March Birth Flower: The Daffodil

Daffodil Symbolism and Meaning

March 1, 2021
Daffodils near stream
National Trust

March’s birth flower is the daffodil. It’s no surprise why! These cheerful flowers are a harbinger of spring! Learn more about the daffodil’s flower meaning and symbolism.

March’s Birth Flower

Daffodil is actually just a nickname. The botanical or Latin name is “Narcissus” which comes from the Greek word “narkissos” and its base word “narke,” meaning a narcotic or numb sensation, attributed to the sedative effect from the alkaloids in its plants. All members are poisonous, which is great for gardeners, because that makes them critter-proof. The bulbs and leaves contain poisonous crystals which only certain insects can eat with impunity. They may, however, dig up the bulbs.

March’s flower is sometimes called the jonquil. However, note that this term is sometimes misused; jonquil is one group of daffodils, not all daffodils. The Royal Horticultural Society divides Narcissus into 13 divisions from the large showy cup to trumpets to jonquils (division 7) to wild variants.

Daffodil Flower Meaning

The daffodil symbolizes unequaled love, so giving this flower to someone expresses a deep love that can not be rivaled or imitated.

The daffodil has also been associated in history with death and rebirth—from the death of the self-loving Narcissus in Greek mythology to its perennial return as an Easter flower.  


Certainly, one of the first flowers of spring brings us new beginnings and, as the poet Keats said, daffodils bring “joy for ever”. With their bright yellow petals, daffodils seem the perfect way to say that the sun is always shining whenever your loved one is around.


The Old Farmer's Almanac


Reader Comments

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daffodils not blooming

We have a somewhat permanent planter pot that is filled with Daffodils. The plants come up then form buds but they do not bloom. Is this due to insufficient nutrients, overcrowding ( there a lot of them ), or lack of sunlight ( they get morning and late afternoon sun )?

Daffodils Not Blooming

The Editors's picture

We would first try to thin out the container a bit. Overcrowding can cause subpar blooms—or a lack of blooms entirely. Remove enough bulbs so that there are at least 4-5 inches between the remaining ones. 

Safe for deer?

I have a lot of deer that come into my yard, so I plant bushes, shrubs, etc. that they don't like....would daffodils be a flower that they won't eat?


The Editors's picture

Hi Rita, Daffodils are definitely a plant that deer do not “prefer.” We say prefer because deer will eat anything if they are starving, but daffodils are deer-resistant. See our full page on deer-resistant plants here:

planting in a daffodil bed

is it safe to plant watermelon in my bed of daffodil ?