Summer-Flowering Bulbs Chart

Spring-planted bulbs that flower in summer and fall

June 12, 2020
Growing Guide: Spring-Planted Bulbs - Dahlia - Pixabay

Dahlias are one of the lovely flowers that grow from bulbs.

Photo by Pixabay

Summer bulbs are planted in the spring and then flower in the summer and also fall. Our Spring-Planted Bulb Chart covers dahlias, lilies, and gladiolus, and more summer-flowering bulbs, detailing hardiness zones, sun/shade, planting depth, and spacing.

Spring-Planted Bulbs Chart

Click here for a printable chart.

Common Name Hardiness Zone Soil Sun/Shade Spacing (in) Depth (in) Blooming Season Height (in)
Allium 3–10 Well–drained/
moist
Full sun 12 3–4 Spring to summer  6–60
Begonia, tuberous 10–11 Well–drained/
moist
Partial shade/Full shade 12–15 1–2 Summer to fall 8–18
Blazing star/gayfeather 7–10 Well–drained Full sun 6 4 Summer to fall 8–20
Caladium 10–11 Well–drained/
moist
Partial shade/full shade 8–12 2 Summer 8–24
Calla lily 8–10 Well–drained/
moist
Full sun/partial shade 8–24 1–4 Summer 24–36
Canna 8–11 Well–drained/
moist
Full sun 12–24 Level Summer 18–60
Cyclamen 7–9 Well–drained/
moist
Partial shade 4 1–2 Spring to fall 3–12
Dahlia 9–11 Well–drained/
fertile
Full sun 12–36 4–6 Late summer 12–60
Daylily 3–10 Adaptable to most soils Full sun/
partial shade
12–24 2 Summer 12–36
Freesia 9–11 Well–drained/
moist/sandy
Full sun/
partial shade
2–4 2 Summer 12–24
Garden gloxinia 4–8 Well–drained/
moist
Full sun 12 3–4 Summer 6–20
Gladiolus 4–11 Well–drained/
fertile
Full sun/
partial shade
4–9 3–6 Early summer to
early fall
12–80
Iris 3–10 Well–drained/
sandy
Full sun 3–6 4 Spring to late summer 3–72
Lily, Asiatic/
Oriental
3–8 Well–drained Full sun/partial shade 8–12 4–6 Early summer 36
Peacock flower 8–10 Well–drained Full sun 5–6 4 Summer 18–24
Shamrock/sorrel 5–9 Well–drained Full sun/
partial shade
4–6 2 Summer 2–12
Windflower 3–9 Well–drained/
moist
Full sun/
partial shade
3–6 2 Early summer 3–18

For colorful bulbs all summer long, we’ve noted the blooming season (early summer to early fall). You need to open the chart to see these columns.

5 Tips for Planting Summer Bulbs

  1. Just remember: Plant AFTER any chance of frosts in your area; these bulbs are not frost-tolerant. See the Almanac Frost Calculator for your zip code.
  2. When buying bulbs, look for tubers with three to five eyes and initial root formation. In general, look for firm and healthy bulbs. Bulbs that are mushy usually have not been kept in a cool, dry place and will rot and therefore not flower.
  3. Summer-flowering bulbs and tubers can be planted in the spring when you are certain that the ground will no longer freeze in your area. This may be up until the end of May, depending on your area. The bulbs need sufficient water and humid conditions.
  4. The rule of thumb is to plant the bulb or tuber about 5 inches deep—except for dahlias and begonias, which should be planted just beneath the surface.
  5. Once your summer bulbs have finished blooming, they can often be used again the following year. With the exception of lilies, the bulbs have to be taken out of the ground if it freezes in your area during the winter. If it does freeze in your area, let the leaves die down naturally, and then dig up the bulbs and store in a cool dry place to replant the following spring.

Popular Summer and Tropical Bulbs

Below we’ve highlighted some popular, colorful summer bulbs for the garden to keep the blooms going all season long!

Gladiolus

Gladiolus corms can be planted as early as soon as danger of frost has passed. Plant the corms 4 inches deep and 6 inches apart and stagger planting dates to have flowers all summer long. See our complete Guide to Growing Gladiolus.

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Dahlias

Gorgeous tall dahias do not tolerate frost, so plant the tuberous roots after all frost possibilities have passed. Dahlias usually require support; drive a stake into the ground 12 inches deep and 6 inches behind the root at the time of planting. See our complete Guide to Growing Dahlias.

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Cannas

Cannas can be planted directly in the garden in mid-May. Plant canna rhizomes 6 inches deep and 18 inches apart in late spring and after the danger of frost has passed. See our complete Guide to Growing Cannas.

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Tuberous Begonias

Tuberous begonias can’t be planted in the garden until mid-May. Plant the tuberous begonia roots (which may be up to 1 ½ inches in diameter) 4 inches deep in a partially-shaded area. 

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Winter Storage

Note that most of these summer-flowering bulbs are “tender” and can not bear frost. So, if you live in colder climates, they need to be dug up and stored until spring. If this is too much troulble, treat them as annuals and do not expect them to come back (if they do, bonus!).

How to store? Once the frost has killed the foliage, just remove the foliage and dig them up. Shake off excesssoil and let dry for a couple days. The store in sawdust or dry peat moss in boxes, not plastic bags. Place in a storage area that is dry and about 45 degrees F. Do not allow to freeze. If plants are in pots, merely cut the frosted foliage off and place pots in a non-freezing but cool location. You don’t need to water until next spring.

Related Articles:

Here’s how to store and unpack dahlias.

See more on overwintering plants.

Looking for fall bulbs such as daffodils and tulips? See our chart on fall-planted bulbs which bring spring flowers.

Source: 

This article was originally published in 2008 and has been updated.

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