Full Moon for September 2019

View the Full Harvest Moon on Friday the 13th!

September 11, 2019
Full Harvest Moon - OFA
Colleen Quinnell/The Old Farmer's Almanac

The full Moon for September 2019 is once again the “Harvest Moon.” See what this means—plus, Moon phase dates, Best Days by the Moon, folklore, and more!

September’s Full Moon: A “Micromoon” Harvest Moon on Friday the 13th!

This month’s full Moon rises on the night of Friday, September 13, and reaches peak fullness at 12:33 a.m. EDT on the 14th.

Yes, that’s right—the brilliant Harvest Moon makes its annual appearance on Friday the 13th this year! What a clash of lore! Look skyward on Friday night for the best view of the shining Full Harvest Moon (but watch out for black cats and open ladders, too). 

How Rare is a Full Moon on Friday the 13th?

Because Friday the 13th only happens between one and three times a year, it’s not particularly common for the full Moon to line up with it exactly. The last time there was a full Moon on Friday the 13th was in January 2006—13 years ago—and the next won’t occur until August 2049. Needless to say, cherish it this year!

What is a Micromoon?

As if this Harvest Moon wasn’t interesting enough already, September’s full Moon will also be a “micromoon.”

By this time, you’ve probably heard of a supermoon. A micromoon is exactly the opposite: a full Moon that occurs when the Moon is at the farthest point in its orbit around Earth (the point of apogee). In other words, the Moon is about as far from Earth as it can get, causing it to appear about 7% smaller and 15% dimmer than usual.

See more Harvest Moon facts and folklore!

Moon Phases for September 2019

Here are Moon phase dates and times (EDT) for the month of September. Check our Moon Phase Calendar for dates and times in your city.

First Quarter: September 5, 11:10 P.M. EDT
Full Moon: September 14, 12:33 A.M. EDT
Last Quarter: September 21, 10:41 P.M. EDT
New Moon: September 28, 2:26 P.M. EDT

When is the next full Moon? Consult our Full Moon Calendar to find out.

September Full Moon Names

The Harvest Moon

This year, the September full Moon is called the Harvest Moon. Unlike other full Moon names, which are specific to their respective months, the Harvest Moon is not tied to the month of September. Instead, it depends on an astronomical event: the autumnal equinox. The full Moon that happens nearest to the equinox (September 22 or 23) takes on the name “Harvest Moon,” rather than its traditional name, which means that a Harvest Moon may occur in either September or October.

The Harvest Moon provides the most light at the time of year when it was traditionally needed most: during the harvest! 

Other September Full Moon Names

Historically, Native Americans gave a name to each month’s full Moon, naming it in relation to a natural event or sign of the season. This aided them in tracking the progression of the year

One such name for the September full Moon was the Full Corn Moon because it traditionally corresponded with the time of harvesting corn. It was also called the Barley Moon, as this is the time to harvest and thresh ripened barley. 

Other full Moon names for this month include:

  • Moon When the Plums Are Scarlet” by the Lakota Sioux.
  • Moon When the Deer Paw the Earth” by the Omaha.
  • Moon When the Calves Grow Hair” by the Sioux.

Learn more about Full Moon names and their traditional meanings.

The Full Corn Moon. Graphic by Colleen Quinnell/The Old Farmer's Almanac.
One of September’s traditional full Moon names, the Full Corn Moon.

September Full Moon Video

Why does the Moon ride high or low in the sky? Find out the answer to this question—and learn more about September’s Full Moon—in this entertaining video.

Photo Credit: Almanac reader, Robin Osbon

Best Days in September 2019

Below are the best days for activities, based on the Moon’s sign and phase in September.

For Harvesting:

  • Aboveground crops: 7, 8, 9
  • Belowground crops: 17, 18

For Canning and Pickling:

  • 22, 23

For Fishing:

  • 1–14, 28–30

See Best Days for more activities.


Moon Facts & Folklore

  • Usually, the Moon rises about 50 minutes later each day, but around the time of the autumnal equinox, it rises only around 30 minutes later in the United States—even less in Canada.
  • Frost occurring in the dark of the moon kills fruit buds and blossoms, but frost in the light of the moon will not.

Are you a full Moon lover? Share your thoughts below!


Reader Comments

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What a beauteous sight to behold

Feel so lucky to live in the gorgeous Catalina Mountains in Oro Valley AZ. The moon coming up over these mountains is beyond breathtaking. I can't stop watching, want to sit all nite taking in such a glorious sight. So still, so erie, so peaceful, and always amazed at the brightness of the full moon and the shadows it creates. It is beautiful and bittersweet at the same time. I always think how nature will in the end endure, despite all the havoc we are wreaking to our planet.

Better mental state with a full moon

Not sure how or why this is but when it is a full moon or close to it I always feel a lot happier, optimistic, positive, refreshed etc. Full moons do for whatever reason improve my mental state. Don't know why. I'm sure it has to do with something

Name slaves called the full moon best to run away on.

One full moon was given a special name by slaves that was best for running away light. During the time when the Underground Railway was operating, they had to reach a known destination by moonlight. I can't remember what it was.

Underground Railroad and slaves

I spend my summers in Michigan and not far from Detroit. One of the last "stops" to The Underground Railroad was the border of the US and Ontario, Canada, where they went for their freedom. While there was never significant Canadian trade in African slaves, native nations frequently enslaved their rivals and a very modest number were purchased by colonial administrators and/or rarely by settlers until 1833, when the British Parliament abolished slavery across the British Empire. There is an interesting tour in Detroit that takes you along the journey that the slaves undertook. Until Emancipation, Detroit was a pivotal part of the Underground Railroad, and in the 1800's, a network of abolitionists, or “conductors,” who aided enslaved people seeking freedom. That’s because the city, code-named “Midnight,” provided access to Canada just across the Detroit River. But to answer your question, the migration of slaves or The Underground Railroad did NOT use the light of the full moon, but instead relied on the stars and in particular the North Star. The slaves fleeing slavery were hunted by the light of the full moon..either by bloodhounds and "pattyrollers". But all the FULL MOON names inherited their colloquial names from the Native Americans or First Nation peoples, and NOT slaves or their plight.

Moon view

Does anyone know a good location where people go to view the moon . Where u can sit in ur pickup truck and relax while you watch the moon with your date ? Near los angeles CA .

Moon gazing

Hi Kathy, What a cool idea. I don’t know LA well but here are some ideas: Griffith Observatory overlooking the Hollywood Sign, Point Dume in Malibu and Topanga State Park atop Elephant Rock.

Best view of the moon where you live

Being a moon "lunatic" and with the name Diana (goddess of the moon) I seek high ground when looking for the best (and earliest) moon view, when it appears the largest. Around our neighborhood there are lots of tall trees and some tall buildings that lock me out from viewing until the moon has been up for quite awhile. So I drive up into the hills where I can get an unobstructed view and am as far away from ambient light as possible. With the quiet around me and very little surrounding light I can really bask in the moonview for a long period of time. I recommend it for all you "loonies" out there!

The Full Moon

I always gasp in silent delight and awe when I see the full moon shining outside my window. Especially if I was not looking for it or counting on it, or planning for it. I smile and feel totally optimistic.

Full Moon September 5, 2017

I couldn't sleep so I got and and looked outside at the night sky, WOW ! I saw the most amazing bright orange full moon. It was well worth the lost sleep to behold such a sight. Such a deep, rich orange moon sitting up in our western sky. I would have paid to see such a sight gladly but it was free and amazing. (Thank-you MUM I know you had something to do with me waking up to see this. Thanks for looking down from heaven to Avelyn and me, rest peacefully.) London, Ontario Canada

Red moon

I stepped outside tonight, September 4, 2017, at about 9:30 pm in Hobart, Indiana (a little east of Chicago and Gary) The moon is approximately 30 degrees off the horizon. The striking thing is that it is a beautiful deep orange color. Why is that?

red moon

I saw the red moon to! I live in sturgis MI and saw it around the same time and it was still red at 11:30 pm. I wondered why it was so red I never have seen the moon this color before, I have seen it orange but never red,

Red Moon

The Editors's picture

Unfortunately, this beautiful red Moon is probably the result of the forest fires in Oregon. The smoke has crossed the continent. It’s very pretty though.

Red Full Corn Moon (September)

It was early evening on Sept. 6 in Upstate NY....I looked out from my backyard deck and on the eastern horizon, I saw the most beautiful full red moon. I took a pic with my mobile camera, but it did not capture the redness of the moon. Gorgeous!!


I'm really in love with the light from the moon, more so than the sun. it feels so energizing in a healthful way...is it possible moon light is better exposure than sun light?

Full Moons and Info about

Full Moons and Info about same.


Why is existence?

Same What?

Okay you said Full Moons and info about same what did you mean?

Full Moons!

Thanks! Love your publication and contribution!

Coming penumbral lunar eclipse on 16 September 2016 -its impacts

The lunar eclipse on 16 September 2016 is a penumbral. In this light , this Vedic astrology writer had , on 28 June and after on a number of occasions in 2016 , alerted the global community and India as well that planetary impacts during ongoing times particularly during 9 August to 20 September 2016 look to be suggesting coming into being of dangers to the world attended by political , economic and social upheavals having potential to cause health hazards or epidemics. Many global tensions in South China Sea , East China Sea , Ukraine - Baltic States - Russia, Koreas , US- Russia have been in the news during the aforesaid period. On 9 September 2016 , North Korea successfully tested nuclear device which caused man made earthquake of 5.3 magnitude in the sea. It is said that the bomb is much more lethal than Hydrogen Bomb used in Hiroshima during Second World War. The coming 10 days or more could likely cause eruption of hostilities having look -like shape of WW3 though may not be WW3. Let the global community have restraint during these horrible times.

pickeled corn

when to make pickeled corn

Moon rides high, runs low in September

When in September does the moon ride high, on the equator, and runs low?

Moon rides high, etc.

The Editors's picture

This information can be found on page 145 of the national edition of The 2016 Old Farmer’s Almanac, on the Right-Hand Calendar Page for September. For 2016:
September 3: Moon on equator
September 10: Moon runs low
September 17: Moon on equator
September 23: Moon rides high
September 30: Moon on equator

full moon 2016

full moon will be on sunday 18th here in uganda

full moon of the month

Great you changed it....but now it says September....may I please have August?

Wondering what happened to

Wondering what happened to the moon last night September 28th 2014. Was watching it go from a very pretty bright to the yellow & then to the blood red, It was only a crest moon but it totally changed colors then disappeared so to say. Like an eclipse but it never showed back up.? Did anyone else see it last night? 9 to 10 PMT (cst) color
changing then total dark @ 10 or just after. Looked for it all way up to 1 am.

Jeni, i was wondering exactly

Jeni, i was wondering exactly the same thing. That's why i went on this site to see if anyone had an answer to the self same question. Lo and behold you asked the same one! Sadly no answer yet. I'm looking out now and cannot see the new moon. Any answers anyone?

No replies yet :( Samething

No replies yet :( Samething tonight moon has vanished or I'm going locco. lol was out side at 9:45 pm crest moon again then back outside @ 10:45 & no moon. Even on nights with clouds in sky you can still see light from the moon but no clouds. Strange happenings.... Moon eclipses

Interesting question! The

The Editors's picture

Interesting question! The times and time zone that you are describing suggest that the Moon was setting, which would explain its change in color and its later disappearance.
To give some details: No lunar eclipse has been forecast for this time. The new Moon was on September 24; first quarter on October 1. So, the Moon is now a waxing crescent. Although exact timing of moonrise/set will depend on your location, I've chosen Lebanon, Missouri, for an example for Central Daylight Time. So, according to the United States Naval Observatory data, for that location, on September 28, it rose at about 11:13 am CDT and set at about 9:47 pm CDT. On September 29, the Moon rose at about 12:12 pm CDT and set at about 10:36 pm CDT. So, I'm guessing from your time zone, you wouldn't see it at 10:45 (or at 10:00 September 28) because it would have then been below the horizon.
When the Moon is setting, one sees it through a thicker atmosphere. The thicker the atmosphere, the more likely the light has to travel through dust, pollution, etc., which can scatter more of the shorter wavelengths of light, leaving the longer wavelengths, such as red, to reach your eyes. This can make the Moon appear red. Smoke from fires or volcanic ash high in the atmosphere can also change the Moon's color to reddish.
Hope this helps!