is a Blood Moon?
A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes into the shadow of the Earth; this causes the usually bright full Moon to turn a dark, coppery-red. Hence, this eclipsed Moon is being nicknamed the ”Blood Moon” in the media. “‘Blood Moon’ is not a term used in astronomy. It’s more of a popular phrase, perhaps because it sounds so dramatic. It simply refers to a ‘total lunar eclipse.”

Poor weather? LIVE stream
Parts of the U.S. and Canada will have heavy storms on Sunday night. If you have poor weather conditions or simply live on a different side of Earth, the total lunar eclipse will be streamed live from many sources. Here are two free sources:
Virtual Telescope Project

All Moon Phases for January 2019

The full Moon phase peaks January 21, 2019, at 12:16 A.M. EST, just after midnight (January 20 at 9:16 P.M. for those in PST). This means that the full Moon can be viewed best on the night of January 20. All dates and times below are ET. See the Moon Phase Calendar for your city/state.

New Moon: January 5, 8:28 P.M.
First Quarter: January 14, 1:45 A.M.
Full Moon: January 21, 12:16 A.M.
Last Quarter: January 27, 4:10 P.M.

When is the next full Moon? See our Full Moon Dates chart.

Full Wolf Moon

In Native American and early Colonial times, the Full Moon for January was called the Full Wolf Moon because wolves were more often heard at this time. There is no evidence they were howling for hunger though wolves do tend to howl more often during winter months. Wolfs generally howl to define territory, locate pack members, and gather for hunting. Native Americans usually respect, not fear, wolves.

To some Native American tribes, January Moon was known as the Old Moon. To others tribes, this was the Snow Moon, but most applied that name to the next Full Moon, in February.

See all Full Moon names and their meaning.

A howling lone gray wolf in snow-covered landscape.

January Full Wolf Moon Video

Each month, we will explain the traditional names of the full Moon along with some fascinating Moon facts. In this video, learn about January’s Full Wolf Moon. Click below to watch the video.

Best Days in January 2019

For Planting

Aboveground crops: 10, 11, 19, 20

Belowground crops: 1, 27, 28

For Setting Eggs:

16, 17, 25, 26

For Fishing:


See all our Best Days for various activities.

Moon Folklore

A bright first Moon promises rain and a bountiful harvest; a red-tinted Moon means a dry year.

A growing Moon and a flowing tide are lucky times to marry.

A halo around the Moon predicts wet or stormy weather. 

Share your thoughts about this month’s full Moons below! Learn about the rest of the year’s full Moons!


The Old Farmer's Almanac

Reader Comments

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Halo on Wolf moon

Jan Wolf moon (total lunar eclipse) did have a Halo around it and shortly after, the winds came. We had just had rain the week prior to the full moon, so no more rain was expected. However it brought winds and these winds are so icy cold, it's like walking around in the freezer and we live in California.

Full moon

When the wolf blood full moon came on January 21, 2019 my dad went into a full Alzheimer’s rage!!! I don’t know if the full moon has anything to do with this or not but believe me when it occurs the Alzheimer’s rage occurs also ...

Alzheimer’s rage

You mention your father went into an Alzheimer’s rage with the full moon. You might want to take your father to an alternative medicine doctor to check for parasites. Parasites act up during a full moon. Parasites associated with Lyme disease could also create Alzheimer-like symptoms. Odds are a traditional doctor will not be well informed about this.


Sooo...WHERE is it streaming?!

No eclipse

Well, it is 8:08 PM PST on January 20th and I see a full moon but no eclipse. A little research shows me that it happened yesterday?? January 19th.

eclipse times

If you live in North America, the full eclipse has not started yet. The Moon is up, yes, however the full lunar eclipse is at 11:41 pm EST/8:41 pm PST on Jan 20, 2019.  The partial eclipse begins at Jan 20 at 10:34 pm EST


I was so looking forward to tonight’s event. Unfortunately in upstate New York tonight, We are inundated with snow. Looking forward to watching it on the websites streaming live. Thank you for keeping us up-to-date.

Wolf Moon Eclipse

Being that it is snowing, there is a slim chance that I will see it, and Slim just left town. But thanks almanac for reminding me about it!


The Holy Bible reads of the moon turning to blood in the Old Testament, 488-477 BC first in the book of Joel.

Full Moon January 2018;

I ought to be able to see most of the Full Moon; some Eclipse looking NNW from a north window; I watched The Moon Set Tuesday night; the moon set behind the biggest White Pine tree around!; looking forward to the moon set tonight(am); I want to thank the Old Farmers Almanac; AnneConn.

Two "supermoons" in January

The weather is always worse after a full moon and the "supermoons" seem to exert an extra pull on the tides. The OFA prediction for the start of February is already bleak and if the start of January is any indication, this looks at least as bad.

DOUBLE Full Moon 01/01/2018

How come there isn't any mention of a Double Moon? That's what we can see here in Boston!

Blue Moon

Never knew where the phrase " once in a blue moon" came from. Very cool.

Farmer's Almanac

Always interesting and informative. Love this site.

Blue moon

A Blue Moon occurs when there are two full moons in one calendar month.

I love this it gives such

I love this it gives such great information.

January Full Moon

Why is it also called the "Old" Moon ?

An Old Moon usually refers to

The Editors's picture

An Old Moon usually refers to a waning crescent Moon. The Moon’s “age” each month never gets more than around 29.5 days old, but people often refer to it as “old” when it’s in the latter part of its phase.

Some Native American tribes called the January or February Moon the “Old Moon.”  By old, they are referencing that old fellow of winter. 


Moon Observing

Where would you suggest I go to find 1)date 2) time of recording 3)moon phase. I need this for a school project.... I need a full phase between Jan 5 and Feb 20 2016...I also need the pattern of moon during day light hours

Moon Phase Calendar

The Editors's picture

On this page, you’ll see the link to the Moon Phase Calendar. You can find more detailed information in The 2016 Old Farmer’s Almanac, available digitally in our store here.

daily moon status and zodiac status

please provide the daily moon and zodiac status

Full moons & lore

Full moon calendar

january full wolf moon

What is the date of the full wolf moon in January 2016?

Wolf moon 2016

I believe it is the 23/24 of January 2016.

The date of the Full Wolf

The Editors's picture

The date of the Full Wolf Moon is on this page in the chart above:

Full Moon: January 23, 8:46 P.M. (Eastern Time)

To see the Full Moon for your area, click here for our Moon Calendar.

This is so cool because I

This is so cool because I have to write a whole paragraph on the blood moon for school.

Wolf moon aquarius

Im not sure if this is on topic but I'm an Aquarius and I honestly love the moon so much. I have a telescope and digital camera and I look at the moon as much as I can & take pictures of it. Wolves are honestly my favorite animal,and it was a coincidence that was what my moon is called. I'm very independent,aloof,and I love nature. Such as the woods or lakes etc.. it kind of makes sense to me of why it is called the wolf moon. Correct me if I'm wrong?

I forgot to mention. Every

I forgot to mention. Every full moon I go out late at night by myself on the side of my house and look at the moon & see it so captivating & feel a good sensation in my eyes and my heart.

The full moon

I also do the same thing when the full moon crosses outside of my window I open up my blinds or go outside and sit and watch the beautiful moon pass,Wishing I could touch it!