Plums are a good choice for beginner gardeners who want to grow fruit trees, as plum trees are productive, more compact, and require less care than most other fruit trees. Plus, plums aren’t only delicious: the trees themselves add beauty to your garden, too.
Choosing a Plum Variety
- It’s important to choose a type of plum that will work with your location. There are three major categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American hybrids. The hardy European types work in most regions across the U.S., whereas the Japanese types flourish where peach trees thrive (warmer regions, generally). American hybrids are typically the hardiest of the plums, with some varieties being able to survive as far north as Zone 3.
- Depending on the type of plum you choose, you may need to plant multiple trees of different varieties to ensure proper pollination and fruit production. European plums are generally self-fertile, but Japanese and American hybrid plums typically need to cross-pollinate with another variety in order to produce fruit. So, if you have space for only one tree, go with a European plum.